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  • Section 3: Public Research Universities Provide Quality Educational Opportunities and Programs at an Efficient Cost - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    future 23 For graduates of public research universities a college education including tuition living expenses and foregone income typically pays for itself within five to seven years of postgraduate employment 24 Public research universities hold the second highest graduation rate among all Carnegie classified public colleges and universities trailing only public art music and design schools 25 and job opportunities for college graduates are far better than for the general population and unemployment rates are lower 26 The average median midcareer salary for graduates of public research universities is 82 161 27 Over the last fifty years the percentage of underpaid college graduates defined as making less than the median pay of high school graduates has decreased by one third 28 Although there are differences in earning potential across majors especially early in a graduate s professional life college graduates in all majors earn at least 60 percent more than high school graduates over the course of a career 29 Undergraduate Research on Campus and Beyond Over 1 800 undergraduate students participate in the Undergraduate Research Apprentice Program at the University of California Berkeley Students have the choice between working on semester or year long faculty led projects across all academic departments At Miami University in Ohio more than 2 000 undergraduate students work with professors on funded research each year In the annual spring Undergraduate Research Forum undergraduates have the unique opportunity to publish and present to the university community on topics ranging from eye tracking and face processing to wine drinking behavior in millenials University of Nebraska s Undergraduate Creative Activities and Research Experience program is complemented by skill building seminars in topics such as ethics data management networking and presentations and preparing for graduate school In FY 2014 2015 hundreds of students completed faculty sponsored projects in areas ranging from agriculture and natural resources to nursing The University of Connecticut has ten different funding programs for its undergraduate student researchers The UConn IDEA Grant provides up to 4 000 for student designed projects targeting the arts community service entrepreneurship and academic research Changing Gears part of the Undergraduate Research Opportunity Program at the University of Michigan is designed for community college transfer students to become a part of an ongoing research project in their field of interest and work alongside University of Michigan faculty and scholars on groundbreaking research Undergraduates at Pennsylvania State University publish perform exhibit and present their research projects at Penn State s annual Undergraduate Exhibition while also sharing their work at national conferences and meetings Conference travel funding helps students attend events giving them critical opportunities for networking and professional development Posters at the Capitol celebrates the research and scholarly achievements of undergraduates from across the state of Tennessee Students from the University of Tennessee and other state universities travel to Nashville to have lunch with legislators meet the governor and explain their various projects ENDNOTES 18 William G Bowen Matthew M Chingos Kelly A Lack and Thomas I Nygren Interactive Learning Online

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/publications/pubContent.aspx?d=21800 (2016-02-13)
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  • Section 4: Public Research Universities are Working to Maintain and Improve Access and Affordability - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    and Gold Opportunity Plan lowers the cost of tuition to 0 for students from families with household incomes at 80 000 or below 32 The University of Delaware s Commitment to Delawareans guarantees to meet the full demonstrated financial need of all qualified residents who submit a FAFSA Free Application for Federal Student Aid Delaware hopes to ensure that no student will graduate with loans in excess of 25 percent of the cost of a four year education Moreover low income students at public research universities typically graduate at higher rates than their peers at other public colleges and universities and private for profit institutions 33 Recognizing that there are different paths to four year degrees many institutions also work closely with high school and community colleges to develop dual enrollment joint admission automatic admission and transfer articulation policies such as 2NAU at Northern Arizona University that provide students with lower cost options for transfer and graduation The Garden State Louis Stokes Alliance for Minority Participation and the Northern New Jersey Bridges to the Baccalaureate programs for example are pioneering the development of a streamlined model for community college students to complete their degrees and continue to obtain bachelor s degrees and beyond Tuition at public research universities often covers only one third of the actual cost of a student s education 34 Grants state appropriations endowment earnings and contributions and philanthropy subsidize the remaining costs Thus as states have reduced higher education appropriations and enrollments have increased universities have been forced to raise tuition There has been a direct correlation between the reductions in state support and tuition increases even while taking into account the many cost cutting measures individual institutions have employed 35 About half 54 percent of all undergraduates at public research universities take out loans to

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/publications/pubContent.aspx?d=21798 (2016-02-13)
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  • Section 5: Public Research Universities Value Responsible Spending - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    to match changing enrollment patterns Conserving energy and cutting utility costs through the use of solar voltaic systems Restructuring administration to better match resources with academic needs Promoting entrepreneurial strategies for revenue generation Adopting Responsibility Centered Management RCM budgeting in which academic schools and colleges are responsible for managing their own direct revenue and expenses The education of graduate students is essential to the research mission and to the production of future faculty members and therefore to the health of the entirety of higher education As doctoral degree granting institutions public research universities have less flexibility to absorb budget reductions than do large comprehensive universities Public research universities must maintain high faculty levels because graduate training requires intense faculty student interaction But public research universities have suffered massive budget cuts state cuts have reduced total funding for public research universities by 20 percent per enrolled student over the past decade 38 Forty six of the fifty states cut support for higher education from 2008 to 2013 some by more than one third The main driver of tuition increases has been the loss of state appropriations which have reduced per student support by as much as 40 percent 39 Tuition increases alone cannot make up the difference It is a widely held public belief that the state provides the majority of support for public universities But with state appropriations in many cases making up less than 20 percent of public research university budgets and in some cases even less than 10 percent 40 this is clearly a myth new funding models are needed to increase resources Many public research universities have lowered administrative and operational expenses by finding new efficiencies For example between 2006 and 2009 the Arizona Board of Regents gained a cost savings of 38 percent for the state

