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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Academy sponsored conferences seminars and informal gatherings while advancing their scholarly research The Academy provides office space and computer services as well as library privileges in cooperation with the Mahindra Humanities Center at Harvard University Information about previous classes along with additional program details can be found here The 2015 16 Visiting Scholars will dedicate their inquiries and expertise to the following studies Leslie E Beldo Jr Makah Whaling An Ethnography of Conflict Merve Emre Paraliterary Institutions Rachel Guberman The Real Silent Majority Denver and the Realignment of American Politics after the Sixties Katherine Marie Marino La Vanguardia Feminista Pan American Feminism and the Rise of International Women s Rights 1915 1946 Emily Owens Fantasies of Consent Black Women s Sexual Labor in 19th Century New Orleans Joy Lisi Rankin Becoming Digital How 1960s Users Created the Computing Age Lukas Rieppel Assembling the Dinosaur Science Museums and American Capitalism 1870 1930 Rachel Wise Losing Appalachia Literature Material Culture and the Fate of Regional Writing Since its founding in 1780 the Academy has convened scholars and leaders from across disciplines and professions to conduct scholarly research and civil discourse to benefit the common good explains American Academy President Jonathan F Fanton I am pleased to welcome these young scholars to be part of this tradition Dr Fanton added The accomplishments of former Visiting Scholars have been recognized by a variety of academic and professional organizations Most recently for example Senior Lecturer at Harvard University Jonathan Hansen received a Public Scholar Grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities Guidelines and application forms for the 2016 17 Visiting Scholars Program are available on the Academy s website at https www amacad org content visitingScholars home aspx Founded in 1780 the American Academy of Arts and Sciences is one of the country s

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=10245 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    retired CEO of Lockheed Martin Jeannette M Wing Corporate Vice President Microsoft Research Roger M Perlmutter Executive Vice President Merck Co Inc and President Merck Research Labs and John D Evans Vice President International Science and Technology Lockheed Martin all took up the call to action to compel the federal government to return to consistent sustainable funding for basic research and recommit to restoring the United States as a leader in innovation The speakers urged support for the goals and policies set forth in the American Academy of Arts and Sciences report Restoring the Foundation The Vital Role of Research in Preserving the American Dream That report in turn led to the creation of Innovation An American Imperative a call to action signed by ten CEOs and chairpersons plus more than 300 organizations colleges and universities businesses and nonprofits from across all 50 states Each expressed their belief in the importance of federal funding for basic research to America s future productivity prosperity and strength Senators Lamar Alexander R Tennessee Chris Coons D Delaware and Gary Peters D Michigan and Representative Randy Hultgren R Illinois 14th spoke prior to the symposium The U S is now in 10th place in in R D investment among Organisation for Economic Co operation nations as a percentage of gross domestic product said Augustine who also is co chair of the Restoring the Foundation commission At this pace China will surpass the United States in R D intensity in about eight years Do we really want to watch that play out Among the policies cited today that would help America retain its position of leadership are End sequestration s deep cuts to federal investments in R D Make permanent a strengthened federal R D tax credit Improve student achievement in science technology engineering and

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=10244 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    remarks by five new members representing the five classes of the Academy Scripps Research Institute professor and member of Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology Phil S Baran neurophilosophy pioneer and University of California San Diego Professor Patricia Churchland Harvard economics professor and founder of the Education Innovation Laboratory Roland Fryer Massachusetts Institute of Technology philosophy professor Sally Haslanger and Ford Foundation President Darren Walker This weekend as it has 234 times before the Academy welcomes into its membership a group of leaders from across the nation and the world said Don Randel Chair of the Academy s Board of Directors We are honored to include these inductees in our Book of Members They have demonstrated not only excellence in their fields but also a commitment to serving society through their accomplishments We welcome the participation by each new member in the work of the Academy work that is intended to advance the common good Academy President Jonathan Fanton added Our new members will carry on a long tradition of collaborating across disciplines as they participate in Academy research projects and other initiatives They will help identify big issues we must address in our quest for a more just and peaceful world with opportunity for all In addition to the Induction ceremony the weekend also included As part of a celebration of the arts and the humanities readings and remarks by among others art critic Holland Cotter historian Thomas Cummins writer Anne Fadiman composer and musician George Lewis comparative literature scholar Françoise Meltzer literary critic Edward Mendelson and curator Jay Xu A presentation by Alexei Filippenko noted astrophysicist and distinguished professor of physical sciences at the University of California Berkeley whose research contributed to the discovery that the expansion of the universe is accelerating with time and that this acceleration is

