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  • Legends - King Arthur - Gawain
    as he is in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight and the other Arthurian romances of the Alliterative Revival from the Introduction at The Camelot Project The University of Rochester The English Romances Sir Gawain and the Green Knight in Middle English edited by J R R Tolkien and E V Gordon revised by Norman Davis 1967 at the University of Virginia in the original orthography SIÞEN þe sege and þe assaut watz sesed at Troye Þe bor3 brittened and brent to bronde3 and askez Sir Gawain and the Green Knight translated into modern English prose by Jessie L Weston second edition 1900 at the Camelot Project After the siege and the assault of Troy when that burg was destroyed and burnt to ashes Sir Gawain and the Green Knight a verse translation by Jessie L Weston c 1900 at In Parentheses PDF Since Troy s assault and siege I trow were over past To brands and ashes burnt that stately burgh at last J R R Tolkien s translation was published in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight Pearl Sir Orfeo 1975 Sir Gawain Eleven Romances and Tales edited with extensive introductions and commentary by Thomas Hahn at TEAMS The Grene Knight The Awyntyrs off Arthur The Adventures of Arthur The Avowing of Arthur The Jeaste of Sir Gawain The Knightly Tale of Gologras and Gawain The Marriage of Sir Gawain Sir Gawain and the Carle of Carlisle The Carle of Carlisle The Turke and Sir Gawain The Wedding of Sir Gawain and Dame Ragnell King Arthur and King Cornwall Ywain and Gawain edited by Mary Flowers Braswell from Sir Perceval of Galles and Ywain and Gawain also at TEAMS Continental Texts Three tales translated by Jessie L Weston at Mary Jones s Celtic Literature Collective New Sir Gawain

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  • Legends - King Arthur - Guenevere
    Home Page traces the Queen s story from the early Celtic texts to Marion Zimmer Bradley it s part of The Quest a scholarly Arthurian site at the University of Idaho Additional commentary is available at the Camelot Project s pages on Guinevere Lancelot and Meleagant Guenevere and Melwas The story of Guenevere s kidnapping by Melwas King of the Summer Country in aestiva regione is related in the twelfth century Vita Gildae Life of Gildas by Caradoc of Llancarfan Melwas King of Somerset abducted Arthur s wife Guennuvar and kept her at Glastonbury when Gildas was there Arthur came to rescue her with troops from Devon and Cornwall but the watery terrain hampered his movements Gildas and the abbot mediated the kings made peace and the lady was restored Geoffrey Ashe entry for Gildas in The Arthurian Encyclopedia Garland Press 1986 This tale is the oldest version of the abduction of Guenevere in later tales she is rescued by Lancelot and the earliest association of Arthur with the Abbey at Glastonbury Guenevere and Lancelot The chivalric romance between Guenevere the Queen and Lancelot first appears in Chrétien de Troyes s Le Chevalier de la Charrette The Knight of the Cart or Lancelot a romance written at the behest of Marie Countess of Champagne c 1180 The Charrette Project is a complex scholarly multi media electronic archive containing a medieval manuscript tradition that of Le Chevalier de la Charrette It is developed and maintained by the Department of Romance Languages Princeton University and includes background information the text in Old French and a modern French translation Chrétien s text in English is available as Lancelot or the Knight of the Cart based on the 1914 translation by W W Comfort 1914 with a synopsis and the complete text it s

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  • Legends - King Arthur - Percival
    probably draw on a common Celtic Peredur Arthuriana was given a totally new European dimension by the publication of the works of the twelfth century French poet Chrétien de Troyes Of the Welsh Chrétien wrote they are all by nature wilder than the beasts of the field Le Roman de Perceval yet he was indebted to Welsh sources it seems probable that he relied heavily upon the same earlier material as the three Welsh Arthurian romances Owain or Iarlles y Ffynnon the Lady of the Fountain Historia Peredur and Geraint ab Erbin These correspond respectively to Yvain the Perceval and the Erec tales of Chrétien It is interesting to note that many of the French tales have retained Welsh names for some of the characters which the Welsh ones have lost Peter Williams Welsh Arthurian Literature at Britannia Chrétien s tale inspired Wolfram von Eschenbach s Parzifal one of the great medieval romances which in turn was one though not the only source for the tale as retold by Richard Wagner in his opera Parsifal Percival the Fool Percival an overview of the character and literature at the Camelot Project Monsalvat presents many different approaches to Wagner s opera Parsifal including a plot summary essays articles summaries of the source materials character lists the libretto in an English prose translation with commentary and in German and pages and pages of related materials Texts Peredur Son of Evrawc from The Mabinogion translated by Lady Charlotte Guest at Taffnet in the UK Perceval the Story of the Grail by Chrétien de Troyes translation of episodes 1 5 by Kirk McElhearn Perceval le Gallois ou le conte du Graal the anonymous Old French continuation of Chrétien s unfinished work translated as The High History of the Holy Grail by Sebastian Evans 1898 Part

