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  • ARISE I: Statements of Support - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    report recommends permit our future innovators the unshackled freedom to explore bold and innovative pathways that may lead to truly transformational breakthroughs Bruce E Bursten President American Chemical Society This report from the American Academy of Arts Sciences provides sensible and well thought out recommendations both for funding agencies and for universities to address two problems that become especially acute when resources are limited how to support young investigators and how to fund transformative research The health of the American research enterprise will be greatly enhanced by heeding the wisdom in this report Arthur Bienenstock President American Physical Society The ARISE report discusses some very important issues relating to the future of scientific research in America difficulties for young investigators and support for transformative research The National Science Foundation s Social Behavioral and Economic Sciences Directorate s initiative on the Science of Science and Innovation Policy currently supports important research that investigates the issues raised in the report Last year s COSSA Annual Meeting focused on the peer review system at federal agencies The American Academy should be congratulated for further pushing these issues to the forefront of the nation s science policy agenda and urging policymakers to deal with them Howard J Silver Executive Director Consortium of Social Science Associations The American Academy s ARISE report highlights the growing threat of our inability as a nation to incentivize young scientists to devote their energies and careers to research and it provides a roadmap toward reversing the decay of the pipeline Policymakers at all levels of government need to pay attention to the important call to action contained in this report Doug Comer Director Legal and Technology Policy Intel Corporation Chair Task Force on the Future of American Innovation The ARISE report is significant in that it puts forth specific recommendations to ensure that proper attention is paid to key issues central to our nation s collective research efforts It is evident that supporting early career scientists and high risk high reward research will significantly enhance our ability to remain competitive in the evolving global science and technology environment Peter S Kim President Merck Research Laboratories The American Society for Cell Biology endorses the American Academy s ARISE report and echoes its critical recommendations for federal funding agencies foundations and universities The disastrous American funding climate for biomedical research is causing lab shutdowns discouragement of graduate students postdocs and early career faculty early retirement by experienced researchers job loss among skilled technicians and a focus on safer less innovative research proposals Now is the time to act before it s too late Joan R Goldberg Executive Director American Society for Cell Biology The American Society of Human Genetics ASHG appreciates the ARISE report in its careful search of the landscape of challenges for the scientific community focusing on two critical issues that have been much discussed in the human genetics community potential and impending loss of bright young researchers and the limited ability to take risks in innovative scientific inquiry

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/Research/researchproject.aspx?d=615 (2016-02-13)
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  • ARISE I: Check List for Action - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    User Name Password Forgot your password Home ARISE I Check List for Action ARISE I Check List for Action Recommendations to Federal Agencies Create Targeted Grant Programs for Early Career Faculty Create Seed Funding Programs for Early Career Faculty Pay Special Attention to Early Career Faculty in Regular Grant Programs Develop Supportive Polices for Primary Caregivers Explore Targeted Grant Mechanisms and Policies to Foster Potentially Transformative Research Adopt Funding Mechanisms and Policies That Nurture Transformative Research in All Award Programs Strengthen Grant Review Processes Invest in Program Officers Establish New Programs Only if They Have Critical Mass Track Demographics on a Government Wide Basis Universities Actively Mentor Early Career Scientists Create Seed Funding Programs for Early Career Faculty Reconsider Promotion and Tenure Policies Address the Needs of Primary Caregivers and Childbearing Needs Accept Institutional Responsibility for a Greater Portion of Faculty Salaries In Building New Facilities Shoulder a Larger Share of the Financial Cost Spread the Wealth Ensure a Greater Number of New Investigators by Capping the Number of Start up and First Awards to a Single Individual Summary The ARISE report addresses two issues central to the vitality of America s research enterprise 1 the support of early career

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/Research/researchproject.aspx?d=612 (2016-02-13)