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=10243 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Ecosystem Science Reserve at the University of Minnesota and Professor at the Bren School of Environmental Science and Management at the University of California Santa Barbara has organized the issue s eight essays around the themes of The latest dietary recommendations for optimal health Food impacts on human health including obesity and undernourishment Optimal strategies for agricultural growth and development Environmental sustainability and The ethics and value systems needed to ensure equity and well being across future generations In Food Health the Environment A Global Grand Challenge Some Solutions Jacquelyn L Jahn Harvard T H Chan School of Public Health Meir J Stampfer Harvard T H Chan School of Public Health and Harvard Medical School and Walter C Willett Harvard T H Chan School of Public Health present evidence for the optimal diet for human long term health and illustrate how this diet also supports environmental wellness G Philip Robertson Michigan State University defines agricultural sustainability as the use of farming practices that meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs Faced with the challenges of increasing intensification biodiversity loss resource depletion and climate change Robertson advocates for a systems approach that considers farming practices in their full social and ecological contexts and that provides incentives feedbacks and the political will to deliver agricultural sustainability In their essay Closing Yield Gaps Consequences for the Global Food Supply Environmental Quality Food Security Nathaniel D Mueller Center for the Environment Harvard University and Seth Binder St Olaf College examine current opportunities to extend advances in agricultural knowledge and technology to areas with wide yield gaps the difference between current and achievable agricultural yields They argue that while closing yield gaps could dramatically increase agricultural production around the world the particular strategies used in this pursuit will dictate the magnitude of the food security and environmental benefits And in The Ethics of Food Fuel Feed Brian G Henning Gonzaga University concludes the issue with a statement on the ethics of using vast portions of our global harvest for livestock feed and biofuels while more than 800 million people remain undernourished What Henning asks does that say about our values as humans Essays in the Fall 2015 issue of Dædalus include Food Health of a Full Earth by David Tilman University of Minnesota and University of California Santa Barbara Food Agriculture the Environment Can We Feed the World Save the Earth by David Tilman and Michael Clark University of Minnesota Invisible Women by Catherine Bertini Syracuse University Food Health the Environment A Global Grand Challenge Some Solutions by Jaquelyn L Jahn Harvard T H Chan School of Public Health Meir J Stampfer Harvard T H Chan School of Public Health and Harvard Medical School and Walter C Willett Harvard T H Chan School of Public Health Closing Yield Gaps Consequences for the Global Food Supply Environmental Quality Food Security by Nathaniel D Mueller Center for the Environment at Harvard University and Seth Binder St

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=10242 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    and Sciences An initiative of the American Academy The Lincoln Project Excellence and Access in Public Higher Education is studying the importance of public research universities analyzing economic trends affecting their operation and recommending new strategies to sustain these institutions Additional context for the state financing of higher education offered by Public Research Universities Changes in State Funding includes Between 2008 and 2014 thirty six states cut inflation adjusted spending per FTE student by more than 20 percent 19 states cut by more than 25 percent and 10 states cut by more than 30 percent While states once spent more on higher education than Medicaid the reverse is now true and the gap is widening States now spend more than twice as much on Medicaid as they do on public higher education State spending on correctional institutions has grown much faster than education spending over the past three decades In 11 states corrections has now surpassed higher education as a percentage of funding Tuition increases have abated recently in response to modest increases in state support States that have continued with deep cuts are now the outliers Public higher education is perceived as a relatively flexible budget item a rarity among mandatory spending programs elsewhere in state budgets The Lincoln Project is making a serious effort to understand all of the factors that influence state governments as they adjust their contributions to public research universities said American Academy President Jonathan F Fanton A full understanding of this context will help to guide the committee s recommendations and should be useful in the ongoing discussion of the costs and benefits of public higher education Public research universities play a critical role in the American economy and in the lives of millions of Americans said Kay Bailey Hutchison former United States Senator from Texas and Lincoln Project member Yet in state budgets higher education competes for resources in areas that are either difficult or impossible to cut We owe it to Americans who can be served by these institutions to make substantive recommendations informed by a deep understanding of the reality on the ground as described in our latest publication Public Research Universities Changes in State Funding is the second in a series of publications from the American Academy s Lincoln Project This publication was based on analysis by Donald J Boyd Director of Fiscal Studies at the Rockefeller Institute of Government The first publication of The Lincoln Project Public Research Universities Why They Matter demonstrated the vital public good that public research universities represent in the nation The co chairs of The Lincoln Project are Robert Birgeneau Chancellor Emeritus University of California Berkeley and Mary Sue Coleman President Emerita the University of Michigan Funding for The Lincoln Project is provided by generous support from The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation The Spencer Foundation Carnegie Corporation of New York Thomas and Stacey Seibel Foundation and Robert and Colleen Haas Founded in 1780 the American Academy of Arts and Sciences www amacad org

