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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    delegation representatives from two national research laboratories as well as representatives of the American Academy s Committee on New Models for U S Science and Technology Policy discussed at length the need to support the panel s recently released report Restoring the Foundation The Vital Role of Research in Preserving the American Dream On hand at the University of Chicago s International House Thursday afternoon were U S Representative Randy Hultgren IL 14 U S Representative Bill Foster IL 11 Peter Littlewood Director Argonne National Laboratory Timothy Meyer COO Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory Neal Lane Rice University Co chair of the American Academy Committee on New Models for U S Science and Technology Policy Jonathan Fanton President American Academy of Arts Sciences Recent data show that the United States has slipped to tenth place among OECD Organization for Economic Co operation and Development nations in overall research and development investment as a percentage of GDP As we lose our global competitive edge many other nations are increasing their research investments in order to stimulate economic growth America s economic ascendency in the twentieth century was due in large part perhaps even primarily to its investments in science and engineering research Basic research lies behind every new product brought to market every new medical device or drug every new defense and space technology and many innovative business practices To match the increasing pace of technological advancement across the globe the United States must accelerate both the discovery of new scientific knowledge and the translation of that knowledge to useful purpose Failure to act now could threaten the very principles opportunity social mobility innovation that have inspired our nation for the past century About The American Academy of Arts and Sciences Since its founding in 1780 the American Academy of Arts and

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=10229 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Lane Malcolm Gillis University Professor Rice University and Senior Fellow in Science and Technology at Rice University s Baker Institute the report recommends actions to recapture American leadership in scientific and engineering research including Securing America s Leadership in Science and Engineering Research Especially Basic Research by Providing Sustainable Federal Funding and Setting Long Term Investment Goals Establish a sustainable real growth rate of at least 4 in the federal investment in basicresearch Adopt multiyear appropriations for agencies or parts of agencies that primarily support research and graduate STEM education Ensuring that the American People Receive the Maximum Benefit from Federal Investments in Research Enhance the productivity of America s researchers particularly those based at universities by adopting best practices streamlining burdensome regulations and practices governing federally funded research reducing researchers time spent writing and reviewing grant proposals and fostering an appropriately sized and sustainable biomedical research workforce Regaining America s Standing as an Innovation Leader by Establishing a More Robust National Government University Industry Research Partnership Remove lingering barriers to university industry research cooperation by helping universities reevaluate their technology transfer policies Urge corporate boards and chief executives to place a higher priority on funding research in universities and to work with university presidents and boards to develop new forms of partnership that can justify increased company investments in university research On September 16 2014 Mr Augustine and Dr Lane will brief Congress on the Restoring the Foundation report at the Senate Visitors Center at 10 30 am Dr Lane testified this past July before the Senate Committee on Commerce Science and Transportation led by Sen John D Rockefeller IV D WV and Sen John Thune R SD At the hearing titled The Federal Research Portfolio Capitalizing on Investments in R D Dr Lane stressed the importance of federal investments in research emphasizing that new knowledge and technologies which are the products of research are the lifeblood of today s accelerating high tech knowledge based economy If the U S is to remain a leader in this new economy it will have to ensure that it has a robust science and engineering research enterprise that matches the challenge Mr Augustine a strong supporter and long time champion of science and technology has also heralded scientific research as an indispensable ingredient for the future of America and the American Dream During his TedX talk at Utah State University last fall he warned that the American Dream can survive but only if we have the willpower to make the changes I have described to make America a place that continues to offer opportunity to all people Norman R Augustine is the retired Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Lockheed Martin Corporation and Chairman of the Committee on Prospering in the Global Economy of the 21st Century which produced the landmark National Academies study Rising Above the Gathering Storm He previously served as Under Secretary of the U S Army was a member of the President s Council of Advisors on