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  • ARISE I: Media Coverage - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    when the purse strings are cut Universities and institutions would be wise to rethink the extent to which they incorporate salary costs into their initiatives The ARISE report s most heretical idea is one that merits serious consideration Chronicle of Higher Education June 4 2008 Universities Should Spend More of Their Own Money on Young Researchers American Academy Says By Jeffrey Brainard Washington Universities need to cut back on faculty positions solely supported by outside grants because grant dependent scientists are reluctant to embark on risky but potentially groundbreaking research according to a blue ribbon panel of university presidents and Nobel laureates That s the most startling conclusion of a report released on Tuesday by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences The report also repeats a now widely shared diagnosis of what ails American science a tight federal budget that has made it ever tougher for young scientists to win grants from the National Institutes of Health and the National Science Foundation The panel was led by Thomas R Cech president of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute and included these university presidents or chancellors France A Cordova of Purdue University C D Mote Jr of the University of Maryland at College Park and Mark S Wrighton of Washington University in St Louis The proposal that universities scale back soft money research positions in which faculty members are expected to raise through external grants their entire salaries and other research costs takes a stand on a controversial trend At academic medical centers most scientists are now financed through soft money which has helped universities expand their research activities by stretching institutional funds But the resulting pressure on those scientists to win grants puts a disproportionate burden on early career faculty and discourages risk taking the report says Researchers are more likely to propose conservative incremental research projects rather than bold ideas with a high risk of failure The report encourages universities to pay a larger share of the salaries but doesn t say how That proposal will be a tough sell as many research universities argue that they are already paying for a growing share of total research costs partly because of regulatory mandates and other policies of the federal government Among the report s other recommendations for helping young investigators Federal science agencies should hold research institutions accountable for developing formal mentoring programs for junior researchers including coaching in writing grant proposals Universities and agencies providing grants should extend financing and provide other appropriate support mechanisms to sustain tenure track faculty with children including stipends for child care while primary caregivers are away from home for professional development activities All federal science agencies should consistently collect and analyze demographic data on grant applicants and recipients a key to tracking how early career scientists are doing The report Arise Advancing Research in Science and Engineering Investing in Early Career Scientists and High Risk High Reward Research is available online USA TODAY June 4 2008 U S science Not enough funding or risk taking research By Dan Vergano U S science dominance faces threats from a lack of ground breaking research and too little funding for young scientists a blue ribbon panel said Tuesday In the American Academy of Arts and Sciences report a committee headed by Howard Hughes Medical Institute chief Thomas Cech warned that too much science funding goes to established researchers making only incremental advances rather than high risk high reward experiments by young investigators The nation needs to do a better job of attracting the best and the brightest to embark on careers as science and engineering faculty says the report noting the average age of investigators receiving their first National Institutes of Health grant is now 42 Too many grants go to continue existing experiments rather than support new ideas say report committee members We have to risk failure to succeed That s where the real rub is said report committee member Neal Lane of Rice University a former presidential science advisor Science June 6 2008 Encourage Risk Help Young Researchers Panel Advises By Constance Holden Tight budgets have done more than restrict research they re damaging morale by making people afraid to take chances just when it s more important than ever to invest in what could be transformative research a new report from the American Academy of Arts and Sciences argues The constant hunt for dollars is fostering conservative thinking and thus making a bad situation worse according to a panel headed by Thomas Cech president of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute in Chevy Chase Maryland Formed to look at alternative models for the federal funding of science the 22 person committee quickly drilled down to two messages says panel member Keith Yamamoto of the University of California San Francisco the need to foster early career scientists and to encourage high risk research Released this week the white paper Advancing Research in Science and Engineering is styled as a follow on to a National Academy of Sciences report Rising Above the Gathering Storm issued in 2005 This report addresses a very serious set of problems says Robert Berdahl president of the Association of American Universities in Washington D C The panel notes that young investigators are struggling as training times lengthen and competition for grants gets tougher The statistics are scary Yamamoto says In 1980 86 of new faculty members won a grant the first time they applied for one now only 18 do At the same time they re getting older The average Ph D gets his or her first real job at age 38 and first R01 type grant at 42 It s time to encourage the next generation by various means including supplying daycare for their young children and offering generous first time grants that will keep a researcher afloat through tenure review time the panel says In what Cech calls its single most controversial recommendation the report says institutions should find ways to help researchers with their salaries rather than relying on them to support