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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Restoring the Foundation The Vital Role of Research in Preserving the American Dream The CEOs signing on to the effort are Samuel R Allen Chairman CEO John Deere Norman R Augustine Co Chair Restoring the Foundation Wes Bush Chairman President CEO Northrop Grumman Kenneth C Frazier Chairman CEO Merck Co Inc Marillyn A Hewson Chairman President CEO Lockheed Martin Corporation Charles O Holliday Chairman Royal Dutch Shell plc Joseph Jimenez CEO Novartis W James McNerney Jr Chairman of the Board CEO The Boeing Company Satya Nadella CEO Microsoft Jay Timmons President and CEO National Association of Manufacturers According to Restoring the Foundation There is a deficit between what America is investing and what it should be investing to remain competitive not only in research but in innovation and job creation The United States is failing to keep pace with competitor nations with regard to investments in basic research and development America s ascendency in the 20th century was due in large part if not primarily to its investments in science and engineering research Basic research is behind every new product brought to market every new medical device or drug every new defense and space technology and many innovative business practices Over the last two decades a steady decline in investment in research development R D in the United States has allowed our nation to fall to 10th place in R D investment among Organisation for Economic Co operation and development OECD nations as a percentage of gross domestic product GDP At this pace China will surpass the United States in R D intensity in about eight years These developments led a diverse coalition of those concerned with the future of research in America to join together in presenting the Innovation Imperative to federal policy makers and urging them to take

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=10237 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    effective mechanism for addressing the challenges of income inequality equity and inclusion We must preserve their excellence Across the country public research universities have responded to the financial crises of the past decade with enormous resilience and creativity added cochair of The Lincoln Project Mary Sue Coleman President Emeritus of the University of Michigan But limits have been reached and we now risk losing a valuable resource for every single state in this nation In addition to Coleman and Birgeneau the Lincoln Project advisory committee comprises scholars business and industry and political leaders Public Research Universities Why They Matter begins the discussion by highlighting five specific ways in which these institutions are vital to the public good Public Research Universities Serve the national interest With the demise of many private research laboratories our nation s universities are the primary sources of U S research discovery and innovation Contribute to the innovation economy Between 2012 and 2013 research at public research universities resulted in more than 13 340 patent applications 3 281 patents awarded and 693 start ups Provide quality educational opportunities and programs at a highly efficient cost An education from a public research university typically pays for itself within five to seven years of post graduate employment Work to maintain and improve access and affordability Of first year students entering public research universities in 2012 2013 83 of students received financial aid and 31 received Pell Grants Value responsible spending Tuition increases are driven mostly by cuts in state appropriations In response universities are cutting administrative costs and developing new funding models to reduce the burden on students Subsequent publications will examine the challenges facing higher education funding at the state level current and changing financial models of public research universities and the myriad impacts of the research conducted

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=10236 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    With this new partnership our newsroom will have access to some of the most forward thinking experts and research across a range of disciplines from science and innovation to international relations the arts and social justice Not only will we be able to offer our audiences a greater understanding of the world around them but we will also contribute to national conversations through a local lens said Phil Redo WGBH General Manager for Radio WGBH News is particularly pleased to collaborate with a local organization that reflects the unique wealth of expertise that the Boston region boasts The Academy s focus priorities align with WGBH News core coverage areas and the two organizations will work together to produce reporting features and community events that highlight world leading discourse on these topics WGBH s Forum Network also will record lectures from the Academy and make them available to the public in its free online archive In its first editorial collaboration WGBH News will work closely with the Academy on a special report series focusing on water concerns The project is based on a forthcoming issue of the Academy s quarterly journal Dædalus and will examine the availability security and sustainability of the natural resource across New England the United States and the world and the sensitive political and economic tensions that water presents to communities everywhere The series is scheduled to air in July 2015 Through this collaboration with WGBH the Academy will have new opportunities to advance its 235 year old mission to cultivate every art and science which may tend to advance the interest dignity honor and happiness of a free independent and virtuous people said Academy president Jonathan Fanton Our story began with John Adams James Bowdoin and other Bostonians who created the Academy to serve the Commonwealth and the new nation A partnership with a Boston institution like WGBH continues this long and distinguished tradition of service We are particularly delighted that the first product of our new collaboration will be a series of reports on our changing relationship with water an issue of real concern for New England and for the world Since its founding in 1780 the Academy has elected thinkers leaders and artists from each generation from John Adams Benjamin Franklin and George Washington to Ralph Waldo Emerson Maria Mitchell and Alexander Graham Bell Other distinguished members include Margaret Mead Jonas Salk Barbara McClintock John F Kennedy Martin Luther King Jr John Updike and Georgia O Keeffe Foreign Members have included Charles Darwin Albert Einstein Winston Churchill Akira Kurosawa and Nelson Mandela There are currently over 5 000 Academy Fellows around the world including more than 250 Nobel and Pulitzer Prize winners About WGBH WGBH Boston is America s preeminent public broadcaster and the largest producer of PBS content for TV and the Web including Frontline Nova American Experience Masterpiece Antiques Roadshow Arthur Curious George and more than a dozen other prime time lifestyle and children s series WGBH also is a major supplier

