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  • Scientists' Understanding of the Public - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    David Clark MIT a leader in the development of the Internet Participants included a diverse cross section of scientists and public representatives The discussion addressed issues of identity on the Internet attribution and provenance rights and ownership of personal data and the Internet and child protection Of these the issues related to security or safety as opposed to those of usability or value emerged as the most important topics In fact the single word that seemed best to reflect the concerns of the public was trust determining the appropriate degree of trust that one should have in different circumstances This concern could also be expressed as a desire for a reliable predictable and safe experience The rapid pace of the Internet s change however leads to a high degree of uncertainty The participants agreed that it is important that scientists keep this contradiction in mind as they engage with the public A second workshop held in April 2009 focused on the Public Perception of Nuclear Waste Repositories it was chaired by Thomas Isaacs Stanford University and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory If nuclear power is to play an increased role in meeting the nation s energy needs it will be essential to provide for the disposal of the spent fuel generated by nuclear power plants Currently there is no operating facility for permanent disposal of this material In 1957 a U S National Academy of Sciences report recommended that high level nuclear waste could be safely and permanently disposed of in deep stable geological formations Yet developing and opening a geologic repository has proved very difficult for two main reasons First it has been scientifically challenging to demonstrate to the public that the natural and engineered barriers in the repository location deep underground can be relied upon to isolate the waste for the time period required for its neutralization Second achieving acceptance for any location as the site of a nation s nuclear waste final repository has been politically challenging In bringing together scientists engineers and public representatives who think about this topic the Academy fostered an unusual and important dialogue among key stakeholders on this vital issue In May 2009 the Academy held a third workshop on The Spread of Personal Genetic Information chaired by David Altshuler Harvard University Recent progress in human genetics and genomics reveals clues about the molecular underpinnings of many human diseases These initial findings have led to an explosion of genetic testing for numerous diseases and conditions in both medical and direct to consumer settings Personalized genomic testing in which individual genomes are analyzed at various levels provides a mix of complicated and often incomplete information whose uses and implications are not yet fully understood Given the profound implications of the widespread availability of this information the fact that regulation of such services is still in development and the uncertain impact of these short term uses on longer term scientific goals this is an opportune time to bring scientists and the public together to share

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/Research/researchproject.aspx?d=1269 (2016-02-13)
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  • Academy Archives - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Arts and Education Science Engineering and Technology Global Security and International Affairs American Institutions and the Public Good Publications Overview Dædalus Journal of the Academy Bulletin Magazine of the Academy Books Research Papers Monographs and Project Publications Meetings Overview Induction 2015 Upcoming Meetings and Events Friday Forum 2015 2016 Schedule Past Meetings and Events Fellowships Overview Visiting Scholars Program Hellman Fellowship in Science and Technology Policy Policy Fellowship in the Humanities Education and the Arts Policy Fellowship in Global Security and International Affairs The Exploratory Fund Member Login User Name Password Forgot your password The records of the Academy dating back to 1780 reflect the intellectual history of the nation from its earliest years and document the history of Academy membership program initiatives and scholarship In 2005 to mark the 225th anniversary of the Academy an archives facility designed specifically for the cataloging conservation and preservation of historic materials was created at the Academy s headquarters in Cambridge Finding aids to the processed collections and select digital images are available below Processed materials are also available for onsite use by request To submit an inquiry or for more information please contact the Archives Department at or 617 441 6128 Selected

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/contentu.aspx?i=88 (2016-02-13)
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  • On the Future of News - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    International Affairs The Exploratory Fund Member Login User Name Password Forgot your password Submit a Question Date 12 5 2012 Name Email Needed only if you expect a reply Subject Message Home Publication Overview Dædalus On the Future of News Dædalus Spring 2010 On the Future of News Published by MIT Press Cambridge MA 2010 Order from the Publisher Table of Contents Introduction Loren Ghiglione News the news media in the digital age implications for democracy Herbert J Gans Are there lessons for the future of news from the 2008 presidential campaign Kathleen Hall Jamieson and Jeffrey A Gottfried New economic models for U S journalism Robert H Giles Sustaining quality journalism Jill Abramson The future of investigative journalism Brant Houston The future of science news Donald Kennedy International reporting in the age of participatory media Ethan Zuckerman The case for wisdom journalism and for journalists surrendering the pursuit of news Mitchell Stephens Journalism ethics amid structural change Jane B Singer Political observatories databases news in the emerging ecology of public information Michael Schudson What is happening to news Jack Fuller The Internet the future of news Paul Sagan and Tom Leighton Improving how journalists are educated how their audiences

