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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    weapons states and non nuclear weapons states have different perceptions of the NPT s adequacy and fairness as well as its flaws and weaknesses Given this diversity of views he writes it is not surprising that states respond differently to proposed reforms of the regime they do not agree on diagnoses of the NPT s problems and hence do not share the same reform agenda The paper includes responses from a group of global experts who offer commentary and provide international perspectives on how to improve the NPT regime The respondents include Wael Al Assad League of Arab States Jayantha Dhanapala Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs C Raja Mohan Indian Express and Ta Minh Tuan Office of the Government Viet Nam For more than 50 years the American Academy has played an integral role in nonproliferation studies The Academy has created a global network government policy makers and the heads of nongovernmental organizations nuclear engineers and industry leaders social scientists and nonproliferation experts and is working closely with colleagues at the International Atomic Energy Agency the United Nations the League of Arab States the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and various state energy agencies Steven E Miller is Director of the International Security Program at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at the Harvard Kennedy School and Editor in Chief of the quarterly journal International Security In addition to his role with the Academy s Global Nuclear Future Initiative he is Cochair of the Academy s Committee on International Security Studies Recent Academy Publications in Arms Control and the Nuclear Future The Back End of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle An Innovative Storage Concept Robert Rosner Stephen M Goldberg and James P Malone American Academy of Arts and Sciences 2012 Game Changers for Nuclear Energy Kate Marvel

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=164 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    14 Given by the Academy since 1940 the prize recognizes major advances in reproductive biology and medical care Dr Walsh is University Distinguished Service Professor of Urology at Johns Hopkins Medicine Following the prize ceremony he participated in the Francis Amory Symposium on advances in reproductive biology and medicine Other presenters included David Page Director Whitehead Institute Professor of Biology Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Investigator Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Patricia K Donahoe Director Pediatric Surgical Research Laboratories and Chief Emerita Pediatric Surgical Services Massachusetts General Hospital and Marshall K Bartlett Professor of Surgery Harvard Medical School Walsh served for 30 years as director of the Brady Urological Institute where he developed and refined an anatomic approach to radical prostatectomy The procedure performed on hundreds of thousands of patients worldwide dramatically reduces the most serious side effects of the surgery Along with coworkers he was the first to describe the 5 alpha reductase enzyme deficiency to develop an experimental technique for the induction of benign prostatic hyperplasia to demonstrate the influence of reversible androgen deprivation on BPH and to characterize hereditary prostate cancer Dr Walsh s research and surgical innovation have led to the relief of suffering and longer term survival in prostate cancer patients said Academy President Leslie C Berlowitz His work directly fulfills the aspirations of the donor of the Francis Amory Prize The Academy is pleased to honor Dr Walsh Walsh is a member of the Institute of Medicine and the editorial board of the New England Journal of Medicine The co recipient of the 2007 King Faisal International Prize in Medicine he has served as president of the American Association of Genitourinary Surgeons and the Clinical Society of Genitourinary Surgeons With Janet F Worthington he authored the best selling books for lay people The Prostate

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=163 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    of the conversation The report proposes a regional storage concept for spent fuel under which an independent installation would be created and maintained as a business venture and monitored by an international governing entity Economic compensation among other incentives could encourage nations to host regional sites for fuel storage and waste disposal The storage concept differs from previous proposals because it is not tied exclusively to new fuel supply it can be utilized for storage of both legacy and future inventories Developing a model partnership between a limited number of countries in the South and East Asia regions in which all participants have equal rights and protection regardless of the size and style of their governments could serve as a model for other regional agreements and ensure that industry best practices are implemented Our goal is to advance discussions on integrated multinational fuel cycle schemes that allow the spread of peaceful nuclear energy while reducing security and waste management concerns across the globe the authors write Members of the Academy s Global Nuclear Future Initiative including the authors of the new report Stephen M Goldberg Robert Rosner and James Malone are working with policy makers in the United States the Middle East and South and East Asia to advance policies and procedures so that nuclear power does not aggravate and in fact reduces concerns over international safety security and nonproliferation The American Academy of Arts and Sciences offers a neutral forum for discussing those issues it is not identified with a particular stance on nuclear questions and has a 50 year old tradition of work on arms control matters Founded in 1780 the Academy is a nonpartisan policy research center and international learned society dedicated to intellectual leadership across the nation and around the world Current projects include initiatives for