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=10235 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Academy inducts new Fellows from among the nation s most distinguished scholars artists scientists and government and business leaders With its 5 6 million gift The Mandel Foundation aims to provide more opportunities in which Academy Fellows can exchange knowledge and expertise and advance new ideas Morton Mandel is Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Parkwood LLC and Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of The Mandel Foundation both headquartered in Cleveland With his brothers Joseph and Jack he founded the Premier Industrial Corporation where he served as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer until 2006 He was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2011 Mandel said It is both an honor and a privilege for me to help expand and enhance the impact of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences on how we think about ourselves in America and how we set our priorities The Academy s founding members include John Adams John Hancock and James Bowdoin said Jonathan Fanton President of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences We take seriously the purpose and mission these leaders gave us to cultivate every art and science which may tend to advance the interest honor dignity and happiness of a free independent and virtuous people The major portion of the gift 5 million will be an endowment and will fund two new positions The Morton L Mandel Director for Membership will develop new collaborative forums and platforms for Academy Fellows who are the nation s most prominent scholars artists scientists and government and business leaders The Morton L Mandel Presidential Fellow will work directly with the President of the American Academy to expand and promote public outreach innovation and new policy projects In addition The Mandel Endowment will support the Distinguished Morton L Mandel Annual Public Lecture which will be streamed internationally as well as a series of regional lectures The lectures will strengthen the Academy s role in promoting discourse with the general public on important issues facing the nation and the world The lecture series is expected to debut in November of 2015 The remaining 600 000 will be used to fund state of the art technological improvements to the House of the Academy in Cambridge Massachusetts These include significant upgrades to live interactive streaming capabilities teleconferencing digital audio and video recording and networking platforms The Mandel Program for Civic Discourse and Membership Engagement will connect the Academy s extraordinary membership with the public to discuss critical issues facing our country and the wider world The need for rational evidenced based conversations about both challenges and opportunities has never been greater added Fanton The American Academy s membership spans three centuries and includes historic and contemporary leaders such as George Washington Benjamin Franklin Ralph Waldo Emerson Albert Einstein Margaret Mead Jonas Salk John F Kennedy Martin Luther King Jr Mary Leakey Aaron Copland Georgia O Keefe and Nelson Mandela Drawing from every field of research and professional practice The American Academy convenes scholars artists policy

