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  • BioEdge: Doctors support detainees’ protest over force-feeding at Guantanamo
    violations of medical ethics They complain that the doctors do not have their best interests at heart that the detainees are not being treated as human beings that the force feeding is tantamount to torture that the regimen amounts to a treatment experiment on an unprecedented scale that force feeding violates patient autonomy to refuse treatment and that collaboration constitutes a clear violation of codes of medical ethics In The Lancet s letter the 153 doctors ask President Obama to allow independent medical assessments because trust which is essential for effective medical care has broken down The Guardian which is campaigning on treatment of the detainees sought a response from prison authorities A spokesman said that none of the doctors nurses or corpsman had voiced the slightest objection They signed up to carry out lawful orders he said This is a lawful order MORE ON THESE TOPICS force feeding Guantanamo Bay informed consent This article is published by Michael Cook and BioEdge under a Creative Commons licence You may republish it or translate it free of charge with attribution for non commercial purposes following these guidelines If you teach at a university we ask that your department make a donation

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/doctors_support_detainees_protest_over_forced_feeding_at_guantanamo/10574 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: Guantanamo Bay hunger strikers are being force-fed
    as capable of forming an unimpaired and rational judgment concerning the consequences of such a voluntary refusal of nourishment he or she shall not be fed artificially It is not clear how many doctors if any are involved in the force feeding However President Obama has ignored the niceties of medical ethics for the hunger strikers He simply told the media I don t want these individuals to die Politically it is impossible to release the detainees legally it is hard to try them So they remain in limbo frustrated and angry The military has not released much information about the force feeding regimen But in The Daily Beast infectious diseases expert Kent Sepkowitz of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center makes it sound excruciating Without question it is the most painful procedure doctors routinely inflict on conscious patients The nose as anyone knows who ever has received a stinger from an errant baseball has countless pain fibers Some patients may scream and gasp as the tube is introduced the tear ducts well up and overflow the urge to sneeze or cough or vomit is often uncontrollable The procedure is in a word barbaric And that s when we are trying to be nice However he also is unsure what is to be done In this debate individual doctors are stuck at a crossroads of unusual complexity Sworn to alleviate pain and prevent death where possible we also are sworn to respect the wishes of the individual For us there is no simple way out Though sharing some similarities the situation is distinct from respecting the wishes of a patient dying from an untreatable illness starvation has a remedy MORE ON THESE TOPICS Guantanamo Bay hunger strike informed consent This article is published by Michael Cook and BioEdge under a Creative

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/guantanamo_bay_hunger_strikers_are_being_force_fed/10509 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: Force-feeding at Guantanamo Bay condemned
    arms legs and head are strapped down Moqbel claims this is the widespread practice of the prison officers There aren t enough qualified medical staff members to carry out the force feedings They are feeding people around the clock Navy Captain Robert Durand a spokesman for the detention camp has called Moqbel s accusations those allegations absolutely false According to the Defense Department only around a dozen prisoners are being force fed Military doctors say the process is done gently that the feeding tubes are lubricated before insertion one said he used olive oil and that the prisoners can choose which flavor of Ensure liquid meals they want However the military has acknowledged that prisoners are sometimes strapped into restraint chairs with their head and limbs immobilized to keep them from removing the tubes The UN Human Rights commission has labelled the practice of force feeding a form of torture In 2006 over 250 medical experts signed a letter to the Lancet condemning force feeding in Guantanamo MORE ON THESE TOPICS force feeding Guantanamo Bay torture This article is published by Xavier Symons and BioEdge under a Creative Commons licence You may republish it or translate it free of charge

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/force_feeding_at_guantanamo_bay_condemned/10482 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: Psychologists shaken by report on torture program
    figure was the APA s ethics director Stephen Behnke Others involved included the president the president elect the CEO deputy CEO general counsel and the communications director Rather than uphold the principle of do no harm APA leadership subverted its own ethics policies and sabotaged all efforts at enforcement said Donna McKay executive director of Physicians for Human Rights a persistent critic of the APA s policy The report written by David Hoffman a former federal prosecutor concluded that APA s principal motive in doing so was to align APA and curry favor with DoD There were two other important motives to create a good public relations response and to keep the growth of psychology unrestrained in this area It also appears that APA officials may have engaged in criminal behaviour by Colluding with the US Department of Defense the CIA and other elements of the Bush administration to enable psychologists to design implement and defend the post 9 11 torture program Allowing military and intelligence personnel to write APA ethics policies regulating their own conduct to ensure they were covered for their roles in the torture program Engaging in a coordinated campaign to cover up the collusion and blocking attempts to oppose these policies within the APA and Obstructing and manipulating ethics investigations into psychologists involved in the torture program As mental health professionals our first obligation must be to our patients said Dr Kerry Sulkowicz a psychiatrist with the Physicans for Human Right The APA s collusion with the government s national security apparatus is one of the greatest scandals in US medical history Immediate action must be taken to restore health professional ethics and to ensure this never happens again MORE ON THESE TOPICS torture This article is published by Michael Cook and BioEdge under a Creative

