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  • BioEdge: Informed consent in Netherlands: circumcision
    a good case for outlawing circumcision but that a ban would drive the practice underground and might do more harm than good About 15 000 boys are circumcised in the Netherlands every year According to a KNMG medical ethicist Gert van Dijk We feel circumcision is a medically unnecessary form of surgery The patient has to give consent but children can t give consent and we feel that is wrong and a violation of the child s rights In our code of medical ethics it states that you must not do harm to the patient but with this procedure this is exactly what you re doing Most Muslims and Jews oppose the KNMG s stand The motivation is plain Islamophobia It s not a discussion about medical ethics it s to make a lot of bad propaganda against Muslims and about our way of life and our religion says Ibrahim Wijbenga a Muslim member of the Christian Democratic Appeal in the city of Eindhoven told the BBC Basically it s an effort to stop Muslims from entering Holland And a senior Jewish leader Rabbi Jacobs said It s written in the Torah in the Bible that we should circumcise the

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/informed_consent_in_netherlands_circumcision/9825 (2016-02-18)
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  • Circumcision? How about banning ear piercing?
    3 suffer major ones Complications include swelling drainage infection bleeding cyst formation large scars and trauma Surely such piercing should be banned before anyone bans circumcision While opponents of circumcision contend that circumcision causes severe pain nerve destruction infection disfigurement and loss of functional tissue Etzioni argues But the rate of complications resulting from circumcision is lower than ear piercing between 0 2 and 0 6 with some bleeding as the most frequent complication Studies such as one at the University of Washington have indicated that circumcision might have health benefits It helps prevent HIV infection somewhat in heterosexual intercourse although using condoms results in similar gains Further Claims about psychological harm caused by neonatal circumcision are based mainly on anecdotes and Freudian psychoanalysis If circumcision had the traumatic effects some opponents maintain it has roughly two out of every three American males would be in trouble Etzioni argues that proponents of circumcision bans challenge the relationship between parents and children He argues that parents make decisions on behalf of their children every day seeking what they consider best for them and that for many parents circumcision and ear piercing fall into that category A very poorly supported claim that

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/circumcision_how_about_banning_ear_piercing1/9597 (2016-02-18)
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  • San Francisco moves to ban circumcision
    baby boys in 2008 The procedure s medical benefits are disputed but evidence suggests that male HIV infection rates can be reduced by circumcision Intactivists however counter that this does not justify what they label the amputation of a body part from infants who might never be at risk of HIV infection If the measure passes circumcision would be punishable by a fine of up to 1 000 or up to one year in prison There would be no religious exceptions Parents are really guardians and guardians have to do what s in the best interest of the child It s his body It s his choice Mr Schofield said He argues that circumcision is a more invasive medical procedure than many new parents or childless individuals realise Many Jews in San Francisco are outraged at what they regard as an attack on religious freedom Rabbi Gil Yosef Leeds of Berkeley a mohel who performs ritual circumcisions says For a city that s renowned for being progressive and open minded to even have to consider such an intolerant proposition it sets a dangerous precedent for all cities and states Mr Schofield is glad that many Jews signed his petition Some

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/san_francisco_moves_to_ban_circumcision/9549 (2016-02-18)
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  • Debate rages over circumcision in the US
    consent Some argue that it should not be performed on babies because they cannot give consent and it causes pain also subject to debate The American Academy of Pediatrics does not recommend routine circumcision for boys and is preparing to update its policy statement on the issue The procedure has shown success in lowering rates of HIV infection in Africa and many doctors see it as a method of preventing infection of teens in the US One doctor suggests a new approach stop circumcising newborns altogether and allow boys to decide whether they want circumcision when they approach puberty I don t think there s sufficient evidence to be performing circumcisions on neonates says Dr Noni MacDonald of Dalhousie University who wrote an editorial recently on the issue in the Canadian Medical Association Journal Why not wait to do the procedure until a time when it has an impact and when the person you re doing it to can give consent CNN Apr 14 MORE ON THESE TOPICS circumcision US Please enable JavaScript to view the comments powered by Disqus comments powered by Disqus Search BioEdge Subscribe to BioEdge newsletter Subscribe to BioEdge RSS feed MOST READ Dutch psychiatric patients

