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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    in Global Security and International Affairs The Exploratory Fund Member Login User Name Password Forgot your password From brain surgery gone awry an enduring gift American Academy program recalls the man who couldn t remember 1 24 2012 Press Release CAMBRIDGE Mass When an experimental brain operation left him a profound amnesiac Henry Gustav Molaison might have chosen a private existence away from the public eye Instead he made a gift of his misfortune willingly exposing himself to the tests of 100 researchers over 50 years so that science might learn something about memory and the human brain The American Academy of Arts and Sciences will explore Molaison s life and legacy on February 15 2012 with a reading from the new play Yesterday Happened Remembering H M and a panel of experts The panel features some of the scientists who knew and worked with Molaison Known simply as H M Molaison was just 27 years old in 1953 when he lost his ability to form new memories In 2008 he died at the age of 82 in a Connecticut nursing home but the scientific breakthroughs inspired by his ordeal endure today in numerous textbooks research papers and book chapters The study of his brain continues to advance neurological research The panel will include Massachusetts Institute of Technology neuroscientist Suzanne Corkin who worked with Molaison for five decades Robert Desimone Director McGovern Institute for Brain Research and the Doris and Don Berkey Professor of Neuroscience Massachusetts Institute of Technology John D E Gabrieli Grover Hermann Professor of Health Sciences and Technology and Cognitive Neuroscience Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Elizabeth Kensinger Associate Professor Department of Psychology and Director Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory Boston College The program beginning at 6 p m at the American Academy is by invitation Academy

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=155 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    as scientists engineers leading business executives philanthropists jurists artists and journalists See the list of Commission Members We are grateful to the Andrew W Mellon Foundation and Carnegie Corporation of New York said American Academy President Leslie C Berlowitz Their support allows the Commission to move forward with its examination of disciplines critical to the functioning of our democracy to individual fulfillment and to our ability to compete in a global economy The American Academy formed the Commission at the request of a bipartisan group of members of Congress The specific charge to the Academy is to prepare a report that answers the question What are the top ten actions that Congress state governments universities foundations educators individual benefactors and others should take now to maintain national excellence in humanities and social scientific scholarship and education and to achieve long term national goals for our intellectual and economic well being for a stronger more vibrant civil society and for the success of cultural diplomacy in the 21st century The Commission is drawing on past Academy research data from the Academy s Humanities Indicators and the experience and expertise of its members The American Academy of Arts and Sciences Founded in 1780 the American Academy of Arts and Sciences is a non partisan policy research center and international learned society dedicated to intellectual leadership across the nation and around the world Current Academy projects include initiatives for science engineering and technology international security American institutions the humanities and social sciences and higher education The Andrew W Mellon Foundation The Foundation supports work in the humanities and the arts through grants to colleges and universities performing arts organizations museums libraries and other institutions committed to sustaining and renewing the contributions of these fields to culture and society Since its inception in 1969

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=154 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Security and International Affairs The Exploratory Fund Member Login User Name Password Forgot your password War with Iraq Costs and Consequences Official End of War Brings Re examination of Costs 12 13 2011 Press Release CAMBRIDGE Mass In December 2002 three months before the U S invasion the American Academy of Arts and Sciences published a report speculating on the political military and economic consequences of a possible war with Iraq The pre war study estimated the costs of war with Iraq in scenarios that were both favorable and unfavorable to the United States projecting that an extended conflict could cost nearly 10 times the estimate offered by the Bush administration at the time In the end even the 2002 estimates contained in the Academy report proved low The report s authors also considered a number of potentially disastrous military and strategic outcomes of war for the United States that had received scant public attention in the lead up to the conflict and examined the broader national security strategy behind the move toward a preventive war against Iraq The Academy report War with Iraq Costs Consequences and Alternatives is available online at https www amacad org content publications publication aspx

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=153 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Greater attention to consumer attitudes and behavior could speed adoption of alternative energy technologies that would save the United States billions of dollars every year U S households account for 30 to 40 percent of energy use nationwide an amount that could be reduced by 20 percent using available no to low cost interventions that do not require a major lifestyle change According to a new report from the American Academy of Arts and Sciences these savings can only be realized by combining behavioral interventions with useful policies aimed at facilitating their adoption The report Beyond Technology Strengthening Energy Policy through Social Science identifies barriers to the country s adoption of alternative energy technologies and outlines strategies for using social science research and our knowledge of human behavior to overcome those obstacles The findings are based on ongoing Academy work that was sponsored in part by the U S Department of Energy and the National Science Foundation and involves representatives from academia industry and government The social sciences are vital to our energy system because they can tell us so much about how individual household and community behavior affects the acceptance of innovative technologies said Robert W Fri Director of the American Academy s Alternative Energy Future project The Academy report calls on policy makers and industry to make better use of social science tools to engage and motivate consumers The report cites as examples development of energy efficiency information for home renovation projects and more affective appliance labels The report also suggests that utilities use social science based best practices when deploying new technologies such as smart meters whose success depends on public acceptance by individual consumers We need a much better understanding of how public attitudes economic trends and government regulations affect the development and adoption of clean

