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  • Legends - Erin and Alba
    or Ultonian Cycle concerning King Conchobar and the warriors of the Red Branch including the hero Cú Chullain the Fenian Cycle stories of Fin Mac Cumhaill and the warriors of the fiana and the Historcal Cycle tales of ancient kings The manuscripts in which these tales are found are The Book of the Dun Cow generally ascribed to the 11th century The Book of Leinster 12th century The Book of Ballymote 14th century The Yellow Book of Lecan also 14th century and The Book of the Dean of Lismore 15th century There are also many Scottish manuscripts which supplement these Irish collections and are particularly rich in tales of Ossian and the Fenians Irish Mythology an excellent introduction to the Mythological Ulster and Fenian cycles from Bob Reeder The Irish Literature and Verse Ancient Tales pages include The Conquest of the Sons of Mil from The Book of Invasions The Second Battle of Mag Tured Moytura from the Mythological Cycle Bricriu s Feast from the Ulster Cycle The Boyhood Deeds of Cú Chulainn How the Bulls were Begotten from the Táin and The Pursuit of Diarmuid and Grainne from the Fenian Cycle The Táin or in full Táin Bó Cuailnge or The Cattle Raid of Cooley has been called the oldest vernacular epic in European literature This HTML edition pairs an adaptation of the English translation of Joseph Dunn 1914 with the Irish transcription of Ernst Windisch 1905 The Voyage of Bran Son of Febal in the English translation from the Old Irish by Kuno Meyer of 1890 New URL The Ulster Cycle features an introduction pronunciation and 52 classic tales compiled by Patrick Brown Stories and Songs Cuchulain the Champion of Ireland from Hero Myths and Legends of the British Race by Maud Isabel Ebbutt 1910 New Deirdre of

    Original URL path: http://bestoflegends.org/celt/index.html (2016-02-12)
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  • Legends - Notes on the Illustrations
    Dante Gabriel Rossetti 1864 The original is in the Tate Gallery London www arttoday com A full color jpg I reduced the contrast and added the border So the Child Was Delivered Unto Merlin and So He Bare it Forth by N C Wyeth from The Boy s King Arthur edited by Sidney Lanier Scribner s 1917 scan from the editor s collection Scanned from the 1919 printing and color corrected in Paint Shop Pro King Mark Slew the Noble Knight Sir Tristram detail of an illustration by N C Wyeth from The Boy s King Arthur edited by Sidney Lanier Scribner s 1917 from the Scriptorium N C Wyeth Collection One of my favorite illustrations by N C Wyeth I heavily modified this scan from an old unevenly faded print Most significantly I reduced the saturation increased the brightness and contrast and tweaked the color balance I then glazed the picture with a semi transparent overlay of dull navy at 22 percent opacity and another of reddish brown at 12 percent opacity The result approaches but sadly does not match the rich color of Wyeth s original painting The Lady of Shalott by John William Waterhouse from Outline of Literature Volume 3 edited by John Drinkwater G P Putnam s Sons 1923 www arttoday com A haunting painting and one of my favorites The original is a jpg I adjusted the gamma resized the picture and added the border Ballads Broadsides Illustration for the Ballads page from a woodcut after Edward Burne Jones illustrating The Legend of Goode Wimmen from William Morris s Kelmscott Chaucer 1896 www arttoday com The original 2 color black and white gif was cropped Ivory was substituted for the white background by editing the palette and the color depth was increased to 16 million so the picture could be resampled to size The palette was reduced to 16 colors and the final pictures were saved as transparent gifs The seer in True Thomas is from an illustration by Edmund Dulac for Shakespeare s The Tempest 1908 Detail of a jpg image from the Scriptorium Dulac collection cropped brightened and bordered The Slain Knight in Shake Loose the Borders is an illustration by Eleanor Fortescue Brickdale for Tennyson s Idylls of the King from the Scriptorium Brickdale collection To remove the scanning artifacts I softened resized and sharpened this jpg and added the border Tam Lin Fair Janet features an illustration by Kay Nielsen from East of the Sun and West of the Moon Old Tales from the North George H Doran 1930 www arttoday com I ve always been fond of the highly stylized illustrations of Kay Nielsen with their attentuated figures and flat dense patterns This picture is one of my favorites I think it captures the otherworldly feel of the fairy ballads This scan is a full color jpg I resampled to size sharpened the faces dropped the blue 7 and the green 2 and added the dark green border Pirates Privateers A Pirate Ship from Frightful Plays by Charles Brooks 1922 illustrated by Julia McCune Flory and Edward Teach Alias Blackbeard reproduced from Pageant of America Vol 1 Adventures in the Wilderness 1925 www arttoday com Two more anti aliased 256 color gray scale jpg files I reduced the blue component by 10 and the green component by 5 increased the color depth to 16 million resampled to size applied a sharpening filter and in the case of the Pirate Ship added the black border and saved the files as jpgs The Galleon by A J Rowley a wood inlay picture from International Studio Volume 76 1923 www arttoday com A very dark muddy 1500 pixel wide full color jpg I put this one through a series of incremental adjustments the net result was to boost the blue component drop the red and green components and increase both brightness and contrast The file was resampled to size and saved as a jpg Western Ireland in the Sixteenth Century detail from map of the great lordships of Ireland c 1500 www arttoday com The original is a grey scale jpg I cropped and colored it and saved it as a transparent gif The entire map in a different coloring is at Renaissance Captain Kidd in New York Harbor by J L G Ferris 1932 Detail of a painting from The Pageant of a Nation reproduced at the Library of Congress Swashbucklers Fops Swordfight in a Tavern is from a 1943 issue of National Geographic probably from an ad I have no information on the artist www arttoday com The original is a muddy 5 wide jpg Both brightness and contrast were increased about 20 and the picture was resampled to size The Two of Swords is adapted from a deck of Spanish Cards c 1500 produced in France by Antoine de Logiriera from Playing Cards History of the Pack and Explanations of its Many Secrets by W Gurney Benham 1940 www arttoday com The original is a black and white jpg it was colored and resampled to size The cross guards were originally cropped by a border which has been removed the missing pieces of the cross guards were copied and pasted from their opposite sides Aspatia and Amintor is the title page illustration to Beaumont and Fletcher s The Maid s Tragedie 1622 www arttoday com This gray scale jpg was reduced to 2 colors black and white and again that was changed to olive black and ivory by editing the palette directly The picture was then converted to 24 bit color resampled to size and saved as a jpg D Artagnan sketch of a statue by Gustave Doré for the tomb of Alexandre Dumas www arttoday com Another gray scale jpg the colors were adjusted by dropping the blue component and tweaking the brightness and contrast The drawing was resampled and then sharpened and saved as a jpg Erin Alba Cú Chulainn by Willy Pogany from Padraic Colum s The

