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  • BioEdge: the latest news and articles about bioethics
    much fun any more good enough reason to refuse treatment Search BioEdge Subscribe to BioEdge newsletter Subscribe to BioEdge RSS feed Recent Posts Dutch psychiatric patients may get euthanasia too easily says US study 14 Feb 2016 A Dutch report applies the brakes on completed life euthanasia 13 Feb 2016 Celebrating 15 years of Dutch euthanasia 13 Feb 2016 Canada s euthanasia courts 13 Feb 2016 IVF audit in Australia

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/tag/refusal+of+treatment (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: Summit fails to ban genetic engineering of human embryos
    be possible to avoid severe inherited diseases or to enhance human capabilities The summit pointed out that there are many risks including i the risks of inaccurate editing such as off target mutations and incomplete editing of the cells of early stage embryos mosaicism ii the difficulty of predicting harmful effects that genetic changes may have under the wide range of circumstances experienced by the human population including interactions with other genetic variants and with the environment iii the obligation to consider implications for both the individual and the future generations who will carry the genetic alterations iv the fact that once introduced into the human population genetic alterations would be difficult to remove and would not remain within any single community or country v the possibility that permanent genetic enhancements to subsets of the population could exacerbate social inequities or be used coercively and vi the moral and ethical considerations in purposefully altering human evolution using this technology While recognising the ethical complications the scientists were reluctant to close the Pandora s box We don t want to slam the door on this idea forever said biochemist Jennifer Doudna of the University of California Berkeley one of the scientists who developed the technique And Harvard s George Church argued that a ban would be unrealistic because it cannot be enforced Research will continue in countries where it is not banned The need for ethical and regulatory clarity is urgent The Chinese experiment failed because the editing was sometimes inaccurate However a paper published in Science during the week of the conference was a major advance As Wired commented It s the latest in a series of improvements to the Crispr system that together are inching the error rate down toward practically zero MORE ON THESE TOPICS CRISPR genetic engineering

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/summit-fails-to-stop-genetic-engineering-of-human-embryos/11683 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: Debate begins over ethics of genetic editing
    research enabled clearly beneficial research to proceed while controversial applications were set aside We propose that the parallel distinction should be drawn and emphasised in discussions of GE genetic engineering we should distinguish between the gene editing of embryos for research purposes and for reproductive purposes While there is widespread agreement that GE should not be used for reproductive purposes its use in research should be encouraged But they believe that the time is not far off when it could be used for reproduction to avoid serious genetic diseases In the future there may be good reasons for us to consider using GE for reproductive proposes Most immediately GE could be used to correct mutations which cause simple genetic diseases such as cystic fibrosis muscular dystrophy and Tay Sachs disease Representing the restrictive side are the Center for Genetics and Society and the Friends of the Earth who called for national and international prohibitions on the use of gene editing and synthetic biology to alter human embryos or gametes for reproductive purposes They also published a long and thoughtful report which places human gene editing into the context of broader developments in synthetic biology It examines the systemic and commercial incentives to rush newly discovered biotechnologies to market regardless of their social utility and ahead of appropriate transparent assessment and oversight Genetic modification of children was recently the stuff of science fiction said lead author Pete Shanks consulting researcher with the Center for Genetics and Society and author of Human Genetic Engineering A Guide for Activists Skeptics and the Very Perplexed But now with new technology the fantasy could become reality Once the process begins there will be no going back This is a line we must not cross The CGS also organised an open letter signed by scores of

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/debate-begins-over-ethics-of-genetic-editing/11686 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: the latest news and articles about bioethics
    as the fight over embryonic stem cells Search BioEdge Subscribe to BioEdge newsletter Subscribe to BioEdge RSS feed Recent Posts Dutch psychiatric patients may get euthanasia too easily says US study 14 Feb 2016 A Dutch report applies the brakes on completed life euthanasia 13 Feb 2016 Celebrating 15 years of Dutch euthanasia 13 Feb 2016 Canada s euthanasia courts 13 Feb 2016 IVF audit in Australia 13 Feb 2016