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/psychologists-shaken-by-report-on-torture-program/11511 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: Torture: sometimes a man’s gotta do what a man’s gotta do, say bioethicists
    that it has to identify some threshold on the scale that measures the elements of torture such as suffering and then claim that nothing not even the prevention of a billion murders can justify the infliction of that degree of harm even on a wrongdoer But the view does not absolutely prohibit the infliction of the highest degree of harm below the threshold It has to concede that the infliction of that degree of harm can be permissible even to prevent harms far less bad than the murder of a billion people The idea that there is such a threshold is wholly implausible Another utilitarian who supports the use of torture in rare circumstances is the best known of animal rights theorists Peter Singer In his book The Life You Can Save How to Do Your Part to End World Poverty he says I would argue if I find myself in the highly improbable scenario where only torturing a terrorist will enable me to stop a nuclear bomb from going off in the middle of New York I ought to torture the terrorist Another prominent bioethicist who supports torture is Frances Kamm who teaches at Harvard University In her recent book Ethics for Enemies Terror Torture and War she argues that torture may well be permissible in a variety of cases She writes it is sometimes permissible to torture someone at least for a short time without permanent damage if we would otherwise permissibly kill him Ivory tower arguments for torture in philosophy journals have real world consequences McMahan relates that an American philosopher Henry Slue admitted that torture was not absolutely wrong in an influential article in 1978 Two CIA agents later thanked him They were relieved to find that their day jobs were ethically justifiable MORE ON THESE

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/torture_sometimes_a_mans_gotta_do_what_a_mans_gotta_do_say_bioethicists/11311 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: Psychologists criticised in CIA torture report
    is now retired and living in Florida told Bloomberg Everyone is assuming it is me but I can t confirm or deny it It is frustrating because you can t defend yourself But he defended the broad aims of the program he helped to design The people who think the men and woman in the CIA are doing the heavy lifting for them so they can sleep safe at night those people I get a lot of positive comments from Then there are the people who think it would be better that 3 000 people die than that KSM Khalid Sheikh Mohammed get slapped and they don t care because it isn t going to be them who is dying They just don t care The techniques they designed were based on the notion of learned helplessness which was developed in the 1960s with dogs by Martin Seligman who is mortified by his indirect link with torture People who face unending adversity eventually become depressed and give up attempts to improve their situation The CIA s psychologists thought that this state would encourage detainees to become cooperative and volunteer information Physicians for Human Rights was highly critical of the participation of health professionals in all stages of the CIA s program Their involvement in monitoring the torture techniques was central to providing legal protection to interrogators said PHR as torture could them be described as safe legal and effective They were complicit at every step including designing the torture techniques monitoring the infliction of severe physical and mental pain and failing to document clear evidence of harm said Dr Vincent Iacopino PHR s senior medical advisor What happened was unethical unlawful and immoral and we must ensure it never happens again MORE ON THESE TOPICS 911 human rights military ethics

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/work_of_psychologists_criticised_in_cia_torture_report/11264 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: the latest news and articles about bioethics
    al Qaeda detainees have come under fire for violating human rights and medical ethics Search BioEdge Subscribe to BioEdge newsletter Subscribe to BioEdge RSS feed Recent Posts Dutch psychiatric patients may get euthanasia too easily says US study 14 Feb 2016 A Dutch report applies the brakes on completed life euthanasia 13 Feb 2016 Celebrating 15 years of Dutch euthanasia 13 Feb 2016 Canada s euthanasia courts 13 Feb 2016

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/tag/911 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: the latest news and articles about bioethics
    2013 Comments tags military ethics torture A British Army doctor was deregistered in the UK in December for failing to treat an Iraqi man who had been tortured by British troops and for failing to protect vulnerable detainees Bourne gets enhanced Michael Cook 02 August 2012 Comments tags enhancement films military ethics Hollywood takes a definitive look at genetic enhancement in the latest instalment in the Bourne series The Bourne

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/tag/military+ethics (2016-02-18)
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