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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    as American military capabilities the authors conclude Reconsidering the Rules of Space Security by Nancy Gallagher and John D Steinbruner is a comprehensive review of U S military plans for space examining the history of competition for supremacy in space existing legal frameworks and the technical economic and strategic implications of the 2006 U S National Space Policy and supporting documents that articulate Washington s intention to dominate space for national military advantage The authors make a case for international negotiations that would lead to new rules that explicitly address the central problems of space security The paper is part of the American Academy s Reconsidering the Rules of Space project The study has produced four earlier volumes United States Space Policy Challenges and Opportunities by George Abby and Neal Lane The Physics and Space Security A Reference Manual by David Wright Laura Grego and Lisbeth Gronlund The Minimum Means of Reprisal China s Search for Security in the Nuclear Age by Jeffrey Lewis and Russian and Chinese Responses to U S Military Plans in Space by Pavel Podvig and Hui Zhang All of these publications are available from the Academy website Authors Nancy Gallagher is the Associate Director for Research and John D Steinbruner is Director of the Center for International and Security Studies at Maryland Before coming to the University of Maryland Gallagher was Executive Director of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Task Force and worked with the Special Advisor to the President and the Secretary of State on recommendations to build bipartisan support for U S ratification Steinbruner a Professor of Public Policy at the University of Maryland previously served as Director of the Foreign Policy Studies Program at the Brookings Institution and held academic positions at Yale University the John F Kennedy School of Government at

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=25 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Academy and chaired by Nobel laureate and Howard Hughes Medical Institute President Thomas Cech produced the ARISE report Committee members include some of the nation s preeminent scientists and policy leaders from government academia and business In its report Rising Above the Gathering Storm the National Academies described critical challenges facing science and technology in this country said Leslie Berlowitz Chief Executive Officer and William T Golden Chair of the American Academy The ARISE report complements that important work and offers pragmatic approaches to address two of the most critical pieces of the puzzle nurturing young faculty and investing in riskier but potentially high payoff research While the level of government investment in science and technology research will inevitably fluctuate we much ensure that the available funds are spent wisely added Cech Regardless of the size of the pie strategic support for early career investigators and potentially transformative research will be integral to the long term competitiveness of our economy Noting that the average age for first time recipients of primary research grants from the National Institutes of Health is 42 4 and rising and that the success rate for first time grant applicants has declined from 86 percent in 1980 to 28 percent in 2007 the ARISE report sets out a series of steps that government academic research institutions and private foundations can take to maintain a steady pipeline of science and engineering talent Recommended actions include targeted grants and seed funding programs for early career faculty formalized mentoring for early career scientists adjustments to university promotion and tenure policies and attention to the needs of primary caregivers According to the ARISE report many science and technology funding agencies have become overly conservative shying away from high risk high reward research and thus limiting the prospects of achieving breakthrough

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=26 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    2015 Upcoming Meetings and Events Friday Forum 2015 2016 Schedule Past Meetings and Events Fellowships Overview Visiting Scholars Program Hellman Fellowship in Science and Technology Policy Policy Fellowship in the Humanities Education and the Arts Policy Fellowship in Global Security and International Affairs The Exploratory Fund Member Login User Name Password Forgot your password Andrew W Mellon Foundation awards American Academy of Arts and Sciences 250 000 to build and maintain Academy archives 5 1 2008 Press Release CAMBRIDGE Mass The Andrew W Mellon Foundation has awarded the American Academy of Arts Sciences a 250 000 grant to catalog conserve and improve access to the Academy s earliest and most historically significant records Last year the Academy completed construction of a state of the art archive facility at its headquarters in Cambridge Mass Its holdings include communications from such early members as George Washington Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton correspondence with other learned societies in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries and Academy serial publications The Academy s records provide insight into the growth and development of America s intellectual traditions and document what our nation s scholars and leaders were discussing and thinking during critical historical moments said Chief Executive Officer and William T Golden Chair Leslie Berlowitz The Academy now has a wonderful opportunity to provide scholars access to these collections and to understand better its own rich history as well The Mellon award will allow the Academy to support archival assistants install specialized records management and cataloging software and design an archives section of the Academy website among other things Academy in the News 2 10 2016 With money tight chancellor says UC Berkeley must reimagine its future L A Times 1 26 2016 Cleveland business leader Morton Mandel named winner of Scholar Patriot Award Crain s Cleveland