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=229 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    by a special luncheon keynote address by newly appointed National Endowment for the Humanities Chairman William Bro Adams WHO American Academy of Arts Sciences WHAT Celebration of Constitution Day WHEN September 17 2014 11 00 a m to 1 30 p m WHERE Newseum 7th floor Knight Conference Center 555 Pennsylvania Ave NW Washington DC Please use Freedom Forum Entrance on 6th St NW DETAILS Stewarding America Institutions and Civic Life Featuring Norman Ornstein American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research Stephen Heintz Rockefeller Brothers Fund Patricia Wald Retired Chief Judge of the U S Court of Appeals District of Columbia Circuit Joel Klein News Corp formerly New York City Department of Education Mickey Edwards Aspen Institute formerly U S House of Representatives Following this informative discussion William Bro Adams will address the audience Adams who was confirmed as the 10th Chairman of the National Endowment for the Humanities in July 2014 previously served from 2000 to June 2014 as President of Colby College in Waterville Maine A committed advocate for liberal arts and humanities education Adams is also an Army veteran who served as a combat infantry veteran in Vietnam Adams has always maintained an understanding and commitment to the humanities as essential to education and to civic life This event will be live streamed at www amacad org constitutionday Join the American Academy americanacad on Twitter for this event Civics2014 and follow us on Facebook For a list of other Constitution Day events from the Civics Renewal Network please check here Media are welcome to attend Please enter at the Freedom Forum entrance on 6th Street NW Contact Felicia K Knight 207 831 5676 Felicia knightcanney com About the American Academy of Arts Sciences Founded in 1780 the American Academy of Arts and Sciences www amacad org is

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=228 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    2007 08 remain relatively unchanged 6 reported they stopped awarding a degree at some level undergraduate or graduate in the intervening five years A larger proportion 8 of departments at public colleges and universities experienced the loss of a degree Contrary to perceptions that faculty avoid teaching in favor of research about three fourths of the students in introductory undergraduate courses were taught by full time faculty members including tenured tenure track and non tenure track faculty members And most of the students 86 in all non introductory undergraduate courses were taught by full time faculty members Given growing concerns about humanities faculty members employed in contingent positions off the tenure track or part time the survey finds 42 of the faculty members in surveyed disciplines were employed off the tenure track and 29 were employed part time Women were over represented in contingent faculty positions in disciplines with higher proportions of female faculty but underrepresented in disciplines with the smallest shares of female faculty While digital humanities has been a growing topic online and in general media outlets in recent years the survey found limited engagement at the departmental level Fifteen percent of humanities departments offered a seminar or course that focused on digital methods for research or teaching during the academic year and 12 had guidelines for evaluating digital publications for tenure and promotion While a small proportion of humanities departments appeared to be engaged with digital humanities as a scholarly enterprise a larger portion reported that they were digitally engaged as a teaching enterprise A third of humanities departments offered at least some fully online courses and about one department in five offered hybrid courses classes with both online and classroom components Most of the departments in humanities disciplines organized programs such as internships and talks by

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=227 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    in science and engineering research and how these investments have moved American society forward He also discussed a forthcoming report of the American Academy s Committee on New Models for U S Science Technology Policy that he is co chairing with Norman R Augustine former Chairman and CEO of Lockheed Martin Corporation The report to be released in September will offer recommendations on how to sustain a long term nonpartisan national focus on science engineering and technology policy Dr Lane said New knowledge and technologies which are the products of research are the lifeblood of today s accelerating high tech knowledge based economy If the U S is to remain a leader in this new economy it will have to ensure that it has a skilled workforce particularly in science technology engineering and mathematics areas and a robust science and engineering research enterprise that matches the challenge It should be clear that both education and science and engineering research play a critical role in the economic and personal well being of Americans in this Land of Opportunity The Senate Committee on Commerce Science and Transportation is chaired by Sen John D Rockefeller IV D W Va and is also led by its ranking member Sen John Thune R S D The hearing was titled The Federal Research Portfolio Capitalizing on Investments in R D Video of Dr Lane s testimony is available at the Senate Commerce Committee s website http www commerce senate gov public index cfm p Hearings ContentRecord id 9c3d3e8b b2a7 4def bd97 ae9c3b50daba ContentType id 14f995b9 dfa5 407a 9d35 56cc7152a7ed Group id b06c39af e033 4cba 9221 de668ca1978a Dr Lane previously served in the Clinton administration as Assistant to the President for Science and Technology and Director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy from

