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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Finance Development published by the International Monetary Fund which focuses on education http www imf org fandd Cohen is professor of populations at Rockefeller and Columbia Universities Bloom is professor of economics and demography at the Harvard School of Public Health The cost of primary and secondary school education for all children by 2015 will range from 23 billion to 69 billion a huge amount of money but certainly not beyond the ability of the world to fund according to the authors Asking for more money may not succeed without evidence of greatly improved educational effectiveness of school systems Cohen and Bloom write Educational reform and funding may go together Universal primary education has long been advocated in international forums but Cohen and Bloom contend that secondary education must also be universally available They note that many benefits of education do not accrue until students have had 10 years or more of schooling and that primary education is more attractive if high quality secondary education beckons According to the authors five changes are essential to achieve universal primary and secondary education by mid century Open discussions nationally regionally and internationally on what people want primary and secondary education to achieve that is the goals of education A commitment to improving the effectiveness and economic efficiency of education A commitment to extending high quality secondary education to all children Recognition of the diverse character of educational systems in different countries and adaptation of aid policies and educational assessment requirements to local contexts More funding from rich countries for education in poor countries The American Academy s UBASE project explores the rationale means and consequences of providing high quality education to all children between the ages of 6 and 16 The Academy is publishing a series of multidisciplinary studies on topics including

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=52 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    operated write the authors of a new study from the American Academy of Arts and Sciences In The Physics of Space Security a review of the physics governing a wide variety of space operations authors David Wright Laura Grego and Lisbeth Gronlund explain the advantages and disadvantages of performing certain military missions in space The authors describe the capabilities of anti satellite weapons and weapons in space and how these capabilities compare in both effectiveness and cost to alternative defense systems They also consider the options open to nations that wish to defend against these capabilities and explain the various methods for interfering with satellite systems and space based weapons The paper offers a clear exposition of physical laws and concepts as they apply to the deployment of weapons in space It also includes detailed technical appendices As Wright Grego and Gronlund note Unless the wider debate about these issues is grounded in an accurate understanding of the facts underlying space operations the discussion and policy prescriptions will be irrelevant or worse counterproductive The study provides a foundation for the formulation of sound science based policy The Physics of Space Security is one of several Occasional Papers commissioned as part of the Reconsidering the Rules of Space project which is directed by the Academy s Committee on International Security Studies The project seeks to convene parties with diverse interests to propose a reasonable international framework for the future of space use commercial scientific and military Forthcoming Occasional Papers will address the effects of U S space policy on civilian and scientific interests in space and offer international perspectives on U S military space plans The project is supported by a grant from the Carnegie Corporation of New York More information about the project and about the Committee on International Security

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=53 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Koons Academy Award winning actor and director Sidney Poitier choreographers Mark Morris and Judith Jamison journalist Tom Brokaw Washington Post Company CEO Donald Graham Google co founders Sergey Brin and Larry Page Time Inc CEO Ann Moore architect sculptor and designer of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington Maya Lin as well as four Pulitzer Prize winners dramatist Horton Foote playwright Tony Kushner novelist Alison Lurie and cartoonist Art Spiegelman The selection of Foreign Honorary Members honors distinguished experts and intellectuals from outside the United States Past elected Foreign Honorary Members include Neils Bohr Alfred Lord Tennyson Jawaharlal Nehru and Albert Camus This year s class includes individuals from nine countries including Nobel Prize winning Polish poet Wislawa Szymborska Brenda Milner of the Montreal Neurological Institute at McGill University one of the founders of cognitive neuroscience and Jerusalem based pianist and conductor Daniel Barenboim who has used his music to build bridges between Israeli and Palestinian society It gives me great pleasure to welcome these outstanding leaders in their fields