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  • Water Distillation
    this remaining water supplies should leave enough for each man in the crew to have a bath at least twice a week Cooks were normally required to bathe every day for obvious reasons But the distiller units were very cantankerous and hard to keep operating when electrical power was reduced when submerged or if the unit became contaminated a frequent problem So water was limited The distilling systems used aboard

    Original URL path: http://www.bowfin.org/submarine/46-bowfin-systems/84-water-distillation?tmpl=component&print=1&layout=default&page= (2016-01-08)
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  • Sonar
    sound wave hits the front of the hydrophone the long metal tube changes slightly in size This sets up an electric current in wires coiled around its wooden core Sound cannot hit the back of the tube very strongly because it is protected by a rubber baffle Hand operated and electrically controlled mechanisms turn the hydrophones in any desired direction JP is the Navy term for sonic listening gear The J means that it can be used for listening only The second letter P merely indicates the model Supersonic gear is superior for catching sounds used by escort vessels in searching for submarines and can be used to send out sounds to determine the range of a target Two supersonic hydrophone projectors the QB and the JK QC are mounted at the bottom of shafts which extend through the hull under the forward torpedo room Lowering these shafts puts the two projectors below the keel JK QC is the Navy term for one type of supersonic gear The JK half of the combination projector is for listening only the QC half can also be used for sending out sounds into the water QB designates the other type As indicated by

    Original URL path: http://www.bowfin.org/submarine/46-bowfin-systems/83-sonar?tmpl=component&print=1&layout=default&page= (2016-01-08)
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  • Torpedo Troubles
    rest of the Navy and it failed to trust those fighting under the Pacific surface Robert Gannon Hellions of the Deep The Development of American Torpedoes in World War II Penn State Press University Park PA 1996 page 202 That desk bound staffers refused to listen to suggestions and criticisms from those they had sent into combat with this weapon seems in retrospect incomprehensibly stubborn and stupid The torpedo scandal of the U S submarine force in World War II was one of the worst in the history of any kind of warfare Clay Blair Jr Silent Victory The U S Submarine War Against Japan Bantam Books New York 1975 pages 216 and 879 Christie s submarines were having increased difficulty with prematures Bowfin whose record in sinking Japanese ships was outstanding had eight prematures in one patrol Nimitz sent a dispatch inquiring into the circumstances and Christie replied on 13 March 1944 that Bowfin s patrol was the end of a long effort to perfect the magnetic exploder and that no further experiment would be made by submarines on patrol After that Southwest Pacific submarines also inactivated their magnetic exploders W J Holmes Undersea Victory The Influence of Submarine

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  • Patrol Statistics
    Text Secrets of the Sub Vargas Girls Vargas Girls Artist Alberto Vargas became famous for his WWII watercolors depicting beautiful pin up girls Varga girls were so popular that many different artists immitated Vargas technique and approach to the female figure an idealized female form eliciting sensuality and seduction During the 1940 s his work was a hit amongst enlisted men who drew inspiration from them which inadvertently created high

    Original URL path: http://www.bowfin.org/submarine/36-submarine/78-patrol-statistics (2016-01-08)
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  • Patrol Summary
    two of 288 combat submarines almost one out of five and 3 505 out of 14 750 WWII U S submariners almost one out of four began their eternal patrols before Japan surrendered Verified Sinkings by USS Bowfin Date Name of Vessel Type of Vessel Tonnage Location Commanding Officer 25 Sep 1943 Kirishima Maru Passenger Cargo 8 120 9 44N 111 56E J H Willingham 26 Nov 1943 Ogurasan Maru Tanker 5 069 12 48N 109 34E W T Griffith 26 Nov 1943 Tainan Maru Cargo 5 407 13 02N 109 28E W T Griffith 27 Nov 1943 Van Vollenhoven Cargo 691 13 01N 109 30E W T Griffith 28 Nov 1943 Sydney Maru Passenger Cargo 5 425 12 46N 109 42E W T Griffith 28 Nov 1943 Tonan Maru Tanker 9 866 12 46N 109 42E W T Griffith 17 Jan 1944 Shoyu Shoyo Maru Cargo 4 408 18 00N 118 37E W T Griffith 10 Mar 1944 Tsukikawa Maru Cargo 4 470 1 30N 128 17E W T Griffith 24 Mar 1944 Shinkyo Maru Cargo 5 139 5 27N 125 38E W T Griffith 24 Mar 1944 Bengal Maru Cargo 5 399 5 27N 125 38E W T Griffith 22 Aug 1944 Tsushima Maru Passenger Cargo 6 754 29 32N 129 31E J Corbus 17 Feb 1945 Coast Defense Vessel No 56 Frigate 750 33 53N 139 43E A K Tyree 1 May 1945 Chowa Maru Passenger Cargo 2 719 41 06N 144 28E A K Tyree 8 May 1945 Daito Maru No 3 Cargo 880 39 37N 142 07E A K Tyree 11 Jun 1945 Shinyo Maru No 3 Passenger Cargo 1 898 39 23N 128 59E A K Tyree 13 Jun 1945 Akiura Maru Cargo 887 39 13N 128 07E A K Tyree Totals 16 Vessels for 67 882 tons sunk According to research done by CDR John Alden USN Ret as published in the Second Edition of his United States and Allied Submarine Successes in the Pacific and Far East During World War II Bowfin s war record could be updated as follows Date Name of Vessel Type of Vessel Tonnage Location Commanding Officer 25 Sep 1943 Kirishima Maru Passenger Cargo 8 267 9 44N 111 56E J H Willingham 26 Nov 1943 Ogurasan Maru Tanker 5 069 12 48N 109 34E W T Griffith 26 Nov 1943 Tainan Maru Cargo 5 407 13 02N 109 28E W T Griffith 26 Nov 1943 Beryl Vichy French Passenger Cargo 671 South China Sea W T Griffith 27 Nov 1943 Van Vollenhoven Vichy French Cargo 691 13 01N 109 30E W T Griffith 28 Nov 1943 Tonan Maru Tanker 9 866 12 46N 109 42E W T Griffith 28 Nov 1943 Sydney Maru Passenger Cargo 5 428 12 46N 109 42E W T Griffith 17 Jan 1944 Shoyo Maru Cargo 4 408 18 00N 118 37E W T Griffith 10 Mar 1944 Tsukikawa Maru Cargo 4 673 1 30N 128 17E W T Griffith 24 Mar 1944

