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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Security Studies University of Maryland and Jeffrey Lewis Director of the Nuclear Strategy and Nonproliferation Initiative at the New America Foundation The audience also heard comments from Robie Samanta Roy Assistant Director for Space and Aeronautics at the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy The audio from the briefing is available online at https www amacad org content events events aspx d 514 Lane suggested that NASA has a unique opportunity to demonstrate that it s as relevant today as it was in the days following Sputnik He said this will require a restructuring of the human spaceflight program a renewed emphasis on science and aeronautics as top priorities and a commitment to focus the agency s legendary capabilities on some of the nation s most critical needs especially in the areas of energy and the environment For example Lane said NASA should play a major role in advancing solar and fuel cell technologies and in the development of low carbon fuels Abbey expanded on Lane s prescription for updating NASA s central mission especially the agency s space exploration program He endorsed continuing to fly the Shuttle until 2015 while enhancing the national commitment to the International Space Station The only way you can meet our commitment to our international partners and make science a real activity on board the Space Station is to have up and down cargo that the Shuttle can carry Abbey said Without a Shuttle that science can t happen We need to keep the Shuttle flying In her comments Gallagher argued that a goal of space dominance in which the United States unilaterally controls the use of space is neither feasible nor desirable She advocated for a new guiding principle for U S space security policy based on reassurance rather than deterrence and urged the administration to initiate negotiations on space security with China Russia and other interested parties By examining three case studies in the history of China s space program Lewis suggested that U S policy has mistakenly treated China s space program solely as a security problem ignoring the China s civil interests Rather than competing in a space race Lewis said China s primary goal has been to join the club of space faring nations There really is the possibility of cooperation in space he concluded If it s not a zero sum competition if the idea is becoming a member of the club and then participating actively in the development of the rules we do have the opportunity to engage the Chinese on a constructive basis and to create rules in space that protect all of our interests The new monographs include United States Space Policy Challenges and Opportunities Gone Astray by George Abbey and Neal Lane A Place for One s Mat China s Space Program 1956 2003 by Gregory Kulacki and Jeffrey G Lewis A European Approach to Space Security by Xavier Pasco A fourth white paper Reconsidering the Rules for Space Security by Nancy

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=108 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    has proven to be an arena for uplifting collaboration among nations as well as ominous confrontation said John Steinbruner University of Maryland Professor of Public Policy and Director of the Academy s project on Reconsidering the Rules of Space The end of the U S Soviet competition that defined the modern space age as well as an increase in the ranks of space faring nations and an expansion of commercial space ventures dictates a new approach that embraces the equitable utilization of space by all nations for common benefit he said The Academy released three white papers today dealing with separate aspects of space policy All are available online on the Academy s web site along with previously released volumes at https www amacad org content Research researchproject aspx d 40 The new papers include United States Space Policy Challenges and Opportunities Gone Astray by George Abbey and Neal Lane A Place for One s Mat China s Space Program 1956 2003 by Jeffrey Lewis and Gregory Kulacki A European Approach to Space Security by Xavier Pasco A fourth white paper Reconsidering the Rules for Space Security by Nancy Gallagher and John D Steinbruner was issued last year Later this year the Academy will publish the final paper in the series The Future of Human Spaceflight Objectives and Policy Implications in a Global Context by David A Mindell Scott A Uebelhart Asif Siddiqi and Slava Gerovitch Other participants in the Academy project speaking at today s briefing are Neal Lane Rice University professor and former Director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy George Abbey Senior Fellow in Space Policy at the James A Baker III Institute for Public Policy at Rice University and former Director of the Johnson Space Center Nancy Gallagher Research Director at the