in this the Academy s 225th year said Academy President Patricia Meyer Spacks Fellows are selected through a highly competitive process that recognizes individuals who have made preeminent contributions to their disciplines and to society at large Throughout its history the Academy has convened the leading thinkers of the day from diverse perspectives to participate in projects and studies that advance the public good added Chief Executive Officer Leslie Berlowitz I am confident that this distinguished class of new Fellows will continue that tradition of cherishing knowledge and shaping the future Fellows and Foreign Honorary Members are nominated and elected to the Academy by current members A broad based membership comprised of scholars and practitioners from mathematics physics biological sciences social sciences humanities and the arts public affairs and business gives the Academy a unique capacity to conduct a wide range of interdisciplinary studies and public policy research The Academy will welcome this year s new Fellows and Foreign Honorary Members at its annual induction ceremony on October 8 at the Academy s headquarters in Cambridge Massachusetts The 2005 class of new Academy members continues a tradition of honoring intellectual achievement leadership and creativity in all fields Also among the newly elected members are E J Dionne Jr political columnist and senior fellow at the Brookings Institution Earl Powell III director of the National Gallery of Art Nancy Sabin Wexler of Columbia University a leader in epidemiological research whose work advanced sound public policies in the area of genetic research lawyer and civic leader Frederick A O Schwarz urban planner author and longtime champion of New York s Central Park Elizabeth Rogers Glenn Lowry director of the Museum of Modern Art Janice Stein of the University of Toronto pioneer in the fields of negotiation theory and international conflict management William Baker president and CEO of public television station WNET in New York and William Bridges inventor of the Argon laser Founded in 1780 by John Adams James Bowdoin John Hancock

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=54 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    future of the fledgling nation were uncertain at best noted Academy President Patricia Meyer Spacks They created a remarkable and enduring institution It is our generation s responsibility to build on that legacy by making the American Academy of the 21st century an equally compelling force for good through its research and convening Chief Executive Officer Leslie Berlowitz announced new gifts to the Academy totaling more than 15 million including two pledges of 5 million each from anonymous individual donors The latter are among the largest single grants in the Academy s history The Academy also received a 3 million capacity building grant from the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation a 2 4 million challenge grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities and a 500 000 gift to support a new archival facility from an anonymous donor This infusion of new resources is a resounding vote of confidence in the important work of the Academy Berlowitz said It will enable us to draw more fully on the Academy s unique assets a distinguished membership unparalleled convening powers and institutional independence to continue a 225 year tradition established by John Adams of shaping the future of our nation Berlowitz said the new grant funding will be applied to three main purposes To extend and expand the Academy s already wide ranging independent policy research program Academy studies focus on complex and emerging problems in the areas of science and global security social policy the humanities and culture and education To strengthen and expand the Academy s Visiting Scholars Program which provides research and career development opportunities for promising scholars in the social sciences and the humanities through yearlong fellowships at the Academy s Cambridge headquarters To build a modern archives to make the Academy s extensive collection of papers and

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=55 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    book could be subtitled The Road Back From Enron It offers a moderate and readable approach to letting American business back into civilized society on a promise of good behavior a promise that needs to be monitored Daniel Schorr Senior News Analyst National Public Radio These essays present clear concise and cogent analyses of why America lost trust in American business and what must be done in order to restore that trust Donald Keough Former President and CEO Coca Cola Company This powerful collection of commentaries by the nation s most compelling thinkers makes it clear that the engine that drives the markets is not money but integrity and that it takes a village of committed principled and vigilant participants to make it work It is filled with indispensable insights and practical advice for executives directors investors and policy makers Nell Minow Editor The Corporate Library Co author Corporate Governance The editors have assembled a most insightful and thought provoking series of essays on the causes and potential solutions to the current crisis in corporate ethical values and conduct The