archive-org.com » ORG » A » AMACAD.ORG

Total: 1374

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".
  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    work will be viewed as ultimately serving the public good Members of the public can react viscerally and along ideological lines but they can also raise important issues that deserve consideration Scientific issues require an anticipatory approach A diverse group of stakeholders research scientists social scientists public engagement experts and skilled communicators should collaborate early to identify potential scientific controversies and the best method to address resulting public concerns Communications solutions differ significantly depending on whether a scientific issue has been around for a long time e g how to dispose of nuclear waste or is relatively new e g the spread of personal genetic information In the case of longstanding controversies social scientists may have had the opportunity to conduct research on public views that can inform communication strategies For emerging technologies there will be less reliable analysis available of public attitudes In Do Scientists Understand the Public a new paper based on the Academy study science journalist Chris Mooney reviews the workshop findings and recommendations The monograph is available online at https www amacad org content publications publication aspx d 331 According to Mooney Scientists and the public often have very different perceptions of risk and very different ways of bestowing their trust and judging the credibility of information sources Perhaps scientists are misunderstanding the public due to their own quirks assumptions and patterns of behavior says Mooney Laypeople meanwhile tend to strain their responses to scientific controversies through their ethical or value systems as well as through their political or ideological outlooks Leaders of the four Academy workshops were David Clark Massachusetts Institute of Technology The Next Generation of the Internet Thomas Isaacs Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Stanford University Public Perception of Nuclear Waste Repositories David Altshuler Broad Institute The Spread of Personal Genetic Information and Robert

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=121 (2016-02-13)
    Open archived version from archive


  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Philippines joined leaders of the Academy s Global Nuclear Future Initiative at an Academy sponsored meeting here Also participating were three former review conference presidents Ambassadors Sergio Duarte of Brazil currently the UN s High Representative for Disarmament Jayantha Dhanapala of Sri Lanka and Mohamed Shaker of Egypt Ambassador level delegates from more than a dozen countries attended along with the leaders of the Academy initiative Steven Miller Harvard University and Scott Sagan Stanford University Robert Rosner University of Chicago and senior project advisor Stephen Goldberg Argonne National Laboratory By taking a distinct and pragmatic approach to nuclear safety security and nonproliferation issues the Academy s initiative has yielded important real world results since it began in 2008 This work has had a direct impact on both domestic and international policy Working behind the scenes the Academy has taken advantage of its convening power and wide range of expertise to bring diverse world wide players to the table These include representatives from nuclear industry and international organizations as well as from those states now embarking on nuclear power programs whose views and concerns are often overlooked by the international community The Global Nuclear Future Initiative has led to a new network of policymakers and scholars dedicated to the security of nuclear energy The findings and recommendations drawn from this work have been sought out and cited by senior officials in the White House and the Departments of Energy and State and directly informed the work of the recent Global Nuclear Security Summit hosted by President Obama in April The Global Nuclear Future Initiative is principally supported by the Carnegie Corporation of New York which hosted the New York meeting the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation the Alfred P Sloan Foundation and the Kavli Foundation The Academy has held a series

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=120 (2016-02-13)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    at https www amacad org content publications publication aspx d 332 addresses these concerns and offers recommendations for a multinational approach to managing the emerging nuclear order The first essay originally printed in the Winter 2010 edition of the Academy s journal Dædalus is the centerpiece of the publication Authors Charles McCombie and Thomas Isaacs in their essay The Key Role of the Back End in the Nuclear Fuel Cycle underscore possible problems and potential solutions associated with the global expansion of nuclear power focusing on the flow of nuclear materials from cradle to grave Four other essays follow Experts from the Malaysia Canada Japan and the U S respond to the first essay and offer insights on how we might move toward a multinational approach for dealing with spent fuel Articles include Noramly Bin Muslim Possible International Fuel Cycle Arrangements Attractive to States during the Nuclear Power Renaissance Tariq Rauf New Approaches to the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Atsuyuki Suzuki Not Second but First Place for the United States Frank von Hippel Spent Fuel Management The Cases of Japan South Korea and Russia The volume also includes remarks made by Ellen Tauscher U S Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security at a January 2010 conference at the Hoover Institution in California Under Secretary Taushcer emphasizes that cooperation on spent fuel management can reduce global demand for indigenous enrichment and reprocessing so that countries can access peaceful power without the risk of proliferation The volume is part of the Academy s Global Nuclear Future Initiative a project that brings together research groups focused on the nuclear industry the future fuel cycle the protection of nuclear materials and the emergence of a new international nuclear regulatory regime Scott D Sagan and Steven E Miller co direct the Initiative

