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  • Bacillus anthracis - Biology-Online Dictionary
    S T U V W X Y Z 0 9 OTHER View View source History Bacillus anthracis Bacillus anthracis a species of bacteria that causes anthrax in humans and animals Retrieved from http www biology online org bodict index php title Bacillus anthracis oldid 22139 First Previous Bacillus Next Bacillus cereus Last Please contribute to this project if you have more information about this term feel free to edit this

    Original URL path: http://www.biology-online.org/dictionary/Bacillus_anthracis (2016-02-17)
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  • Bacillus cereus - Biology-Online Dictionary
    and nausea Supplement Bacillus cereus has a size of 1 x 3 4 micrometers which is mesophilic that grows optimally at temperatures between 20 C 40 C and competent to survive in wide range of environmental conditions Its gene consists of 5234 protein that encodes for arginine deiminase metabolic pathway causing it to survive and enable to resist in an acidic conditions Its gene also encodes for non hemolytic enterotoxins and extracellular proteases Bacillus cereus is widely distributed in nature which is commonly found in soil as saprophytic organisms as well as acts as contributor to the microflora of insects and found in the rhizosphere of plants It also found in foods including meat eggs and dairy products implicated in food borne intoxication due to the secretion of emetic toxins and enterotoxins Bacillus cereus is associated in food borne illnesses that manifest vomiting severe nausea and diarrhea due to the ingestion of bacterial endospores when food is improperly cooked It is an opportunistic human pathogens associated with infections causing serious infections and periodontal disease Scientific classification Kingdom Bacteria Phylum Firmicutes Class Bacilli Order Bacillales Family Bacillaceae Genus Bacillus Species Bacillus cereus See also Bacteria Food borne bacteria Retrieved from http

    Original URL path: http://www.biology-online.org/dictionary/Bacillus_cereus (2016-02-17)
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  • Bacillus coagulans - Biology-Online Dictionary
    by B W Hammer at Agricultural Experiment Station of Iowa condensary due to an outbreak of coagulation in evaporated milk It was named as Lactobacillus sporogenes in 1935 in the fifth edition of Bergey s Manual because both species exhibits similar morphology and physiological characteristics yet when DNA based technology came about it was then separated exclusively from each other wherein Bacillus coagulans was then transferred in the different taxonomic position of the seventh edition of Bergey s Manual Bacillus coagulans acts as probiotics that are beneficial to combat some illnesses like diarrhea particularly the rotavirus causing diarrhea in children as well as irritable bowel syndrome Crohn s disease ulcerative colitis and any related digestive syndrome Bacillus coagulans is a shelf stable at room temperature probiotic with clinically documented efficacy in supporting health and wellness It is originally isolated from a food source green malt Being in sporulated form the culture survives and proliferates in the gastrointestinal environment unlike vegetative cells that may be destroyed under these conditions The culture produces only the beneficial L form of lactic acid in the gastrointestinal tract Scientific Classification Kingdom Bacteria Phylum Firmicutes Class Bacilli Order Bacillales Family Bacillaceae Genus Bacillus Species Bacillus coagulans

    Original URL path: http://www.biology-online.org/dictionary/Bacillus_coagulans (2016-02-17)
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  • Bacillus fragilis - Biology-Online Dictionary
    remains inside the colon or lumen since it can utilized diverse simple sugars and many complex pathway necessary for generation of energy like synthesis of lipids carbohydrates and fatty acids During infection it is implicated in abscess formation wherein this bacterium formed a fibrous membrane surrounding the infected site and if left untreated can caused major damage in human and animals Bacillus fragilis has been reclassified into separate species due to its distinct DNA homology with a size larger than Escherichia coli and has a large vacuoles that contains enormous capsule with no cell membrane endotoxin to limit pathogenicity and peptidoglycan layer It makes up at least 2 of the normal flora in the body accountable for at most 80 of anaerobic infections Bacillus fragilis is commonly isolated from pleural fluid blood peritoneal fluid wounds and brain abscesses and normally lives in colon and intestines of humans as well as in animals along with Escherichia coli These bacteria competes with other microorganisms in the lumen for nutrients and food which in turn beneficial to human body since it decreases the availability of nutrients for some dangerous pathogenic organisms to grow causing harmful infections Scientific classification Kingdom Bacteria Phylum Bacteroidetes Class

