archive-org.com » ORG » C » CANCERRESEARCHUK.ORG

Total: 768

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".
  • Five reasons the UK must diagnose cancer earlier – and four ways to do it - Cancer Research UK - Science blog
    that if it takes more than three trips to the GP to be referred for cancer tests patients are more likely to be dissatisfied with their overall care eroding confidence in the doctors and nurses who go on to treat and monitor them But as well as research talking to patients themselves also shows for some people just how much being diagnosed early can reduce the impact of a cancer diagnosis In a recent guest blog post John Marsh who was diagnosed with stage one bowel cancer through the bowel cancer screening programme said that being diagnosed early meant for him cancer was just an unpleasant episode While it s tempting to try to assign blame it s important to note that cancer can be very difficult to diagnose Delays in diagnosis by GPs will usually be due to cancer symptoms being extremely hard to distinguish from other diseases combined with a lack of accurate and easy to use tests that GPs can use Those are difficult challenges to overcome but the experience of patients like John shows why we must tackle them 4 We want patients in the UK to have world class cancer care As the graphic below shows survival in England is lagging behind the best performing countries in the world Even in the most recent data for 2010 2012 England has not yet caught up with 2005 2009 survival figures for countries such as Sweden and Canada As we ve discussed before the UK as a whole is lagging behind the best performing countries and that s at least partly down to later diagnosis in the UK and fewer people getting the most effective treatments when they need them These comparisons across countries make it clear that earlier diagnosis and better outcomes are possible But it needs investment in the NHS to ensure that patients receive world class care By making better use of the technologies and tests already available thousands of lives could be saved 5 All patients in this country should receive the best possible care It s not just internationally that we see differences in the stage at which patients are diagnosed The map below shows the proportion of patients who are diagnosed early stages 1 and 2 across the different local health care areas of England in 2013 Those areas are known as clinical commissioning groups CCGs You can look up how your own area is doing through our local cancer statistics website This unacceptable level of variation has been revealed because staging data is being collected far more effectively than just a few years ago There isn t as much data available for Scotland Wales and Northern Ireland but it s likely that there are similar inequalities across the whole UK The reasons for those differences will not just be down to the quality of local services For example we recently found that CCGs with higher levels of socio economic deprivation tended to see fewer breast bowel and prostate cancers diagnosed at an earlier stage Socio economic health inequalities are caused by a range of factors besides the quality of local healthcare something we ve talked about before For example those from lower socio economic groups can be less willing to see a GP to get symptoms checked out and to take part in the cancer screening programmes But we know that NHS services across the country can and must be improved So it s clear there are big gains from diagnosing more cancers earlier but how can it be done Four ways cancer can be diagnosed earlier 1 Encourage the public to get unusual or persistent changes checked out by a GP We know that public awareness campaigns help to encourage people see their doctor if they notice unusual or persistent changes to their body That s important because research shows that people in the UK are more likely to worry about wasting the doctor s time than in some other countries The Be Clear on Cancer campaigns in England which have been run for a number of different cancers have had some very positive results One of the campaigns focused on lung cancer symptoms and led to around 700 additional lung cancers being diagnosed 400 of which were at an earlier stage Similar campaigns have been run in other parts of the UK such as the Detect Cancer Early programme in Scotland Campaigns like these are a vital step in diagnosing cancer earlier and governments across the UK must ensure they continue to support them 2 Increase participation in cancer screening Cancer screening saves lives but for bowel screening in particular the number of people taking part is disappointingly low You can see bowel screening coverage in your area using our local cancer statistics website We and many local teams are working to promote the bowel screening programme so that more people have the information and support they need to decide whether they want to take part in screening some of which we have written about recently Those responsible for local screening services also need to ensure they are focusing on reducing inequalities in screening uptake in their areas Again looking at the bowel screening programme uptake is much lower in men among those in lower socio economic groups and who face issues like language barriers 3 Invest in making the NHS a world leading health service Cancer survival figures show the prize on offer if we can diagnose more cancers earlier In England if the Government acts on the recommendations in the new cancer strategy we can increase the number of people diagnosed at an early stage across all cancer types from just over half of patients now to more than 60 per cent by 2020 This would improve the outlook for thousands of people with the disease Earlier diagnosis will only be achieved if the NHS can allow doctors more free freedom to get patients symptoms fully investigated The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence NICE