themselves entirely with grant money an arrangement that makes them more risk averse The report eschews calls for increased funding focusing instead on how to get the most out of existing research dollars One suggestion to universities Limit excessive building programs in order to make more money available for promising investigators The Financial Times June 3 2008 Scientists criticise Congress for low funding By Rebecca Knight America s dominant position in technological innovation is at risk unless universities and federal agencies invest more in young scientists and transformative research according to a report released on Tuesday by a group of prominent scientists The report sponsored by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences says tight funding has squeezed research budgets for scientists early in their careers The report is also critical of conservative thinking in federal agencies that discourages scientists from taking risks and stifles research that may lead to radically new technologies When a commodity is scarce people for whatever reason become more conservative said Thomas Cech president of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute who worked on the report When the commodity is research funding people are more reluctant to support highly adventuresome work The US is the world leader in research and development but there are signs its status is slipping According to last year s Georgia Institute of Technology study of high technology indicators the US ranks second to China in export of high technology products For three years the budget for the National Institutes of Health which funds most biomedical research in the US has been flat or adjusting for inflation down Between 1998 and 2003 Congress doubled the NIH s budget from 13 7bn to 27 1bn Encouraged by the increase in science spending the number of young people choosing careers in medical research also rose But in 2004 the White House called for reduced spending to compensate for tax cuts and a rising deficit The surge in the number of scientists coupled with the budget crunch has created a huge imbalance between supply and demand for grants This partly explains why the average age for first time recipients of the NIH s primary research grants today is 42 4 compared with 37 2 in 1980 and 39 in 1990 This has been most detrimental to those young scientists who are starting their own laboratories according to Mr Cech Their grants are being reviewed by panels that are also looking at grants from more senior scientists with established labs who have a steady stream of productivity he said This could be one of the most creative times in the junior investigator s entire scientific career but instead they re squirrelled away in their offices furiously typing up grant proposals GenomeWeb Daily News June 3 2008 AAAS Future Crop of Researchers and Trail blazing Science May Wilt Without Special Focus By a GenomeWeb staff reporter If the United States wants to propel the kind of technology that will give it the continued preeminence in the sciences particularly in the life sciences that it has enjoyed over most of the past century then it needs to focus more resources and energy targeting and supporting younger researchers and bolder science The American Academy of Arts and Sciences said today Early career researchers and trail blazing ideas are being suppressed in this era of federal belt tightening when bureaucracies try to make the safe sound funding judgment the AAAS said in a white paper released today that it hopes will get people talking Early career scientists have a harder time than their more senior colleagues obtaining grants in what should be one of the most productive stages of their careers according to the AAAS paper which is called ARISE Advancing Research in Science and Engineering Research that can generate the big ideas that disrupt complacency and conventional thinking also has been slighted because when resources are slim reviewers tend to go with the tried and true projects according to ARISE The Committee on Alternative Models for the Federal Funding of Science which included academics and government and private foundation officials produced the report and said that boldness in science withers in times of want because of the natural tendency to give highest priority to projects they deem most likely to produce short term low risk and measurable results Avoiding risky investments is a basic human reaction to lower funding levels explained Thomas Cech who is director of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute and chair of the ARISE committee in a press conference today If there s not much research funding around we worry about funding research that might not work Instead we look around to find research that may offer useful but incremental gains Cech added Cech also argued that researchers are frequently holed up in their offices working as serial grant writers This phenomenon of serial grant writing has a really corrosive effect said committee member Keith Yamamoto a gene transcription researcher at the University of California San Francisco Spending too much time trying to gain money distances scientists from their research and keeps them from spending time with their students mentoring them Yamamoto said today Students in the lab watching this newly minted faculty member grinding through this process then become discouraged themselves about their chances in the field and sets up a self reinforcing set of circumstances The committee combed through records over the past thirty or forty years and found that the average age for first time awardees of grants from the National Institutes of Health s primary research grants is rising and that the funding rate for new investigators is lower than that of established recipients