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=27 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    in Science and Technology Policy Policy Fellowship in the Humanities Education and the Arts Policy Fellowship in Global Security and International Affairs The Exploratory Fund Member Login User Name Password Forgot your password Record number of donors contribute to fund raise highest annual fund total ever 4 1 2008 Press Release CAMBRIDGE Mass A record number of donors contributed to the Academy s Annual Fund during the 2008 fiscal year Their generous support raised a record breaking 1 511 164 for the Academy the second year in a row that the Annual Fund has exceeded 1 5 million Since membership dues cover only 12 percent of the Academy s budget a strong and growing Annual Fund is absolutely critical to sustain and advance the Academy s work said Leslie Berlowitz Chief Executive Officer and William T Golden Chair We are grateful to all of the Fellows whose generous support is helping to advance the work of the Academy The Annual Fund supports Academy projects and studies the Visiting Scholars Program Dædalus and other Academy publications and events for Fellows at locations around the country Academy in the News 2 10 2016 With money tight chancellor says UC Berkeley must reimagine

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=28 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    those responses or countermeasures such as withdrawing from arms control agreements could undermine the already fragile nuclear nonproliferation regime The white paper is available online at https www amacad org content publications publication aspx d 343 Podvig describes Russian s main security concern as maintaining strategic parity with the United States This parity will be destroyed by U S missile defense systems and space based weapons and Podvig suggests that Russia is most likely to respond with asymmetric countermeasures such as extending the service life of multiple warhead ballistic missiles Podvig warns such countermeasures will be the most significant and the most dangerous global effects of new military developments Zhang describes China s concern that U S missile defense and space weapon plans threaten China s nuclear deterrent capability which is based on its retaliatory capability after absorbing a nuclear attack U S missile defense systems and space based weapons could neutralize this retaliatory capability China s options for response as detailed by Zhang include building more intercontinental ballistic missiles adopting countermeasures against missile defense developing anti satellite weapons which China tested in January 2007 and reconsidering its commitments on arms control Zhang concludes that U S space weaponization plans would have potentially disastrous effects on international security and the peaceful use of outer space This would not benefit any country s security interests Russian and Chinese Responses to U S Military Plans in Space was produced by the American Academy s project on Reconsidering the Rules of Space The project convenes experts from diverse fields to propose an international framework for the future use of space commercial scientific and military Previous project publications consider the physical laws governing military and nonmilitary space operations United States space policy and the history development and principles behind China s nuclear policy A

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=29 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Connor New York Mayor and businessman Michael Bloomberg Google Chairman and CEO Eric Schmidt New York Times investigative correspondent James Risen filmmaker Spike Lee acclaimed chef activist and cookbook author Alice Waters and Pixar Chief Creative Officer John Lasseter Six members of the newly elected class will address their colleagues at the induction ceremony at Harvard University s Sanders Theatre MIT robotics professor and co founder of iRobot Corporation Rodney Brooks Princeton University molecular biologist Bonnie Bassler civil rights champion and University of California Berkeley law school dean Christopher Edley Jr opera singer Jessye Norman architect Billie Tsien and mathematician and University of Chicago President Robert Zimmer The induction ceremony is an opportunity to welcome new members and celebrate the extraordinary history of the organization now in its third century of service to the nation said Chief Executive Officer Leslie Berlowitz The Academy both honors excellence by electing members to its fellowship and draws on that distinguished membership to address critical social and intellectual issues It does so through studies publications meetings and symposia The 202 new Fellows and 23 new Foreign Honorary Members are leaders in scholarship business the arts and public affairs They come from 27 states and 12 countries and range in age from 36 to 92 They represent dozens of universities corporations museums research institutes media outlets and foundations and include seven university presidents or chancellors winners of Nobel and Pulitzer prizes and Academy Awards and two former chairs of the President s Council of Economic Advisors Other new Fellows are economists Gregory Mankiw and Murray Weidenbaum supercomputer expert David Shaw Grammy winning pianist Emanuel Ax historian Nell Painter classicist Sabine MacCormack and international public health leader Allan Rosenfield This year s new Foreign Honorary Members come from Europe Asia Canada and the Middle East and include Italian glassblower Lino Tagliapietra Israeli biochemist and Nobel laureate Avram Hershko French literary scholar Tzvetan Todorov Pritzker Prize winning Dutch architect Rem Koolhaas and Canadian Supreme Court Justice Rosalie Abella A complete list of new members is available on the Academy s website at https www amacad org content members members aspx The Academy takes great pride in honoring the accomplishments of these outstanding and influential individuals said Academy President Emilio Bizzi Throughout its history Fellows of the Academy have been dedicated to advancing intellectual thought and constructive action in America and the world We are confident that our newest group of Fellows will help us fulfill that mission in significant ways On Saturday new members will learn about the Academy s wide ranging research program Current Fellows will discuss some of the Academy s ongoing projects which include such topics as the state of the humanities the independence of the American judiciary the future of the Internet nuclear proliferation the future of the media and universal education New members also will learn about the Academy s Visiting Scholars Program which mentors the next generation of scholars and thinkers New Fellows and Honorary Foreign Members are nominated and elected

