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  • BioEdge: the latest news and articles about bioethics
    possibility of having a child Officials say that they have been unable to meet the current demand click here to read whole article and make comments Embryo custody battles on the rise by Xavier Symons 23 Jan 2016 In recent years more and more couples quarrelling over embryos from the sunnier days of their relationship have appeared in court The latest story to hit the US press was that of Jalesia McQueen and Justin Gadberry a divorced Missouri couple fighting for custody of 10 year old embryos Two embryos were left over after McQueen and Gadberry used IVF to have their twin boys now 8 A Missouri County Court ruled that the couple jointly owns the remaining embryos but McQueen and Gadberry are at loggerheads She wants to have more children he wants have the embryos destroyed Late last month McQueen appealed the ruling to the Missouri Court of Appeals saying that the embryos are living beings and should not be destroyed When you go through this process and see these embryos created they re your babies McQueen said Wednesday at news conference at the Old click here to read whole article and make comments Catastrophic result in clinical trial in France by Xavier Symons 17 Jan 2016 One man has been pronounced brain dead and another six are in a critical condition after a stage one pain relief drug trial was carried out in France The men were among 90 participants in the trial of an endocannabinoid inhibitor produced by the Portuguese pharmaceutical firm Bial The drug a so called FAAH inhibitor was intended to reduce pain in the patients The affected patients however have experienced serious adverse side effects and some face permanent handicaps The brain dead patient was admitted hospital in Rennes on Monday Other patients went in on Wednesday and Thursday The trial which has only been running for a week was cancelled after the incidents were reported All patients taking part in the trial have been called back for medical examination French officials expressed their concern about the incident but argued that the trial was carried out in accord with existing click here to read whole article and make comments How much treatment do heroin addicts deserve by Xavier Symons 16 Jan 2016 American heart surgeons are making the difficult decision not to provide surgery to heroin addicts who present repeatedly with drug induced heart valve infections A number of stories in recent months have described in detail the doctors dilemma having to chose between another heart valve replacement for addicts sometimes costing more than US 500 000 or refusing to operate on them again A heart valve replacement operation requires patients to abstain from drug use in the months following the procedure but most heroin addicts are non compliant Doctors feel that repeat operations are a poor allocation of healthcare resources This costs a lot of money says Scott H Bronleewe an experienced cardiac surgeon practicing in Tampa Florida Six to eight weeks of

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/P30 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: Half million at risk of female genital mutilation in US, says report
    told The Guardian No child should be forced to undergo this However it became apparent that some families were circumventing the ban by returning to their countries of origin commonly known as vacation cutting So in 2013 another law the Transport for Female Genital Mutilation Act made it a crime to knowingly transport a girl out of the United States for FGM The report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that 513 000 women and girls were at risk in 2012 the last year for which figures are available However it is important to stress that no figures are available for how many actually underwent FGM Most of the increase since the first estimate in 1990 has come from second generation women and girls born in the US In Europe the risk of FGM for second generation is relatively slight because immigrants tend to assimilate to the surrounding culture However the huge increase may signal a need for appropriate healthcare physical emotional psychosocial for women at risk MORE ON THESE TOPICS female genital mutilation This article is published by Michael Cook and BioEdge under a Creative Commons licence You may republish it or translate it free of

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/half-million-at-risk-of-female-genital-mutilation-in-us-says-report/11723 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: First euthanasia case in Quebec
    be confidential The first figures will be released in June The legality of the deaths is disputed Although the Supreme Court struck down the prohibition of assisted suicide and euthanasia in February 2015 Quebec is the only province which has passed a law regulating it Technically however this conflicts with the still extant national criminal code Drafting of new legislation has been held up by a change of government after October s election To solve this the Supreme Court last week permitted assisted suicide across the country under certain circumstances while granting the government four more months to pass regulations However the deaths in Quebec preceded the Supreme Court s concession and thus were technically illegal Columnist Peter Stockland was scathing in his criticism of the province s independent spirit it proceeded with the assisted suicide while maintaining the pretence of participating in the legal process I do not know if that technically constitutes contempt of court But I do know a very contemptuous nose thumbing when I see it MORE ON THESE TOPICS Canada euthanasia Quebec This article is published by Michael Cook and BioEdge under a Creative Commons licence You may republish it or translate it free of