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=10234 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    is also a call to service Through its projects publications and events the Academy provides its members with opportunities to discover common interests and find common ground We invite every new member to participate in our important and rewarding work Mathematicians and scientists in the new class include theoretical computer scientist Sanjeev Arora who developed the PCP Theorem leading probabilist Gerard Ben Arous epidemiologist James W Curran Dean of the Rollins School of Public Health Michael Elowitz whose work helped to initiate synthetic biology Howard Eichenbaum Director of the Center for Memory and Brain George Georgiou inventor of protein drugs and protein production technologies pioneer in the new field of chemical glycobiology Linda Hsieh Wilson Victoria Kaspi a leader in high energy astrophysics neurobiologist Margaret Livingstone virologist Paul A Offit nanoscale scientist Paul L McEuen Philip Needleman who discovered and developed Celebrex Rebecca Richards Kortum whose works focuses on developing low cost high performance imaging technologies for low resource settings Alejandro Sánchez Alvarado a leader in the study of regeneration evolutionary biologist Joan B Silk and Gerhard Wagner who performed the first comprehensive study of hydrogen exchange on a protein Social scientists in the new class include Sarah A Binder an expert on Congress and legislative politics anthropologist Peter T Ellison who laid the conceptual and empirical foundations of human reproductive ecology David W Garland a leading sociologist of crime and punishment economist Matthew Gentzkow whose research focuses on media industries Kenji Hakuta an expert in language development and bilingualism anthropologist Nina G Jablonski who studies the adaptation of primates the developer of the Diffusion Model of judgment Roger Ratcliff psychologist Jenny Saffran who studies how infants learn Paul Slovic leader in psychology of risk analysis and assessment Judge David S Tatel and Robin West known for her work in the ethics of care and feminist legal theory In the humanities and the arts new members include actors Audra McDonald and Christopher Plummer scholar of medieval philosophy and the philosophy of religion Marilyn McCord Adams writer and translator Robert Bly Kang i Chang a scholar of Chinese poetry singer songwriter Judy Collins Philip J Deloria a historian who specializes in Native American Western American and environmental history leading Dante scholar John Freccero Allen F Isaacman prominent Africanist artist Joan Jonas writer composer and musician James McBride critic of British and American literature Edward Mendelson poet Mary Oliver concert pianist composer and conductor Murray Perahia Buddhist Studies scholar Gregory R Schopen and Director of the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco Jay Xu Elected in public affairs and journalism are physician and former editor of the New England Journal of Medicine Marcia Angell journalist and author A Lelia Bundles William J Burns President of Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and former Deputy Secretary of State host and Executive Producer of Fresh Air Terry Gross and former Iraqi Ambassador to the United Nations Feisal Amin Rasoul Istrabadi Philanthropists and business leaders in the 2015 class include Maria D Hummer Tuttle President of

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=10233 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    and engineering offers three imperatives for academia government and the private sector Secure America s leadership in science and engineering research especially basic research by providing sustainable federal investment Ensure that the American people receive the maximum benefit from federal investments in research Regain America s standing as an innovation leader by establishing a more robust national government university industry research partnership Duke University recognized as one of the nation s leaders in biomedical research and engineering is hosting an important discussion on issues raised in Restoring the Foundation as well as a recent paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences by Bruce Alberts and his colleagues specifically addressing The Unstable Biomedical Research Ecosystem How Can It Be Made More Robust According to these and other publications NIH supported biomedical research at American universities is unsustainable an unintended consequence of the rapid albeit much needed expansion of the NIH budget Many expected such investment to continue when instead the biomedical research budget stalled and then contracted The resulting imbalance an increasing supply of trained biomedical researchers pursuing a limited number of positions as well as expanding academic laboratories seeking support from a finite funding pool has imposed crippling strains on the biomedical research enterprise Restoring the Foundation was produced by the American Academy s Committee on New Models for U S Science Technology Policy Two of its members Nancy C Andrews and Mark Fishman will help lead the discussion to further develop ideas from the report and promote implementation of the recommendations Participants Nancy C Andrews Dean Duke University School of Medicine and Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs Tania Baker E C Whitehead Professor of Biology Massachusetts Institute of Technology Mark Fishman President Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research Sally Kornbluth Provost Duke University Harold Varmus Director National Cancer Institute Susan Wente Provost Vanderbilt University Additional Remarks from Jonathan F Fanton President American Academy of Arts and Sciences Richard H Brodhead President Duke University About The American Academy of Arts and Sciences Since its founding in 1780 the American Academy of Arts and Sciences has served the nation as a champion of scholarship civil dialogue and useful knowledge As one of the nation s oldest learned societies and independent policy research centers the Academy convenes leaders from the academic business and government sectors to address critical challenges facing our global society Through studies publications and programs on Science Engineering and Technology Global Security and International Affairs the Humanities Arts and Education and American Institutions and the Public Good the Academy provides authoritative and nonpartisan policy advice to decision makers in government academia and the private sector www amacad org Follow the American Academy on Facebook at https www facebook com americanacad and on Twitter americanacad About Duke University Duke University is a private institution founded in 1838 that today serves undergraduate and graduate students The School of Medicine is one of Duke s 12 graduate schools and is consistently ranked among the top 10 medical schools in