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=10241 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    questions What actions should the nation take to ensure excellence in all languages as well as international education and research including how we may more effectively use current resources to advance language attainment and How does language learning influence economic growth cultural diplomacy the productivity of future generations and the fulfillment of all Americans In calling for the Academy s study the members of Congress emphasized that American society is increasingly multilingual Americans are more engaged around the globe than ever before and most of the major challenges and opportunities from public health issues to the development of new technologies require international understanding and cooperation Yet by some estimates as many as 80 of Americans can only speak one language while by contrast 50 of Europeans over the age of 15 are able to converse in a second language Language learning should be among our highest educational priorities in the 21st century American Academy President Jonathan Fanton said By reviewing existing practices and proposing new ideas the Academy s Commission will advance the conversation about language education focusing on a body of knowledge and a set of skills that will become more critical as communication between and among cultures increases Paul LeClerc the Director of the Columbia University Global Center in Paris has been selected to serve as chair of the Commission An expert in the French Enlightenment Dr LeClerc is the past president and CEO of the New York Public Library and he also served as President of Hunter College Commissioners appointed to date are Martha Abbott Executive Director American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages Dan Davidson President American Councils for International Education and Professor of Russian and Second Language Acquisition and Director of Russian Language Institute Bryn Mawr College Nicholas Dirks Chancellor University of California Berkeley Karl Eikenberry former U S Ambassador to Afghanistan retired U S Army Lieutenant General and Director of the U S Asia Security Initiative Shorenstein Asia Pacific Research Center Stanford University Rosemary Feal Executive Director Modern Language Association Carol Gluck George Sansom Professor of History Columbia University Philip Rubin former Principal Assistant Director for Science White House Office of Science and Technology Policy and Senior Advisor to the President Haskins Laboratories Diane Wood Chief Judge U S Court of Appeals Seventh Circuit and Pauline Yu President American Council of Learned Societies More members of the Commission will be added throughout August and September We hope that the commission will be a galvanizing effort said LeClerc bringing together all of the people who have done important work over the last few decades to identify the personal social political commercial and even the biological benefits of language learning The evidence when gathered together is striking and undeniable For ourselves and for the nation we need to do a better job of learning how to communicate across language barriers The Commission will study all the ways in which Americans receive language education from classes in traditional academic settings to government programs to workplace enrichment