of NIH funding The overall funding rate for all RO equivalent awards was 23 6 percent in 2007 while for new investigators it was 18 5 percent and for established investigators it was 26 1 percent Since 1980 the committee found the share of first time investigators winning these grants declined steadily from nearly 33 percent to 25 percent in 2006 The committee found that even during the doubling of the NIH budget in between 1997 and 2004 the overall proportion of new investigators remained essentially constant and abated in the years of lesser federal funding through 2007 Transformational science of the high risk high reward variety that the committee said the US needs to promote more of is more difficult to track than grants as are the ages at which scientists receive them For uniformity the AAAS committee agreed with the National Science Board which defined transformational research as being driven by ideas that have the potential to radically change our understanding of an important existing scientific or engineering concept or leading to the creation of a new paradigm or field of science or engineering Transformational research also challenges current understandings and offers a pathway to new frontiers according to the NSB A 2007 survey of investigators by the NSF found that while more than 56 percent of researchers who responded believe that NSF welcomes transformative research proposals over half also found little of what they would call transformative research among the proposals they had reviewed The committee also offered a number of recommendations for government and university stakeholders First early career scientists should be made a priority government wide the white paper advises There is a need for grant programs that target early career faculty and for strengthening existing programs that already exist it said Special attention needs to be given to early career faculty during merit reviews of regular grant programs and there ought to be career stage appropriate expectations for grant funding as well as seed funding for these junior researchers said AAAS For universities the AAAS committee advises developing or strengthening mentoring programs to encourage early career faculty reconsidering promotion and tenure policies and addressing the needs of primary caregivers with families The only recommendation the report holds for private foundations was that they should spread the wealth and cap the number of start up and first awards made to a single investigator In order to push the kind of high risk high reward science the AAAS wants to see more of government should look into targeted programs such as grant mechanisms and policies that can foster transformative research and establish specialized metrics to evaluate the success of these programs Application and review processes could be strengthened so that they would better appreciate high risk research projects said the committee The government also should encourage program officers to become and remain more involved in the communities that they fund which requires an adequate administrative budget that should not be at the cost of research According to the paper more demographic data on applicants and principal investigators needs to be collected and analyzed so that more is known about whom and what is being funded The non uniform method for tracking grantees today hinders efforts to analyze funding trends AAAS said Many of the proposals in the paper were outline a month ago at a meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science held in Washington DC Chemical Engineering News June 5 2008 Supporting Research and Researchers Report calls for greater focus on early career faculty high risk science By Rochelle F H Bohaty Early career faculty and high risk high reward research warrant more support according to an American Academy of Arts and Sciences report released at a press conference on June 3 in Washington D C The report Advancing Research in Science Engineering ARISE provides specific recommendations for actions that federal agencies universities and private foundations can take to move in that direction ARISE is concerned with more than funding It recommends for example more formal mentoring programs and changes in the tenure process The report also recommends that universities develop policies that acknowledge the additional challenges confronted by early career faculty who are also becoming parents In addition the report implores federal agencies to solicit more high risk research proposals that stand a chance of having higher payoffs than low risk research more likely to have positive but less significant results Early career faculty and risky but potentially transforming research projects play a critical role in the U S s ability to compete globally noted Thomas Cech chair of the ARISE report committee and outgoing president of Howard Hughes Medical Institute at the press conference For that reason he said these areas are deserving of more federal funding Even if the overall federal research budget does not increase the report recommends that federal agencies review current programs and redistribute funding to programs with the largest impact on these two areas One potentially controversial aspect of the ARISE report is the recommendation that universities assume greater salary responsibilities for faculty instead of expecting them to rely as heavily as they do now on grants to pay for their own salaries and the salaries of those who work for them Because this could shift salary costs dramatically toward universities committee member Keith R Yamamoto of the University of California San Francisco stressed that such a transition would have to be gradual Because early career faculty often struggle to obtain grants federal agencies should offer large multiyear awards to this group according to the report It says the grants should focus on merit reviews that are better tailored for specific career stages The ARISE report committee which includes representatives from academe foundations industry and government has already made visits to Capitol Hill to motivate Congress to facilitate implementation of their recommendations For the report to have a real impact however the committee is calling on the research community to act on and advocate for the actions cited in the report Bloomberg News June 6 2008 Young Scientists Risky Studies Promised 1 Billion By Avram Goldstein The National Institutes of Health said it will set aside more than 1 billion for young scientists and high risk studies that may someday lead to medical breakthroughs The Bethesda Maryland agency