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=161 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    and pressing global security issues of our time said Academy President Leslie C Berlowitz The American Academy has worked on nuclear arms control and energy security issues for more than five decades With the GNF Initiative it is convening constituencies in the United States and abroad that historically have not communicated with each other including government policy makers and the heads of non governmental organizations nuclear engineers and industry leaders and social scientists and nonproliferation experts The Academy has built a global network of scholars and representatives from the International Atomic Energy Agency the United Nations the League of Arab States the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and various state energy agencies Recent project activities have included policy oriented work on physical protection of nuclear facilities and materials the fuel cycle the international regulatory and nonproliferation regime and the current state and future prospects of the emerging international nuclear order with a particular focus on the Middle East and Southeast Asia To bring findings directly to policymakers the American Academy organized a high level meeting during the Non Proliferation Treaty NPT Review Conference in May 2010 at the United Nations It plans to host a similar meeting in May 2012 during the NPT Preparatory Committee meetings in Vienna Austria The GNF Initiative which began in 2008 has previously received major funding from the Hewlett Foundation Carnegie Corporation and the Alfred P Sloan Foundation The project has produced several volumes dealing with aspects of nuclear energy from a technical primer on different nuclear reactors to proposals for strengthening the nonproliferation regime that are available for downloading at http www amacad org content Research research aspx d 289 The Global Nuclear Future Initiative is directed by Steven Miller Harvard University and Scott Sagan Stanford University with senior advisor Robert Rosner University of Chicago and research coordinator Stephen Goldberg Argonne National Laboratory The initiative s advisory committee includes Richard Meserve Carnegie Institution for Science George Perkovich Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and John Rowe Exelon Corporation The American Academy Founded in 1780 the American Academy of Arts and Sciences is a non partisan policy research center and international learned society dedicated to intellectual leadership across the nation and around the world Current Academy projects include initiatives for science engineering and technology international security the governance of American institutions the state of humanities and culture and challenges to American higher education Carnegie Corporation of New York Andrew Carnegie envisioned Carnegie Corporation as a foundation that would promote the advancement and diffusion of knowledge and understanding In keeping with this mandate the organization s work incorporates an affirmation of its historic role as an education foundation but also honors Andrew Carnegie s passion for international peace and the health of our democracy While Mr Carnegie s primary aim was to benefit the people of the United States he later determined to use a portion of the funds for members of the British overseas Commonwealth Currently this area of the corporation s grant making focuses on

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=158 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    of Rights reflects American Academy s work on Internet security 2 24 2012 Press Release Key recommendations in the fall 2011 issue of the Academy s journal Daedalus Protecting the Internet as a Public Commons are reflected in the White House s newly released Privacy Bill of Rights for online consumers One of the Bill s Fair Information Practice Principles Respect for Contexts draws on Helen Nissenbaum s Daedalus essay A Contextual Approach to Privacy Online Nissenbaum Professor of Media Culture and Communication and Professor of Computer Science at New York University discussed her work at briefings organized by the Academy for executive branch officials and congressional staff in Washington D C on November 2nd The briefings focused on topics including the evolution of the Internet and issues pertaining to trust access personal identity and unruly behavior online Other presenters were David D Clark Senior Research Scientist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and guest editor of the Daedalus volume Vinton G Cerf Vice President and Chief Internet Evangelist at Google Deirdre K Mulligan Assistant Professor at the School of Information at University of California Berkeley and Fred B Schneider Samuel B Eckert Professor of Computer Science at Cornell University Each contributed as essay to Protecting the Internet as a Public Commons Senior administration officials participating in the Academy briefing at the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy included representatives from the National Security Staff the National Telecommunications and Information Administration the Federal Trade Commission s Division of Privacy and Identity Protection the Department of Justice and the Department of State Some 70 legislative and non governmental organization staff members attended a second session at the House of Representatives The briefings were organized in coordination with Danny Weitzner U S Deputy Chief Technology Officer for Internet Policy and

