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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    regard to refueling and fuel disposition requirements The monograph Nuclear Reactors Generation to Generation is available online at https www amacad org content publications publication aspx d 329 The authors Stephen Goldberg and Robert Rosner are Senior Advisors to the Academy s Global Nuclear Future Initiative The Academy s Initiative is working with policymakers in the U S Middle East and Asia to advance effective policies and procedures to ensure that the spread of nuclear power does not aggravate and in fact reduces international safety security and nonproliferation concerns System failures at Japan s Fukushima plants which share the design features of many reactors operating in the United States will lead to much greater public scrutiny of all nuclear facilities The events in Japan may also increase pressure to retire some nuclear generating facilities earlier than their scheduled design life In assessing the attributes of reactor designs both those already deployed and those on the drawing board the authors of the Academy paper suggest that two questions will determine the future of nuclear power around the world What is safe enough and What are we going to do about the nuclear waste In addition to reviewing currently operating systems the paper analyzes the viability of a new type of small modular reactor that is about to enter the market Smaller than a rail car and one tenth the cost of a conventional power plant backers say this new generation of reactors could be quickly built and installed at existing nuclear sites or replace coal fired plants Many of the crucial decisions that will shape the nuclear future will not be made by the United States alone The Academy s Global Nuclear Future Initiative includes experts from foreign governments and international organizations The project brings together technical communities and proliferation specialists

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=130 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    social sciences is well suited to lead this effort said Academy President Berlowitz Scholarship and education in these disciplines enable our citizens and our government to adapt to evolving circumstances at home and abroad They are critical to our ability to compete in a global economy The findings of the Commission on the Humanities and Social Sciences will serve as a companion to a forthcoming report of the National Academies on the future of the research university and ways to strengthen the American scientific enterprise Our nation s long tradition of research and scholarship in humanities and social science has been the basis for an informed citizenry that comes from many countries races religions and cultures but shares a common set of ideals such as liberty equal opportunity and the rule of law said Senator Lamar Alexander who previously served as U S Secretary of Education and President of the University of Tennessee I am pleased that the American Academy is creating this Commission to provide recommendations on the best ways to maintain our nation s excellence in humanities and social science education from grade school history classes to graduate level economic research As our world becomes more interconnected building a solid foundation in the humanities is of vital national importance Rep David Price said It is the humanities which ground inform and shape our civic cultural and intellectual lives Maintaining a robust capacity for teaching and research in these fields will help provide a context and a framework for the most current and urgent policy debates I look forward to receiving the commission s recommendations To preserve and build on America s traditions and principles we must have a firm understanding of our unique history culture and heritage said Rep Tom Petri Our humanities and social science institutions help to foster that understanding and the results of this report will guide us as we work to strengthen those institutions I look forward to learning more about how we can further strengthen the arts humanities and social sciences throughout the country said Senator Mark Warner Understanding where we are where we have been and where we need to go is so important and I am pleased that the Academy is tackling this challenge The American Academy Commission will draw on past research efforts data from its Humanities Indicators and the experience and expertise of a multidisciplinary group of national leaders to recommend specific actionable steps to maintain the nation s excellence in the humanities and the social sciences The Commission will focus on education research and the institutions critical to advancing the humanities and social sciences in the nation The work of the Commission is being funded initially by The Andrew W Mellon Foundation The Commission expects to complete its work over the next 18 to 24 months Further information about the initiative can be found at www amacad org Founded in 1780 the American Academy of Arts and Sciences is an independent policy research center that conducts multidisciplinary studies