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/Research/researchproject.aspx?d=613 (2016-02-13)
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  • Applying Behavioral Strategies to Energy Decisions and Behaviors - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Options Pilot Slides Briana Kane Applying Behavioral Strategies to Energy Decisions and Behaviors Slides Annika Todd From Academic Research Insights to Energy Program Results Slides Preliminary Results from New Research Programs Round 1 Marcos Pelenur Head of Energy Sustainability UK Behavioural Insights Team Applying behavioural insights to energy use in the UK lessons from the field Sébastien Houde Assistant Professor of Economics University of Maryland Information framing and the adoption of energy intensive durables Slides Easan Drury Senior Engineer Strategic Energy Analysis Center National Renewable Energy Laboratory Running randomized controlled experiments to better understand household level motivations for adopting rooftop solar panels Varun Rai Assistant Professor of Public Affairs University of Texas at Austin Connecting the dots between theory simulation and experiments Slides Preliminary Results from New Research Programs Round 2 Thomas Dietz Moderator Pasteur s Quadrant Use inspired research that contributes to fundamental knowledge Constantine Kontokosta Deputy Director Center for Urban Science and Progress CUSP New York University Modeling predicting and influencing energy behavior in commercial tenants and homeowners an overview of two current research initiatives Edy Moulton Research Coordinator Columbia University Building better infrastructure through choice architecture A SUSSTAIN collaboration Slides Inês Azevedo Associate Professor Engineering and Public Policy and Co Director Center for Climate and Energy Decision Making CEDM Carnegie Mellon University Assessing the effect of an efficiency appliance rebate program on energy consumption James Kimmel Behavioral Scientist ideas42 Does giving comparative fuel cost information to potential car buyers affect purchasing behavior Plenary Talk Why Behavioral Strategies Need to be Included in Clean Energy Programs And How to Do It Anne Dougherty Advisor and Co Owner Illume Advising LLC Slides Poster Session Aligning the factors that promote behavior change for programmable thermostats Fraunhofer USA Center for Sustainable Energy Systems J Abreu and K Roth BAS Operational Effectiveness CIUS Building Performance Lab City University of NY Michael Bobker Honey Berk and Manorge Joseph Poster Contractor Led Social Marketing to Promote Energy Efficient Decisions and Behaviors in the Residential Sector Kathryn A Caldwell Ithaca College Mary Kate Wheeler and Jon Harrod Snug Planet Poster Reducing Energy Consumption in the Government of Western Cape ideas42 Saugato Datta Martine Visser Justine Burns Matthew Darling Ruirui Kuang Poster Bridging the Gap Engaging Households in Idaho and Eastern Washington Through a Home Energy Report Program Avista in partnership with Opower Leona Doege Demand Side Management Program Manager and Jon Powell Partnership Solutions Manager and Mike Whittier Client Solutions Executive Opower Poster Shifting the participation threshold How leveraging Connected Mavens in a community can spur behavior change Research Into Action Alexandra Dunn Dulane Moran and Jane Peters Poster The Influence of Novel Behavioral Strategies in Promoting the Diffusion of Solar Energy Solar Evolution and Diffusion Studies SEEDS Kenneth Gillingham Yale University Prof Bryan Bollinger New York University Poster Design of Social and Economic Incentives and Information Campaigns to Promote Solar Technology Diffusion Through Data Driven Behavior Modeling Sandia National Labs Kiran Lakkaraju Sandia National Labs and Eugene Vorobeychik Vanderbilt University Team California Center for

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content.aspx?d=1551&t=4&s=0 (2016-02-13)
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  • Establishing a Durable Governance Framework for Energy Policy - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    over the long term Incorporate a process for acquiring and acting on new information Scientific advances technology innovation and policy experience will all change the policy environment over time Systematically incorporating mechanisms into policy design to incorporate new information and respond to these changes is essential to avoid blind alleys and unnecessary costs Provide for a systematic evaluation of policy experience The science of climate change is a robust enterprise and both private and public actors are spending heavily on technological innovation Though new scientific and technological information will thus likely be readily available to policy makers the same cannot be said for new information produced by evaluations of policy and institutional experiments Recent experiences with various cap and trade schemes in the U S and in Europe demonstrate the