contributors are wide ranging in occupation and training but uniform in terms of professional excellence and thought leadership Their conclusions and those of the Academy s Corporate Responsibility Steering Committee published within are intriguing While there is significant difference in style and approach there are numerous points of consensus that will provide a good preliminary blueprint for sound and meaningful reform Charles M Elson Director Weinberg Center for Corporate Governance University of Delaware What has gone wrong with corporate America and how can our society make things right This authoritative volume presents technical matters in reader friendly terms as well as probing analyses thoughtful recommendations and critical discussion of those recommendations Howard Gardner Harvard University Senior Author Good Work When Excellence and Ethics Meet Restoring Trust in American Business Can we How A galaxy of academics practicing lawyers leading lights of banking and business a few of whom are former staff members of regulatory agencies even a journalist and trade unionist offer their insights reflections prescriptions hopes and doubts The overall tone is positive but strong notes of skepticism are also sounded Timely important and will remain so even as the current headlines on business malfeasance and corruption move off the front page Carl Kaysen David W Skinner Professor of Political Economy Emeritus MIT Reviews Click here to view book review in Bimonthly Review of Law Books January February 2005 Click here to view book review in The IRE Journal January February 2005 Table of Contents Introduction Leslie Berlowitz and Andy Zelleke PART I MANAGERS BEYOND REGULATION Chapter 1 The Inevitable Instability of American Corporate Governance Mark J Roe Chapter 2 Values and Corporate Responsibility A Personal Perspective John S Reed Chapter 3 Management as a Profession Rakesh Khurana Nitin Nohria and Daniel Penrice PART II REIMAGINING GATEKEEPER IDENTITIES Chapter 4 The Regulators and the Financial Scandals Donald C Langevoort Chapter 5 The Professionalization of Corporate Directors Martin Lipton and

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=56 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Military examines the intense debate over military reform in Russia demonstrating the myriad ways that political and social conflicts at home and international pressures have prevented much needed change The volume is co edited by Steven E Miller Harvard University and Dmitri V Trenin Carnegie Moscow Center According to Miller Russia is still in the early stages of a long journey from the military it inherited to a military suitable to Russia s internal and external realities The Russian Military is a comprehensive guide to this journey assessing the present state of Russia s military examining the factors past and present that shape it and presenting a road map for needed reforms The six contributors to the volume each tackle a key feature of Russia s military and security policy bringing a new understanding to the complex issues that have stymied reform The volume which former National Security Agency Director Lieutenant General William Odom U S Army retired has called a timely and remarkably comprehensive assessment of the contemporary state of the Russian military is intended for policy makers and scholars working on problems of international security and anyone with an interest in contemporary Russia Among the many reasons for failed military reform in Russia the authors point to a lack of action and awareness on the part of political leaders As contributor Pavel Baev International Peace Research Institute discusses key decision making is often left to military leaders who are less inclined to support the needed radical modernization of the Russian military Aleksandr Golts Editor in Chief Weekly Journal writes The military elite s desire for a mass army stands as Russia s largest internal impediment to reform Former Duma member Alexei Arbatov Carnegie Moscow Center offers an insider s perspective on the reform debate in the Russian government which he believes has been constrained by a lack of both information and resources He advocates transforming the Russian military into a smaller all volunteer force with a well paid and professional officer corps The need for a fundamentally changed force has been vividly demonstrated in the two Chechen campaigns since 1994 as a discussion of these events by Roy Allison Oxford University makes clear The volume addresses two specific legacies of the Soviet military that are threats to stability both within and outside of Russia and should provide significant impetus to reform The first according to Vitaly Shlykov Council on Foreign and Defense Policy Russia is the military industrial complex inherited from the Soviet era which he argues has not only prolonged military reform problems but also deepened Russia s economic malaise As it is currently structured and managed he argues Russia s so called defense industrial complex has become a huge drag on the country s economy The Soviet legacy that looms large in the minds of Western leaders is the state of Russia s nuclear capabilities Rose Gottemoeller Carnegie Endowment for International Peace addresses this component of military reform noting that Russia s nuclear arsenal has become