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=128 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    agenda will not be limited to subjects that might have been studied in school but will reflect the dynamic of modern science and technology writes Jon D Miller a contributor to the American Academy s latest publication Science and the Educated American A Core Component of Liberal Education This volume explores whether American colleges and universities are providing students with the foundation necessary for lifelong scientific learning Jerrold Meinwald co editor of the volume and the Goldwin Smith Professor of Chemistry Emeritus at Cornell University suggests that we need a widespread reexamination and reevaluation of the contents as well as the methods of presentation employed in science courses designed to be of interest and value for all The volume targets university administrators and faculty members who are interested in assessing and improving their institutions curricula In particular detailed descriptions of five university science courses highlight innovative methods for conveying complex science information to non science majors Several common themes emerge in the volume Without a basic level of scientific literacy the public cannot rely on even the best science journalism and communications to equip them with the ability to make informed decisions about science issues Science courses belong in the liberal arts curriculum for the benefit of both science and non science majors Teaching science should convey the wonders and rewards of science but also the limits of science and the dangers of misapplying it Science and the humanities have much more in common than is generally appreciated Science and the Educated American grew out of an American Academy conference and study Science in the Liberal Arts Curriculum The study is co chaired by Jerrold Meinwald and John G Hildebrand Regents Professor of Neuroscience with joint appointments in Chemistry and Biochemistry Entomology and Molecular Cellular Biology at the University of Arizona Thirty four colleges and universities participated in the study which focuses on the challenges of and opportunities for teaching science in a general education context Contributors to the volume include Jon Clardy Harvard Medical School Diane Ebert May Michigan State University Martha P Haynes Cornell University Robert M Hazen Carnegie Institution for Science George Mason University Sally G Hoskins City College of the City University of New York Chris Impey University of Arizona Darcy B Kelley Columbia University Eugene H Levy Rice University David R Liu Harvard College Howard Hughes Medical Institute Jon D Miller University of Michigan Jennifer L Momsen North Dakota State University Richard A Muller University of California Berkeley Don M Randel Andrew W Mellon Foundation Frank H T Rhodes Cornell University Elena Bray Speth Saint Louis University James Trefil George Mason University Brian N Tse U S Department of Health and Human Services A copy of the volume may be downloaded free of charge at https www amacad org content publications publication aspx d 333 The volume complements two recently released publications based on Academy sponsored studies Science and the Media edited by Donald Kennedy Stanford University and Geneva Overholser University of Southern California Annenberg

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=127 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    John Hope Franklin called the two worlds of race writes Early In 1965 President Lyndon Johnson described the task of civil rights as giving African Americans the same choice as every other American to learn and work and share in society This volume marks the 50th anniversary of the civil rights movement and the Academy s project on The Negro American a groundbreaking examination of the complexities and implications of mid 20th century racial liberalism in the United States This volume enriches the dialogue and sharpens our understanding of the meaning of racial majority and minority as political social and cultural terms said Leslie C Berlowitz President of the Academy In April the Academy will publish a companion issue to Race in the Age of Obama The second volume Race Inequality Culture is guest edited by Harvard University sociologist Lawrence Bobo and features essays by 22 prominent social scientists Essays in the first volume include The Two Worlds of Race Revisited A Meditation on Race in the Age of Obama by Gerald Early Freedom Equality Race by Jeffrey B Ferguson Amherst College Racial Liberalism the Moynihan Report the Daedalus Project on The Negro American by Daniel Geary Trinity College Dublin Precious African American Memories Post Racial Dreams the American Nation by Waldo Martin University of California Berkeley Race Inheritance in Barack Obama s Dreams from My Father by Glenda R Carpio Harvard University On Post Racial America in the Age of Obama by Amina Gautier DePaul University Justice Racial Conciliation Two Visions by Tommie Shelby Harvard University Race the Tea Party by Clarence Walker University of California Davis At Last Michelle Obama Beyoncé Race History by Farah Jasmine Griffin Columbia University Obligations to Negroes who would be kin if they were not Negro by Werner Sollors Harvard University Poetry in