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=152 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    first academics to analyze what causes people to sometimes make wrong choices Kahneman s work changed how we understand the psychology of markets and individual financial decision making Kahneman Senior Scholar at the Woodrow Wilson School and Professor of Psychology and Public Affairs emeritus at Princeton University received the 2002 Nobel Prize in Economics At the Talcott Parsons award ceremony Kahneman delivered a talk on Two Systems in the Mind Academy President Leslie Berlowitz presided over the ceremony Chair of the Talcott Parsons Prize Harriet Zuckerman Senior Fellow and former Senior Vice President at the Andrew W Mellon Foundation and Professor of Sociology emerita at Columbia University introduced Kahneman and William Julius Wilson winner of the Talcott Parsons Prize in 2003 and the Lewis P and Linda L Geyser University Professor at Harvard University presented the award to Kahneman The citation reads Daniel Kahneman You have described the mind as a machine for jumping to conclusions and for nearly four decades your pioneering research has shown how the gears and levers of that amazing machine function By constructing elegant experiments and asking creative questions your work has revealed answers to some of the most complex mysteries about the human mind how it processes information forms judgments and makes decisions Your insights and empirical findings have overturned conventional wisdom that for generations guided our understanding of how people perceive and assess risk Relying on a highly disciplined approach to probing the automatic system of intuition and the deliberate system of rational decision making you helped define a new area of scholarship behavioral economics Your facility to explain clearly abstract principles and describe their practical relevance to everyday life has made your findings accessible to both scholars and the wider public Transcending cognitive psychology behavioral economics and the science of well being

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=150 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Good Publications Overview Dædalus Journal of the Academy Bulletin Magazine of the Academy Books Research Papers Monographs and Project Publications Meetings Overview Induction 2015 Upcoming Meetings and Events Friday Forum 2015 2016 Schedule Past Meetings and Events Fellowships Overview Visiting Scholars Program Hellman Fellowship in Science and Technology Policy Policy Fellowship in the Humanities Education and the Arts Policy Fellowship in Global Security and International Affairs The Exploratory Fund Member Login User Name Password Forgot your password Induction 2011 videos available online 10 25 2011 Press Release CAMBRIDGE Mass The American Academy s 2011 Induction weekend October 1 2 included thoughtful presentations and a memorable performance by singer songwriter Paul Simon a new Fellow Video and photos as well as a full schedule of events are available on the Academy s website at http www amacad org events Induction2011 Academy in the News 2 10 2016 With money tight chancellor says UC Berkeley must reimagine its future L A Times 1 26 2016 Cleveland business leader Morton Mandel named winner of Scholar Patriot Award Crain s Cleveland Business 1 12 2016 From the Internet s founders a warning WGBH News 1 12 2016 From the Internet s founders a warning

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=148 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    2011 Nobel Prizes in medicine physics and economics 10 21 2011 Press Release CAMBRIDGE Mass Five members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences have been awarded 2011 Nobel Prizes joining more than 250 Academy members who have won the prize in previous years In Physiology or Medicine Academy member Jules A Hoffman Distinguished Class Research Director at Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and Professor at the University of Strasbourg shared one half of the Nobel Prize with Dr Bruce A Beutler Chair of the Department of Genetics at the Scripps Research Institute in La Jolla California for their discoveries concerning the activation of innate immunity The other half of the prize was awarded to Dr Ralph M Steinman Henry G Kunkel Professor at The Rockefeller University and a senior physician at The Rockefeller University Hospital for his discovery of the dendritic cell and its role in adaptive immunity In Physics Academy members Saul Perlmutter Professor of Physics at the University of California Berkeley and Senior Scientist at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and Adam Riess Professor of Astronomy and Physics at the Johns Hopkins University and Senior Member of the science staff at the Space Telescope Science Institute were awarded the prize with Australian astrophysicist Brian P Schmidt for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the universe through observations of distant supernovae In Economic Sciences Academy members Thomas J Sargent Professor of Economics New York University and Senior Fellow Hoover Institution Stanford University and Christopher A Sims the Harold B Helms Professor of Economics and Banking at Princeton University won the prize for their empirical research on cause and effect in the macroeconomy Founded in 1780 the American Academy is one of the nation s oldest and most prestigious learned societies and an independent research center

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=147 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    his fundamental contributions to the development and use of transgenic mice His research has provided experimental foundations and inspiration for progress in germline genetic modification in a range of species which has generated a revolution in biology medicine and agriculture Elected a Fellow of the Academy in 1986 Shu Chien University of California San Diego For pioneering work in cardiovascular physiology and bioengineering which has had tremendous impact in the fields of microcirculation blood rheology and mechanotransduction in human health and disease Elected a Fellow of the Academy in 2006 Rudolf Jaenisch Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research and Massachusetts Institute of Technology For improving our understanding of epigenetic regulation of gene expression the biological mechanisms that affect how genetic information is variably expressed His work has led to major advances in our understanding of mammalian cloning and embryonic stem cells Elected a Fellow of the Academy in 1992 Peter J Stang University of Utah For his creative contributions to the development of organic supramolecular chemistry and for his outstanding and unique record of public service Elected a Fellow of the Academy in 2002 Srinivasa S R Varadhan New York University For his work in probability theory especially his work on large deviations from expected random behavior which has revolutionized this field of study during the second half of the twentieth century and become a cornerstone of both pure and applied probability The mathematical insights he developed have been applied in diverse fields including quantum field theory population dynamics finance econometrics and traffic engineering Elected a Fellow of the Academy in 1988 Each of these extraordinary scientists engineers and inventors is guided by a passion for innovation a fearlessness even as they explore the very frontiers of human knowledge and a desire to make the world a better place Obama said

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=146 (2016-02-13)
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