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=57 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    of Technology Carew Thomas James Bren Professor Chair of Neurobiology and Behavior University of California Irvine Carlson Marian B Professor of Genetics and Microbiology Columbia University Case Ted J Professor of Biology University of California San Diego Chakrabarty Dipesh Laurence A Kimpton Distinguished Service Professor of History and South Asian Languages and Civilizations University of Chicago Chan Moses H W Evan Pugh Professor of Physics Pennsylvania State University Chazelle Bernard Professor of Computer Science Princeton University Chisholm Malcolm H Distinguished Professor of Mathematical and Physical Sciences Ohio State University Christ Carol T President Smith College Clark James H Chairman Shutterfly Corporation Co founder Silicon Graphics Inc SGI and Netscape Collier David Professor of Political Science University of California Berkeley Conquest G Robert A Fellow Hoover Institution Stanford University Cook Michael A Cleveland E Dodge Professor of Near Eastern Studies Princeton University Corigliano John Composer and Professor of Composition Juilliard School Davidovsky Mario Fanny P Mason Professor of Music Harvard University Daw Murray S R A Bowen Professor of Physics Clemson University de Montebello Philippe Director Metropolitan Museum of Art Dean Mark E Vice President IBM Fellow International Business Machines Corporation Dreyfoos Jr Alexander W Retired Chairman Chief Researcher Dreyfoos Group Dulac Catherine Professor of Molecular and Cellular Biology Harvard University Howard Hughes Medical Institute Edwards R Lawrence Distinguished McKnight University Professor University of Minnesota Emr Scott David Professor of Cellular and Molecular Medicine University of California San Diego Howard Hughes Medical Institute Engelman Donald Max Eugene Higgins Professor of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry Yale University Epstein Charles J Professor of Pediatrics Chief of Genetics University of California San Francisco Fire Andrew Z Professor of Pathology and Genetics Stanford University Fletcher George Philip Cardozo Professor of Jurisprudence Columbia University Fleury Paul A Dean of Engineering Frederick William Beinecke Professor of Engineering Yale University Frieden Carl Wittcoff Professor of Biochemistry Molecular Biophysics Washington University in St Louis Galston William Arthur Saul I Stern Professor of Civic Engagement University of Maryland Ganem Donald Emil Professor of Microbiology and Immunology University of California San Francisco Howard Hughes Medical Institute Gentner Dedre Professor of Psychology and of Education and Social Policy Northwestern University Ghez Andrea Professor of Astronomy University of California Los Angeles Ghiglione Loren F Dean Medill School of Journalism Northwestern University Girvin Steven M Professor of Physics and Applied Physics Yale University Goldman Alvin I Professor of Philosophy Rutgers University Gordon Jeffrey Ivan Dr Robert J Glaser Distinguished University Professor Washington University in St Louis Graetz Michael J Justus S Hotchkiss Professor of Law Yale University Gray Francine du Plessix Writer Biographer New York New York Greif Avner Bowman Family Professor in the Humanities and Sciences Stanford University Gross Leonard Professor of Mathematics Cornell University Grosz Barbara J Higgins Professor of Natural Sciences Harvard University Grove David C Professor of Anthropology University of Florida Guarente Leonard P Novartis Professor of Biology Massachusetts Institute of Technology Gundersheimer Werner L Director Emeritus Folger Shakespeare Library Gurnett Donald A Roy J Carver James A Van Allen Professor of Physics University of Iowa Handler Joel F Professor of Law University of California Los Angeles Harvey Jeffrey A Chair Department of Physics Enrico Fermi Distinguished Service Professor University of Chicago Hechter Michael Professor of Sociology University of Washington Heinrich Bernd Professor of Biology University of Vermont Hockfield Susan Provost William Edward Gilbert Professor of Neurobiology Yale University Holbrooke Richard C Vice Chairman Perseus LLC Former U S Ambassador to the United Nations Horowitz Frances Degen President Graduate School and University Center City University of New York Hyman Steven E University Provost Harvard University Jacobsen Eric N Sheldon Emory Professor of Chemistry Harvard University Jameson James Larry Irving S Cutter Professor and Chair of Medicine Northwestern University Joseph Brian D Kenneth E Naylor Professor of South Slavic Languages Ohio State University Kanade Takeo U A and Helen Whitaker University Professor of Computer Science Carnegie Mellon University Kasperson Roger E Geographer Executive Director Stockholm Environment Institute Sweden Katok Anatole Raymond N Shibley Professor of Mathematics Pennsylvania State University Lazowska Edward D Bill and Melinda Gates Chair in Computer Science Engineering University of Washington Lepper Mark R Professor and Chair of Psychology Stanford University Levin Bruce R Samuel Chandler Dobbs Professor of Biology Emory University Levy Jay A Professor of Medicine University of California San Francisco Lin Fang Hua Silver Professor of Mathematics New York University Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences Manin