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/publications/publication.aspx?d=789 (2016-02-13)
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  • Universal Basic and Secondary Education - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    will offer informed but fresh perspectives on the magnitude of the challenge the opportunity costs and the potential benefits of such an ambitious undertaking Economists developmental psychologists demographers statisticians historians cultural anthropologists public health workers business leaders and others working with representatives from the World Bank and the United Nations will join with educators to study the environmental demographic economic and cultural impact of universal education They will develop a set of thoroughly researched multidisciplinary and well integrated reports that will be published along with critical commentary by the Academy The study is supported by a major grant from the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation and a small number of individual donors Related Publications Published from year 1800 1899 1900 1976 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 thru year 1800 1899 1900 1976 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Type All publication types Bulletin i i Bulletin i Dædalus i i Dædalus i Annual Report Books Newsletter Research Papers Monographs and Project Publications Spotlight SUSSTAIN Article Title and Synopsis To Order Education Health and Development American Academy of Arts and Sciences 2007 David E Bloom author Buy from the Academy Free Download PDF document Achieving Universal and Basic Secondary Education How Much Will It Cost American Academy of Arts and Sciences 2006 Paul Glewwe Meng Zhao and Melissa Binder authors Buy from the Academy Free Download PDF document Educating All Children A Global Agenda MIT Press 2006 Joel E Cohen David E Bloom and Martin B Malin editors Buy from MIT Press Universal Basic

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/Research/researchproject.aspx?d=154 (2016-02-13)
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  • Challenges to Business and Society in the 21st Century: The Way Forward - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    and Chief Executive Officer of TIAA CREF He served as Vice Chairman of the Board of Governors of the U S Federal Reserve System was a voting member of the Federal Open Market Committee served as Chairman of the Financial Stability Forum and chaired Federal Reserve Board committees on banking supervision and regulation payment system policy and reserve bank oversight Prior to joining TIAA CREF in April 2008 he was head of financial services for Swiss Re Chairman of Swiss Re America Holding Corporation and a member of the company s executive committee From 1984 to 1997 he was an Associate and Partner at McKinsey Company He began his career as an attorney at the New York City office of Davis Polk Wardwell He is a member of President Obama s Economic Recovery Advisory Board and served on the Transition Economic Advisory Board He is also a member of the Boards of Trustees for the Institute for Advanced Study Carnegie Endowment for International Peace the New America Foundation and Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center He is on the Board of Directors of Brevan Howard Asset Management LLP and the Partnership for New York City and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations the Economic Club of New York the Harvard Law School Visiting Committee and the Group of Thirty Rajat K Gupta 20 min has been Senior Partner Emeritus of McKinsey Company since January 2008 He previously served as McKinsey Company s Senior Partner Worldwide from 2003 to 2007 and as Worldwide Managing Director from 1994 to 2003 Prior to that starting in 1973 he held a variety of positions at McKinsey Company He served as the United Nations Secretary General s Special Advisor on UN Reform he is an independent director of Goldman Sachs Procter Gamble AMR Corporation