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=30 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    University of Oregon Paul MacDonald a postdoctoral scholar in political science from Columbia University Joy Rohde a postdoctoral scholar in the history of science from the University of Pennsylvania Galit Sarfaty a Yale Law School graduate and a doctoral candidate in anthropology and international law from the University of Chicago and David Sehat a postdoctoral scholar in American history and religion from the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Fellowships in the humanities and social sciences are limited said Academy Chief Executive Officer Leslie Berlowitz When we established the program six years ago our goal was to enable early career scholars to engage in interdisciplinary studies of complex social and intellectual issues The ability to interact with Academy Fellows with an unparalleled wealth of knowledge from diverse scholarly and professional backgrounds also provides a unique intergenerational opportunity for Visiting Scholars The scholars will spend the year in residence at the Academy in Cambridge Mass working on a range of studies that relate to the Academy s core program areas Humanities and Culture Social Policy and American Institutions Education and Science Technology and Global Security In addition to focusing on their individual projects they will participate in ongoing activities at the Academy including seminars and lectures Previous Visiting Scholars are now on the faculty of Brooklyn College Columbia Harvard Stanford the University of Georgia the University of Wisconsin Madison and Yale among other institutions Patricia Meyer Spacks Edgar F Shannon Professor of English Emerita at the University of Virginia and former president of the Academy currently chairs the Visiting Scholars Program An authority on 18th Century literature and culture she has written about such issues as identity and selfhood privacy gossip and feminism The Academy s University Affiliates a group of 50 colleges and universities from throughout the country provide support

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=31 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    the history development and principles behind China s nuclear policy and discusses China s concerns about U S defense policy Although internal factors continue to drive China s decisions about its nuclear forces Lewis suggests that the United States is passing up an opportunity to reassure Chinese leaders in favor of preparations for the preemptive use of nuclear weapons that Chinese leaders will find increasingly difficult to ignore Lewis reasons that while a major buildup of strategic forces in China is possible China is more likely to acquire asymmetric means of hampering U S preemptive capabilities These means may include countermeasures to defeat U S missile defenses such as anti satellite weapons which China successfully tested earlier this year Lewis argues that China s longstanding policy of maintaining the minimum nuclear force necessary to deter attack is fundamentally in the interest of the United States and that U S policymakers should among other measures commit to a bilateral no first use pledge rather than to space based weapons and defense systems that undermine China s security The Minimum Means of Reprisal is part of the American Academy s Reconsidering the Rules of Space project which is directed by the Academy s Committee on International Security Studies The project convenes experts from diverse fields to propose an international framework for the future use of space commercial scientific and military Other papers consider the physical laws governing the pursuit of security in space United States space policy Chinese and Russian perspectives on U S space plans and the possible elements of a more comprehensive space security system The project is supported by a grant from the Carnegie Corporation of New York More information about the project and about the Committee on International Security Studies is available online at https www amacad org

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=32 (2016-02-13)
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