importance of learning from such evaluation Produce outcomes that key constituencies value These outcomes range from affordable energy from innovative sources to demonstrated progress in reducing greenhouse gases regardless of what policy instruments are employed Earning the commitment of key constituencies is essential to making practical progress The workshop discussion strongly suggested that applying these design characteristics can enhance the likelihood that a given policy is durable yet flexible For example considering whether a policy will endure could well alter the relative attractiveness of a carbon tax a cap and trade system or a regime of performance standards In addition it seems clear that many existing policies and institutions designed as they were for policy problems without such a long time horizon do not incorporate these characteristics Few policies and institutions embrace rigorous evaluations or mechanisms for learning from them The participants in the workshop represented a wide variety of legal and public policy research disciplines Drawing on this diverse experience the participants agreed that while some important research on institutional and policy design for energy innovation and climate change exists much remains to be done to understand fully how to develop durable yet flexible tools Moreover doing so should be a matter of urgency While major new energy and climate policies at the federal level are not likely to emerge from Congress in the present political climate they are likely to emerge in the long term Moreover the executive branch is currently taking steps under existing authority including the Clean Air Act to address carbon emissions A focus on durability and flexibility can shape the way such authority is exercised Subnational and foreign jurisdictions are also already embarking on the implementation of climate policy Here again a focus on regulatory design is important and may shape policy choices Given the complexity of the challenge it is essential to begin to build intellectual capital about the most effective policy design tools The Academy workshop only scratched the surface of what will be needed to develop a research agenda about the most effective mechanisms to create durable yet adaptable energy and climate policy However a useful first step would be to confirm the results of this workshop with more systematic analysis

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content.aspx?i=1285 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    of the larger American Academy initiative on the Global Nuclear Future is to identify refine and promote measures that will limit the safety security and proliferation risks associated with the anticipated global nuclear renaissance said American Academy President Leslie Berlowitz NUS President Professor Tan Chorh Chuan hosted a dinner reception to open the conference which included an address by U S Ambassador to Singapore David Adelman on U S nuclear energy policy Participants in the meeting engaged in frank discussion about a number of complex issues including Operational safety of new nuclear facilities Protecting reactors from terrorist attacks sabotage and other security breaches Developing the human technical resources necessary to support new nuclear programs Ensuring the transparency of civilian nuclear power programs Economic viability of national nuclear construction initiatives Ways to strengthen the international nonproliferation regime The safe long term storage of spent nuclear fuel including opportunities for regional cooperation on waste repositories We cannot assume that as nuclear energy spreads to more countries a desirable nuclear order will arise spontaneously or automatically said Steven Miller of Harvard University co organizer of the conference and co leader of the Academy s larger initiative Close cooperation and coordination will be needed among current and new nuclear nations In addition to Miller the project on the Global Nuclear Future is co directed by Scott Sagan of Stanford University in collaboration with Robert Rosner of the University of Chicago and Stephen Goldberg of Argonne National Laboratory Conference participants included individuals with a diverse range of expertise and experience in nuclear program development regulation and nonproliferation and disarmament efforts They included ambassadors and other senior officials from the United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs IAEA and various national governments Delegates included representatives from Australia Indonesia Malaysia Singapore Thailand and Vietnam along with others from Egypt India and the United States Last year the Academy sponsored a regional meeting in Abu Dhabi at which these issues were examined from that region s perspective The Academy s project on the Global Nuclear Future also includes expert study groups to explore practical approaches for improving the physical protection of nuclear facilities and materials engagement with nuclear plant builders and operators efforts to develop policies and proposals for new cooperative arrangements to manage the fuel cycle and explorations of ways to advance constructive dialog among the Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty member states This work also includes a two volume issue of the Academy s journal Dædalus on nuclear energy and nonproliferation published in November 2009 and January 2010 https www amacad org content publications publication aspx d 791 NUS is pleased to partner with the American Academy in co hosting this important regional conference said Professor Barry Halliwell NUS Deputy President for Research and Technology The meeting is timely in light of the Singapore Government s recent announcement that the issue is being examined There is indeed a pressing need for energy alternatives of several types and teams of NUS researchers from the faculties of Science and Engineering