    Original URL path: http://bestoflegends.org/illos.html (2016-02-12)
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  • Legends - What's New
    story and haunting imagery of the Lady of Shalott And a new link in Erin Alba Patrick Brown s The Ulster Cycle includes 25 tales from the north of Ireland 28 November 1998 New in Fairy Tales Selchies tells stories of the seal folk of Celtic lands 18 October 1998 So many of our key Arthurian and Robin Hood resources have moved their pages that I haven t bothered to tag all the new URLs the updated links are in The Robin Hood Pages and King Arthur and the Matter of Britain 21 September 1998 New in Pirates Privateers Gráinne O Malley the sixteenth century Pirate Queen of Connaught Fans of the Robin of Sherwood television series will want to take a look at Robin Hood Bold Outlaw of Barnsdale and Sherwood find the link on The Robin Hood Pages 4 September 1998 Andrew Lang s A Collection of Ballads 1910 is now available as electronic text from Project Gutenberg the link is in Ballads Broadsides Ballad Resources 17 August 1998 Poets Painters crosses the Atlantic to profile America s most important writer illustrator of adventure fiction Howard Pyle 16 August 1998 Legends celebrates its first anniversary with a new section Poets Painters celebrating the artists and writers who brought the legends to life The master of them all is William Morris father of the arts and crafts movement and inventor of the modern fantasy novel 21 June 1998 New in King Arthur the Matter of Britain Sir Tristan La Belle Iseult a legend of Cornwall And in History Archaeology a link to The Ruin and Conquest of Britain 400 A D 600 A D a reconstruction from primary sources by Howard Wiseman 6 May 1998 New in Ballads Broadsides Tam Lin Fair Janet looks at this well loved and influential story of fairy enchantment and true love 2 May 1998 New in King Arthur the Matter of Britain Merlin the History of Britain explores the origins of the story of Myrddin Emrys And in History Archaeology a link to an interactive gazetteer of Sub Roman Britain 6 April 1998 New in The Robin Hood Pages Under the Greenwood Tree explores outlaw legends of medieval England And check out Alexandre Dumas deux siècles de littérature vivante a new website on Dumas and his works from La Société des amis d Alexandre Dumas in French with English summaries 20 March 1998 New in King Arthur the Matter of Britain Percival the Fool whose story is essentially unchanged after 800 years 25 February 1998 New in Pirates Privateers the adventures of Captain Sir Francis Drake Queen Elizabeth s Sea Dragon 13 February 1998 New in Paladins Princes the story of Roland the nephew of Charlemagne who became the Orlando of renaissance fantasy 2 February 1998 New in Fairy Tales Donald G Keller profiles editor artist and writer Terri Windling in Into the Woods The Faery Worlds of Terri Windling 14 January 1998 A new section Paladins Princes begins our exploration of heroes

