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  • American Indian Tribes, History and Culture
    of rocks using precision tools to incise images and motifs into the surface The beauty of these pieces of art is breathtaking and they remain an incredibly popular tourist attraction for visitors to the Americas The United States and Canadian governments along with historical preservation societies use considerable resources to preserve the majesty of these wonders for future generations CITATION Pet l 1033 Another famous symbol of the Native American tribes is the Dreamcatcher Nets of fabric weaved about a willow hoop by native craftsmen look like the pattern of a spider s web The Dreamcatcher is said to ensnare the nightmares and prevent bad dreams from taking root The origin of the Dreamcatcher and its symbols is a result of Ojibwe culture The folkloric origin story of the Dreamcatcher involves the Spider Woman called Asibikaashi who cared for all of the Ojibwe people When the borders of the tribal nation expanded greatly over time it became increasingly difficult for the Spider Woman to care for her flock As a result the Ojibwe people adapted to their situation and began to weave their protective webs to keep bad thoughts away from the mind The mystical knowledge of the creation of Dreamcatchers was passed down from mother to daughter CITATION Jim95 l 1033 If you are in the process of learning about Native American arts culture and history for whatever reason understanding the symbols and archetypes of the Native American consciousness is an excellent place to start Once you decode the mystery of these ancient symbols you begin to understand the complexity majesty and breadth of the First Peoples From face paint to totem poles the Native American tribes have a rich history of symbols deep seated within their varying traditions References Bear B L T 1997 Spirits of the Earth A Guide to Native American Nature Symbols Stories and Ceremonies New York Penguin Group Dennis 2011 July 06 The Meaning Behind Ancient Native American Symbols Retrieved from Top Secret Writers http www topsecretwriters com 2011 07 the meaning behind ancient native american symbols Fiedel S 2009 Sudden Deaths The Chronology of Terminal Pleistocene Megafaunal Extinction American Megafaunal Extinctions at the End of the Pleistocene 21 37 Harris E n d Crow Spirit Animal Retrieved from Animal Totems http www spiritanimal info crow spirit animal High Eagle Productions Inc 1996 The Great Circle of Life Retrieved from JC High Eagle http www jchigheagle com 1webgreatcircle html H itakonanu laxk 1994 The Grandfathers Speak Native American Folk Tales of the Lenape People New York Interlink Books Kiva Trading n d The Arrow Symbol Retrieved from Kiva Trading http www kivatrading com arrow htm Native American Bear Mythology n d Retrieved from Native Languages http www native languages org legends bear htm Native American Bear Mythology n d Retrieved from Native Languages http www native languages org legends bear htm Native American Legends Yakwawiak the Big Rump Bear n d Retrieved from Native Languages http www native languages org yakwawiak htm Paranormal Junkie

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  • Introduction to Native American History | American Indian
    Indians of this region of the world utilized a game changing ancient weapon technology known as the Atlatl a tool which increased the lethality and effective range of darts spears and other thrown projectiles Valley of Fire State Park 2008 This short list of ancient Native American cultures is by no means comprehensive Historians struggle to even estimate the number of cultures populating the First Nations A broad area of land ranging from the Arctic Circle to Brazil once was host to countless numbers of diverse civilizations and permanent settlements with distinctive histories cultures and values At the apex of Pre Columbian Amerindian civilization some historians estimate that as many as 50 million natives populated the Americas American Indians Cultural Network 2000 The White Man Arrives During the years of European colonialism the Great Empires of Europe began genocidal campaigns across the New World in hope of finding valuable resources and spreading Christianity to the Native American cultures Spring 2001 To this day the events that took place during this era of history are still the subject of fiery debate and contention Initial violent campaigns by Spain the British Empire the French and a myriad of other European nations brought fire and war to the Americas Infamously Christopher Columbus who was responsible for mistaking the Native Americans as people of the Indian civilization oversaw the slaughter and torture of thousands of indigenous people for personal gain BBC 2014 This legacy of violence was continued by the United States and Canada in the 19 th and 20 th Centuries culminating in a number of bloody wars between native tribes and white settlers The Shawnee leader Tecumseh worked to diplomatically unite Native American tribes throughout the region in response to the conditions of the age Past Notable Native Americans 2010 One particularly cruel tactic used by the European settlers was perhaps one of the first examples in modern warfare of biological weaponry A large percentage of the Native American population perished due to the intentional and unintentional introduction of smallpox to the new world The Story Of Smallpox and other Deadly Eurasian Germs 2005 Smallpox continued to be a centerpiece of North American politics even hundreds of years later JD Pearson recounts In the wake of an especially vicious smallpox epidemic savaging American Indian communities on the western frontier various persons urged the secretary of war and the commissioner of Indian affairs to petition Congress for the money and authority to vaccinate affected Native Americans Lewis Cass and the Politics of Disease The Indian Vaccination Act of 1832 2003 pp 9 35 Native Americans Today Today Native American people comprise a small and diverse segment of North and South American population particularly in Canada the United States Brazil and Mexico With a steady decline in population and flight to urban areas many tribal elders worry that their languages culture and history are teetering on the brink of extinction Cultural preservation is a community effort on most reservations and within most tribes Braun

