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  • BioEdge: JAMA debates assisted suicide
    University and Dr Farr Curlin of Duke University go to more fundamental issues They question whether doctors ought to support the desire of a few patients for unlimited autonomy They fear that this will eventually destroy trust patients trust in their physicians If the medical profession accepts physician assisted suicide it will be declaring decisively that physicians are mere providers of services to be guided only by the desires of the individual patient the will of the state or other third parties and what the law allows The idea of medicine as a profession which embodies a shared commitment to care for persons who are sick and debilitated so as to restore their health will quickly fade into memory Those made vulnerable by sickness and debility to whom physicians owe their solidarity as physicians will have much less reason to entrust themselves to physicians care Patients like 29 year old Brittany Maynard whose YouTube video about her impending suicide in Oregon sparked the passage of California s legislation insist that they want to die on their own terms But Yang and Curlin argue that Patients already have the right to refuse life sustaining treatment They have the right to proportionate palliation even if death is hastened as a side effect They also have the liberty to end their lives by all manner of methods that do not involve physicians Like their opponents they also complain about terminology not because it is patronising but because it lacks realism With respect to physician assisted suicide the right to die is a euphemism for the putative right to have a physician help me kill myself At the heart of their essay is the belief that doctors must maintain solidarity with those who suffer not abandon them Insofar as physicians enjoy societal trust it is because since Hippocrates physicians have maintained solidarity with those who are sick and disabled seeking only to heal and refusing to use their skills and powers to do harm That is why Doctors Without Borders treats injured Taliban soldiers It is why physicians have refused to participate in capital punishment or to be active combatants or to cooperate with torture It is why physicians have refused to help patients commit suicide Many patients with terminal illness fear unbearable pain or other symptoms The physicians role is to care for them in their illness so as to relieve pain or otherwise help them bear up under the symptoms they endure Many patients loath the prospect of abject debility The physician s role is to maintain solidarity with those whose health is diminished not to imply that debility renders a patient s life not worth living Palliative care expert Harvey Max Chochinov chaired a panel which reported to the Canadian government about community attitudes toward euthanasia He also found difficulties with terminology The terminology used seems to depend almost entirely on an individual s philosophical vantage point Descriptors from those appearing before the panel ran the gamut from killing to an

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/jama-debates-assisted-suicide/11721 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: the latest news and articles about bioethics
    on the agenda everywhere Search BioEdge Subscribe to BioEdge newsletter Subscribe to BioEdge RSS feed Recent Posts Dutch psychiatric patients may get euthanasia too easily says US study 14 Feb 2016 A Dutch report applies the brakes on completed life euthanasia 13 Feb 2016 Celebrating 15 years of Dutch euthanasia 13 Feb 2016 Canada s euthanasia courts 13 Feb 2016 IVF audit in Australia 13 Feb 2016 Archive Feb 2016

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/tag/JAMA (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: the latest news and articles about bioethics
    minds in the US and Britain were in favour of purging the race of defectives in the early 20th century Complications of effective referral Michael Cook 23 Jan 2016 tags conscientious objection cooperation in evil effective referral Sixty years after Nazi cogs in the machine are still being put on trial UK on verge of editing genome of human embryos Michael Cook 16 Jan 2016 tags CRISPR embryo research UK Researchers want to study gene regulation by using surplus IVF embryos Canadian doctors should not be forced to refer for euthanasia says association Michael Cook 16 Jan 2016 tags Canada conscience conscientious objection Access is the responsibility of the community not the physician argues the Canadian Medical Association UK think tank to investigate cosmetic procedure industry Michael Cook 16 Jan 2016 tags cosmetic surgery Nuffield Council on Bioethics UK Booming growth brings problems Is US medicine becoming an assembly line Michael Cook 16 Jan 2016 tags commercialization patient care Taylorism Boston physicians complain in NEJM that patients are being treated like cars British man has fathered 800 children Michael Cook 15 Jan 2016 tags sperm donation UK Wild West Simon Watson is aiming for 1000 Making eugenics fun in Belgium Michael Cook 15 Jan 2016 tags Belgium eugenics sperm donation Ad advertising agency launches a bizarre campaign Defending Catholic views on contraception Michael Cook 15 Jan 2016 tags Catholic Church contraception American bioethicist and theologian Janet E Smith makes it more plausible even if you don t end up agreeing Demented patients can be euthanized in Netherlands Michael Cook 10 Jan 2016 tags dementia euthanasia Netherlands if there is an advance directive ISIS has authorised forced organ removals of apostates Michael Cook 10 Jan 2016 tags ISIS Islamic State organ harvesting organ trafficking Proof found in documents captured by US