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=226 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    than discussing them thoroughly ultimately increases the risk of accident or nuclear proliferation and impairs the capacity of the international community to take appropriate precautionary measures to manage these risks Through a thoughtful deeply analytical and empirically rich analysis Ogilvie White finds that thus far Vietnam is indeed operating on the international scene as a responsible nuclear power the country is demonstrating its full adherence to international treaties and maintaining an impeccable non proliferation record Nevertheless the changing structure of the regional order in Southeast Asia coupled with growing insecurity territorial disputes and an evident weakness of the chief regional organization the Association of Southeast Asian Nations ASEAN to respond to such crises could create more powerful proliferation risks in the future Ogilvie White encourages stronger bilateral and multilateral engagement with the region and with Vietnam in particular in order to respond to and improve current strategic insecurities She urges nuclear weapons states to successfully conclude the ratification process of the Protocol of the Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapons Free Zone Treaty This action would allow for a significant de escalation of tension particularly among external powers operating in the region and would offer a privileged platform for confidence and trust building inside the region and with key external players Nuclear Power in Vietnam is published as part of the American Academy s Global Nuclear Future GNF Initiative is available online at http www amacad org gnf For more than five decades the American Academy of Arts and Sciences has played a pivotal role in nuclear policy beginning with a special issue of Dædalus on arms control published in 1960 The Academy continues this focus today with its Global Nuclear Future GNF Initiative which is working to prevent nuclear risks by identifying and promoting measures that will limit the security safety and proliferation risks created by the growing global appetite for nuclear energy The GNF Initiative has created an interdisciplinary and international network of experts that is working together to devise and promote prudent and effective nuclear policy for the twenty first century To help reduce the risks that could result from the global spread and expansion of nuclear energy the GNF Initiative addresses a number of key policy areas including the international nonproliferation regime the entirety of the fuel cycle the physical protection of nuclear facilities and materials and the interaction of the nuclear industry with the nonproliferation community Each of these areas has specific challenges and opportunities but informed and thoughtful policies for all of them are required for a comprehensive approach to reduce the risks inherent in the spread of nuclear technology Tanya Ogilvie White is Research Director and Associate Professor at the Centre for Nuclear Non Proliferation and Disarmament CNND at the Australian National University Canberra Recent Academy Publications from the Global Nuclear Future Initiative include Nuclear Liability A Key Component of the Public Policy Decision to Deploy Nuclear Energy in Southeast Asia Mohit Abraham American Academy of Arts and Sciences 2014 A Worst Practices Guide to