    Original URL path: http://www.biology-online.org/dictionary/Bacillus_fragilis (2016-02-17)
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  • Bacillus licheniformis - Biology-Online Dictionary
    Z 0 9 OTHER View View source History Bacillus licheniformis Bacillus licheniformis Science bacteria bacillus lichemiformis is a gram positive rod shaped bacterium which is used in the biotech industry to produce the protease enzyme subtilisin Retrieved from http www biology online org bodict index php title Bacillus licheniformis oldid 58187 First Previous Bacillus fragilis Next Bacillus megaterium Last Please contribute to this project if you have more information about

    Original URL path: http://www.biology-online.org/dictionary/Bacillus_licheniformis (2016-02-17)
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  • Bacillus megaterium - Biology-Online Dictionary
    purposes Supplement Bacillus megaterium is an extremely large bacterium at about 60 micrometers which is often used to study protein localization structures and membranes It is known as saprophyte and aerobic which is usually found in soil that grows from 3 C 45 C and some isolated from geothermal lake with a temperatures of 63 C Bacillus megaterium is considered as an industrial organism that is capable to produce a variety of proteins due to its desirable cloning host that generates numerous plasmid vectors while remain stable because of its unique large variation of enzymes and as a source of bioremediation It gives a plethora of different proteins that able to employ important medical industrial and scientific advances Bacillus megaterium acts as agent in biocontrol of plant diseases and has been significant since it produces penicillin amidase used to make synthetic penicillin glucose dehydrogenase used as an indicator in glucose blood test and amylases utilized in baking industry It also produced vitamin B12 pyruvate and drugs for antiviral properties as well as enzymes for modifying corticosteroid and amino acid dehydrogenases Scientific classification Phylum Firmicutes Class Bacilli Order Bacillales Family Bacillaceae Genus Bacillus Species Bacillus megaterium See also Bacteria Industrial organisms

    Original URL path: http://www.biology-online.org/dictionary/Bacillus_megaterium (2016-02-17)
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  • Bacillus mycoides - Biology-Online Dictionary
    distinct from its pathogenic close relatives Supplement Bacillus mycoides has a size larger than 3 micrometers that form chains and acid from glucose which is non motile found generally in soil used as pesticide to inhibit the growth of harmful bacteria and fungi It has no harmful effects on environment as well as in humans It has a distinctive characteristic of fatty acid profile and acetanilide producing activities Bacillus mycoides acts as an ammonifying bacterium where it is capable to convert ammonia into ammonium needed for nitrifying bacteria to form nitrite a useful compound and beneficial in the soil leading to the edge of nitrogen cycle in an ecosystem Bacillus mycoides is small spherical bodies gonidia and yeast like cocci that is able to reproduce without changing the form known as cyclogeny or symplastic method of reproduction Its growth in media responded to the force by growing in a direction parallel to the extension strain and perpendicular to the compression strain wherein the filaments are vertically aligned in the center thus exhibits different filament orientations due to varying direction of forces Scientific classification Kingdom Bacteria Division Firmicutes Class Bacilli Order Bacillales Family Bacillaceae Genus Bacillus Species Bacillus mycoides See also

    Original URL path: http://www.biology-online.org/dictionary/Bacillus_mycoides (2016-02-17)
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  • Bacillus pumilus ribonuclease - Biology-Online Dictionary
    source History Bacillus pumilus ribonuclease Bacillus pumilus ribonuclease Science enzyme The extracellular ribonuclease of b Pumilus kmm62 shares 98 structural identity with binase 72 with barnase genbank u06867 registry number EC 3 1 4 Synonym bacillus pumilus rNase rNase bp Retrieved from http www biology online org bodict index php title Bacillus pumilus ribonuclease oldid 58183 First Previous Bacillus mycoides Next Bacillus sphaericus Last Please contribute to this project if

    Original URL path: http://www.biology-online.org/dictionary/Bacillus_pumilus_ribonuclease (2016-02-17)
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