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  • Launching and Commissioning
    of the class was to bear the name USS Bowfin SS 287 Her keel was laid on 23 July 1942 Construction proceeded smoothly and Bowfin was launched at Portsmouth actually located in Kittery Maine on 7 December 1942 exactly one year after the Pearl Harbor attack Because of this historic coincidence and in hopes of future success against the enemy she was appropriately dubbed the Pearl Harbor Avenger Bowfin was christened by Mrs Jane Gawne wife of Captain James Orville Gawne After a period of fitting out Bowfin neared the ceremony marking her acceptance into the U S Navy Her commissioning party was held on 24 April 1943 at the Pannaway Club in New London followed a week later by her formal Commissioning Ceremony held on her main deck on the first of May Commander Joseph Harris Willingham USN reads his orders taking command of USS Bowfin SS 287 on 1 May 1943 Bowfin the fish USS Bowfin takes her name from the hard fighting aggressive and voracious fish found in fresh water from the Great Lakes on south As the last survivor of the family Amiidae which dates back to the Jurassic Period this living fossil is at home in backwaters and marshy areas Due to its ability to use its swim bladder as a primitive lung it thrives in water with low oxygen content and can survive for days at a time in little or no water Hardly a more appropriate name could have been found for an air breathing diesel boat this one soon to be legendary in the submarine force for her bold determination and insatiable appetite for enemy shipping Secrets of the Sub Vargas Girls Vargas Girls Artist Alberto Vargas became famous for his WWII watercolors depicting beautiful pin up girls Varga girls were so

    Original URL path: http://www.bowfin.org/submarine/36-submarine/72-launching-and-commissioning (2016-01-08)
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  • Patrol Statistics
    Patrol Statistics Patrol Statistics Text

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  • USS Bowfin Memorial History
    secured She was then towed to Pearl Harbor s Naval Inactive Ships Maintenance Facility In 1978 a non profit organization the Pacific Fleet Submarine Memorial Association PFSMA was formed and chartered On 3 August 1979 they formally acquired BOWFIN from the U S Navy This acquisition was made possible through an act of Congress passed on 10 August 1956 This act authorized the Secretary of the Navy to transfer by gift or otherwise on terms prescribed to him any obsolete vessel of the Navy to any U S non profit organization who would promise to restore and preserve the vessel at no cost to the U S government and its taxpayers There were also other conditions that had be observed in accordance with receiving BOWFIN One condition mandated that no part of the submarine may be activated for the purpose of nav igation or movement of the submarine under her own power Another condition stipulated that BOWFIN must be maintained in a manner that would not be a discredit to the U S Navy or to the proud heritage of the submarine Later that month the submarine was towed to Pier 39 near downtown Honolulu where a group of volunteers from the civilian and military community alike eagerly assisted in cleaning and restoring BOWFIN after years of neglect The Dillingham Corporation did much of the preliminary restoration work as many Navy League members worked hard to secure the necessary funds to support the project Meanwhile PFSMA continued to search for a suitable permanent mooring site In December 1980 BOWFIN was moved to her present day location at Pearl Harbor next to the Arizona Memorial Visitor Center a fitting location for the submarine that had been launched a year after the attack on Pearl Harbor and nicknamed The Pearl Harbor Avenger

    Original URL path: http://www.bowfin.org/submarine/36-submarine/57-uss-bowfin-memorial-history?tmpl=component&print=1&layout=default&page= (2016-01-08)
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