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=126 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    of the larger American Academy initiative on the Global Nuclear Future is to identify refine and promote measures that will limit the safety security and proliferation risks associated with the anticipated global nuclear renaissance said American Academy President Leslie Berlowitz NUS President Professor Tan Chorh Chuan hosted a dinner reception to open the conference which included an address by U S Ambassador to Singapore David Adelman on U S nuclear energy policy Participants in the meeting engaged in frank discussion about a number of complex issues including Operational safety of new nuclear facilities Protecting reactors from terrorist attacks sabotage and other security breaches Developing the human technical resources necessary to support new nuclear programs Ensuring the transparency of civilian nuclear power programs Economic viability of national nuclear construction initiatives Ways to strengthen the international nonproliferation regime The safe long term storage of spent nuclear fuel including opportunities for regional cooperation on waste repositories We cannot assume that as nuclear energy spreads to more countries a desirable nuclear order will arise spontaneously or automatically said Steven Miller of Harvard University co organizer of the conference and co leader of the Academy s larger initiative Close cooperation and coordination will be needed among current and new nuclear nations In addition to Miller the project on the Global Nuclear Future is co directed by Scott Sagan of Stanford University in collaboration with Robert Rosner of the University of Chicago and Stephen Goldberg of Argonne National Laboratory Conference participants included individuals with a diverse range of expertise and experience in nuclear program development regulation and nonproliferation and disarmament efforts They included ambassadors and other senior officials from the United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs IAEA and various national governments Delegates included representatives from Australia Indonesia Malaysia Singapore Thailand and Vietnam along with others from Egypt India and the United States Last year the Academy sponsored a regional meeting in Abu Dhabi at which these issues were examined from that region s perspective The Academy s project on the Global Nuclear Future also includes expert study groups to explore practical approaches for improving the physical protection of nuclear facilities and materials engagement with nuclear plant builders and operators efforts to develop policies and proposals for new cooperative arrangements to manage the fuel cycle and explorations of ways to advance constructive dialog among the Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty member states This work also includes a two volume issue of the Academy s journal Dædalus on nuclear energy and nonproliferation published in November 2009 and January 2010 https www amacad org content publications publication aspx d 791 NUS is pleased to partner with the American Academy in co hosting this important regional conference said Professor Barry Halliwell NUS Deputy President for Research and Technology The meeting is timely in light of the Singapore Government s recent announcement that the issue is being examined There is indeed a pressing need for energy alternatives of several types and teams of NUS researchers from the faculties of Science and Engineering

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=123 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    that the Board places in Leslie s leadership and our confidence in her ability to bring the Academy to new levels of distinction The Academy s policy research program has expanded significantly during the past decade with influential studies and publications on science and technology policy global security American institutions the humanities and culture and education Berlowitz has helped to advance major Academy initiatives on issues such as energy policy federal funding of science and technology research the independence of the judiciary and new norms for business practices A national leader on humanities policy she also led the creation of the Academy s Humanities Initiative and its widely cited Humanities Indicators the first ever comprehensive source of data on the state of humanities education in the United States Berlowitz is currently directing the Academy s response to a call from Congress to assess the state of the humanities and social sciences and their impact on the country s education system economic competitiveness and cultural diplomacy In addition to its books and monographs the Academy publishes the respected quarterly Daedalus In 2002 the Academy established the Visiting Scholars Program a residential fellowship that supports scholars and practitioners in the early stages of their careers who show potential of becoming leaders in the humanities and social sciences The program is supported by fifty three academic institutions that are University Affiliates of the Academy In 2008 the Academy began the Hellman Fellowship in Science and Technology Policy a program for early career professionals with training in science or engineering who are interested in transitioning to a career in public policy and administration The Academy has also recently created an on site archives facility to accommodate storage workspace and display areas for its archival resources in 2005 It is a great privilege to serve