    Original URL path: http://scienceblog.cancerresearchuk.org/2015/08/10/five-reasons-the-uk-must-diagnose-cancer-earlier-and-four-ways-to-do-it/ (2016-02-11)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Matt Wickenden | Cancer Research UK - Science blog
    research grant Manage your grant online Guide to managing a grant online Notify us of new publications Update your profile How we deliver research Our research strategy Our institutes Our centres Our research partnerships More Drug discovery and development Recently funded awards Researcher case studies ABOUT US What we do We beat cancer We fundraise We develop policy Our organisation Our strategy Our Trustees CEO and Executive Board Annual report and accounts Annual review Current jobs Graduates and interns Your development Benefits Cancer news Science blog Latest press releases Latest news reports Search all news More Contact Us Press office Publications HOME ABOUT CANCER SUPPORT US NEWS RESOURCES FUNDING RESEARCH ABOUT US You are here Home border 0 Support us Home About us Cancer news Science blog Author Matt Wickenden Author Matt Wickenden Five reasons the UK must diagnose cancer earlier and four ways to do it Category Science blog August 10 2015 Matt Wickenden We look at the latest figures showing how earlier diagnosis of cancer could save lives Read More Could computers help GPs diagnose cancer early Category Science blog November 21 2014 Matt Wickenden We discuss results of an evaluation of a new computer based system to help GPs diagnose cancer Read More The Mail and Telegraph s coverage of new cancer survival figures was misleading Category Science blog November 4 2014 Matt Wickenden We clarify some misleading reporting of new cancer survival statistics Read More Achieving the world s best cancer survival Category Science blog July 14 2014 Matt Wickenden UK cancer survival has doubled in the last 40 years But it still lags behind the best in the world Why Read More It may seem unlikely but could a statistician save your life Category Science blog July 9 2013 Matt Wickenden Identifying where a health

    Original URL path: http://scienceblog.cancerresearchuk.org/author/mattwickenden/ (2016-02-11)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Lifting the lid on bowel screening – why doesn’t everyone invited take part? - Cancer Research UK - Science blog
    share information about what they re doing to improve screening uptake in their areas and how the hubs can get involved in the process And one of the themes that stood out was how projects are working with GPs While GPs aren t involved in bowel screening directly there has been encouraging evidence that when GPs provide information about this people respond well For example one ACE bowel screening project is sending text messages from GPs encouraging people who don t respond to bowel screening invitations to take part Another is putting people s GP details on their invitation letters so that they appear more personal and people feel more inclined to send their completed kits back to the hub GPs have a pivotal role in improving screening uptake says Brian Knowles programme lead for ACE Programme bowel screening projects At least 10 per cent more people who are sent bowel screening kits and further information through the post are likely to do the test if they are also sent an endorsement letter from their GP Making sure screening services are as accessible as possible Initiatives like these are uncovering the most effective ways to increase uptake It s vital life saving work In the words of one patient diagnosed through screening My early diagnosis meant it was just an unpleasant episode Thank you letters on the wall of the Guildford screening hub Another development that we re eager to see rolled out across the UK is a new type of bowel screening test called the Faecal Immunochemical Test or FIT for short Studies have shown that uptake can be increased by switching from FOBT to FIT and a major factor could be that people find it easier to use to start with it only needs one sample rather than three Studies suggest FIT would help increase uptake in the harder to reach groups but other barriers would remain such as informing hard to reach groups so the ongoing work to reduce other inequalities remains vital Scotland has already committed to bringing in FIT and the National Screening Committee NSC an advisory body to Ministers and the NHS is due to review bowel screening in the UK Whatever the NSC decides screening hubs like the one in Guildford can play a crucial role Not only by carrying on their daily business of diagnosing bowel cancer earlier through FOBT and tackling people s concerns through their helplines but also by helping to address bowel screening inequalities by working together with local projects It s the role of the hubs to support these projects says Sally Benton director of the Guildford bowel screening hub We want to know more about what s going on and what works The people served by the Guildford hub certainly appreciate her team s work the thank you letters they ve sent in decorate almost a whole wall So together with those working in the screening hubs across England and the rest of the UK we will keep working hard to ensure that the nation s bowel screening services can help many more people spend many more years with their family and friends Eshe Jackson Nyakasikana is a stakeholder engagement and communications officer for the ACE programme at Cancer Research UK Find out more bowel screening information Share this article More on this topic Tags Bowel cancer Cancer Research UK funded research Diagnosing cancer Early detection Health service policy Screening Tests Comments Click here to cancel reply John July 20 2015 I wonder how out postal workers feel about handling mail containing and possibly contaminated with faecal matter just a thought Michael Rumsey July 17 2015 I agree with the reasons stated above why people do not take part but personally i have found the FOBT test easy to do and have also had a colonoscopy which was all clear I would want to know if I had cancer and have a chance of being cured than live in fear better knowledge and understanding of the facts would help most people take part I am sure which I certainly received at every stage Frankie Marlton July 14 2015 I had this test last November 2014 and have been diagnosed with terminal bowel cancer this May 2015 Am I to conclude that the test failed to pick up the my cancer as you only appear to rest for blood within the stools Maybe if the tests were more stringent then I would have been diagnosed earlier with the possibility of surgery That is now too late Henry Scowcroft July 14 2015 Thanks for all your comments Mary Peter You can find out who is eligible for screening here If you are and you are registered with a GP a test will be sent to you in the post If you are above screening age in England or Scotland you can request to be sent a kit in England on this website or on this website in Scotland Jacqueline Unfortunately there is no simple blood test for cancer there are over 200 different types of cancer all of which can act differently so creating one test would be very difficult Some people with a family history of cancer may be at higher risk themselves these people might be advised by their doctor to have a genetic test you can find out more about people at a higher risk of bowel cancer here We know that some people can be put off completing their bowel screening test and we recently ran a campaign to try to help remove some of the practical barriers people face The campaign included sample packs that contained poo catchers and latex free gloves Janice Clarke July 13 2015 My Dad had bowel cancer and recently passed away after a 13 year battle against the disease Where is my kit Kev Thomas July 8 2015 can t understand the thought process in not sending it back If When I get one i will get returned pronto

