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  • BioEdge: Ebola outbreak prompts ethical questions
    has been testing a vaccine called ZMapp on animals But no one knows whether it is safe or effective on humans Only a handful of doses at the moment and scaling up production to thousands of doses would take months However two white American medical missionaries Kent Brantly and Nancy Writebol who contracted the disease in Africa have been given two precious doses of ZMapp and seem to be improving Why were they chosen instead of Africans Apparently it is regarded as good practice to treat first responders first because of a social responsibility to help those who help others These were people who had volunteered to put themselves in harm s way to help people who were affected by this bioethicist G Kevin Donovan of Georgetown University Medical Center in Washington told USA Today It s not unreasonable for them to have the expectation that we would try to help them But bioethicists are chary of manufacturing an untested drug to distribute in West Africa ZMapp is unproven The partial recovery of the two missionaries may have had nothing to do with the drug Instead of curing people it might make them worse The WHO has convoked a gathering to discuss the ethics of providing an untested vaccine We are in an unusual situation in this outbreak We have a disease with a high fatality rate without any proven treatment or vaccine says Dr Marie Paule Kieny of the WHO We need to ask the medical ethicists to give us guidance on what the responsible thing to do is Some doctors have argued that African governments should make up their own minds on the ethics Writing in the Wall Street Journal three doctors contended that African governments should be allowed to make informed decisions about whether or not to

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/ebola_outbreak_prompts_ethical_questions/11093 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: the latest news and articles about bioethics
    emergency although it has not suggested general bans on travel or trade Search BioEdge Subscribe to BioEdge newsletter Subscribe to BioEdge RSS feed Recent Posts Dutch psychiatric patients may get euthanasia too easily says US study 14 Feb 2016 A Dutch report applies the brakes on completed life euthanasia 13 Feb 2016 Celebrating 15 years of Dutch euthanasia 13 Feb 2016 Canada s euthanasia courts 13 Feb 2016 IVF audit

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/tag/experimental+drugs (2016-02-18)
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  • Cambridge quarterly of healthcare ethics discusses philosophical bioethics
    and judgments depends on the correctness of their underlying theories It is my conviction that philosophers can expose the presuppositions of these views and present them for all to see in the hope that people can then make informed choices among alternative solutions In the responses to the question wither philosophical bioethics contributors offer diverse perspectives ranging from feminist and post modern to pragmatic and egalitarian In his Toward a Postmodern Bioethics David Gibson discusses the importance of scepticism toward meta narratives in theoretical bioethics In seeking to question and disrupt accepted approaches and theories in healthcare a postmodern approach attempts to acknowledge the limitations that healthcare practices impose on practitioners while calling on theorists to take responsibility for their contributions In The Evolving Idea of Social Responsibility in Bioethics A Welcome Trend Johanna Ahola Launonen examines the extent to which individuals can be held answerable when it comes to the link between their choices and their health problems She argues that we have an ethical imperative to discuss and address social factors that lead to poor health There is an abundance of empirical evidence to support the significance of social determinants Family wealth social status networks and cultural knowledge of societal processes mold a child s personality and her future prospects One task of philosophical bioethics is to correct erroneous attributions of responsibility Taken as a whole this Cambridge Quarterly series of essays provides a good overview of different perspectives in philosophical bioethics It s an informative summary of the status quaestionis MORE ON THESE TOPICS applied ethics philosophical bioethics postmodernism public health public policy This article is published by Xavier Symons and BioEdge under a Creative Commons licence You may republish it or translate it free of charge with attribution for non commercial purposes following these guidelines If

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/whats-so-philosophical-about-bioethics/11443 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: the latest news and articles about bioethics
    taken philosophical bioethics by the horns and published a collection of essays Search BioEdge Subscribe to BioEdge newsletter Subscribe to BioEdge RSS feed Recent Posts Dutch psychiatric patients may get euthanasia too easily says US study 14 Feb 2016 A Dutch report applies the brakes on completed life euthanasia 13 Feb 2016 Celebrating 15 years of Dutch euthanasia 13 Feb 2016 Canada s euthanasia courts 13 Feb 2016 IVF audit