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/multiple_author/Michael/P15 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: the latest news and articles about bioethics
    liberal euthanasia laws When Ebola breaks out again whose fault will it be Michael Cook 19 Dec 2015 tags Ebola epidemics public health There has been a moral failure to confront serious epidemics Mexico closes door to cheap surrogate mothers Michael Cook 19 Dec 2015 tags Mexico surrogacy surrogate motherhood Tabasco restricts surrogacy to Mexican nationals US clinics obliged to offer fertility services to transgenders Michael Cook 19 Dec 2015 tags IVF transgender ASRM issues official statement The top tech ethical issues of 2016 Michael Cook 19 Dec 2015 tags bioethics bioethics discourse From talking Barbie to CRISPR Should high school football be banned Michael Cook 12 Dec 2015 tags concussion football concussion harm sports Experts say that the risk of serious disability from concussion is too great Somerville vs Savulescu on gene editing Michael Cook 12 Dec 2015 tags gene editing genetic engineering Julian Savulescu Margaret Somerville Two prominent bioethicists debate the leading issue of the day Most research using foetal tissue focuses on infectious diseases Michael Cook 12 Dec 2015 tags abortion fetal tissue research National Institutes of Health Planned Parenthood Figures from NIH Call for Belgium to revise euthanasia legislation Michael Cook 12 Dec 2015 tags Belgium euthanasia Doctors and ethicists protest death as therapy The socialite and her dialysis machine Michael Cook 12 Dec 2015 tags human drama informed consent refusal of treatment Is life s not much fun any more good enough reason to refuse treatment Summit fails to ban genetic engineering of human embryos Michael Cook 5 Dec 2015 tags CRISPR genetic engineering Door needs to be left open for further possibilties Debate begins over ethics of genetic editing Michael Cook 5 Dec 2015 tags CRISPR genetic editing genetic engineering The same issues as the fight over embryonic stem cells Chinese scientists could clone

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/multiple_author/Michael/P30 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: the latest news and articles about bioethics
    forces religious charity to offer contraceptives Michael Cook 5 Mar 2004 tags Cancer patients should die at home says charity Michael Cook 5 Mar 2004 tags Regulating suicide tourism in Switzerland Michael Cook 5 Mar 2004 tags Scientists can be rascals say journal editors Michael Cook 5 Mar 2004 tags IN BRIEF Canadian Caesars female genital mutilation free IVF in UK quitting IVF Michael Cook 5 Mar 2004 tags Page

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/multiple_author/Michael/P3690 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: the latest news and articles about bioethics
    pendulum has swung so far The people who need pain medication can t click here to read whole article and make comments US military to offer sperm and egg storage by Michael Cook 6 Feb 2016 As part of its effort to make the US Department of Defense a more family friendly employer Secretary Ashton Carter has announced that the military will pay for storing eggs and sperm for its troops as well as for more IVF treatment Women soldiers are at risk of missing out on their peak reproductive years by taking up a career in the military and men in combat risk damage to their reproductive organs At a press conference at which he outlined measures ranging from creating 3 600 breast feeding rooms to more IVF clinics Carter explained the new policy on gamete storage We can help our men and women preserve their ability to start a family even if they suffer certain combat injuries That s why we will cover the cost of freezing sperm or eggs through a pilot program for active duty service members a benefit click here to read whole article and make comments Zika birth control and free abortion pills by Xavier Symons 6 Feb 2016 As concern mounts about the spread of the Zika virus groups around the world are suggesting radical measures for North and South America Perhaps the most extreme response has been from abortion activist Rebecca Gomperts the founder and director of Women on Web Gomperts organisation is offering women infected with Zika free abortion pills apparently to halt the rush toward unsafe termination of pregnancy The Zika virus is now spreading to most of the countries where abortion is very restricted Gomperts told AFP We really care about women s health and lives and we want to make sure that women have access to a good medical abortion Zika is thought to cause microcephaly a rare birth defect although the link is yet to be scientifically proven Abortion is illegal in Brazil save a few exceptions and government authorities intercept abortifacients being shipped into the country Gomperts is calling on the click here to read whole article and make comments Three parent babies but only males by Xavier Symons 6 Feb 2016 The US National Academies of Sciences Engineering and Medicine has recommended that US government allow mitochondrial DNA transfer in male embryos The Academy made the recommendation in report issued last week entitled Mitochondrial Replacement Techniques Ethical Social and Policy Considerations The report s authors recognize the ethical complexities of the procedure which was approved by the UK Parliament last year but nevertheless suggest that the DNA alterations involved are minimal enough to make it ethically permissible As stated in the abstract While significant ethical social and policy considerations are associated with MRT the most germane of these issues can be avoided through limitations on the use of MRT or are blunted by meaningful differences between the heritable genetic modification introduced by MRT and heritable

