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  • BioEdge: the latest news and articles about bioethics
    surrogacy to create made to order babies Jared Yee 18 December 2009 Comments tags surrogacy US Lack of consistency in US surrogacy legislation leads to legal complications Page 5 of 5 First 3 4 5 Search BioEdge Subscribe to BioEdge newsletter Subscribe to BioEdge RSS feed Recent Posts Dutch psychiatric patients may get euthanasia too easily says US study 14 Feb 2016 A Dutch report applies the brakes on completed

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/tag/US/P80 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: UK researcher applies for embryo gene-editing license
    their roles she said in a statement last week Niakan s application to the Human Fertilisation and Embryo Authority HFEA comes in the wake of an important statement released by a group of leading British gene editing research funders In that document the funding bodies expressed cautious support for embryo gene editing research and encouraged the broader community to explore the ethical and regulatory considerations in a timely manner Staff at the Francis Crick institute have tried to distinguish Niakan s work from the controversial experiments carried out in China There is clearly lots of interesting and important research you can do with these techniques which has nothing to do with clinical applications said Robin Lovell Badge head of stem cell biology at the Francis Crick Institute and a member of the Hinxton Group But he added We are absolutely not ready for clinical applications yet Niakan says she is not aiming to correct a genetic defect rather she is only wishes to know more about the early stages of human embryo development MORE ON THESE TOPICS CRISPR embryo research UK This article is published by Xavier Symons and BioEdge under a Creative Commons licence You may republish it or

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/uk-researcher-applies-for-embryo-gene-editing-license/11583 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: Stem cell researchers reopen embryo experimentation debate
    the UK and based at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore has issued a statement of proposed policy guidelines in the wake of recent developments Their main thrust is to demand that governments prioritize potential scientific and medical progress over ethical concerns when regulating genetic engineering Any constraint of scientific inquiry should be derived from reasonable concerns about demonstrable risks of harm to persons societal institutions or society as a whole Policymakers should refrain from constraining scientific inquiry unless there is substantial justification for doing so that reaches beyond disagreements based solely on divergent moral convictions Crispr they say is not sufficiently developed to consider human genome editing for clinical reproductive purposes at this time Eventually however Experiments where all cells need to be modified will probably require the creation of embryos specifically for research Excess embryos from IVF clinics are normally not viable or have developed too far to be useful What the scientists need for their experiments is embryos at the one cell stage The creation of bespoke embryos is one of the most contentious areas in stem cell research and is sure to provoke a storm of protest Therefore the Hinxton Group recommends inclusive deliberative processes that will make engagement with the public and policymakers substantive The British medical research establishment has proven expertise in managing public opinion in the UK after its success in shepherding through Parliament the creation of hybrid and chimeric embryos in 2007 and three parent embryos last year The Hinxton Group must be confident that it will be able to sell genetic engineering as well MORE ON THESE TOPICS CRISPR embryo research Hinxton Group stem cell research This article is published by Michael Cook and BioEdge under a Creative Commons licence You may republish it or translate it free of charge with attribution

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/stem-cell-researchers-reopen-embryo-experimentation-debate/11567 (2016-02-18)
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  • Gene editing of embryos under debate again
    is prohibited by law in the UK and unlikely to be permissible in other European jurisdictions at present This raises important ethical and regulatory questions which need to be anticipated and explored in a timely and inclusive manner as the basic research proceeds and prior to any decisions about clinical application The funders encourage biomedical and social scientists ethicists healthcare professionals and the wider public all to engage in the debate New gene editing technologies namely the CRISPR Cas9 system have meant that targeted highly efficient editing of a genome sequence may become relatively simple Based on early research into the CRISPR system it appears that scientists now have the ability to cut human genomic DNA at any desired location But while British funding bodies are keen to reconsider embryo experimentation the US National Institutes of Health NIH are very apprehensive In a statement published in Nature NIH director Francis Collins says that the question of editing embryos is not a new one and is viewed nearly universally as a line that should not be crossed NIH will not fund any use of gene editing technologies in human embryos The concept of altering the human germline in embryos for clinical purposes has been debated over many years Advances in technology have given us an elegant new way of carrying out genome editing but the strong arguments against engaging in this activity remain MORE ON THESE TOPICS CRISPR embryo research gene editing This article is published by Xavier Symons and BioEdge under a Creative Commons licence You may republish it or translate it free of charge with attribution for non commercial purposes following these guidelines If you teach at a university we ask that your department make a donation Commercial media must contact us for permission and fees Some articles on