    Original URL path: http://scienceblog.cancerresearchuk.org/2015/06/19/lifting-the-lid-on-bowel-screening-why-doesnt-everyone-invited-take-part/ (2016-02-11)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Eshe Jackson-Nyakasikana | Cancer Research UK - Science blog
    Our research history Our research strategy FUNDING FOR RESEARCHERS Our funding schemes Biomarker Project Awards Career Development Fellowship Grand Challenge award View all schemes and deadlines Applying for funding Start your application online Guide to filling in your application form How to make a successful application Funding committees Manage your research grant Manage your grant online Guide to managing a grant online Notify us of new publications Update your profile How we deliver research Our research strategy Our institutes Our centres Our research partnerships More Drug discovery and development Recently funded awards Researcher case studies ABOUT US What we do We beat cancer We fundraise We develop policy Our organisation Our strategy Our Trustees CEO and Executive Board Annual report and accounts Annual review Current jobs Graduates and interns Your development Benefits Cancer news Science blog Latest press releases Latest news reports Search all news More Contact Us Press office Publications HOME ABOUT CANCER SUPPORT US NEWS RESOURCES FUNDING RESEARCH ABOUT US You are here Home border 0 Support us Home About us Cancer news Science blog Author Eshe Jackson Nyakasikana Author Eshe Jackson Nyakasikana Jumping the queue could pharmacists help spot cancer Category Science blog October 22 2015 Eshe Jackson Nyakasikana We look at an important research project that s trying to find out if pharmacists could help diagnose cancers earlier Read More Lifting the lid on bowel screening why doesn t everyone invited take part Category Science blog June 19 2015 Eshe Jackson Nyakasikana Despite the benefits the proportion of people who take up bowel cancer screening is disappointingly low We look at why and how we can fix it Read More Older Posts Newer Posts Popular posts Most read today Most discussed Don t believe the hype 10 persistent cancer myths debunked How does alcohol cause cancer