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=90 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    explores the dimensions of critical thinking from a variety of perspectives With the relentless focus on standards and assessments in the core areas of mathematics science and English are American schools doing enough to teach critical thinking in effect the capacity to exercise sound judgment that is so important to effective participation in a democratic society Do we even know how to teach fact based reasoning These are among the questions that led to an American Academy of Arts and Sciences initiative focused on evidence based decision making in K 16 education The resulting collection of essays is available on the American Academy s web site at https www amacad org content publications publication aspx d 339 The Academy organized a series of workshops that brought together educators textbook editors curriculum designers experts on educational assessment and policy developmental psychologists and others to examine the importance of critical thinking and how it is taught in the schools Education and a Civil Society Teaching Evidence Based Decision Making includes an introduction by Lee S Shulman President Emeritus of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching and the following essays Decision Making and its Development David N Perkins Senior Professor of Education and founding member of Project Zero Harvard Graduate school of Education Can Reasoning Be Taught Richard E Nisbett Theodore M Newcomb Distinguished University Professor and Co Director Culture and Cognition Program University of Michigan Is Critical Thinking a General Talent Jerome Kagan Daniel and Amy Starch Professor of Psychology Emeritus and Co Director Emeritus Mind Brain Initiative Harvard University Teaching Evidence Based Citizenship Eamonn Callan Pigott Family Professor in Education and Associate Dean for Academic and Student Affairs Stanford University Learning to Reason About Evidence and Explanations Promising Directions in Education Tina Grotzer Assistant Professor Harvard Graduate School of

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=109 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    to recognize deception The seven essays authored by scholars of neuroscience law and philosophy also consider the legal and ethical concerns raised when machine based means are employed to identify deceit The pace of scientific discovery and the subsequent applications of new technology create questions that extend beyond the boundaries of science says neuroscientist Emilio Bizzi President of the American Academy and Institute Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology This adaptation of medical technology generates unique legal and ethical concerns that benefit from the thoughtful opinions of this diverse collection of scholars The authors are skeptical of lie detection based on fMRI technology They also consider the widely used polygraph and conclude that both it and fMRI are unreliable Using Imaging to Identify Deceit Scientific and Ethical Questions includes the following essays Imaging Deception Emilio Bizzi Institute Professor Massachusetts Institute of Technology Steven E Hyman Provost Harvard University and Professor of Neurobiology Harvard Medical School An Introduction to Functional Brain Imaging in the Cortex of Lie Detection Marcus E Raichle Professor of Radiology Neurology Neurobiology and Biomedical Engineering Washington University in St Louis The Use of fMRI in Lie Detection What Has Been Show and What Has Not Nancy Kanwisher Ellen Swallow Richards Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience Massachusetts Institute of Technology Lying Outside the Laboratory The Impact of Imagery and Emotion on the Neural Circuitry of Lie Detection Elizabeth A Phelps Silver Professor of Psychology and Neural Science New York University Actions Speak Louder than Images Stephen J Morse Ferdinand Wakeman Hubbell Professor of Law and Professor of Psychology and Law in Psychiatry University of Pennsylvania Neural Lie Detection in Courts Walter Sinnott Armstrong Professor of Philosophy and Hardy Professor of Legal Studies Dartmouth College Lie Detection in the Courts The Vain Search for the Magic Bullet Jed S

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=89 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Friday Forum 2015 2016 Schedule Past Meetings and Events Fellowships Overview Visiting Scholars Program Hellman Fellowship in Science and Technology Policy Policy Fellowship in the Humanities Education and the Arts Policy Fellowship in Global Security and International Affairs The Exploratory Fund Member Login User Name Password Forgot your password Use of Personal Genetic Information Discussed at Academy Workshop 5 25 2009 Press Release As part of the Academy s Scientists Understanding of the Public project the workshop is one in a series that examines how to improve the scientific community s understanding of public concerns about science and technology The project funded by the Alfred P Sloan Foundation reverses the more common question of public understanding of science by asking what scientists know or should know about the public s concerns Chaired by David Altschuler founding member of the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard professor of genetics and of medicine at Harvard Medical School and a member of the Department of Molecular Biology Center for Human Genetic Research and Diabetes Unit at Massachusetts General Hospital the workshop focused on the many challenges surrounding how personal genetic information is used and the public perception of genomics research Participants discussed the ethical concerns surrounding use of personal genetic data including its use for forensic purposes obligations of geneticists to understand the broader social and cultural contexts in which their work is received appropriate limitations and regulations on genomics research and the growing number of commercial genomics organizations Other topics in the workshop series include the Next Generation of the Internet and the Public Perception of Nuclear Waste Repositories Academy in the News 2 10 2016 With money tight chancellor says UC Berkeley must reimagine its future L A Times 1 26 2016 Cleveland business leader Morton Mandel named winner of Scholar