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/tag/genetic+editing (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: Chinese scientists could clone humans
    plans for dogs thoroughbred horses and monkeys And after the technology for cloning them is mastered humans could be next The AFP report says The firm does not currently engage in human cloning activities Chief executive Xu Xiaochun said adding that it has to be self restrained because of possible adverse reaction But social values can change he pointed out citing changing views of homosexuality and suggesting that in time humans could have more choices about their own reproduction Unfortunately currently the only way to have a child is to have it be half its mum half its dad he said Maybe in the future you have three choices instead of one he went on You either have fifty fifty or you have a choice of having the genetics 100 percent from Daddy or 100 percent from Mummy This is only a choice Boyalife has a South Korean partner Sooam Biotech Research Foundation a company headed by Hwang Woo Suk the disgraced stem cell scientist who published fraudulent research in Science in 2004 and 2005 His group is trying to bring back an extinct woolly mammoth using DNA found in frozen carcasses in Siberia and also cloning dead pet dogs for a reported price of US 100 000 Dr Xu reassured the AFP journalist We want the public to see that cloning is really not that crazy that scientists aren t weird dressed in lab coats hiding behind a sealed door doing weird experiments MORE ON THESE TOPICS China cloning Hwang Woo suk This article is published by Michael Cook and BioEdge under a Creative Commons licence You may republish it or translate it free of charge with attribution for non commercial purposes following these guidelines If you teach at a university we ask that your department make a donation

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/chinese-scientists-could-clone-humans/11687 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: the latest news and articles about bioethics
    Chinese government Xavier Symons 06 December 2014 Comments tags capital punishment China organ trafficking The harvesting of executed prisoners organs will end at the start of next year says Chinese organ transplant committee chairman Huang Jiefu Executed prisoners may be part of cadaver exhibition Xavier Symons 12 September 2014 Comments tags Canada China human dignity plastination A human rights group is calling on Canadian authorities to investigate the possible use of executed Chinese prisoners in an exhibition of plastinated corpses The world of Chinese surrogacy Michael Cook 09 August 2014 Comments tags China surrogacy This New York Times video sketches the burgeoning Chinese surrogacy industry One Child Policy an attack on the common good Chinese bioethicist Xavier Symons 20 June 2014 Comments tags abortion China common good one child policy In a provocative new article in the Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics Chinese bioethicist Jing Bao Nie attacks the one child policy for having a hugely negative effect on the common good Nie criticises the government s claim that the policy has benefited society through raising living standards and reducing overcrowding The greatest irony of all is that while originally designed to improve living standards and help relieve poverty and underdevelopment the one child policy has inflicted massive suffering and state directed violence on Chinese people especially women China s oldest mother Michael Cook 16 May 2014 Comments tags China IVF postmenopausal mothers She gave birth to twins at 60 after IVF treatment Saudi Arabian and Chinese couple search abroad for surrogate mothers Michael Cook 07 December 2013 Comments tags China Saudi Arabia surrogacy Saudi couples who are unable to have children are employing surrogate mothers in Asia and Europe even though surrogacy has been condemned by the country s Islamic Jurisprudence Council China s black market in scientific papers

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/tag/China (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: the latest news and articles about bioethics
    a real possibility Jinxed Problems with landmark paper on human cloning Michael Cook 25 May 2013 Comments tags cloning embryonic stem cells therapeutic cloning Last week we reported that researchers at the Oregon Health and Science University had finally cloned human embryos and successfully extracted embryonic stem cells This was a feat which scientists agreed was possible but was proving unexpectedly difficult The last time the claim was made by South Korean Hwang Woo suk in 2005 it turned out to be a colossal fraud which embarrassed leading journals and dampened enthusiasm for therapeutic cloning Unfortunately the most recent paper has also been criticised for image duplication evoking the nightmarish Hwang scandal Breakthrough in therapeutic cloning reignites debate Xavier Symons 18 May 2013 Comments tags cloning embryonic stem cells Cloning humans might be one step closer with scientists in the US managing to use adult skin cells to produce an embryo clone The ultimate surrogate adventure challenge gestating a Neanderthal Michael Cook 27 January 2013 Comments tags cloning species revival surrogacy It was the headline which flew round the world Harvard prof seeks mom for cloned Neanderthal Humans to be cloned within 50 years scientist predicts Michael Cook 22 December 2012 Comments tags cloning Cloning in Korea Jared Yee 10 December 2011 Comments tags cloning embryonic stem cells Korea research The recent past of Korea s cloning research is best described as dubious Disgraced Seoul University professor Hwang Woo suk claimed in 2004 to have cloned human embryos and developed stem cell lines but most of that work was exposed as fraud in 2005 Now another scientist Park Se pill of Jeju National University is aiming to clone human embryonic stem cells by 2015 a breakthrough that scientists still have not yet achieved Cloning still unpopular Gallup poll Jared Yee

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/tag/cloning (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: the latest news and articles about bioethics
    in technicolour Michael Cook 11 October 2014 Comments tags films Hwang Woo suk Korea Korea faces up to the biggest science fraud in decades Disgraced South Korean cloning expert making a comeback Michael Cook 31 January 2014 Comments tags Hwang Woo suk Nature science fraud With the help of loyal supporters and the government Hwang Woo suk is forging a new career Search BioEdge Subscribe to BioEdge newsletter Subscribe to

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/tag/Hwang+Woo-suk (2016-02-18)
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