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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    that holds great promise for medical agricultural industrial and technological applications In Microbes as Menaces Mates Marvels Bassler writes that microbes are the most promising source for the next generation of environmentally and politically neutral fuels Microbes also have unique characteristics that give them the ability to consume sequester and degrade greenhouse pollutants In The Search for Habitable Worlds Planetary Exploration in the 21st Century astronomer and planetary scientist Jim Bell Arizona State University foresees huge breakthroughs within the coming decades in the quest for life supporting environments beyond Earth He notes that recent discoveries of organisms able to thrive in environments previously believed too harsh to support life miles below the ocean s surface and deep in the Earth s crust for example broaden the possibility that habitable environments exist on other planets Planetary scientists Bell writes have a list of the greatest hits destinations within our own solar system that will be observable through more capable and complex human exploration In Small Machines Paul L McEuen Cornell University describes the coming age of nanometer scale machinery The lessons learned as we try to build ever more sophisticated nanomachines will almost certainly inform our understanding of the origins of life McEuen writes He speculates that within fifty years we will have solved the riddle of the origin of life and will have created a few more examples of life in the process Advances in genome sequencing and a mechanistic understanding of plant biology will allow scientists to modify many of the 180 plant species that humans rely on for food feed fiber or fuel according to Chris Somerville University of California Berkeley In Deciphering the Parts List for the Mechanical Plant Somerville predicts that through improved breeding techniques and genetic engineering we will be able to optimize production for many climates and soils make plants resistant to pests pathogens and drought and grow crops in saline soils Scientists may even be able to convert some annual species into perennials Somerville writes Also in the volume Nima Arkani Hamed Institute for Advanced Study The Future of Fundamental Physics contends that while fundamental physics in the twentieth century was devoted to developing theories that unified relativity and quantum mechanics the twenty first century will be dominated by the pursuit of a deeper understanding of the origin and structure of space time Daniel G Nocera Massachusetts Institute of Technology Can We Progress from Solipsistic Science to Frugal Innovation advocates frugal innovation in new energy technologies that can be adapted for use in the developing world specifically technologies that are light highly manufacturable robust and low maintenance Gregory A Petsko Weill Cornell Medical College Brandeis University The Coming Epidemic of Neurologic Disorders What Science Is and Should Be Doing About It describes advances in our understanding of the mechanisms of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer s and Parkinson s and the new therapies they suggest while also urging increased investment in basic research by government and the private sector Neil H Shubin University

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=175 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    innovations from the states in promoting the humanities The forum The Humanities and Civil Society will take place on Tuesday July 17 2012 at the House of the Academy in Cambridge MA The goal of the Commission is to claim a space in the national dialogue for the humanities and the social sciences and to recommend specific steps that government schools and universities cultural institutions businesses and philanthropies can take to support and strengthen these areas of knowledge The New England Forum is an important part of the Commission s outreach Testimony will provide Commission members with a new understanding of the programs supported by the State Humanities Councils Similar sessions will take place throughout the country this summer and fall An educated citizenry is the wellspring of a strong democracy said Leslie C Berlowitz President of the American Academy of Arts Sciences This forum provides an opportunity to focus on how we can ensure that Americans develop the skills and competencies required for full civic participation the skills and competencies fostered by the humanities and social sciences Members of the Academy s Commission taking part in the New England forum include Annette Gordon Reed Professor of Law Professor of History Professor at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study Harvard University Phil Bredesen Jr former Governor of Tennessee Richard B Freeman Professor of Economics Harvard University Leslie C Berlowitz President American Academy of Arts Sciences The forum will feature three panels covering the topics Literacy Civics and Citizenship Cultural Heritage and Economic Development K 12 Enrichment and Lifelong Learning Panelists include representatives from State Humanities Councils in Maine New Hampshire Vermont Massachusetts Rhode Island and Connecticut as well as teachers jurists state policy makers and state legislators The Commission is eager to learn what the New England states are doing