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=225 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    legal rules should be Resnik notes however that in more recent decades disputants are increasingly pressured or required to resolve disputes in private settings that do not provide the opportunity for public oversight of either processes or outcomes Democracy has not only changed courts it challenges them profoundly Resnik s essay is one of several expressing the concern that the current system faces a host of issues including deficits in court funding the disappearance of trials and the failure to translate into practice Gideon vs Wainwright s mandate of a constitutional right to adequate counsel for all indigent criminal litigants Among the issue s fifteen essays Jonathan Lippman Chief Judge of the State of New York and Chief Judge of the Court of Appeals examines the enormity of the unmet needs of New Yorkers who are unable to afford a lawyer and introduces his and his task force s efforts to address the crisis Robert Katzmann Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit writes about the approaches he and his colleagues have explored to expand access to justice for undocumented immigrants who often face deportation while detained and without the assistance of counsel Deborah R Hensler Stanford Law School discusses class actions and other ways of litigating mass harms and their implications for both individual plaintiffs and defendants Finally the idea of the invention of courts is poignantly given life in an essay by Kate O Regan who served as a Judge of the Constitutional Court of South Africa from its inception in 1994 through 2009 Print and Kindle copies of the new issue can be ordered at https www amacad org publications daedalus Essays in the Summer 2014 issue of Dædalus include Introduction The Invention of Courts by Linda Greenhouse Joseph Goldstein Lecturer in Law at Yale Law School Reinventing Courts as Democratic Institutions by Judith Resnik Arthur Liman Professor of Law at Yale Law School State Courts Enabling Access by Jonathan Lippman Chief Judge of the State of New York and Chief Judge of the Court of Appeals When Legal Representation is Deficient The Challenge of Immigration Cases for the Courts by Robert A Katzmann Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit Gideon s Problematic Promises by Carol Steiker Henry J Friendly Professor of Law and Special Advisor for Public Service at Harvard Law School Uncommon Law America s Excessive Criminal Law Our Common Law Origins by Jonathan Simon Adrian A Kragen Professor of Law and the Director of the Center for the Study of Law and Society at the University of California Berkeley Justice for the Masses Aggregate Litigation Its Alternatives by Deborah R Hensler Judge John W Ford Professor of Dispute Resolution at Stanford Law School Innovating to Improve Access Changing the Way Courts Regulate Legal Markets by Gillian K Hadfield Richard L and Antoinette Schamoi Kirtland Professor of Law and Professor of Economics at the University of Southern California Trusting the Courts Redressing

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=223 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    challenges regarding legal jurisdiction as to who is responsible for compensation and the extent of liability that could be imposed on these foreign entities and individuals In addition the lack of adequate capital resources in many nuclear aspirant countries makes these countries increasingly dependent and overly reliant on nuclear suppliers This ultimately generates tensions between the nuclear supplier the host and the neighboring states who would share the costs of liability in the event of an accident These important challenges are seldom studied in the current nuclear literature Dr Abraham s paper focuses on the region of Southeast Asia for two important reasons growing energy needs among many ASEAN countries make it a palatable market for nuclear suppliers under intense competition to secure new nuclear deals and concerns over nuclear accidents have become increasingly widespread in response to the development of Vietnam s nuclear program and the Fukushima accident In order to address these factors within the region Abraham asks two interrelated questions What is the standard that policy makers and scholars planning the deployment of new nuclear energy should use as a guidepost as they consider nuclear liability legislation in their respective states And will the vendors in Russia Japan China and the Republic of Korea as substantive future nuclear suppliers be influential in setting the trend s in the nuclear liability regime In reviewing the current nuclear liability legislation in place at both the global and national level Abraham urges countries in Southeast Asia to also consider the adoption of a regional nuclear liability framework He concludes by arguing that it is evident that a robust nuclear liability regime is essential for the growth of nuclear power as well as its public acceptance This requires a great deal of cooperation among countries regulators international institutions and the nuclear industry The paper also takes into account the existing difficulties the global community has encountered in its efforts to develop a global nuclear liability regime Abraham therefore suggests using the EU s initiative as a model to develop a system of international nuclear liability focused on regional cooperation Nuclear Liability A Key Component of the Public Policy Decision to Deploy Nuclear Energy in Southeast Asia published as part of the American Academy s Global Nuclear Future GNF Initiative is available online at https www amacad org gnf Members of the Academy s GNF Initiative are working with policy makers in the United States Middle East and Asia to advance effective policies and procedures to ensure that the spread of nuclear power does not aggravate but rather reduces concerns over international safety security and nonproliferation Because the Academy is not identified with a particular stance on nuclear questions yet has a fifty year old tradition of work on arms control it offers a neutral forum for discussing these issues Mohit Abraham is Partner at PXV Law Partners and Advocate on Record of the Supreme Court of India He is on the Governing Board of the Nuclear Law Association of India and

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=224 (2016-02-13)
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