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  • Your Rights under Minnesota Law
    Eviction 327C 09 327C 095 Inspections 327C 07 Maintenance rules compliance as condition of sale 327C 07 Rental see Lot rentals under this topic Rental agreements see same under this topic Repossession lawsuits 327C 02 Size requirements ordinances 366 151 394 25 Unimproved lots sale storage or display of manufactured homes 327B 04 Maintenance and repair Accessory buildings 327C 02 327C 07 Generally 327C 03 Liability 327C 07 Replacement of structures rules 327C 02 Rules 327C 02 327C 07 Manufactured home park cooperatives Homesteads determination rules 273 124 Manufactured homes in park Access park owners rights 327C 14 Density ordinances 366 151 394 25 Generally 327C 07 In park sales see same under this topic Installation or removal contracts fees 327C 03 Maintenance and repair rules 327C 02 327C 07 Ordinances laws or rules noncompliance eviction 327C 09 Prospective buyers 327C 02 327C 07 Removal after repossession 327C 08 Repossession secured parties duties rights 327C 08 Residents maximum number rules 327C 05 Safety features 327C 02 327C 07 Setback requirements ordinances 366 151 394 25 Meters see Utility service under this topic Misrepresentation in park sales violations 327C 07 Natural gas see Utility service under this topic Noise loud noises eviction 327C 09 Nuisances recreational manufactured home parks 327 20 Orders 327C 02 Ordinances Lots 366 151 394 25 Manufactured homes in park density 366 151 394 25 Setbacks 366 151 394 25 Zoning 366 151 394 25 462 357 Park owners Access to manufactured homes or lots rights 327C 14 Certificates and certification rent paid 290A 19 Generally 327C 07 Limited dealer s license used manufactured homes 327B 04 Mail and mailing 327C 09 327C 095 Manufactured home sales license prerequisites 327B 04 Notice given Endangerment or substantial annoyances notice to vacate 327C 09 Maintenance requirements charges 327C 03 Park closing or conversion 327C 095 Prospective buyers tenancy denied 327C 07 Relocation or eviction due to improvements 327C 09 Rent increases 327C 06 Repossession lawsuits 327C 02 Rules changes 327C 02 Sale of park 327C 096 Payments by relocation costs displaced residents 327C 095 Reports given residents information lists 327C 095 Retaliation by 327C 12 Rights and privileges waivers void 327C 02 Service of process by 327C 02 327C 03 327C 095 Signatures rental agreements 327C 02 Tenant s right of privacy exemption 504B 211 Pets fees 327C 03 Planning agencies generally 327C 095 Presumptions unreasonable rules 327C 05 Propane gas see Utility service under this topic Prospective buyers 327C 02 327C 07 Purchase agreements Common interest community conversions 327C 095 Recreational manufactured home parks Redevelopment program loans or grants 462A 2035 462A 21 Rental agreements Contents 327C 01 327C 02 327C 03 Evacuation or shelter plan attached 327C 01 Generally 327C 02 Repeated serious violations eviction 327C 09 Resident copy 327C 01 Rules and regulations of park 363A 38 Rents Eviction notice acceptance of rent not waiver 327C 11 Failure to pay eviction defenses 327C 09 327C 10 Generally 327C 03 Increases 327C 02 327C 06 Lot rentals

    Original URL path: http://www.allparksallianceforchange.org/?q=book/export/html/27 (2016-02-15)
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  • Tenant Hotline (Toll Free) | All Parks Alliance for Change
    State Office 2380 Wycliff St 200 St Paul MN 55114 651 644 5525 Fax 651 523 0173 Get Directions Email Us Home Programs Know Your Rights Tenant Hotline Toll Free Metro Area 651 644 5525 Toll Free 855 361 2722 Email hotline allparksallianceforchange org The APAC hotline is a free convenient and confidential resource available to park residents across Minnesota who have questions regarding their rights as manufactured home residents Every year we receive about 500 calls and emails from park residents with questions concerning manufactured home park laws compliance notices evictions etc The hotline is answered by APAC staff who are available during normal business hours and respond to voicemails as quickly as possible If you prefer email you can send questions to the confidential hotline allparksallianceforchange org and you will get a prompt response Through the hotline we help residents to determine their rights and responsibilities We also answer questions about specific issues such as storm shelters pets leases and evictions Through the hotline residents are occasionally referred to the Attorney General s office foreclosure prevention programs and other legal aid programs We also use data from our hotline to determine which parks are most in need of workshops and resident association organizing campaigns The hotline provides information about the law designed to help residents and is not to be taken as legal advice Legal information is not the same as legal advice the application of law to an individual s specific circumstances Although we go to great lengths to make sure our information is accurate and useful the law changes rapidly and sometimes with little notice so from time to time some of the information may not be up to date We recommend you consult a lawyer if you want professional assurance that our information and your