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/debate_rages_over_circumcision_in_the_us/9499 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: Voluntary circumcision for South African prisoners to fight HIV
    in order to increase circumcisions of sexually active men in the province He also said around 150 prisoners had been circumcised from one prison Qalakabusha and that more volunteers from that same prison were coming forward The province a bastion of the Zulu tribe has not practised circumcision for many years Zulu King Goodwill Zwelithini however recently voiced support for circumcision to return to stop the transmission of HIV and AIDS South Africa s Prisoners Human Rights Organisation said it would approve of the decision as long as the prisoners were adequately informed Spokesman Golden Miles Bhudu said it might be in the inmates best interests It may help fight the scourge as HIV Aids which appears to be spreading like wildfire in South African prisons he said last week Over 5 7 million of South Africa s population of 48 million are living with HIV which is more than in any other country A ban on circumcision was instituted by King Shaka in the 19th century because the procedure put his warriors out of action for months on end Dr Dhlomo said since that 10 000 men had chosen to be circumcised since the program began in April The

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/voluntary_circumcision_for_south_african_prisoners_to_fight_hiv/9275 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: Doctors clash over circumcision in Australia
    wants it to stay that way However a group of Sydney specialists has described the practice as sound health policy which could reduce the chance of transmitting HIV later in life Sydney physician Alex Wodak argues encouraging parents to have their baby boys circumcised is common sense given that the proportion of new HIV cases in Australia associated with heterosexual sex was increasing We should be trying nationally to get back to where we were in the 1950s and 60s where the majority of infant males were circumcised he said However Dr Gervase Chaney of the College feels that experience in other countries is not relevant We don t agree with it We believe that the evidence currently would not support that in Australia that it might be supported in other countries particularly obviously in Africa where there are much higher rates of HIV transmitted heterosexually but that at this stage that that is not something that we would support ABC Sept 20 Courier Mail Sept 20 MORE ON THESE TOPICS circumcision Please enable JavaScript to view the comments powered by Disqus comments powered by Disqus Search BioEdge Subscribe to BioEdge newsletter Subscribe to BioEdge RSS feed MOST READ Dutch

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/doctors_clash_over_circumcision_in_australia/9221 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: Dutch doctors told to discourage male circumcision
    procedure underground About 15 000 boys are circumcised each year On the other hand African countries are actively encouraging circumcision because trials in 2007 in Kenya Uganda and South Africa showed that it dramatically reduced the risk of infection with HIV AIDS According to a report in the BMJ 14 countries in southern Africa are promoting circumcision with radio and television campaigns In Swaziland where HIV prevalence is 45 circumcision is even regarded as crucial to the survival of the state Botswana plans to circumcise all boys by 2012 Even Rwanda where HIV prevalence is only 3 is promoting it as a cost saving public health measure However the Dutch doctors are sceptical of the African data They believe that while it might delay infection it will not prevent it They also say that there are some complications which cannot be ethically justified for a medically futile procedure In the UK Australia and the US the trend is away from circumcision The Australasian Association of Paediatric Surgeons for instance describes circumcision as inappropriate and unnecessary but allowable in children over 6 months old when parents hold a very strong opinion BMJ Aug 17 MORE ON THESE TOPICS circumcision Please enable

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/dutch_doctors_told_to_discourage_male_circumcision/9165 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: FGM convictions: Egypt 1, England 0
    that FGM is performed on at least 15 girls every day and not one single doctor has ever been convicted In December alone there were 558 newly identified cases of FGM John Cameron of the Health and Social Care Information Centre said These new figures indicate that female genital mutilation is a bigger problem in the UK than we thought and there are obviously children at risk of being subjected to this cruel and unnecessary practice right now One case is currently being tried Dr Dhanuson Dharmasena allegedly performed FGM on a patient at the Whittington hospital in north London This is the first time a case has made it to the courts although FGM has been illegal in the UK since 1985 According to the National Health Service more than 20 000 girls under the age of 15 are at risk of FGM in the UK each year and that 66 000 women are living with the consequences of FGM The true figures are unknown Sometimes girls are taken back to their countries of origin during the summer holidays so that the primitive surgery can heal before they return to school Last year a number of ministers signed a declaration of zero tolerance This government is absolutely committed to preventing and ending this extremely harmful form of violence they wrote One year later the figures seem to be rising MORE ON THESE TOPICS Egypt England female genital mutilation UK This article is published by Michael Cook and BioEdge under a Creative Commons licence You may republish it or translate it free of charge with attribution for non commercial purposes following these guidelines If you teach at a university we ask that your department make a donation Commercial media must contact us for permission and fees Some articles on this

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/fgm_convictions_egypt_1_england_0/11308 (2016-02-18)
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