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/first-euthanasia-case-in-quebec/11720 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: the latest news and articles about bioethics
    agencies to donate and then created an ad campaign The poster depicts one of the men with the words Are you in the creative click here to read whole article and make comments Defending Catholic views on contraception by Michael Cook 15 Jan 2016 Although with more than a billion members the Catholic Church has immense influence on bioethical practice its positions are rejected by many bioethical theorists None is more disputed even ridiculed than its condemnation of contraception However this stand does have thoughtful defenders In Catholic circles one of the best known is Janet Smith an American classical scholar turned bioethicist and moral theologian She is a popular lecturer serves on Vatican committees and has appeared on Fox Morning News CNN International CNN Newsroom Al Jazeera and EWTN Dr Smith has a knack for making for making the Catholic stand on contraception plausible Most people believe that it has something to do with the abortifacient effects of the pill but that is essentially a secondary consideration The Jesuit magazine America recently interviewed her about her work Here are some excerpts In your own words what is click here to read whole article and make comments Demented patients can be euthanized in Netherlands by Michael Cook 10 Jan 2016 The Netherlands health ministry has revised its guidelines to allow severely demented patients to be euthanized However an advance directive which was made when the patient was lucid is required The guidelines acknowledge that patients often do not seem to be suffering unbearably because of their dementia However they still suffer from conditions like severe anxiety and pain In those cases a doctor may give euthanasia even if a patient can not make it clear in words or gesture says the ministry But there has to be a written request for euthanasia that the patient drew up earlier The guidelines were updated to make the position of doctors more legally secure Some demented patients have been euthanized but there is uncertainty about whether or not such actions were lawful Hence many doctors refuse to euthanise their demented patients The guidelines include instructions for drafting a euthanasia click here to read whole article and make comments ISIS has authorised forced organ removals of apostates by Michael Cook 10 Jan 2016 Persistent rumours about organ trafficking by the Islamic State have some basis in fact Amongst a trove of documents captured by US troops in a May raid in Syria is Fatwa 68 dated January 15 2015 The opinion issued by the Islamic State s Research and Fatwa Committee states unequivocally that organs may be taken from apostates without their consent and even if it causes their death However no proof has been found that organs have in fact been removed from ISIS captives Nor is it clear who would be classified as an apostate by the extremist Sunnis who support ISIS In the past Yazidis Christians and other non Muslims have been described as apostates but also Shias and Sunnis who

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/P40 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: Green light for human tests with pesticides in US
    the National Research Council is the latest development in an on again off again controversy over human tests The head of the panel James Childress of the Institute for Practical Ethics at the University of Virginia said that there was a public benefit in using the best available science In the tests subjects are given levels of chemicals which will probably not harm them The results will show regulators how much of a particular pesticide can be applied to crops and how close to harvest time Critics savaged the decision We thought that these issues were resolved 50 years ago after the Nuremberg trials but the chemical industry continues its campaign to make it acceptable to use human guinea pigs to maximise its profits says Erik Olson of the Natural Resources Defense Council an environmental group The response of the pesticide industry is that human tests are needed to ensure that regulations for exposure levels are not set at overly restrictive levels MORE ON THESE TOPICS Please enable JavaScript to view the comments powered by Disqus comments powered by Disqus Search BioEdge Subscribe to BioEdge newsletter Subscribe to BioEdge RSS feed MOST READ Dutch psychiatric patients may get euthanasia too

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/green_light_for_human_tests_with_pesticides_in_us/7803 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: California court forces religious charity to offer contraceptives
    morning after pill in its employee prescription drug coverage despite the Church s opposition to birth control California is one of 20 states which require employers to provide coverage for contraceptives if they offer pharmaceutical benefits to their employees Until now Catholic Charities had argued that it was exempt as a religious organisation Justice Kathryn Mickle Werdegar wrote for the court in the 6 1 decision that the main issue was the inequitable burden of health care on women without regard to any religious dispute over the propriety of artificial contraception Catholic Charities was breaching the Women s Contraceptive Equity Act a law which was intended to eliminate discrimination against women who spend as much as 68 more than men in out of pocket health costs mostly on contraceptives Margaret Crosby of the American Civil Liberties Union described the decision as a shining example of Californian leadership in reproductive freedom MORE ON THESE TOPICS Please enable JavaScript to view the comments powered by Disqus comments powered by Disqus Search BioEdge Subscribe to BioEdge newsletter Subscribe to BioEdge RSS feed MOST READ Dutch psychiatric patients may get euthanasia too easily says US study Should we get rid of race in genetics

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/california_court_forces_religious_charity_to_offer_contraceptives/7804 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: Cancer patients should die at home, says charity
    care Tom Hughes Hallet the CEO of the charity says the choice to die at home is not there for everyone We want to give people the choice to die at home surrounded by their family and what people want time and time again is to be with their pets often their greatest friend in their life Very often the patient will got into hospital because they do not want

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/cancer_patients_should_die_at_home_says_charity/7805 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: Regulating suicide tourism in Switzerland
    91 in 2003 Prosecutor Andreas Brunner fears that suicide organisations may not be operating within the law Since most of their clients spend only a single day in Switzerland it is very difficult to assess whether they really have a long standing wish to die People with mental illnesses may also be ending their lives The law also stipulates that the patient must administer the poison himself but in one recent case an assistant poured a fatal dose down a man s throat Brunner plans to force staff at suicide clinics to sit exams on how to help people die without pain Two medical reports from separate doctors and a certificate to prove their mental fitness would be required They would also have to share the cost of investigating the deaths last year s bill was 273 000 Swiss francs A 280 000 Early in February the Swiss Academy of Medical Sciences did an about face on euthanasia and backed assisted suicide for terminally ill patients We still state that assisted suicide is not part of normal medical practice but we add that there are situations where assisted suicide can be comprehensible said the Academy s president Werner Stauffacher MORE

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/regulating_suicide_tourism_in_switzerland/7806 (2016-02-18)
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