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/the-eternal-return-of-the-embryo-debate/11556 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: China ignites debate over genetic engineering
    highly critical No researcher has the moral warrant to flout the globally widespread policy agreement against altering the human germline Marcy Darnovsky executive director of the non profit Centre for Genetics and Society in Berkeley California In an editorial in Nature in March when Huang s research was only a rumour several scientists published a call for a moratorium on experiments like theirs In our view genome editing in human embryos using current technologies could have unpredictable effects on future generations This makes it dangerous and ethically unacceptable Such research could be exploited for non therapeutic modifications We are concerned that a public outcry about such an ethical breach could hinder a promising area of therapeutic development namely making genetic changes that cannot be inherited At this early stage scientists should agree not to modify the DNA of human reproductive cells Should a truly compelling case ever arise for the therapeutic benefit of germ line modification we encourage an open discussion around the appropriate course of action In Britain it was hard to find scientists who were opposed let alone alarmed by the news It s no worse than what happens in IVF all the time which is that non viable embryos are discarded says John Harris a utilitarian bioethicist at the University of Manchester UK I don t see any justification for a moratorium on research One of the UK s leading stem cell researchers Robin Lovell Badge was almost enthusiastic I disagree with a moratorium which is in any case unlikely to work well he said Indeed I am fully supportive of research being carried out on early human embryos in vitro in culture in the lab especially on embryos that are not required for reproduction and would otherwise be discarded And Dr Anna Smajdor a bioethicist at

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/china-ignites-debate-over-genetic-engineering/11414 (2016-02-18)
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  • European court strikes down challenge to embryo law
    After the sudden death of her partner in 2003 Parillo tried to donate the embryos for research into disease In a 16 1 the Human Rights Court found that Italy had not contravened Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights on the right to respect for private and family life Much of Italy s 2004 legislation regulating artificial reproduction has been struck down by the country s judiciary The Human Rights Court said that Italy was to be given considerable room for manoeuvre on the sensitive question due to the lack of a European consensus and international texts on the issue The court also said there was no evidence the woman s deceased partner would have wished to donate the embryos for medical research MORE ON THESE TOPICS embryo custody embryo research European Union Italy This article is published by Xavier Symons and BioEdge under a Creative Commons licence You may republish it or translate it free of charge with attribution for non commercial purposes following these guidelines If you teach at a university we ask that your department make a donation Commercial media must contact us for permission and fees Some articles on this site are published

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/european-court-strikes-down-challenge-to-embryo-law/11558 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: the latest news and articles about bioethics
    garnered 1 5 million signatures on a petition to ban destructive embryo research in the European Union Elderly in Europe facing a crisis in end of life care Michael Cook 22 September 2012 Comments tags demography elder care European Union European Union countries are not prepared for the exploding burden of end of life care according to an article in the journal British Medical Journal Supportive and Palliative Care Austrian restrictions on IVF upheld Michael Cook 19 November 2011 Comments tags European Union IVF law The European Court of Human Rights has upheld an Austrian ban on sperm and ova donations By a vote of 13 to 4 the Court s Grand Chamber declared that the ban did not violate the European Convention on Human Rights European Court of Justice bans embryo patents Michael Cook 22 October 2011 Comments tags embryonic stem cells European Union A landmark decision by the European Court of Justice this week marks a step forward in legal recognition of the dignity of the human embryo It settled a long simmering legal battle by ruling that research involving the destruction of embryos cannot be patented Search BioEdge Subscribe to BioEdge newsletter Subscribe to BioEdge RSS feed

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/tag/European+Union (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: Americans split on abortion, but stem cell research not an issue
    Half of US adults 49 consider abortion to be morally wrong This is in contrast to the mere 22 who consider hESC research morally wrong 36 of participants said that this hESC research was not a moral issue whilst 32 said it was morally acceptable Over 4000 US adults participated in the survey and there were representatives from all US states Importantly the survey included questions about religious affiliation According to the study the most morally conservative religious group was white evangelical Protestants 78 of whom believed abortion was morally wrong Amongst Catholics 58 said that abortion was wrong but only 24 said that hESC research was morally wrong MORE ON THESE TOPICS abortion embryo research opinion polls This article is published by Xavier Symons and BioEdge under a Creative Commons licence You may republish it or translate it free of charge with attribution for non commercial purposes following these guidelines If you teach at a university we ask that your department make a donation Commercial media must contact us for permission and fees Some articles on this site are published under different terms Please enable JavaScript to view the comments powered by Disqus comments powered by Disqus Search BioEdge

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/americans_split_on_abortion_but_stem_cell_research_not_an_issue/10649 (2016-02-18)
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