    Original URL path: http://www.allparksallianceforchange.org/?q=tenanthotline/hotline (2016-02-15)
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  • In Park Home Sales
    your home beyond what is included in your park rules In other words if the rules require that the home be in good condition they can require that you comply before the sale However they cannot require you to go beyond the bounds of what is in the rules The park owner is telling prospective buyers that they will have to replace the siding Can they do that Once again you should make certain that the home is in compliance with the current rules The park owner can then require the new residents to comply with different rules but the rules cannot be such that it would increase the difficulty of selling the home or decrease the price that you can get for the home I know someone who wants to buy my home but he is afraid that the park will not accept him What can he do to make certain that he is not throwing away his application fee The park is required to have a written set of criteria that is available to both sellers of homes and prospective purchasers The criteria must be reasonable and must be applied equally to everyone My friend applied to live

    Original URL path: http://www.allparksallianceforchange.org/?q=book/export/html/25 (2016-02-15)
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  • MN Supreme Court "Freedom of Expression" Decision
    or adopt any rule prohibiting residents or other persons from peacefully organizing assembling canvassing leafleting or otherwise exercising with the park their right of free expression for noncommercial purposes A park owner may adopt and enforce rules that set reasonable limits as to the time place and manner What constitutes reasonable restrictions on the time place and manner of speech in park communities We believe basic First Amendment rights issues are at play in this case and that the high court has recognized that Hunt says A growing list of housing advocates faith groups and free speech supporters have joined the cause as individual amicus curiae friends of the court because of the many implications of case These organizations include the American Civil Liberties Union ACLU Community Stabilization Project CSP Housing Preservation Project HPP Jewish Community Action JCA Metropolitan Interfaith Council on Affordable Housing MICAH and Minnesota Senior Federation The public had a rare chance to see Minnesota s highest court in action when the case was presented live on October 11 at Hutchinson High School west of the Twin Cities This is only the 24th time the Supreme Court has heard a case outside its St Paul chambers as

    Original URL path: http://www.allparksallianceforchange.org/?q=book/export/html/26 (2016-02-15)
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  • Tenant Hotline: Common Questions & Answers
    park is charging me 4 per pet per month Can they do this A Yes Minnesota law allows the park to charge up to 4 per pet per month even if it s an indoor pet Q My lease says that I can t have a shed but my park manager told me that I could build one anyway Can I just take the manager s word for it A It is always a good idea to get any agreement with the park in writing in case there is any disagreement later Q My park is charging me 12 for the relocation trust fund Since my park isn t closing do I still have to pay the park for this A Yes State law requires the park to pay 12 for each of its resident homeowners and then allows the park to collect that money back from the homeowners themselves Whether the park is currently closing or not the 12 must be paid Q I m trying to sell my home in the park but the park is rejecting every potential buyer that I find Does the park have to provide some reasons for why it is rejecting my potential buyers A Yes Parks must have a written list of criteria they use to determine whether or not they will approve a potential buyer s application to move into the park Furthermore if the application is denied the park must provide a written explanation for the denial Q Every year the park increases lot rent but there are never any new services or better upkeep to go along with these rent increases Can the park do this A Unfortunately yes State law allows the park to increase rent no more than twice in any 12 month period as long as

    Original URL path: http://www.allparksallianceforchange.org/?q=book/export/html/716 (2016-02-15)
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  • Tenant Remedies Actions
    like a homeowner has responsibilities under the lease agreement and the state law Issues like the maintenance of common areas the provision of services and the health and safety of the community are all the responsibility of the community owner If the community owner responsibilities are not being met the residents do have the right to demand action The best method of doing so is to request in writing that the issues be resolved and to make certain that there is a time frame that is given to the community owner to make the repairs fix the issues or respond with a plan to do so But what happens when a park owner fails to address the issues There are two mechanisms in the legal system to make certain that issues get addressed a rent escrow action and a tenant remedies action A resident either individually or though an organization can ask the court to require that the repairs get made The court can grant various forms of relief depending on the case and can include allowing the homeowner to pay the rent into the court rather than to the park owner an order requiring that the repairs be done