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  • Navajo Nation | American Indian
    Sumner in New Mexico The Navajo were interned within Bosque Redondo and suffered greatly at the hands of a neglectful federal administrators and soldiers who subjected them regularly to physical and psychological abuse A lack of proper planning ensured great suffering for the Navajo prisoners when resources were mismanaged leading to widespread starvation within the camps Frequent armed encounters with the Navajo and allied Apache tribes cemented the Navajo tribe in the minds of the white settlers as inherently savage Thankfully relations are recovering and steps are being taken to help the Navajo recover from historic losses from the brutal industrial expansion characteristic of the age of Manifest Destiny in the United States As a people with a deep connection to family life and social events the Navajo civilization was a robust one and celebrated friendship and interaction between individuals The Navajo as a culture have always focused strongly on communication and played a key role in World War II with the recruitment of the widely revered Code Talkers into the United States armed forces The bilingual Navajo forces were recruited to take advantage of the lack of mutual intelligibility characteristic of the Navajo language Since the language was not widely known it proved effect in helping the US forces conceal strategic information from the Japanese in the Pacific Theater Renowned for their jewelry the ornamentations that adorned the bodies of Navajo chiefs and tribesmen alike played a key role in their personal expression and in the communication ideas Lacking a written language the Navajo people relied on other means of communication to pass ideas onto the next generation which is a characteristic shared by many tribes possessed of a similar culture to their own It is fortunate that the Navajo culture has survived and prospered in the modern age

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  • Learn About Native American Culture | American Indian
    and that the Native Americans in prehistoric times were descended from the peoples of Altai Siberia and various other Eurasian tribes of the Caucasus and Central Asia but this theory is disputed and is not regarded as academically significant Turk 2009 The White Man worked tirelessly to extinguish Native American languages and culture to divide the First Peoples and prevent the unification of Indian tribes under a common cause for a defense This practice began with Columbus and stretched well into the 20 th Century although some may argue that the practice continues today The Indian Reservations of North America are often regarded with spite by tribal elders who believe that they are a continuation of the systematic genocide of the Indian peoples Atrocities Against Native Americans 2015 Indian Reservations were designed by the White Man to deprive Native Americans of their language and culture according to many scholars Frantz 1999 Understandably there is a history of tension between European American settlers and Native Americans The opinions of tribal elders and important voices among the First Peoples vary on the subject of Indian discrimination but most tribal elders agree that the Native American peoples have been systematically targeted for cultural extinction by the governments of North America Contrastingly Native American culture is cherished by many non Indians who grew up attending pow wows and other Indian cultural events with their families Many universities and heritage societies have worked tirelessly to preserve the arts and history of Native American tribes for future generations to enjoy The National Congress of American Indians dedicates a significant amount of time and money to protecting Native ways of life and cultural heritage vigorously enforcing the Indian Arts and Crafts Act to revitalize the status of Indian reservations as sovereign nations Cultural Protection NAGPRA Impact of Native American Culture Native Americans have greatly influenced humanity with their incredible cultures Tribes like the Apache Blackfoot Sioux and Cherokee have profoundly changed the culture of the United States and scholars have written extensively on the impact that these tribes have had upon the public Native American Influence 2009 Native American art and culture have played a major role in shaping the modern art movements of large urban centers like New York Phoenix and Los Angeles especially when it comes to storytelling and performance art Baker 2000 As ancient peoples and the rightful inheritors of the Americas First Peoples carry the stories of their ancestors primarily through storytelling Native American myths provide a crucial look into these amazing cultures by highlighting the symbols and concepts that inspired their people Native American stories paint a vivid picture of the history of the diverse cultures of the First Peoples teaching us what was important to their tribe and exhibiting the profoundly progressive worldview of the American Indians which was far ahead of the White Man s humanistic philosophies at many points throughout history When Europe was plunged into intellectual darkness during the Middle Ages the Amerindians prospered and lived in harmony