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=118 (2016-02-13)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    ensure as President Obama suggested in his 2009 Prague speech that countries without nuclear weapons will not acquire them and all countries can access peaceful nuclear energy In this Occasional Paper from the American Academy available at https www amacad org content publications publication aspx d 335 seven international scholars and diplomats respond to Stanford University political scientist and nonproliferation specialist Scott Sagan s essay Shared Responsibilities for Nuclear Disarmament originally published in the Fall 2009 issue of the Academy s journal Daedalus At the core of the debate is Sagan s perspective about commitments made under the Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty NPT and his argument that we cannot obtain a nuclear free world without the active partnership of NNWS The authors in this edition two from NWS and six from NNWS reflect diverse perspectives on whether shared responsibility means equal responsibility on the future of nuclear deterrence and on the interpretation of key elements in the NPT Despite strong differences in national perspectives and individual opinions the contributors agree that continued debate is necessary in order to progress toward the common goal of a nuclear weapons free world The Occasional Paper includes the following essays Scott D Sagan Shared Responsibilities for Nuclear Disarmament James M Acton U S Allies and the Politics of Abolishing Nuclear Weapons Jayantha Dhanapala Common Responsibilities in the NPT Shared or Asymmetrical Mustafa Kibaroglu Turkey and Shared Responsibilities Harold Muller The Common Project of Nuclear Abolition Yukio Satoh On Rethinking Extended Deterrence Mohamed I Shaker Shared But No Equal Responsibilities Achiilles Zaluar Shared Responsibilities Shared Rights The volume is part of the Academy s Global Nuclear Future Initiative a project that brings together research groups focused on the nuclear industry the future fuel cycle the protection of nuclear materials and the emergence of a new

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=117 (2016-02-13)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    contentu aspx i 88 The site will highlight one or more significant events from the Academy s history that occurred during a given month For example during the month of May In 1780 the Academy s charter was approved by the Massachusetts legislature Among the sixty two incorporating members were leaders in the movement for American independence including Samuel Adams John Adams James Bowdoin John Hancock and Robert Treat Paine The charter also named prominent ministers educators judges lawyers physicians and businessmen In 1852 medical doctor and Fellow Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr spoke at an Academy meeting on The Use of Direct Light in Microscopic Researches In 1876 the Academy s Recording Secretary presented a paper by Alexander Graham Bell On Telegraphing Musical Sounds later published in the Academy s Proceedings as Researches in Telephony In the paper Bell described past work in the field and explained his recent experiments in transmitting both pure musical tones and human speech In 1927 Herbert E Ives spoke at the Academy on Television with lantern slide illustrations A researcher at AT T Ives had given the first public demonstration of television transmission a month earlier In 1952 the Academy sponsored a two day Symposium on Climatic Change chaired by astronomer and past president Harlow Shapley Speakers from the fields of astronomy geology geography meteorology paleontology paleoanthropology geophysics and geochemistry examined both the scientific basis for climatology and the role climate change has played in the development of life and human culture And in 1956 the Academy held a two day conference on Science and the Modern World View Toward a Common Understanding of the Sciences and the Humanities Members of the public can sign up to receive email alerts when new items are posted A library of past items will also be available

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=119 (2016-02-13)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Events Fellowships Overview Visiting Scholars Program Hellman Fellowship in Science and Technology Policy Policy Fellowship in the Humanities Education and the Arts Policy Fellowship in Global Security and International Affairs The Exploratory Fund Member Login User Name Password Forgot your password American Academy CEO Leslie Berlowitz Describes the Case for Humanities Data 4 23 2010 Press Release CAMBRIDGE Mass For the first time we have in one place baseline statistics about many areas of concern to the humanities community In an essay entitled The Humanities The Case for Data part of a special edition on the humanities published in Liberal Education Vol 96 No 1 Winter 2010 American Academy Chief Executive Officer Leslie Berlowitz describes the Academy s Humanities Indicators project a prototype for collecting data necessary to answer questions about the state of the humanities and how they are faring Modeled after the Science and Engineering Indicators published by the National Science Board the Humanities Indicators provide statistics about areas of concern to the humanities community including K 12 education undergraduate and graduate education the humanities workforce research and funding for the humanities and the humanities in American life beyond the academy In her article Berlowitz suggests that Existing and new data will help academic departments and cultural organizations understand trends determine priorities and measure progress in specific areas allowing educational leaders policy makers scholars teachers and interested citizens to form a more complete picture of what is working and where interventions are needed in the humanities The winter edition of Liberal Education is available online at http www aacu org liberaleducation index cfm For more about the Humanities Indicators visit www HumanitiesIndicators org Academy in the News 2 10 2016 With money tight chancellor says UC Berkeley must reimagine its future L A Times 1 26 2016 Cleveland