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=159 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    the 2011 National Humanities Medal were six Academy Fellows Kwame Anthony Appiah philosopher for seeking eternal truths in the contemporary world His books and essays within and beyond his academic discipline have shed moral and intellectual light on the individual in an era of globalization and evolving group identities John Ashbery poet for his contributions to American letters Since his first book was published in 1956 he has been awarded nearly every prize available for poetry including a Pulitzer Prize and the Grand Prix de Biennales Internationales de Poésie One of the New York School poets he has changed how we read poetry and has influenced generations of poets Robert Darnton historian and librarian for his determination to make knowledge accessible to everyone As an author he has illuminated the world of Enlightenment and Revolutionary France and as a librarian he has endeavored to make his vision for a comprehensive national library of digitized books a reality Andrew Delbanco literary scholar for his insight into the American character past and present He has been called America s best social critic for his essays on current issues and higher education As a professor in American studies he reveals how classics by Melville and Emerson have shaped our history and contemporary life Charles Rosen musician and scholar for his rare ability to join artistry to the history of culture and ideas His writings about Classical composers and Romantic tradition highlight how music evolves and remains a vibrant living art Amartya Sen economist and Nobel laureate for his insights into the causes of poverty famine and injustice By applying philosophical thinking to questions of policy he has changed how standards of living are measured and increased our understanding of how to fight hunger Among the recipients of the 2011 National Medal of Arts

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=160 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Affairs The Exploratory Fund Member Login User Name Password Forgot your password Energy industry gathering will feature American Academy report on adoption of alternative technologies 2 8 2012 Press Release WASHINGTON DC The American Academy of Arts and Sciences new report Beyond Technology Strengthening Energy Policy Through Social Science will be featured here today at the nation s preeminent policy forum for state and federal energy policymakers Academy project member Kelly Sims Gallagher will describe the report and its recommendations at the 2012 National Electricity Forum a meeting organized by the U S Department of Energy DOE and the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners NARUC The gathering draws policy makers energy industry leaders and scholars from around the country to address challenges facing the electricity industry in the 21st century The Academy s Beyond Technology report says greater attention to consumer attitudes and human behavior could speed adoption of alternative energy technologies that would save the United States billions of dollars every year Utilizing the social sciences could lead to more user friendly appliance energy labels and advance the appeal and impact of home renovation projects according to the report and utilities could adopt social science based best practices when deploying new technologies like smart meters whose success depends on public acceptance by individual consumers The report s findings come from ongoing Academy work that is sponsored in part by DOE and the National Science Foundation and involves representatives from academia industry and government DOE is responsible for advancing technical and policy issues related to modernizing the electric power infrastructure NARUC has decision making authority for electricity industry investments at the state and regional levels Gallagher is associate professor of energy and environmental policy at Tufts University and serves as a member of the American Academy s Committee on

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=157 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Carl M Loeb University Professor Laurence H Tribe in America s Constitutional Narrative According to Tribe that intertwined set of narratives constitutes us as a people e pluribus unum by structuring an inter generational conversation about our national aspirations and traditions William H Chafe a historian at Duke University questions the idea of a singular cohesive national narrative In The American Narrative Is There One and What Is it Chafe says America is conflicted by two narratives one centered on the common good and another that celebrates individualism over collective action Chafe writes of a nation that appears politically dysfunctional if not permanently fractured Americans are more polarized than ever he suggests as a result of profound changes such as the technological chasm separating the generations and the expectation that Spanish speakers will soon outnumber native English speakers in the U S New York University history Professor David Levering Lewis in Exceptionalism s Exceptions The Changing American Narrative traces the history of American exceptionalism from high flown political science theory to ideological boilerplate and suggests the need for a twenty first century reset According to writer E L Doctorow of New York University a new American narrative is being written the Narrative C of his essay title Citing the impact of the U S Supreme Court s Citizens United v Federal Election Commission decision Doctorow explores how the shape of our democracy may be changing and how our belief in American exceptionalism may no longer be sustainable In Spooked novelist Gish Jen wonders whether America is still the can do country or if it is perhaps at a pause at the top of the ferris wheel at the and of rise and fall Other essays in the volume include Introduction Denis Donoghue New York University Narratives of the Constitutional Covenant

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=156 (2016-02-13)
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