    Original URL path: http://bestoflegends.org/whatsnewarchive.html (2016-02-12)
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  • Legends - The Robin Hood Pages
    no sign that the king s valet was ever thought of as an outlaw More recently archivists have found other traces of criminals known to the medieval legal authorities as Hood R In fact it is the Scottish chronicler John Major who first relocates the Robin Hood story into the late twelfth century the much more distant time of King John This is the first time that the outlaw is linked with the period of King Richard In later hands this was to re shape Robin s resistance to authority itself as an act of a noble conservatism since bad King John could be attacked and true kingship defended at the same time This does not appear to be Major s motif his redating of the story in the period of John is probably due to the influence of the story of Fouke le Fitz Waryn a noble outlaw and enemy of bad authority from that period Knight Ohlgren Introduction to Historia Majoris Britanniae All Under the Greenwood Tree A wealth of information on the historical and legendary Robin Hood is available in Robin Hood and Other Outlaw Tales edited by Stephen Knight and Thomas H Ohlgren Kalamazoo Michigan Western Michigan University for TEAMS 1997 all of it available on the web The various essays ballads poems and chronicles are indexed in the Author Menu at The Robin Hood Project of special interest are The Chronicler s Robin Hood an introductory essay and the relevant short selections from Andrew of Wyntoun s Orygynale Chroincle c 1420 Walter Bower s Continuation of John of Fordun s Scotichronicon c 1440 John Major s Historia Majoris Britanniae 1521 and Richard Grafton s Chronicle at Large 1569 Adam Bell Clim of the Clough and William of Cloudesley an outlaw ballad of the sixteenth and

    Original URL path: http://bestoflegends.org/robinhood/greenwood.html (2016-02-12)
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  • Legends - King Arthur - History and Archaeology
    at the University of Idaho Adventas Saxonum a discussion of the Saxon Invasion of Britain by Michael Veprauskas at Britannia Early British Kingdoms by David Nash Ford also at Britannia covers the British kingdoms that flourished between Roman rule and the mid eleventh century The Ruin and Conquest of Britain 400 A D 600 A D a reconstruction from primary sources by Howard Wiseman This article is mirrored at Mythic Crossroads The Last of The Romans The life and times of Ambrosius Aurelianus by Kurt Hunter Mann argues that Ambrosius Aurelianus was a more important figure than Arthur in fifth sixth century Britain From Issue 4 of The Heroic Age New Vortigern Studies British History 400 600 based in the Netherlands is dedicated to the study of the period between the Roman occupation of Britain and the Early Middle Ages focusing on the historical Vortigern rather than the legendary Arthur The Historicity and Historicisation of Arthur by Thomas Green includes The Historical Arthur an Analytical and Bibliographic Survey A dense scholarly summation of current thinking on the historical Arthur at Green s Arthurian Resources site Archaeology A Guide to Arthurian Archaeology also at Thomas Green s Arthurian Resources New A