    Original URL path: http://www.americanindiancoc.org/culture/ (2016-02-09)
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  • Music, Arts & Jewelry of the Native Americans | American Indian
    cultures The flute was designed to channel the breath of the performer efficiently in order to produce a tonally pleasing sound which made it fairly easy to learn to play for new musicians amongst the tribes Goss 2015 Native American Art Native American art is derived from rich cultural traditions demonstrated across the First Nations and American Indian tribes of the Americas While art traditions and practices vary from tribe to tribe there are certainly a number of common practices which link them all together Like most Native American cultural crafts Native American art is primarily concerned with the natural world spirits and the afterlife and the daily life of the American Indian tribespeople As such animals and spirits often take center stage in various Native American art pieces Native American art can include everything from pictographs and cave paintings to decorative shawls and pottery Depending on the environment history and cultural values of the tribe they may specialize in a certain form of art Basket weaving is a unique Native American cultural tradition practiced by a significant number of tribes across the Americas The baskets were often either used in barter and trade to purchase other goods or were implemented in ceremonial and religious practices as a crucial aspect of the ritual Basket construction methods varied depending upon the availability of materials traditions and design preferences of any given Native American tribe Popular methods included plaiting twining and coiling Wilderness College 2015 Plaiting the most commonly used method of basket construction across a wide variety of tribes involves weaving together slats on the basket in an over under pattern Twining another common method employed by tribe craftsmen involves threading the vertical and horizontal strands of the basket to create a strong weave Twining basket construction is excellent for the quick construction of survival baskets and is easy to use with the stiff branches of the willow and other types of semi rigid plant material The arctic tribes of Alaska and the northernmost regions of the Americas often create masks for the use in religious and cultural ceremonies The masks may be used for sacred or secular purposes and are donned for the enjoyment of the tribe and to draw attention to certain performers and characters in cultural plays and ceremonies Inuit Masks 1995 The subarctic tribes of the Americas held the mighty caribou in particular reverence and their cultural goods often featured the caribou and other local animals In particular the hunters of the Innu covered their leggings clothing coats quilts and masks with images of the caribou holding their prey in distinguished reverence for providing sustenance for their tribe in the extreme conditions of the coldest corners of North America Heye 2015 The distinctive art style of the Northwest Coast Pacific Northwest Amerindian tribe was commonly featured on masks totem poles hats necklaces and other cultural objects of ceremonial and everyday importance Red teal black and white pigment is featured prominently on the art of tribes from this region MacDonald 1996 The Northwest Coast Indian art is some of the most popular and revered art of any collection of Native American tribes and remains immensely revered even today for its beauty The art style is said to focus on practical and realistic renderings of local wildlife and cultural symbols with an emphasis on simplicity and ease of communication The Kwakwaka wakw and other Northwest tribes used their artistic abilities to help educate future generations of their tribes using a diverse array of artistic traditions to communicate their ideas efficiently Hawthorn 1988 The woodlands Native American art focused on the hunting and gathering traditions of the tribes residing east of the Mississippi River Earthen mounds and large burial sites helped preserve the unique art of these tribes for the appreciation of people from our age These tribes are commonly known by historians as the Mound Builders for their tradition of constructing large burial mounds for their dead As the dead of these tribes were commonly buried with their personal belongings many cultural crafts have been discovered by archaeologists in the region providing a good glimpse into the cultural traditions of these diverse tribes Shells featured prominently in the art of the Mound Builders as shellfish were a staple in the everyday life of the tribes Canada s First Peoples n d Woodlands tribes often used shells to create beautiful beads and decorative elements in their clothing and ceremonial or religious dress or simply integrated visual depictions of shells and wildlife into the embroidery on their clothing The great plains tribes are some of the most revered and well recognized Native American cultures today The Sioux were among the most famous of these tribes with a rich history of artistic tradition Examples of beautiful Sioux art can be found online at various destinations but we recommend checking out museums in the area to see these beautiful pieces of art in person By purchasing museum tickets you support the efforts of historians and other specialists which helps keep these ancient cultures alive for future generations Some great examples of Sioux Native American art are found in their beaded goods Common materials used in Sioux beads include vibrant glass deerskin horns animal bones leather and pigmented cloth Sioux Art n d The great basin Indian tribes have a number of their own culture products that remain fundamentally important to telling the story of the various Amerindian nations Before the arrival of Columbus and other European settlers and invaders these tribes created beautiful beaded collars and other worn decorations that helped greatly enhance their rituals and ceremonies Great Basin Beauty in Form and Function 2015 Interestingly the cultures of this area of the world relied upon strongly woven baskets over pottery which resulted in tribes that trained tremendously talented weavers This is a great example of visually stunning Native American art Southwestern Native American tribes like the Pueblo also created some truly stunning Native American art Luckily many of their most beautiful creations