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=174 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    year But has the response from industry and nuclear regulators always been adequate Lessons Learned from Lessons Learned The Evolution of Nuclear Power Safety after Accidents and Near Accidents a new paper from the American Academy of Arts and Sciences examines the changes in safety procedures and protocols that were or were not implemented after major nuclear disasters The authors evaluate several less catastrophic accidents and near mishaps as well noting that those less serious incidents also offer critical lessons The paper provides recommendations for increasing plant safety and security as commercial nuclear power spreads globally Authors Michael M May and Edward D Blandford stress the need for better communication among nuclear states Mechanisms to facilitate and where needed enforce mutual learning have not always been adequate they write Information sharing import export agreements based on safety standards agreements to facilitate cooperation among regulatory authorities and the participation of financial interests such as investors and insurers all have a role to play in improving mutual learning among different states This paper published as part of the American Academy s Global Nuclear Future GNF Initiative is available online at http teamfoundation content publications publication aspx d 324 Members of the GNF Initiative are working with policy makers in the United States Middle East and Asia to advance effective policies and procedures to ensure that the spread of nuclear power does not aggravate and in fact reduces concerns over international safety security and nonproliferation Because the Academy is not identified with a particular stance on nuclear questions yet has a fifty year old tradition of work on arms control it offers a neutral forum for discussing these issues Michael M May is Professor Emeritus Research in the School of Engineering at Stanford University where he is also a Senior Fellow in the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies Edward D Blandford is a Stanton Nuclear Security Postdoctoral Fellow at Stanford s Center for International Security and Cooperation as well as an adjunct Research Assistant Professor in the Department of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering at the University of New Mexico Recent Academy Publications from the Global Nuclear Future Initiative include Nuclear Collisions Discord Reform the Nuclear Nonproliferation Regime Steven E Miller American Academy of Arts and Sciences 2012 The Back End of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle An Innovative Storage Concept Robert Rosner Stephen M Goldberg and James P Malone American Academy of Arts and Sciences 2012 Game Changers for Nuclear Energy Kate Marvel and Michael May American Academy of Arts and Sciences 2011 Nuclear Reactors Generation to Generation Stephen M Goldberg and Robert Rosner American Academy of Arts and Sciences 2011 Shared Responsibilities for Nuclear Disarmament A Global Debate Scott D Sagan James M Acton Jayantha Dhanapala Mustafa Kibaroglu Harald Müller Yukio Satoh Mohamed I Shaker and Achilles Zaluar American Academy of Arts and Sciences 2010 Multinational Approaches to the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Charles McCombie and Thomas Isaacs Noramly Bin Muslim Tariq Rauf Atsuyuki Suzuki Frank von Hippel and Ellen Tauscher American Academy

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=170 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    shaping our world in profound ways said American Academy President Leslie C Berlowitz It is fitting that we launch our collaboration with the participation of these distinguished Academy Fellows who are architects of the Internet one of the most important and transformative technologies of our time and a subject of ongoing Academy work Royal Society President Sir Paul Nurse also a Fellow of the American Academy said There is no better subject to kick off this series of joint lectures than the technology that has done so much to open up science internationally in the last decade The overlapping expertise of our academies represents the cutting edge of global research and bringing them together is a unique and exciting opportunity The joint lecture series is the centerpiece launch of the GREAT Science Campaign organized by the UK government s Science and Innovation Network to profile international science excellence according to Britain s Consul General to New England Dr Phil Budden In 2012 all eyes will be on Britain and a huge part of that is the result of the UK s excellence in science and technology said Consul General Budden The lecture series provides a British American platform to discuss important scientific issues in modern society with experts from the UK and U S giving rise to opportunities for future collaboration and transatlantic innovation As part of the GREAT Science Campaign the Royal Society will also sponsor lectures in Ottawa and Vancouver in partnership with the Canadian Royal Society About the June 6 Lecture Sir Tim Berners Lee is the inventor of the World Wide Web He serves as Director of the World Wide Web Consortium which oversees the Web s continued development is the founder of the World Wide Web Foundation and holds the 3Com Founders Chair at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory CSAIL In 2004 he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II for his pioneering work Berners Lee is an advocate of the concept of Net Neutrality and has expressed the view that Internet Service Providers should neither control nor monitor customers browsing activities without their expressed consent He is a member of both the Royal Society and the American Academy David D Clark is a Senior Research Scientist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory Since the mid 1970s he has been leading the development of the Internet from 1981 1989 he acted as Chief Protocol Architect in this development and chaired the Internet Activities Board In 2011 he received the Oxford Internet Institute Lifetime Achievement Award in recognition of his intellectual and institutional contributions to the advancement of the Internet His current research looks at re definition of the architectural underpinnings of the Internet and the relation of technology and architecture to economic societal and policy considerations A Fellow of the American Academy Clark served as guest editor of the Fall 2011 issue of the Academy s journal Dædalus on Protecting the Internet as