    Original URL path: http://bestoflegends.org/kingarthur/history.html (2016-02-12)
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  • Legends - The Welsh Bards
    Dinogad s Smock Domnall Brecc Gododdin English translations by AOH Jarman and Joseph Clancy The Welsh Triads The Welsh Triads or Trioedd Ynys Prydein contains triads from the thirteenth century Peniarth manuscript and the fourteenth century Llfyr Gwyn Rhydderch White Book of Rhydderch and Llyfr Coch Hergest Red Book of Hergest all in English New source Heroic Poetry Chapter One of Welsh Literature at Britannia The Mabinogion Pedeir Keinc y Mabinogi or The Four Branches of the Mabinogi is a fourteenth century collection of tales in Welsh drawing on much older material The earliest manuscript of the complete Mabinogion is in the Red Book of Hergest although portions are included in the slightly earlier White Book of Rhydderch The Four Branches proper are mythological tales Other tales from the Red Book are usually published with the Four Branches these include Culhwch And Olwen Owain or The Lady of the Fountain and tales of Peredur son of Evrawc Y Mabinogion at Taffnet features these tales in Lady Charlotte Guest s translation of 1849 updated The Four Branches Pwyll Prince of Dyfed Branwen the Daughter of Llyr Manawyddan the Son of Llyr Math the Son of Mathonwy Other Tales from from The Red Book Culhwch and Olwen The Dream of Rhonabwy The Dream of Macsen Wledig The Story of Lludd and Llefelys Owain or The Lady of the Fountain Peredur the Son of Efrawc Geraint the Son of Erbin Taliesin The Mabinogion and the Mabinogi features an Introduction and new literal translations from the White Book of Rhydderch by freelance medievalist W M Parker with extensive annotations New The Four Branches Pwyll Prince of Dyfed Branwen the Daughter of Llyr Manawyddan the Son of Llyr Math the Son of Mathonwy Mabinogion features three tales from Pwyll Prince of Dyfed based in part

    Original URL path: http://bestoflegends.org/kingarthur/bards.html (2016-02-12)
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  • Legends - Malory's Le Morte Darthur
    Darthur is known from two sources a version printed by William Caxton in 1485 of which one complete and one partial copy are known and a manuscript discovered at Winchester College in 1934 and edited by Eugène Vinaver in 1947 The former is available as electronic texts based on the A W Pollard 1903 Macmillan version as Caxton s edition of Mallory s Le Morte D Arthur edited by H Oscar Sommer 1889 at the Corpus of Middle English Prose and Verse New URL Caxton divided the text into twenty one books although the manuscript version makes it clear that Malory originally broke his work into eight books or tales The tales and their primary sources are The first tale of the birth and crowning of Arthur from the French Prose Merlin Compare the Middle English Prose Merlin The second tale of the invasion of France and Rome from the English Alliterative Morte Arthure The third tale mostly concerning Lancelot from the French prose Lancelot The fourth tale of Gawain s brother Gareth based on a lost English poem The fifth tale of Tristram and Isolde based on the French Prose Tristan The sixth tale of the coming of the Grail based on the French Quest de Saint Graal The seventh tale of the romance of Lancelot and Guenivere based mostly on the French Mort Artu and the English Stanzaic Le Morte Arthur The eighth tale of the discovery of Lancelot and Guenivere s adultery and the battle between Mordred and Arthur also from the French Mort Artu and the English Stanzaic Le Morte Arthur William Caxton William Caxton best known as the man who edited and published Le Morte Darthur is the father of English printing New Essays and Commentary Evidence against Lancelot and Guinevere in Malory s Morte

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  • Legends - King Arthur - The Quest for Arthur
    helping the interested reader sort the wheat from the chaff and to show what the realistic range of possibilities are if for whatever reason we do choose to consider Arthur a genuinely historical figure A Quest for Arthur an essay by Geoffrey Ashe at Britannia And an Interview with Geoffrey Ashe at A Millenial Quest for Arthur Some Britannia content including Arthur King of the Britons is no longer free Lucius Artorius Castus Part 1 An Officer and an Equestrian and Part 2 The Battles in Britain by Linda Malcor explores the life of the late second century Roman officer who has been proposed as one source for the legends of King Arthur at The Heroic Age Arthur s Death and Destiny Chapter VI of Thomas Green s Concepts of Arthur at Arthurian Resources King Arthur s Death in Legend History and Literature a B A thesis by Adam Levin This thesis will explore a small number of the huge mass of works about King Arthur and his court It will examine some of the earliest materials in an attempt to discover the origins of the myths It will look at one of the most important writers of Arthurian legend

    Original URL path: http://bestoflegends.org/kingarthur/arthur.html (2016-02-12)
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