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  • Legends - King Arthur - Merlin
    time the source of Merlin s prophetic powers In Robert de Boron s old French verse Merlin he plays a redemptive role as mediator between earthy chivalry and the heavenly plan of salvation he oversees the conception of Arthur creates the symbolism of the Round Table and prepares Perceval for the Grail quest William W Kibler The Arthurian Encyclopedia Garland Press 1986 Merlin s position in the popular imagination as a great seer was secure from Geoffrey s time onward political prophecies of Merlin tuned to the times were still being published well into the seventeenth century the best known perhaps being The Life of Merlin Sirnamed Ambrosius His Prophesies and Predictions Interpreted And Their Truth Made Good by Our English Annalls Being a Chronographicall History of All the Kings and Memorable Passages of This Kingdome from Brute to the Reigne of our Royall Soveraigne King Charles written by Thomas Heywood in 1651 Resources Myrddin Merlin by Thomas Green at his Arthurian Resources site summarizes the pre and post Geoffrey of Monmouth Merlin cycles New Merlin and Geoffrey of Monmouth at the Camelot Project Merlin and Nimue at Britannia The Prophecy of Merlin Dublin MS edited by James M Dean from Medieval English Political Writings at TEAMS Arthurian Passages from the History of the Kings of Britain by Geoffrey of Monmouth edited and translated by J A Giles D C L at the Camelot Project Nennius Historia Brittonum at The Internet Medieval Sourcebook part of ORB the Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies Prose Merlin a late medieval Arthurian work written near the middle of the fifteenth century edited by John Conlee with an introduction at TEAMS Essays and Commentary Some Notes on Merlin by C Scott Littleton and Linda A Malcor from Arthuriana Ancient Echoes Transformations of Celtic Mythology

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  • Legends - King Arthur - Tristan and Iseult
    Drustanus son of Cunomorus recorded on the famous Tristan Stone a grave marker inscribed in sixth century Latin found near Fowey in Cornwall and a King Marcus also called Cunomorus recorded in a ninth century Life of the Breton saint Paul Aurelian Sir Tristan La Belle Iseult Tristan and Isolt a survey with links to texts including poems by Tennyson Swinburne and William Morris at the Camelot Project Mark King of Cornwall also at the Camelot Project summarizes the historical sources Sir Tristrem the Middle English poem edited with an extensive introduction to the origins of the tale by Alan Lupack at TEAMS Chevrefoil a version of the tale in a lai of Marie de France translated by Judith P Shoaf PDF La légende du Roi Marc h aux oreilles de cheval The Legend of King Mark with the Horse s Ears a Breton folktale featuring Tristan and King Mark in French Tristan and Isolt in Modern Literature in English a bibilography by Alan Lupack at the Camelot Project Tristan und Isolde a synopsis of Richard Wagner s opera from Metropolitan Opera An Investigation into the Symbolism of Heraldry in the Legend of Tristram and Isoud by Craig Levin The

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  • Legends - King Arthur - Lady of Shallott
    known retelling is Alfred Lord Tennyson s The Lady of Shalott in two versions 1833 and 1842 which inspired dozens of images of the maiden weaving in her bower or setting out heart broken on the barge that will bear her dead body to Camelot by such artists as Dante Gabriel Rossetti William Holman Hunt John William Waterhouse Howard Pyle Elizabeth Siddal and H J Ford Tennyson revisited the tale again in 1859 in Idylls of the King where the story is called Lancelot and Elaine The Lady of Shalott Elaine of Astolat an index of texts and images at the Camelot Project New URL Tennyson s The Lady of Shalott An Overview at the Victorian Web includes an essay by Elizabeth Nelson on the Victorian paintings inspired by the poem New URLs Versions of the Tale The Lady of Shalott by Alfred Lord Tennyson New URL The 1833 and 1842 versions and a side by side comparison of the two at the Camelot Project New How Sir Launcelot rode to Astolat and received a sleeve to wear upon his helm at the request of a maid the story as told by Malory in Le Morte D Arthur at the

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  • Legends - Pirates and Privateers - Blackbeard
    and he began his career as an honest seaman sailing out of his home port of Bristol England He is seldom known by that name for after he became a pirate he began calling himself Edward Teach sometimes spelled in the records as Thatch Tache or even Tatch Yet it was as Blackbeard that he was and still is known and it was under this name that the people of his generation knew him a swaggering merciless brute Hugh F Rankin Queen Anne s Revenge Blackbeard s Queen Anne s Revenge The Underwater Archaeology Unit UAU of the North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources in association with the private research firm Intersal Inc has conducted three major expeditions to a wreck believed to be the remains of the Queen Anne s Revenge Blackbeard s flagship which sank at Beaufort Inlet North Carolina in 1718 Following five years of intense study archaeologists have made great strides toward understanding the site s origin and significance The site includes A General History of Blackbeard the Queen Anne s Revenge and the Adventure reports of the excavations 1997 2003 and a guide to the artifacts uncovered Updated The Quest for Blackbeard Blackbeard at National

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  • Pirates and Privateers - Sir Francis Drake
    the sun or stars from The World Encompassed Nova Albion was the name Drake gave to the land he claimed for Elizabeth I on the western coast of North America In some parts of the Pacific Northwest the argument over where exactly Drake landed dwarfs the argument over who wrote Shakespeare s plays Much of the evidence is based on an inset on Jodocus Hondius s map of Drake s circumnavigation c 1596 showing a bay or inlet labeled Portus Novae Albionis Drake s harbor The Drake Exploration Society publishes The Drake Broadside which takes the traditional view and concludes The Drake Navigators Guild have proved beyond question that Drake sojourned at Drakes Bay Marin California and Estero Sir David and Michael Turner have visited the area and are convinced that the Guild have correctly documented Drake s movements in California History is visited by those who wish to make a name for themselves by re inventing characters events and places Unfortunately this has hindered the universal acceptance of the Guild s work which began nearly forty years ago Here are some of the dissenting views Smoke and Mirrors Chicanery and Deception at so called Drake s Bay presents selections from Oliver Seeler s forthcoming book Francis Drake in Nova Albion The Mystery Restored at his Nova Albion Research site Whalecove Oregon is proposed as the site of Nova Albion by amateur British historian Bob Ward The Marin County California Historical Society web site includes excerpts concerning Nova Albion and the Miwok Indians from The World Encompassed a record of Drake s voyage published in 1628 written by Drake s nephew also called Sir Francis New URL Cyril Stanley Smith s 1976 Metallurgical Report on Francis Drake s Brass Plate at MIT Institute Archives and Special Collections concludes that it

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