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=169 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Login User Name Password Forgot your password American Academy of Arts and Sciences Submits Testimony on Foreign Language and Cultural Competency to Senate Subcommittee 5 21 2012 Press Release WASHINGTON DC The American Academy of Arts and Sciences submitted written testimony for inclusion in the formal record of the May 21 2012 U S Senate hearing on A National Security Crisis Foreign Language Capabilities in the Federal Government In testimony presented to the Subcommittee on Oversight of the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Academy President Leslie C Berlowitz urged Congress to take steps to improve foreign language proficiency and cultural competency among U S citizens Investing in these areas is critical to America s national security and economic well being she said Citing the American Academy s Humanities Indicators Berlowitz noted that only 15 7 percent of Americans consider themselves fluent in a language other than English and only 3 percent of Americans achieve fluency through academic study Foreign language fluency and knowledge of other cultures is one of the critical skills identified by the Academy s national Commission on the Humanities and Social Sciences according to Berlowitz The Commission will issue recommendations next year The Academy

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=171 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    W Fri Resources for the Future and Stephen Ansolabehere Harvard University and ten other contributors examine initial steps the country could take toward achieving the holy grail of affordable reliable and clean energy These include Focusing public attention on the local not global environmental consequences of energy choices Taking into account consumer attitudes and behaviors when introducing new technology Narrowing the gap between proving new energy technologies in the laboratory and bringing them to commercial scale and Fully communicating energy costs to the public including the economic consequences of health and environmental impacts Two of the largest impediments to a successful national energy policy are political resistance to allowing energy prices to reflect their true all in costs and inadequate public understanding of the link between energy consumption and climate change according to Fri and Ansolabehere Physical science and engineering essential to developing technology are not the principal tools for addressing these problems Fri and Ansolabehere write in the introduction to the volume As underscored by a recent report from the American Academy Beyond Technology they are more the province of the social sciences and greater attention should be given to incorporating social science research into energy policy development In Paying Too Much for Energy The True Costs of Our Energy Choices Michael Greenstone and Adam Looney draw from their Hamilton Project research to calculate that the true social cost of current energy consumption is nearly three times the amount that appears on utility bills These costs ranging from increases in lung disease and infant mortality to problems associated with climate change have been quantified and can be expressed in dollar terms they write Without access to full transparent information about the true costs of energy sources policy makers have not had the tools to make the best choices for the economy and the welfare of the American people Kassia Yanosek contends in Policies for Financing the Energy Transition that a transition to a low carbon economy requires innovations and new technologies that can compete with conventional energy on cost and scale Getting consumers to pay the full price for energy consumption could more than any other factor propel the country toward a better energy future argues Michael J Graetz in Energy Policy Past or Prologue Also in the volume Joseph Aldy and Robert Stavins Using the Market to Address Climate Change Insights from Theory Experience examine specific policy tools to price carbon that would align energy production prices with the full social costs of production including the adverse impacts of greenhouse gas emissions on global climate change to spur innovation deployment and the use of climate friendly technologies Stephen Ansolabehere and David Konisky The American Public s Energy Choice present new research on how the public perceives the need for change in the energy system Daniel P Schrag Is Shale Gas Good for Climate Change evaluates the role of the recent boom in natural gas in cutting greenhouse gas emissions Ernest Moniz Stimulating Energy Technology Innovation argues that energy