    Original URL path: http://www.allparksallianceforchange.org/?q=book/export/html/24 (2016-02-15)
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  • Risk of Park Closings
    park is brought to a use that is higher and better However there is much more to the story said Margaret Kaplan APAC staff attorney Park closures not only impact the families living in the park but this mass displacement can also have effects on their communities and local economies including higher demand on social services increased homelessness and losses to the local work force and consumer base State and local governments have a vital role in addressing this problem because they license and regulate parks and restrictively zone manufactured homes to parks In 1987 Minnesota passed legislation allowing cities to adopt park closing ordinances These ordinances guarantee that when a park is closed the park owner and or buyer will pay reasonable relocation costs to move each home within a 25 mile radius If a home cannot be moved the owner buyer buys out the home at its tax assessed or appraised market value Twenty one cities have adopted ordinances which leave the residents in park neighborhoods of 380 other cities unprotected The goal is to allow park residents to have a sense of security They are 80 percent low to very low income yet they have become home owners without any kind of public subsidy They deserve a peace of mind said Daren Nyquist the reports author Park closing ordinances do not seek to put limitations on the transactions of private property They are simply a tool to ensure that the property interests of the owner of the underlying land are fairly balanced against the property rights of the homeowners Park closing ordinances can bring some protection to manufactured home park residents They provide a structural guide to park closings at the local level and allow the means for residents to transition to alternative housing Additionally in an effort to rectify some of the consistently occurring problems related to these ordinances a new model ordinance was drafted in 2006 and is attached to the report During the 2007 Minnesota Legislative Session APAC is seeking to establish uniform statewide standards that guarantee reasonable compensation for moving costs or a home buy out The proposed Manufactured Home Relocation Trust Fund was introduced as House File 1205 authored by Rep Scott Kranz DFL Blaine and Senate File 1196 authored by Sen Michael Jungbauer R East Bethel In 2006 Rep Kranz spoke with many park homeowners in Blaine a fast growing north metro suburb in which 14 percent of the city s residents live in manufactured home parks Blaine however does not have a park closing ordinance These communities are diverse hard working and make valuable contributions to society said Rep Kranz Park residents are real people that deserve peace of mind Policy Report Park Closing Ordinance Manufactured home parks provide the largest source of unsubsidized affordable housing in the state They serve those individuals who are very low income and provide opportunities for home ownership These parks however are increasingly at risk due to rising land values deferred maintenance and the

    Original URL path: http://www.allparksallianceforchange.org/?q=book/export/html/17 (2016-02-15)
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  • Housing Discrimination
    inexcusable disparities found in parks some simple steps must be taken by both the municipality and the parks themselves said Dave Anderson APAC s executive director Correcting the issues covered in this report will help bring justice and equality to Latino residents This is the first step in a long process that must be undertaken in order to reverse these widespread disparities Throughout Minnesota many problems experienced by park residents fall more heavily on park communities with substantial Latino populations APAC is working in a number of park communities around the state where Latino residents are dealing with racial harassment unlawful evictions illegal residency denials steering towards parks or sections of parks with fewer amenities and significant health and safety issues Racism is not simply a matter of intentional actions by individual actors In examining the above case studies a more subtle form of racial injustice is revealed Although there may not be deliberate discrimination on the part of government or private parties the end result is stark segregation along racial lines said Margaret Kaplan APAC staff attorney Not only are parks segregated but the quality of life in many parks are divided along racial lines and is evidence of a discriminatory impact While it is difficult to pinpoint solutions when it is not possible to identify individual bad acts this is no excuse for what at a quick glance is obvious living conditions are worse for Latino manufactured home park residents than for non Latino residents Racial Disparities Policy Report Policy Report Racial Disparities This report explores various disparities based on race that exist in the lives of residents in manufactured mobile home parks within the State of Minnesota Through several case studies numerous inequalities were found between parks with predominately Latino residents and parks with non Latino residents Specifically it was found that although Latino residents pay approximately the same in lot rent as non Latino residents the quality of parks with predominately Latino residents is drastically lower In addition Latino residents are more likely to experience unsatisfactory management practices and received less support from city officials It is important to note that based on the 2000 U S Census 10 of park residents statewide are people of color Taking this fact into consideration it is disturbing to learn that 54 of the residents displaced due to park closings are people of color It must be questioned as to why people of color are being displaced at a disproportionate rate said Julia Wells the report s author This report is a call for action to allow manufactured home parks to be communities free of disparities based on race The Latino population living in manufactured home parks is both substantial and increasing It is thought that this trend will continue and according to census data Minnesota s nonwhite and Latino populations are projected to grow significantly faster than the white population Based on a report by Centro Campesino and the Center for Urban and Regional Affairs CURA 31 of

    Original URL path: http://www.allparksallianceforchange.org/?q=book/export/html/102 (2016-02-15)
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