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/localhost/Users/michaelcook/Desktop/_FGM%20kennedy%20accepted%20acad.pdf/P10 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: the latest news and articles about bioethics
    it as a political hit click here to read whole article and make comments London sperm bank allegedly promoting eugenics by Michael Cook 29 Jan 2016 The largest sperm bank in the UK is being investigated by the national fertility regulator for promoting eugenic practices Following complaints about the London Sperm Bank the Human Fertility and Embryology Authority has asked why donors with a long list of medical conditions are being excluded These include attention deficit disorder ADD attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD autism Asperger syndrome dyslexia severe obsessive compulsive disorder colour blindness cystic fibrosis Alzheimer s disease epilepsy Parkinson disease and the motor disorder dyspraxia Media attention focused on dyslexia as a number of prominent high achievers have been dyslexics like Sir Richard Branson and Steve Jobs Fred Fisher a 30 year old dyslexic Oxford graduate who is working as a software engineers was rejected by the sperm bank I told them this was eugenics but it s not even good eugenics Would they turn away Richard Branson or Albert Einstein We need innovative people who click here to read whole article and make comments New French law creates right to terminal sedation by Michael Cook 29 Jan 2016 The French National Assembly has approved a law which creates a right to terminal sedation until death but not to euthanasia or assisted suicide The law has been debated for years and the present text is a consensus which tries to maintain a middle ground between voluntary euthanasia and therapeutic obstinacy Patients have a right to request deep continuous sedation altering consciousness until death but only if they are at the end of life Doctors may stop life sustaining treatments including artificial hydration and nutrition Sedation and painkillers will be allowed even if they may shorten the person s life Socialist Alain Claeys co author of the bill said Our text has one purpose fighting a bad dying that still happens too often in France The conservative co author Jean Leonetti explained At end of your life if the suffering is unbearable you ll be allowed to get to sleep soothed and click here to read whole article and make comments Pope sets out his bioethics priorities by Michael Cook 29 Jan 2016 Sentences with the two words Pope and bioethics are normally accompanied by a not prohibitions of therapies and criticisms of theories Pope Francis s latest remarks mark a refreshing change in style though not in substance In an address this week to the Italian National Bioethics Committee the Pope set down priorities for bioethicists 1 The inter disciplinary analysis of the causes of environmental degradation This is obviously a topic dear to his heart as he devoted an entire encyclical to it last year But it is not a conventional topic for bioethicists Catholic or not 2 Disability and marginalization of vulnerable subjects This appears to be a new way of approaching the traditional Catholic insistence on protecting life from conception to natural death It is the

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/localhost/Users/michaelcook/Desktop/_FGM%20kennedy%20accepted%20acad.pdf/P20 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: the latest news and articles about bioethics
    burden of health care on women without regard to any religious dispute over the propriety of artificial contraception Catholic Charities was breaching the Women s Contraceptive Equity Act a law which was intended to eliminate discrimination against women who spend as much as 68 more than men in out of pocket health costs mostly on contraceptives Margaret Crosby of the click here to read whole article and make comments Cancer patients should die at home says charity by Michael Cook 5 Mar 2004 A UK charity Marie Curie Cancer Care is lobbying the government to fund home care so that patients can die at home with their families A survey commissioned by the charity found that 64 of people would like to die at home if they were terminally ill But tight palliative care budgets mean that only 25 are able to do so The charity has calculated that the Government could save 200 million a year in hospital costs if it spent 100 million on home care Tom Hughes Hallet the CEO of the charity says the choice to die at home is not there for everyone We want to give people the choice to die at home surrounded by their family and what people want time and time again is to be with their pets often their greatest friend in their life Very often the patient will got into hospital because they do not want to be a burden to their click here to read whole article and make comments Regulating suicide tourism in Switzerland by Michael Cook 5 Mar 2004 Frustrated by the Swiss central government s lethargy Zurich s public prosecutor is drafting legislation to clamp down on suicide tourism and to burden assisted suicide groups with red tape and expenses Last month the Swiss justice minister Christoph Blocher decided that a federal law on assisted suicide was not a priority for him even though the number of foreigners who have killed themselves in Zurich with the help of an organisation called Dignitas increased from 3 in 1999 to 91 in 2003 Prosecutor Andreas Brunner fears that suicide organisations may not be operating within the law Since most of their clients spend only a single day in Switzerland it is very difficult to assess whether they really have a long standing wish to die People with mental illnesses may also be ending their lives The law also stipulates that the patient must administer the poison himself but in one recent case an assistant poured a click here to read whole article and make comments Scientists can be rascals say journal editors by Michael Cook 5 Mar 2004 Some researchers are up to no good according to the annual report of the Committee on Publishing Ethics Although the number of misdemeanours 29 is a tiny fraction of the tens of thousands of scientific papers published each year the committee is drafting a code of ethics which requires editors to report them As the Nature News Service commented

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/localhost/Users/michaelcook/Desktop/_FGM%20kennedy%20accepted%20acad.pdf/P4660 (2016-02-18)
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