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=129 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    states of knowledge The study was led by Donald Kennedy President Emeritus of Stanford University and former Editor in Chief of Science Magazine and Geneva Overholser Director of the University of Southern California s Annenberg School of Journalism The authors in Science and the Media find The journalistic tradition of presenting opposing sides of an issue in order to ensure unbiased reporting may actually cloud scientific issues when views that fall outside the mainstream are given equal weight with consensus scientific thinking Adults over age 35 never learned about the relatively new areas of science like stem cells nanotechnology and global warming in school and thus depend on the media for information about such topics Some scientists may shun the media limelight for fear that colleagues trivialize work that is highlighted in the popular press Online sources of science information have pros and cons some may lack rigorous fact checking and be unreliable yet feedback on blogs allows responsible science journalists to gauge readers understanding of issues General education requirements unique to the American higher education system usually require that students study science As a result only Sweden has a higher rate of scientific literacy than the United States The essayists point to the need for scientists journalists and public relations specialists to become partners in promoting scientific literacy Contributors to the volume include Donald Kennedy President Emeritus Stanford University former Commissioner U S Food and Drug Administration former Editor in Chief Science Geneva Overholser Director University of Southern California s Annenberg School of Journalism former Editor Des Moines Register Alan Alda actor writer director host The Human Spark on PBS Robert Bazell Chief Science and Health Correspondent NBC News Rick E Borchelt Director of Communications Research Education and Economics Mission Area U S Department of Agriculture Cornelia Dean former

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=124 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    crime control rehabilitation and more fundamental issues of social justice Essays in the volume explain the following issues Incarceration and Social Inequality by Bruce Western and coauthor Becky Pettit University of Washington Seattle explores the profound effects of the prison boom on social and economic inequality in America The essay documents how the negative effects of time behind bars are cumulative and intergenerational Mass incarceration the authors suggest exacerbates the social problems the prison system is designed to control Crime Inequality and Social Justice by Glenn C Loury examines the tenuous relationship between crime and incarceration For two generations crime rates have fluctuated with no apparent relationship to a steady climb in the extent of imprisonment Loury observes He argues that for the hundreds of thousands of ex offenders released each year time behind bars will have diminished not enhanced their odds of living crime free lives Toward Fewer Prisoners and Less Crime by Mark A R Kleiman University of California Los Angeles explores a new model of outpatient incarceration a tightly monitored supervision system for parolees that could promote public safety and improve the prospects of offenders The Dangers of Pyrrhic Victories Against Mass Incarceration by Robert Weisberg and Joan Petersilia both of Stanford University suggests that the policy debate may benefit from a redefinition of terms Rather than speaking of mass incarceration we should focus on curtailing unnecessary incarceration Reducing prison populations will require a significant investment in effective reentry programs they argue cautioning that if such programs are not well designed and carefully implemented reforms may backfire and lead to new waves of imprisonment The Contradictions of Juvenile Crime and Punishment by Jeffrey Fagan Columbia University contrasts society s fear of child criminals and its desire to punish them harshly with the nation s transcendent philosophy of child saving He explains how incarceration at a young age increases the risk of future imprisonment and diminishes for young males the chances of marriage employment and social stability over a lifetime Punishment s Place The Local Concentration of Mass Incarceration by Robert J Sampson and Charles Loeffler both of Harvard University examines how the geographic concentration of incarceration produces a negative feedback loop that has destabilizing effects on poor urban neighborhoods Additional authors in the volume include Marie Gottschalk University of Pennsylvania on Cell Blocks and Red Ink Mass Incarceration the Financial Crisis and Penal Reform Candace Kruttschnitt University of Toronto on The Paradox of Women s Imprisonment Nicola Lacey London School of Economics on American Imprisonment in Comparative Perspective Jonathan Simon University of California Berkeley on Clearing the Troubled Assets of America s Punishment Bubble and Loïc Wacquant University of California Berkeley Centre de Sociologie Européenne Paris on Class Race and Hyperincarceration in Revanchist America The authors in this volume have contributed valuable scholarly research that can help inform corrections and criminal justice policy at the state and federal levels said Leslie Berlowitz Chief Executive Officer of the American Academy Building on a long tradition of Academy work

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=125 (2016-02-13)
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