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/events/events.aspx?d=508 (2016-02-13)
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  • The Challenges of Mass Incarceration - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences Presenters Nicola Lacey 9 min is Professor of Criminal Law and Legal Theory at the London School of Economics She has been a member of the Global Law School Faculty at New York University Her research interests include the comparative political economy of crime and punishment and the development of ideas of responsibility for crime from the early 18th Century She was elected a Fellow of the British Academy in 2001 and was awarded a Leverhulme Major Research Fellowship Glenn Loury 7 min is the Merton P Stoltz Professor of the Social Sciences and Professor of Economics at Brown University As a University Professor at Boston University he founded and directed the Institute on Race and Social Division Loury studies affirmative action identity racial stigma racial justice and wage inequality He was elected Vice President of the American Economics Association in 1997 He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences Loury is co director of the Academy s project on The Challenges of Mass Incarceration in America Joan Petersilia 7 min a Professor of Law at Stanford Law School is faculty co director for the Stanford Criminal Justice Center Before joining Stanford Petersilia was a professor of Criminology Law and Society in the School of Social Ecology and Director of the Center for Evidence Based Corrections at the University of California Irvine She also previously served as a special advisor to Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger helping to reorganize juvenile and adult corrections and working with the California Legislature to implement prison and parole reform She recently chaired Governor Schwarzenegger s Rehabilitation Strike Team and was also co chair of California s expert panel on offender programs Robert Weisberg 11 min the Edwin E Huddleson Jr Professor of Law

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/events/events.aspx?d=513 (2016-02-13)
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  • Space Policy Briefing - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    the Next Generation Air Transportation System Previously he worked in the Congressional Budget Office where he was the Strategic Analyst responsible for studies on military and civil space missile defense international relations and other strategic forces issues Prior to CBO he was a Research Staff Member in the Systems Evaluation Division of the Institute for Defense Analyses where he conducted studies related to command control communications and computers intelligence surveillance and reconnaissance systems Presentations Nancy Gallagher Reconsidering the Rules for Space Security 16 min is the Associate Director of Research at the Center for International and Security Studies and a Senior Research Scholar in the School of Public Policy at the University of Maryland Before coming to the University of Maryland she was Executive Director of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Task Force and worked with the Special Advisor to the President and the Secretary of State on recommendations to build bipartisan support for U S ratification She has been an arms control specialist in the State Department a Foster Fellow at the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency and a faculty member at Wesleyan University Jeffrey G Lewis China s Space Program 17 min is Director of the Nuclear Strategy and Nonproliferation Initiative at the New America Foundation The Initiative seeks to reduce the role of nuclear weapons in international security and renew the fundamental bargain contained in the Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty He is a research affiliate with the Center for International and Security Studies at the University of Maryland and a member of the Editorial Advisory Board of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists He founded and maintains the nuclear arms control and nonproliferation blog ArmsControlWonk com Before joining the New America Foundation he was Executive Director of the Managing the Atom Project at Harvard University s Belfer

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/events/events.aspx?d=514 (2016-02-13)
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  • Reconsidering the Rules of Space - American Academy of Arts & Sciences
    Academy initiated the Reconsidering the Rules of Space project to examine the implications of US policy in space and to consider the international rules and principles needed to maintain a balanced use of space over the long term The project has facilitated discussions between international security experts and leading stakeholders in both commercial development and scientific advancement in space The project has published a series of papers intended to help inform public discussion and to induce a further examination of US official policies These papers consider the implications of physics for space security the interaction of military scientific and commercial activities in space Chinese and Russian perspectives on US space plans and the possible elements of a more comprehensive set of rules for space security The Reconsidering the Rules of Space project is supported by a generous grant from the Carnegie Corporation of New York Related Publications Published from year 1800 1899 1900 1976 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 thru year 1800 1899 1900 1976 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Type All publication types Bulletin i i Bulletin i Dædalus i i Dædalus i Annual Report Books Newsletter Research Papers Monographs and Project Publications Spotlight SUSSTAIN Article Title and Synopsis To Order United States Space Policy Challenges and Opportunities Gone Astray American Academy of Arts and Sciences 2009 George Abbey and Neal Lane authors Buy from the Academy Free Download PDF document The Future of Human Spaceflight Objectives and Policy Implications in a Global Context American Academy of Arts and Sciences 2009

    Original URL path: https://www.amacad.org/content/Research/researchproject.aspx?d=40 (2016-02-13)
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