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  • South African judge defends assisted suicide ruling
    of his life is Lesego Montsho SC representing the director of public prosecutions and the health and justice departments asserted that the order should be rescinded as the applicant died before the judgement took place Judge Fabricius rejected this claim and said a formal appeal must decide whether his ruling is moot In his judgment Fabricius rejected religious arguments against euthanasia arguing that individual rights are inviolable The applicant s rights which were sacrosanct to him could not be sacrificed on the altar of religious self righteousness The Departments of Justice and Health are expected to appeal to South Africa s Constitutional Court which has the final say on cases concerning constitutional rights Doctors signed a Hippocratic oath which talks about life life and life I won t give up to allow another arm of government to change the ethics and direction of doctors in the way that ruling is going to said Minister of Health Aaron Motsoaledi MORE ON THESE TOPICS assisted suicide euthanasia law religion South Africa This article is published by Xavier Symons and BioEdge under a Creative Commons licence You may republish it or translate it free of charge with attribution for non commercial purposes following

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/south-african-judge-defends-assisted-suicide-ruling/11433 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: the latest news and articles about bioethics
    Oscar Pistorius has been told that disability is not a defence He has been cleared of murder but may be given a lengthy sentence for manslaughter State of dying Mandela s health disputed Michael Cook 07 July 2013 Comments tags permanent vegetative state South Africa Confusion over the significance of persistent vegetative state is in the headlines in South Africa where former president and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Nelson Mandela lies on death s door in hospital South African transplant surgeons cleared in epic court battle Michael Cook 03 March 2013 Comments tags organ donation South Africa South African activists begin euthanasia campaign Michael Cook 19 May 2012 Comments tags euthanasia South Africa South African supporters of physician assisted suicide and euthanasia launched a campaign for legalisation this week Euthanasia on the boil in New Zealand Jared Yee 05 May 2012 Comments tags assisted suicide euthanasia New Zealand South Africa suicide Two cases of euthanasia in New Zealand have been used to push the legalisation agenda with politicians agitating for legal change Each has involved men who helped terminally ill family members to commit suicide South African hospital guilty of illegal kidney trading Jared Yee 21 November 2010 Comments tags

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/tag/South+Africa (2016-02-18)
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  • Professor Nita Farahany on the ethical implications of neuroscience for the law
    to mental privacy that could safeguard against compelled to submit to EEG fMRI or other brain based interrogations What role could or should neuroscience play in helping to validate eyewitness memory Should we as a society protect freedom of thought Does neuroscience challenge any of our existing norms upon which legal and constitutional doctrines are built As scientific research in neuroscience proceeds we as a society should deliberate about these issues to ensure that the ethical and societal implications of neuroscience are considered alongside scientific developments Neuroscience is already very sophisticated and the science is rapidly evolving Do we really have a chance of adequately educating judges to grapple with the nuances of neuroscientific evidence Public education efforts can inform the public and help individuals better understand and interpret scientific claims these efforts should be responsive to developments in the rapidly changing field of neuroscience Already there are a number of successful efforts to train lawyers and judges about developments in neuroscience For example the American Association for the Advancement of Science AAAS and the Dana Alliance host seminars to educate judges on advances in neuroscience and the issues they might encounter as a result of neuroscience developments Judges who have attended these seminars have gained the tools necessary to understand the basics about neuroscience being introduced into the legal system and more importantly where to learn more about neuroscience as it develops and when it appears in their courtrooms sometimes neuroscience cannot answer the kinds of questions that it is presented to answer In your own research have you found that lawyers and judges often take neuroscience out of context Neuroscience just like other scientific evidence can bring empirical evidence to inform legal rules and norms But legal norms and the kinds of questions we ask in law require more than just scientific information they build upon ethical and social justifications What I have found is that sometimes neuroscience cannot answer the kinds of questions that it is presented to answer For example to determine whether a criminal defendant is guilty of a crime the prosecution must prove the defendant voluntarily acted with a certain kind of mental state when doing the alleged illegal act A brain image or neuropsychological testing after a defendant committed a crime cannot tell us what the defendant s mental state was at the time he acted illegally Nor does knowing that an adolescent has a developing brain tell us whether adolescents as a group are less rational or less morally culpable These are unavoidably societal questions that neuroscience may inform but do not alone answer And oftentimes some of the practical limitations of current neuroscience research make it less applicable to law Current neuroimaging studies for example often have very few participants drawn from undergraduate student populations a sample that does not necessarily represent either the population at large or the defendants to whom the studies are intended to apply And studies about variations between groups of individuals may tell us very little

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/neuroscience-and-the-law-an-interview-with-nita-farahany/11423 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: the latest news and articles about bioethics
    the brain s central lobe which shows up as a dark mass on X rays he says Pre crime terrorist detector field tested in US Jared Yee 12 June 2011 Comments tags criminal activity determinism The US Department of Homeland Security DHS has completed a first round of field testing on a program designed to spot people who intend to commit a terrorist act A natural born killer Michael Cook