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=10232 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    networks and processes that support a variety of brain activity spanning unconscious sensory experience to higher cognition The ten essays in this volume each explore a different region within the field of neuroscience but they also share a focus on neurons the fundamental unit of the nervous system How neurons form circuits networks and anatomical structures define our experiences from our senses hearing seeing touching tasting and smelling to our emotions and complex decisions As Gage explains in his introduction We now know that the human brain contains approximately one hundred billion neurons and that these neurons have some one hundred trillion connections forming functional and definable circuits Fortunately Gage continues to guide us through this dense wilderness are authors who not only have made significant contributions to their field but who are also experienced communicators with track records of explaining and translating complex concepts to intelligent readers and listeners outside of their discipline What is the Brain Good For presents the opportunity for the lay reader to engage with the profound and rapidly shifting questions of neuroscience Among the essays in the volume Thomas D Albright s Salk Institute for Biological Studies essay Perceiving explores the critical process of perception by which evanescent sensations are linked to environmental cause and made enduring and coherent through the assignment of meaning utility and value A J Hudspeth Rockefeller University examines one of the key inputs of perception in The Energetic Ear Here Hudspeth explains that the ear is not simply a passive receiver of sound but an amplifier that augments filters and compresses its inputs before they are interpreted in the brain Amazingly the ear s two motile processes are so active that our ears can actually emit sound Earl K Miller Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Timothy J Buschman Princeton University focus on the mechanisms behind cognitive capacity the explanation for why we can store seemingly a lifetime of experiences as memory but can only consciously express these thoughts a few at a time And finally Terrence J Sejnowski Salk Institute for Biological Studies takes on the thorny topic of consciousness What brain mechanisms underlie consciousness And what is consciousness to begin with Print and Kindle copies of the new issue can be ordered at https www amacad org publications daedalus Essays in the Winter 2015 issue of Dædalus include Neuroscience The Study of the Nervous System Its Functions by Fred H Gage The Salk Institute for Biological Studies Brain Mechanisms for Active Vision by Robert H Wurtz The National Eye Institute Perceiving by Thomas D Albright The Salk Institute for Biological Studies The Energetic Ear by A J Hudspeth Rockefeller University Remembering by Larry R Squire Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System University of California San Diego and John T Wixted University of California San Diego Sleep Memory Brain Rhythms by Brendon O Watson Cornell University New York University School of Medicine and György Buzsáki New York University School of Medicine A Hard Scientific Quest Understanding Voluntary Movements by

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=10231 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Sciences Advocacy Award presented annually by the Council of Colleges of Arts and Sciences CCAS belongs this year to the American Academy of Arts Sciences based in Cambridge Massachusetts The ceremony took place at the 49th Annual Meeting of the CCAS in San Antonio Texas The CCAS Arts Sciences Advocacy Award honors an individual or organization demonstrating exemplary advocacy for the arts and sciences flowing from a deep commitment to the intrinsic worth of liberal arts education Program Director John Tessitore accepted the award on behalf of the American Academy In presenting the award CCAS President Nancy A Gutierrez dean of the College of Liberal Arts Sciences at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte announced that CCAS was honoring it for issuing The Heart of the Matter The Humanities and Social Sciences for a vibrant competitive and secure nation 2013 and for its long standing commitment to recognizing outstanding scholars and for working to address critical challenges facing our global society Gutierrez said further that with the issuance of this report and other initiatives such as the Humanities Indicators project the American Academy has launched national conversations international projects and agendas for universities throughout the country In accepting the award before an audience of more than 500 college and university deans from across the country Tessitore thanked the Council for the recognition on behalf of the Academy and the Chair of the Board Don M Randel Tessitore noted that the Academy has been gratified by the overwhelming response to The Heart of the Matter He told the assembly that the Academy is committed to the recommendations in the report and to other related initiatives for the long haul and that it welcomes the continued involvement of CCAS deans Learn more about the American Academy of Arts Sciences at https

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=10230 (2016-02-13)
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