Yuri I Board of Trustees Professor of Mathematics Northwestern University Marden Brice Visual Artist New York New York Martin Donald A Professor of Mathematics and Philosophy University of California Los Angeles Massey James L Adjunct Professor of Information Technology Lund University McDonnell John F Retired Chairman of the Board McDonnell Douglas Corp Meadows Jr Curtis W Executive Director RGK Center for Philanthropy and Community Service University of Texas at Austin Meeks Wayne Woolsey Professor of Biblical Studies Emeritus Yale University Meltzer Daniel J Story Professor of Law and Vice Dean for Physical Planning Harvard Law School Merrill Thomas Wendell Charles Keller Beekman Professor Columbia University Modrich Paul Lawrence James B Duke Professor of Biochemistry Duke University Howard Hughes Medical Institute Mote Jr C Dan President University of Maryland Mueller Alfred H Professor of Physics Columbia University Nevins Joseph R James B Duke Professor of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology Duke University Howard Hughes Medical Institute Noll Mark A Carolyn and Fred McManis Professor of Christian Thought Wheaton College Novacek Michael John Senior Vice President Provost of Science and Curator of Paleontology American Museum of Natural History Obstfeld Maurice Class of 1958 Professor of Economics University of California Berkeley Olds Sharon Poet Professor of English New York University Ornstein Norman J Resident Scholar American Enterprise Institute O Shea Erin K Professor of Biochemistry Biophysics University of California San Francisco Howard Hughes Medical Institute Page Jr Lyman Alexander Professor of Physics Princeton University Papayannopoulou Thalia Professor of Medicine University of Washington Pérez Firmat Gustavo David Feinson Professor of Humanities Columbia University Phillips Carl Poet Professor of African and Afro American Studies Professor

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=58 (2016-02-13)
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  • Press Releases - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    grantmaking from 1992 through 2002 based on an analysis of all of the grants of 10 000 or higher awarded by more than 1 000 of the nation s largest private and community foundations Among these funders 683 made 3 296 humanities grants in 2002 The report also documents changes in giving for the humanities by humanities subfield or discipline recipient type funder and recipient location and type of support In addition the report provides a ranking of the top 25 U S foundations by giving for the humanities in 2002 Among other key findings from the report Top Funders The number of humanities funders grew by close to two fifths yet five foundations provided a quarter of grant dollars From 1992 to 2002 the overall number of larger foundations included in the Foundation Center s annual grants sample increased only slightly while the number that funded the humanities grew by 37 percent to 683 At the same time five foundations the Andrew W Mellon Righteous Persons Ford and Annenberg foundations and the Packard Humanities Institute provided just over one quarter of 2002 humanities grant dollars Three of these foundations Mellon Ford and Annenberg made humanities grants in at least ten years from 1992 through 2002 that totaled at least 1 million or represented 25 percent or more of their giving Other humanities funders meeting this criteria included the Rockefeller Henry Luce Kresge John D and Catherine T MacArthur Lynde and Harry Bradley and Samuel H Kress foundations the Pew Charitable and J Paul Getty trusts and the Lilly Endowment Giving Focus Historical activities and humanities related museum activities accounted for the largest shares of giving Two humanities subfields historical activities and humanities related museum activities together captured 49 percent of 2002 humanities grant dollars and over 54 percent of grants The other principal areas of humanities giving included art history history and archeology humanities related arts culture and media humanities related social sciences and multidisciplinary humanities activities Between 1998 and 2002 growth was extremely uneven across subfields The rise of new and large funders with narrow interests in the humanities and the impact of several exceptionally large grants all contributed to changes in the patterns of humanities giving In addition levels of support have dropped for some of the least funded disciplines such as classical and foreign languages Future Outlook The long term health of the humanities field requires an active effort to cultivate new funders A modest recovery in the nation s economic fortunes should help to boost diminished foundation assets and encourage measured increases in giving for the humanities and other fields over the next several years Nonetheless the long term health of the humanities field will require an active effort on the part of humanities funders and leaders in the field to educate grantmakers about the needs and opportunities presented by the humanities and to encourage them especially some of the tens of thousands of foundations formed in the last decade to include the humanities among

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/news/pressReleases.aspx?pr=192 (2016-02-13)
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