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/tag/applied+ethics (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: Feverish vaccine debate spreads to Australia
    the smart thing and the right thing to do to immunise your children Federal opposition leader Bill Shorten agreed We believe fundamentally in the science of vaccinations and we fundamentally believe that policy should be made by the best evidence and the best science The announcement has met fierce criticism from many members of the public An online petition against compulsory vaccinations in Australia that states all parents deserve to make an uncoerced choice has received more than 3000 signatures in five days Bond University associate professor Stephen S Holden called the government s new policy ethically precarious Here s what lies at the heart of the problem the risk of adverse reactions from vaccines is actually very small but families unfortunate enough to suffer a vaccination reaction are unlikely to be consoled by this improbability They may be little moved by the fact that their loss nonetheless served the common good Experts estimate that 39 000 Australian children under seven have not received immunisation because their parents are vaccine objectors MORE ON THESE TOPICS public health vaccination This article is published by Xavier Symons and BioEdge under a Creative Commons licence You may republish it or translate it free

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/feverish-vaccine-debate-spreads-to-australia/11404 (2016-02-18)
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  • Pakistan mandatory vaccination ethical debate
    chosen to prioritize public health over individual consent A significant number of refugees refuse the vaccine and are turned back at regional checkpoints In June last year for example nearly 40 trucks carrying internally displaced persons IDPs from North Waziristan en route to Afghanistan were turned back by the Pakistan army at the Pakistan Afghan border The refugees demanded that they be first provided with food and shelter before the administration of the vaccine Refugees often believe Taliban authorities who claim that vaccination is a Western conspiracy and will spoil i e render infertile their children This is not an entirely unfounded claim In 2011 the CIA used a hepatitis vaccination program as a front to gather intelligence on the whereabouts of Al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden The new government policy has attracted the attention of Western bioethicists In an article in this month s edition of the Journal of Medical Ethics Art Caplan and David L Curry of the NYU School of Medicine argue that states have a right and a responsibility to require vaccination in instances where serious vaccine preventable diseases threaten local populations Aid can morally be made contingent on vaccination when there is direct imminent risk to aid givers and nations from whom aid is being sought Surprisingly Caplan and Curry do not mention the CIA incident that has provided such strong support for Taliban scaremongering MORE ON THESE TOPICS consent Pakistan polio public health vaccination This article is published by Xavier Symons and BioEdge under a Creative Commons licence You may republish it or translate it free of charge with attribution for non commercial purposes following these guidelines If you teach at a university we ask that your department make a donation Commercial media must contact us for permission and fees Some articles on

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/vaccinate_or_be_turned_back/11341 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: the latest news and articles about bioethics
    Bioethics is probably not high on the Taliban s to do list and it is making no exceptions for public health Bioethicist denounces silence on Taliban polio vaccine ban Jared Yee 21 June 2012 Comments tags polio politics and bioethics Bioethicist Art Caplan has denounced international silence after a powerful Taliban leader in northern Pakistan banned the vaccination of 161 000 children against polio Search BioEdge Subscribe to BioEdge newsletter

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/tag/polio (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: UK may cut welfare if you don’t diet
    rather than work becomes the choice It is not fair to ask hardworking taxpayers to fund the benefits of people who refuse to accept the support and treatment that could help them get back to a life of work The next Conservative government is determined to make sure that the hardest to help get the support they need to get them back to a fulfilling life The notion that the government should meddle with lifestyles is popular with cost cutting bureaucrats but controversial among doctors and libertarians Mr Cameron s present idea is the sharp end of the stick but behavioural change through nudging has been on the government s agenda for several years The idea stems from the 2008 book Nudge Improving Decisions About Health Wealth and Happiness by US academics Richard Thaler and Cass Sunstein Their theory is that personal freedom and paternalism are not mutually exclusive and that the state should act as a guiding hand gently and inobtrusively nudging citizens to accept its policies It is clear that the health consequences of an epidemic of obesity diabetes heart disease strokes and other chronic diseases will be a drain on Britain s National Health Service A 2007 report by the Nuffield Council on Bioethics on the ethics of public health suggested that the problem was too complex to be solved by making benefits conditional upon treatment It s clear that after eight years of dithering and nudging the Cameron government has decided to cut the Gordian knot To rephrase the Biblical injunction this we commanded you that if any would not diet neither should he get the dole MORE ON THESE TOPICS nudging obesity public health This article is published by Michael Cook and BioEdge under a Creative Commons licence You may republish it or translate it

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/uk_may_cut_welfare_if_you_dont_diet/11330 (2016-02-18)
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