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=168 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    is located at http www amacad org news alphalist2012 pdf The new class listed by discipline is located at http www amacad org news classlist2012 pdf Members of the 2012 class include winners of the National Medal of Science the Lasker Award the Pulitzer and the Shaw prizes the Fields Medal MacArthur and Guggenheim fellowships the Kennedy Center Honors Grammy Emmy Academy and Tony awards the Avery Fisher Prize and election to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Scientists among the newly elected Fellows include James Fraser Stoddart a chemist whose work helped establish the field of molecular nanotechnology Angela M Belcher who uses directed evolution to create new materials and devices with applications in electronics energy and medicine geological scientist Katharine V Cashman who helped explain why volcanos erupt the way they do Gregory B Olson one of the founders of computational materials design astronomer Debra A Fischer who helped discover more than 200 planetary systems Robert P Colwell chief architect of Intel s Pentium microprocessors Tyler Jacks who exploits gene targeting technology in mice to understand cancer in humans oncologist Brian Druker whose research dramatically improved survival rates for leukemia patients mathematician Ngô Bao Châu winner of the Fields Medal synthetic biology pioneer Jef Boeke psychologist Robert Seyfarth whose field research with monkeys shed light on the evolutionary origins of language and Griffin P Rodgers director of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases whose research contributed to the first effective therapy for sickle cell anemia Social scientists include economist Robert A Moffitt an authority on the incentives and disincentives inherent in the U S welfare system Paul Mendes Flohr a leading scholar of modern Jewish thought and history behavioral scientist Edward F Diener who pioneered methods of measuring well being legal scholar Shari S Diamond whose empirical research has influenced sentencing policy and jury procedures in U S courts public finance economist Amy Finkelstein whose work has shown how the structure of government programs affects health care choices and outcomes political scientist James Druckman who developed influential theories of how citizens form political opinions and George F Bass a pioneer in underwater archaeology In the humanities and the arts new members include Civil War scholar David W Blight Vicki L Ruiz whose research helped establish the field of Chicano Latino history poet Gerald Stern sculptor Kiki Smith American film icons Clint Eastwood and Mel Brooks violinist Midori Goto pianist conductor and composer Andre Previn and mezzo soprano Frederica von Stade Elected in public affairs and journalism are sustainability expert Kamaljit Singh Bawa former Tennessee Governor Phil Bredesen Jr veteran diplomat R Nicholas Burns U S Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton television journalist Judy Woodruff and Boston Globe editor Martin Baron Business leaders in the 2012 class include Amazon founder Jeffrey Bezos Merck and Company Chairman President and CEO Kenneth C Frazier Walt Disney Chairman and CEO Robert A Iger civic and business leader Penny S Pritzker Loews Corporation President and CEO James

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=167 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Earth observation satellite into space The launch planned for between April 12 and 16 would defy the international community What would this mean for relations between North Korea and the United States which seemed to be improving after a Feb 29 food aid agreement And what effect might the launch have on enduring tensions on the Korean Peninsula On April 12 two leading North Korea experts will examine these developments and the broader geopolitical and nonproliferation implications of Pyongyang s nuclear program at the American Academy of Arts and Sciences The event invitation required begins at 6 p m at the Academy s Cambridge Mass headquarters The participants are Stephen W Bosworth former U S Special Representative for North Korea Policy former U S Ambassador to the Republic of North Korea and dean of the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University Siegfried S Hecker senior fellow at Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies co director of the Center for International Security and Cooperation at Stanford University and one of the few westerners to visit North Korea s nuclear facilities and moderator Steven E Miller director of the International Security Program at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at the Harvard Kennedy School and co chair of the American Academy s Committee on International Security Studies The American Academy has focused on arms control matters for more than 50 years Publications from its Global Nuclear Future initiative available on the Academy s website at http www amacad org content Research research aspx d 289 include Nuclear Collisions Discord Reform the Nuclear Nonproliferation Regime Steven E Miller 2012 The Back End of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle An Innovative Storage Concept Stephen M Goldberg Robert Rosner and James P Malone 2012 Game Changers for Nuclear Energy Kate Marvel

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=165 (2016-02-13)
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