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/tag/determinism (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: the latest news and articles about bioethics
    recently spoke with BioEdge about neuroscience and the law Search BioEdge Subscribe to BioEdge newsletter Subscribe to BioEdge RSS feed Recent Posts Dutch psychiatric patients may get euthanasia too easily says US study 14 Feb 2016 A Dutch report applies the brakes on completed life euthanasia 13 Feb 2016 Celebrating 15 years of Dutch euthanasia 13 Feb 2016 Canada s euthanasia courts 13 Feb 2016 IVF audit in Australia 13

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/tag/neurolaw (2016-02-18)
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  • South African court authorises assisted suicide
    man s rights Dignity SA a pro euthanasia lobby group say the ruling is potentially a watershed moment in their push to legalise assisted suicide and euthanasia We hope that Mr Stransham Ford s case will set a precedent for the whole country said Sean Davidson the founder of the group The South African ministers of health and justice the Health Professions Council of South Africa and the National Director of Public Prosecutions opposed the case as did Doctors for Life and an NGO Cause for Justice who were heard as friends of the court Judge Fabricius tried to play down the significance of his decision saying that future cases would need to be debated on their merits It is not correct to say from now on it will be a free for all But National Prosecuting Authority NPA spokesman Mthunzi Mhaga said the ruling was precedent setting and had far reaching implications from a health and constitutional point of view MORE ON THESE TOPICS assisted suicide euthanasia law South Africa This article is published by Xavier Symons and BioEdge under a Creative Commons licence You may republish it or translate it free of charge with attribution for non commercial

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/south-african-court-grants-man-right-to-suicide/11421 (2016-02-18)
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  • animal rights battle continues with chimpanzees at Stony Brook
    of redressing the unlawful detention of prisoners in the writ though Justice Jaffe later struck the language from the document and emphasized that it was simply a formal way of directing the university to her courtroom to present its case Supporters remain emboldened saying that the issuing of the writ is in itself a very positive step Natalie K Prosin the executive director of NhRP said she was grateful for an opportunity to litigate the issue The NhRP has made a number of unsuccessful attempts to have courts recognize chimpanzee rights In 2013 representatives from the group filed three separate suits in New York in each case claiming that an animal had had its rights denied by his owners In December last year a five member state judicial panel in Albany unanimously ruled against NhRP in its attempt to have an older chimp named Tommy released from captivity Critics of the animal rights movement were disappointed at Judge Jaffe s decision Nonhuman animals do not have legal rights any more than they have legal responsibilities said Bob Kohn a technology lawyer in Manhattan who has filed briefs opposing efforts to secure human rights for chimps and other animals For a court to hold otherwise would have tremendous adverse legal and moral implications for mankind Others were pleased to see the writ issued Lawrence H Tribe of Harvard Law School believes that the writ habeas corpus should be available for other beings whose capacities are limited but who are potentially capable of bearing rights MORE ON THESE TOPICS animal rights human exceptionalism law personhood US This article is published by Xavier Symons and BioEdge under a Creative Commons licence You may republish it or translate it free of charge with attribution for non commercial purposes following these guidelines If you teach

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/non-human-rights-battle-continues/11410 (2016-02-18)
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  • BioEdge: the latest news and articles about bioethics
    27 April 2014 Comments tags animal rights personhood Attorney Steven Wise defends his quest to gain legal standing and justice for animals in the US UK releases report on animals in research Michael Cook 08 February 2014 Comments tags animal experiments animal rights animal welfare UK The government has refused to cap the number of experiments but affirms its commitment to welfare A small breach in the personhood barrier Xavier Symons 21 December 2013 Comments tags animal rights personhood Earlier this month an American animal rights group made a push to gain legal recognition for the personhood of non animals Yale to host conference on non human personhood Michael Cook 13 April 2013 Comments tags animal rights enhancement personhood A conference to be held at Yale University in December brings together animal rights activists and fans of human enhancement who are interested in the rights of robots and aliens Blow to Germany s animal lovers Michael Cook 07 December 2012 Comments tags animal rights bestiality human dignity natural law new frontiers Germany is a very big blip on the radar of BioEdge s Reproductive Revolution Weirdness Watch this week Vegan bioethics or why Peter Singer is cruel to animals Michael Cook 16 October 2012 Comments tags animal abolitionism animal rights Gary Francione Peter Singer An interview with Gary Francione the world s leading animal abolitionist Human exceptionalism is for the birds Michael Cook 07 September 2012 Comments tags animal rights personhood Here s something we missed about the uniqueness of human beings In July the Francis Crick Memorial Conference at Cambridge University decided that we aren t as exceptional as we once believed Finger lickin good is not a good enough reason Michael Cook 16 June 2012 Comments tags animal rights personhood More chicken are killed by humans than any

    Original URL path: http://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/tag/animal+rights (2016-02-18)
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