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=10239 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    risky nuclear technology and to engage with key constituencies in particular in Southeast Asia and in the Middle East whose choices and behavior will have a significant impact on the character of the international nuclear order Since 2009 Carnegie Corporation of New York has supported the GNF Initiative as it develops new scholarship focused on strengthening the nuclear nonproliferation regime on addressing insider threats in nuclear security and on managing the nuclear fuel cycle including governance structures for regulating dual use technology transfer The American Academy is grateful for the generous support of Carnegie Corporation of New York and the John D and Catherine T MacArthur Foundation which has contributed substantially to the success of the GNF project to date The meeting was convened with leadership from Mohit Abraham Lawyer Supreme Court of India and Governing Board Member Nuclear Law Association India Zackory T Burns Hellman Fellow in Science and Technology Policy American Academy of Arts and Sciences Francesca Giovannini Senior Program Officer American Academy of Arts and Sciences and M P Ram Mohan Associate Professor TERI University and President Nuclear Law Association of India Selected participants included D Acharya Chairman Managing Director Uranium Corporation of India ltd Mohammad Shawkat Akbar Director Nuclear Power and Energy Division Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission Project Director Construction of Rooppur Nuclear Power Plant first phase Project Bangladesh Kelle Barfield Vice President Integrated Communications Entergy Expert in Stakeholder Engagement International Atomic Energy Agency Former Chair Industry Communications Council Institute of Nuclear Power Operations INPO Co author INPO s Guidelines for the Conduct of Internal Communication at Nuclear Power Stations USA R Bhattacharya Vice Chairman Atomic Energy Regulatory Board Ayhan Evrensel Communication Advisor Department of Nuclear Energy IAEA Baruch Fischhoff Howard Heinz University Professor Social and Decision Sciences and Engineering and Public Policy Carnegie Mellon University Amandeep Singh Gill Joint Secretary DISA Ministry of External Affairs India R B Grover Vice Chancellor Homi Bhabha National Institute Mumbai Homi Bhabha Chair Professor Department of Atomic Energy and Member Atomic Energy Commission India S Harikumar Secretary Atomic Energy Regulatory Board D M Jagadeesh Chief Engineer BHAVINI Kalpakkam Mahesh Kamble Assistant Professor Jamsetji Tata Centre for Disaster Management Tata Institute of Social Sciences Sashi Kumar Chairman Media Development Foundation Asian College of Journalism Min Lee Distinguished Professor Department of Engineering and System Science Vice President and Chief of Staff National Tsing Hua University S K Malhotra Distinguished Scientist DAE and Head Public Awareness Division Department of Atomic Energy N R Madhava Menon Chancellor Guru Ghasidas Central University Founder Vice Chancellor of National Law School of India University Bangalore National University of Juridical Sciences Kolkata and National Judicial Academy Bhopal Chairman MILAT Steven E Miller Director International Security Program Editor in Chief International Security Co Principal Investigator Project on Managing the Atom Harvard Kennedy School Harvard University Co Chair Global Nuclear Future Initiative American Academy of Arts and Sciences A K Nema Chief Engineer Safeguards Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited V S Ramamurthy Emeritus Professor National Institute of Advanced

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=10240 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    special in depth reporting series that draws from and expands on research and expert commentary from Dædalus This five part series Water Pressure Saving a Threatened Resource travels from the ports of New Bedford Massachusetts to drought ridden California to examine the availability security and sustainability of water across New England the United States and the world and the political and economic tensions that this natural resource presents to communities everywhere The series will air locally on 89 7 WGBH Radio and additional resources are available online at wgbhnews org waterpressure Dædalus guest editor Christopher Field a Fellow of the American Academy since 2010 is the Founding Director of the Carnegie Institution for Science s Department of Global Ecology and the Melvin and Joan Lane Professor for Interdisciplinary Environmental Studies at Stanford University Guest Editor Anna Michalak is a faculty member in the Department of Global Ecology at the Carnegie Institution for Science and an Associate Professor in the Department of Earth System Science at Stanford In their essay Water Climate Energy Food Inseparable Indispensable Field and Michalak present a number of case studies illustrating the competing drivers demands and tradeoffs that frame the decisions humanity makes about water use They make the case that an integrated systems approach to water issues is critical to identifying and evaluating options for sustainable solutions Among the other essays in the volume Terry L Anderson s Hoover Institution and Property and Environment Research Center essay Dynamic Markets for Dynamic Environments examines the inability of static economic models to connect changing human demands on water systems with changing supplies that result from short run climate variations and long run climate change As an alternative Anderson advocates water markets and redefined water rights offering examples of how novel entrepreneurial approaches more responsively meet old and new demands on water ecosystems In his essay Water Security in a Changing World John Briscoe Harvard University defines the concept of water security and explores the implications of the eternal pursuit of it He reviews how water security is understood by wealthy and by poorer nations and how the tensions that arise from these differing perspectives manifest in a world characterized by rapidly shifting economic and power dynamics In their essay Urban Water Supply Reinvention Richard G Luthy Stanford University and David L Sedlak University of California Berkeley provide examples of innovative approaches to utilizing local water resources to achieve more resilient water supplies in cities in drought prone regions of the American West and Australia These approaches include seawater desalination wastewater recycling and aquifer recharge And in Adaptation in the Water Sector Science and Institutions Katharine L Jacobs University of Arizona and Lester Snow California Water Foundation take on the unprecedented set of questions that climate change poses for water managers and detail how the complexity of the water energy food nexus requires more flexible solutions than humans have previously developed Print and Kindle copies of the new issue can be ordered at https www amacad org publications

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=10238 (2016-02-13)
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