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=88 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Hellman Fellowship in Science and Technology Policy Policy Fellowship in the Humanities Education and the Arts Policy Fellowship in Global Security and International Affairs The Exploratory Fund Member Login User Name Password Forgot your password Artist Discusses Human Anatomy at Academy 5 20 2009 Press Release Architect author and illustrator David Macaulay has depicted complicated structures like cathedrals mosques and pyramids in the pen and ink drawings of his architectural books He also wrote and illustrated The Way Things Work which illuminates the history of machines from the simplicity of the lever to the complexity of the Internet In his latest book The Way We Work Macaulay chronicles the organs and systems of the most intricate machine of all the human body On May 8 2009 Macaulay gave a talk at the Academy Where Your Lunch is Heading which colorfully illustrated the structures and components of the human body s digestive system Portraying the body as a theme park of organs Macaulay guides readers on a tour through the body s anatomy showing the relationship between its complex structures and their functions Academy in the News 2 10 2016 With money tight chancellor says UC Berkeley must reimagine its future

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=86 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Induction 2015 Upcoming Meetings and Events Friday Forum 2015 2016 Schedule Past Meetings and Events Fellowships Overview Visiting Scholars Program Hellman Fellowship in Science and Technology Policy Policy Fellowship in the Humanities Education and the Arts Policy Fellowship in Global Security and International Affairs The Exploratory Fund Member Login User Name Password Forgot your password Nuclear Fuel Cycle of the Future Discussed at Argonne 5 18 2009 Press Release On May 12 and 13 the Academy and Argonne National Laboratory hosted a workshop Toward a New Nuclear Regime The Fuel Cycle of the Future International representation from developed and emerging nuclear countries as well as regional and international organizations included senior policy officials eminent scientists and educators and leaders of the nuclear industry Two of the key questions the participants explored were Will the expansion of nuclear power create more opportunities for nuclear proliferation latent proliferation regional instability and acts of nuclear terrorism Will a resurgence of nuclear power bring a corollary increase in sensitive fuel cycle facilities The results and recommendations from this workshop will be critical input for the Academy s ongoing initiative the Global Nuclear Future which seeks to generate an integrated set of policy recommendations for balancing the growing global demand for civilian nuclear power with the need to promote nuclear safety and strengthen the nuclear nonproliferation regime As part of its program area the Academy is engaged in a series of studies on how the international community can devise new cooperative structures to improve global security and employ science and technology to enhance the human condition Academy in the News 2 10 2016 With money tight chancellor says UC Berkeley must reimagine its future L A Times 1 26 2016 Cleveland business leader Morton Mandel named winner of Scholar Patriot Award Crain s Cleveland Business

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=85 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    the Economy has published three new essays that consider how well the media inform the public about the economy and how that role could be improved The study which brought together economists business leaders and journalists is an outgrowth of an earlier Academy project on Corporate Responsibility and was launched during a period of relative prosperity and stability in the world s financial markets Today the global economy is far less settled making the need for sound economic information even more crucial Participants in this project realized that any discussion of how the media cover economics cannot be separated from the economics of the media business which faces unique challenges in the current environment This collection of papers illuminates three key factors in understanding the role of a changing media amid a changing economy Princeton economist Alan Blinder explores what Americans already know about economic policy and how the media contribute to that understanding His paper Popular Opinion about Economic Policy The Role of the Media is based on work Blinder conducted with his colleague Alan Krueger at Princeton University Veteran financial journalist Jeffrey Madrick describes the evolution of his craft over the past 30 plus years in a paper titled Credulity in Business Journalism A History of the Business Press Since the 1970s Primarily a print editor and reporter Madrick desires healthier skepticism from his compatriots lamenting that many in the financial press act more like cheerleaders than watchdogs to the detriment of solid financial reporting and a well informed public Lou Ureneck a former daily newspaper editor who now chairs Boston University s journalism program surveys the formal training programs in this country that specialize in the preparation of newspeople for the finance and economy beat Business journalists interpret the economy and inform us about how it affects

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=84 (2016-02-13)
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