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=115 (2016-02-13)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Release CAMBRIDGE Mass The new issue of Dædalus the journal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences explores the impact of new technologies and evolving patterns of news consumption on American media Sixteen authors join guest editor Loren Ghiglione a veteran of almost four decades in journalism and the Richard A Schwarzlose Professor of Media Ethics at Northwestern University s Medill School of Journalism in an in depth look at the revolution occurring in the news media and the future of investigative journalism The issue includes the following essays Herbert J Gans News and the news media in the digital age implications for democracy Kathleen Hall Jamieson and Jeffrey A Gottfried Are there lessons for the future of news from the 2008 presidential campaign Robert H Giles New economic models for U S journalism Jill Abramson Sustaining quality journalism Brant Houston The future of investigative journalism Donald Kennedy The future of science news Ethan Zuckerman International reporting in the age of participatory media Mitchell Stephens The case for wisdom journalism and for journalists surrendering the pursuit of news Jane B Singer Journalism ethics amid structural change Michael Schudson Political observatories databases and news in the emerging ecology of public information Jack Fuller What is happening to news Paul Sagan and Tom Leighton The Internet and the future of news Susan King The Carnegie Knight initiative on the future of journalism education improving how journalists are educated and how their audiences are informed Loren Ghiglione Does science fiction yes science fiction suggest futures for news Dædalus has been published since 1955 and draws on the intellectual capacity of the American Academy whose Fellows are among the nation s most prominent thinkers in the arts sciences and the humanities as well as the full range of professions and public life The

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=114 (2016-02-13)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    of transportation fuels Microsoft s chief software architect Ray Ozzie creator of Lotus Notes Christopher Field whose research in global ecology has helped in the assessment and understanding of climate change Timothy Ley who led the group that sequenced the first human cancer genome and physician scientist Olufunmilayo Olopade whose revolutionary findings on the genetics of breast cancer were translated into interventions for women around the world Social scientists include Nobel laureate economist Myron Scholes demographer and U S Census Bureau Director Robert Groves archeologist Kathryn Bard who has conducted pathbreaking excavations in Egypt Edward Glaeser whose empirical study of urban economics has helped explain housing bubbles in U S cities environmental geographer Ruth DeFries who uses satellite imaging to help map and understand the environmental effects of agriculture and urbanization and legal scholar and Lewis Powell biographer John Jeffries Jr In the humanities and arts new members include theologian Harvey Cox Jr Pulitzer Prize winning historian Daniel Howe Middle East historian Ervand Abrahamian philosopher Christopher Peacocke novelist Marilynne Robinson installation and conceptual artist Dan Graham actors John Lithgow and Denzel Washington director Francis Ford Coppola violinist and conductor Jaime Laredo jazz saxophonist Sonny Rollins and baritone Thomas Hampson Among those elected to the Academy from public affairs are U S Special Envoy to North Korea Stephen Bosworth the Archivist of the United States David Ferriero National Endowment for the Humanities Chair James Leach and G Wayne Clough Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution Business leaders in the 2010 class of new members include Roger Ferguson Jr President and CEO of financial services company TIAA CREF Marjorie Scardino CEO of international media company Pearson PLC and Samuel Palmisiano Chairman and CEO of IBM Higher education and foundation leaders in the new class are Joseph Aoun Northeastern University Gene Block University of California Los Angeles Scott Cowen Tulane University John DeGioia Georgetown University Susan Desmond Hellmann University of California San Francisco Robert Gallucci John D and Catherine T MacArthur Foundation John Jenkins University of Notre Dame Jim Yong Kim Dartmouth College Morton Schapiro Northwestern University and Luis Ubiñas Ford Foundation The Academy also elected Foreign Honorary Members from Australia Canada Finland India Israel Japan Mexico Russia Spain Switzerland and the United Kingdom They include the Archbishop of Canterbury Rowan Williams Israeli high energy physicist and advocate for Middle East cooperation Haim Harari Australian Academy of Science president Kurt Lambeck whose geophysical research elucidates changes in climate and sea levels Michel Mayor director of Switzerland s Geneva Observatory Linda Partridge specialist in the biology of aging Spain s former Minister of Education and Science José María Maravall Herrero who is credited with democratizing the Spanish educational system British filmmaker and playwright Mike Leigh Japanese architect Toyo Ito Finnish conductor Esa Pekka Salonen and Ratan Tata Chairman of the Tata Group India s largest conglomerate Established in 1780 by John Adams and other founders of the nation the Academy undertakes studies of complex and emerging problems Its membership of scholars and practitioners from many

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=113 (2016-02-13)
    Open archived version from archive



  •