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?i=123 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Philippines joined leaders of the Academy s Global Nuclear Future Initiative at an Academy sponsored meeting here Also participating were three former review conference presidents Ambassadors Sergio Duarte of Brazil currently the UN s High Representative for Disarmament Jayantha Dhanapala of Sri Lanka and Mohamed Shaker of Egypt Ambassador level delegates from more than a dozen countries attended along with the leaders of the Academy initiative Steven Miller Harvard University and Scott Sagan Stanford University Robert Rosner University of Chicago and senior project advisor Stephen Goldberg Argonne National Laboratory By taking a distinct and pragmatic approach to nuclear safety security and nonproliferation issues the Academy s initiative has yielded important real world results since it began in 2008 This work has had a direct impact on both domestic and international policy Working behind the scenes the Academy has taken advantage of its convening power and wide range of expertise to bring diverse world wide players to the table These include representatives from nuclear industry and international organizations as well as from those states now embarking on nuclear power programs whose views and concerns are often overlooked by the international community The Global Nuclear Future Initiative has led to a new network of policymakers and scholars dedicated to the security of nuclear energy The findings and recommendations drawn from this work have been sought out and cited by senior officials in the White House and the Departments of Energy and State and directly informed the work of the recent Global Nuclear Security Summit hosted by President Obama in April The Global Nuclear Future Initiative is principally supported by the Carnegie Corporation of New York which hosted the New York meeting the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation the Alfred P Sloan Foundation and the Kavli Foundation The Academy has held a series

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?i=120 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Future is to identify refine and promote measures that will limit the safety security and proliferation risks associated with the anticipated global nuclear renaissance We cannot assume that as nuclear energy spreads to more countries a desirable nuclear order will arise spontaneously or automatically said Steven Miller of Harvard University co organizer of the conference and co leader of the Academy s larger initiative It will be important for all aspiring nuclear states to have an understanding and knowledge of the evolving non proliferation regime added Mohamed Shaker conference co organizer and former Egyptian diplomat Close cooperation and coordination is needed among new nuclear nations Participants in the Abu Dhabi meeting engaged in frank discussion about a number of complex issues including Operational safety of new nuclear facilities Protecting reactors from terrorist attacks sabotage and other security breaches Developing the human technical resources necessary to support new nuclear programs Ensuring the transparency of civilian nuclear power programs Economic viability of national nuclear construction initiatives Ways to strengthen the international nonproliferation regime including what some in nuclear aspiring states perceive to be an inconsistent application of protocols and obligations by nuclear nations The safe long term storage of spent nuclear fuel including opportunities for regional cooperation on waste repositories It is fitting that the meeting take place in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi the future site of the UAE s first nuclear power plant said Academy Chief Executive Officer Leslie Berlowitz She noted that the UAE s commitment to complete operational transparency of its nuclear program and adherence to the highest standards of safety security and nonproliferation have been praised as a global model Ambassador Hamad Al Kaabi the UAE s Permanent Representative to the IAEA briefed the conference on his country s nuclear program and the U S Ambassador to the UAE Richard Olson addressed the group on the two nations bilateral nuclear cooperation pact Conference participants included individuals with a diverse range of expertise and experience in nuclear program development regulation and nonproliferation and disarmament efforts They discussed bolstering what is widely viewed as a fragile international nonproliferation regime In May 2010 the 190 member states that are party to the international convention governing such issues the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty NPT will meet in Vienna for a once every five year Review Conference Participants in the Academy meeting explored common ground for strengthening key provisions of the United Nations sanctioned NPT For a summary of the Academy s Abu Dhabi meeting visit abudhabiReport pdf The Academy will sponsor a parallel meeting in Southeast Asia in 2010 at which the issues will be examined from that region s perspective The Academy s project on the Global Nuclear Future also includes expert study groups to explore practical approaches for improving the physical protection of nuclear facilities and materials engagement with nuclear plant builders and operators efforts to develop policies and proposals for new cooperative arrangements to manage the fuel cycle and explorations of ways to advance constructive dialog at the upcoming

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?i=96 (2016-02-13)
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