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  • Video Library | American Indian
    College Students The Southwestern Association for Indian Arts Announces a New PR Marketing Director and Board Appointments for 2016 Leonard Peltier Has to Wait Six Months for Another CAT Scan to Measure Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm DiCaprio s Art Imitates Life for the Pawnee in Real Grizzly Fight Refs Reverse Ban on Traditional Navajo Hair Bun The American Indian Early History Posted on 10 12 2015 By Ahote Cooper Categories Native

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  • Why Did I Build This Site? | American Indian
    mystery In other words I m reconciled to what I have learned and what I have not and I m pre reconciled to what I will uncover and what I will not There is great honor in my ancestral tree as well as color and failure and exultation and despair Isn t that really the fabric of almost all families We laugh and love and cry together we reminisce about things that happened and even those we only wish had happened There is a natural tendency to dwell on those things that were positive and minimize those bumps in the road that reflect poorly on us or those who went before Thank you for visiting this website I ve not written the lion s share of it but have instead curated most of what you ll find inside from sources that maintained my interest as I dug into the past And I ve kept much of that a secret here This is not a place to deconstruct how I wound up here how my tribal roots with or even to tell you the stories that my great grandmother would share as we sat in the yard slicing fresh tomatoes and sprinkling some over the wedges when we ate them together She is gone and was an excellent verbal scribe for Native America At least her small part of it but she stoked a small fire inside this young boy and I do want to share that precious spirit of discovery and heritage that still rules my day from morning coffee to the closing of a good book at night I hope you find the same spark whether it be here or on a path yet determined A C Native News Online To Change Congress Change The Money Challenging Legislative Session

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  • The American Indian: Early History | American Indian
    including epic skyscrapers such as the Empire State Building the Chrysler Building and many more More obscure tribes are the Yuman the Yaqui and the Catawba The Catawba were fierce rivals of the Cherokees engaging in many battles There are hundreds more obscure tribes many only claiming a handful of members and in some cases only a single individual remains Alaska has the highest Native American population in the US comprised of mainly the Aleuts and the Eskimos New Mexico ranks second in Native American population As one would expect the Northeast generally has the lowest concentration of Native Americans Conclusion As you can see the Native Americans have a long and storied and all too often ugly history here in the United States We owe many of our traditions to them yet we have a hard time deciding just what role they will play in American society To be fair Native Americans have a hard time deciding themselves just what role they want in American society Native Americans and for that matter American society as a whole are still trying to find their place in American society For good reasons Native Americans are leery of any promises coming out of Washington Many states are fighting against the tax free status of reservations and their casinos looking for tax revenue for themselves Many Native Americans see it as payback for their land that was stolen from their forefathers and as compensation for having to live in a society they never asked to be included in From their tax exempt status to the casinos opening up right and left on reservations it s easy to see the battle is still being waged with no consensus on either side Considering the ugly history it shouldn t be surprising at all to see these battles continuing There is no end in sight for these battles More From Our Site The American Indian Early History Posted on 10 12 2015 By Ahote Cooper Categories Native American History Tags american indians iroquois indians native americans navajo indiandns Comments 0 Most experts agree that the earliest Native American ancestors came over the land bridge from Eurasia around 5000 BC settling in the Pacific Northwest A separate group broke away and made their way into North America This group settled there Read more Navajo Nation Land Spoiled By Wastewater From Colorado Mine Posted on 05 09 2015 By Ahote Cooper Categories Native American News Tags erin brokovich to survey navajo reservation damage gold king mine spill toxic waste hits navajo nation Comments 0 Added Erin Brokovich to Tour Affected Areas Navajo Nation President Russell Begaye said yesterday that he will be showing evidence of the devastation brought to trial land by the wastewater spill at Gold King Mine to Erin Brokovich noted environmental activist Read more American Indian Health And Family Services Posted on 22 08 2015 By Categories Native American History Comments 0 Only eating tasty food is not enough for keeping slim fit and out

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