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/publications/pubContent.aspx?d=21799 (2016-02-13)
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  • Conclusion - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    2015 Upcoming Meetings and Events Friday Forum 2015 2016 Schedule Past Meetings and Events Fellowships Overview Visiting Scholars Program Hellman Fellowship in Science and Technology Policy Policy Fellowship in the Humanities Education and the Arts Policy Fellowship in Global Security and International Affairs The Exploratory Fund Member Login User Name Password Forgot your password Home Public Research Universitie Conclusion Public Research Universities Why They Matter Conclusion Public research universities have experienced a greater decline in state appropriations as a percentage of operating revenue than either community colleges or master s colleges or universities threatening both the educational and research missions of these fundamental U S institutions Most universities have instituted new programs to reduce costs but years of dramatic budget cuts have left little room for austerity public research universities increasingly are expected to serve more Americans with less funding In response to this need the Lincoln Project is developing new strategies for ensuring that public research universities continue to serve the nation as engines of innovation growth and opportunity for Americans of all backgrounds This is the first in a series of five publications that will examine the importance of our public research universities Subsequent publications will include detailed

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/publications/pubContent.aspx?d=21788 (2016-02-13)
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  • Resources - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    and the Public Good Publications Overview Dædalus Journal of the Academy Bulletin Magazine of the Academy Books Research Papers Monographs and Project Publications Meetings Overview Induction 2015 Upcoming Meetings and Events Friday Forum 2015 2016 Schedule Past Meetings and Events Fellowships Overview Visiting Scholars Program Hellman Fellowship in Science and Technology Policy Policy Fellowship in the Humanities Education and the Arts Policy Fellowship in Global Security and International Affairs The

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/publications/pubContent.aspx?d=21824 (2016-02-13)
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  • Resources - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Publications Overview Dædalus Journal of the Academy Bulletin Magazine of the Academy Books Research Papers Monographs and Project Publications Meetings Overview Induction 2015 Upcoming Meetings and Events Friday Forum 2015 2016 Schedule Past Meetings and Events Fellowships Overview Visiting Scholars Program Hellman Fellowship in Science and Technology Policy Policy Fellowship in the Humanities Education and the Arts Policy Fellowship in Global Security and International Affairs The Exploratory Fund Member Login

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/publications/pubContent.aspx?d=22076 (2016-02-13)
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  • Summer 2015 Bulletin - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Fellowship in the Humanities Education and the Arts Policy Fellowship in Global Security and International Affairs The Exploratory Fund Member Login User Name Password Forgot your password Submit a Question Date 12 5 2012 Name Email Needed only if you expect a reply Subject Message Home Publication Overview Bulletin Summer 2015 Bulletin Bulletin i align right style height 250px border width 0px Bulletin Summer 2015 Bulletin Published by The American Academy of Arts and Sciences Cambridge MA 2015 Download the PDF Table of Contents From the President Academy News Academy Receives 5 85 Million Gift from the Jack Joseph and Morton Mandel Foundation Academy WGBH Partnership Projects and Publications A Conversation on Restoring the Foundation The Important Role of Central and Southern Plains Institutions in Driving National Change Dædalus Explores the Challenges and Opportunities Associated with Increasing Demands on a Limited Resource Water Presentations Restoring the Foundation Reviving the U S Science Engineering and Technology Enterprise Discovering Handel s London through His Music Forty Years of Evolution in the Galápagos Finches Teaching and the Digital Humanities On the Professions On Legal Services for the Poor Causes of Campus Calm Scaling China s Ivory Tower Philologia Rediviva Shinto Festivals and Bricolage

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/publications/publication.aspx?i=21914 (2016-02-13)
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  • President Merck Co Inc and President Merck Research Labs and John D Evans Vice President International Science and Technology Lockheed Martin all took up the call to action to compel the federal government to return to consistent sustainable funding for basic research and recommit to restoring the United States as a leader in innovation The speakers urged support for the goals and policies set forth in the American Academy of Arts and Sciences report Restoring the Foundation The Vital Role of Research in Preserving the American Dream That report in turn led to the creation of Innovation An American Imperative a call to action signed by ten CEOs and chairpersons plus more than 300 organizations colleges and universities businesses and nonprofits from across all 50 states Each expressed their belief in the importance of federal funding for basic research to America s future productivity prosperity and strength Senators Lamar Alexander R Tennessee Chris Coons D Delaware and Gary Peters D Michigan and Representative Randy Hultgren R Illinois 14th spoke prior to the symposium The U S is now in 10th place in in R D investment among Organisation for Economic Co operation nations as a percentage of gross domestic product said Augustine who also is co chair of the Restoring the Foundation commission At this pace China will surpass the United States in R D intensity in about eight years Do we really want to watch that play out Among the policies cited today that would help America retain its position of leadership are End sequestration s deep cuts to federal investments in R D Make permanent a strengthened federal R D tax credit Improve student achievement in science technology engineering and mathematics STEM Reform U S visa policy Streamline or eliminate costly and inefficient regulations Reaffirm merit based peer

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/innovationimperative/pressRelease-102015.aspx (2016-02-13)
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