    Original URL path: http://scienceblog.cancerresearchuk.org/author/eshejacksonnyakasikana/ (2016-02-11)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Worried about sunscreen? The 3 key ways to avoid sunburn this summer - Cancer Research UK - Science blog
    face and neck Clothes with a closer weave offer better protection a quick trick when shopping is to hold clothes up to the light and go for the outfit you can t see through Save gauzy or lacy cover ups for the evening It s also worth remembering that some materials like cotton get less protective when they re wet because they stretch Synthetic materials can be better and are a good choice to provide a bit more cover when you re swimming And if you re wearing a t shirt on over your cozzie don t forget your thighs and bottom pop some shorts or leggings on too Use plenty of sunscreen on the bits you can t cover Sunscreen is still a great way to help protect the parts you can t cover and waterproof varieties can be especially useful if you re playing sport have an outdoor job or are working up a sweat in other ways As today s Which report highlights a trendy brand or a hefty price tag doesn t necessarily mean better The most important information is the SPF which shows how strong the protection against UVB is and star rating which ranks the level of UVA protection Look for at least SPF 15 and 4 or more stars And while not all sunscreens passed the Which test the majority did meet their claims But this bit s really important you won t get the level of the protection on the bottle unless you put enough sunscreen on An adult needs about two teaspoonfuls to cover their face and upper arms It s also important to reapply sunscreen regularly it rubs sweats and washes off easily plus you may well have missed bits Even if you reapply don t use sunscreen as an excuse to stay out in the sun for longer no sunscreen regardless of its SPF and how closely you follow the instructions can give 100 per cent protection from sunburn and skin cancer Whether you re at home or abroad have a wonderful summer and don t let sunburn spoil things Sarah Williams is a health information manager at Cancer Research UK Read more Enjoying the sun safely Share this article More on this topic Tags Cancer in the news Causes of cancer Preventing cancer Sun UV Comments Click here to cancel reply Joanne Thurstan July 27 2015 I thought the text was hugely informative giving out specific advice as to which sunscreens we should buy and what to look for in the bottle to ensure that happened The whole text was well laid out and easy to understand giving clear instructions on how to protect ourselves The information was also interestingly written out didn t waffle made it s point Paul July 24 2015 Very informative and surprising Lesley Parsons July 24 2015 A very good article Would be worth adding information for the group of people like myself that have undergone chemo and radiotherapy I have noticed my

    Original URL path: http://scienceblog.cancerresearchuk.org/2015/05/18/worried-about-sunscreen-the-3-key-ways-to-avoid-sunburn-this-summer/ (2016-02-11)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Don’t take vitamin B3 to prevent skin cancer – stick with shade - Cancer Research UK - Science blog
    you saw the news this morning you might have spotted a story suggesting that vitamin B3 tablets might be able to prevent skin cancer On the one hand technically this indeed a true reflection of what research has found On the other it s a more complex picture than the headline implies as is often the case Let s be completely clear the research doesn t show that taking over the counter vitamin B3 supplements can protect you in the sun Far from it And our advice on enjoying the sun safely remains unchanged So why the confusing headlines What was the study The story came from research due to be presented at the annual American Society of Clinical Oncology ASCO conference later this month by researchers in Australia you can read the research summary here The team were looking at ways to help people who had been diagnosed with a less serious but relatively common form of skin cancer called non melanoma skin cancer and who were at high risk of the disease coming back All of the 390 patients on the trial had had at least two diagnoses of the disease within the last five years and had been diagnosed around eight times on average The team s previous research had previously hinted that a particular form of vitamin B called nicotinamide might slow down the rate at which the disease came back So they set out to test this idea in a clinical trial The researchers gave nicotinamide tablets to half of the patients while the other half took a placebo pill After a year fewer patients who had taken daily nicotinamide had a recurrence of their skin cancer a really promising result But what does this mean for the rest of us Wider applicability Here are a series of facts that together should explain why this study doesn t mean anything for those of us about to pack for the summer holidays The study didn t look at melanoma the most serious form of skin cancer which like non melanoma skin cancers is also linked to overexposure to UV from the sun and sunbeds People on the study took nicotinamide every day for a year It didn t completely stop the disease coming back just slowed the rate at which it did so It didn t look at healthy people it looked at older Australians who already had so much skin damage they were at risk of multiple skin cancers Nicotinamide the chemical used in the study is slightly different from as the common or garden vitamin B3 supplements which contain a version of the nutrient called niacin All in all despite the fact that it suggests a cheap and readily available way for doctors to help people at risk of multiple recurring skin cancers this study says nothing that changes our existing sun advice when the sun is strong spend time in the shade cover up with clothing and use sunscreen that s at least

    Original URL path: http://scienceblog.cancerresearchuk.org/2015/05/15/dont-take-vitamin-b3-to-prevent-skin-cancer-stick-with-shade/ (2016-02-11)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Unacceptable cancer waiting times are testing patients’ patience - Cancer Research UK - Science blog
    62 day target Using the data for financial year 2014 15 a full year where the NHS failed to meet the 62 day wait target we ve combined the figures into the following categories comfortably met target 0 to 48 days met target 49 to 62 days up to two weeks over target 63 to 76 days up to one month over target 77 to 104 days more than one month over target 104 days As the data below show for all patients needing treatment after an urgent GP referral twice as many 11 2 per cent were treated long after the target compared with just after the target 5 3 per cent Copy this link and share our graphic on social media We can look at this a different way Of the 21 629 patients who waited more than 62 days in 2014 15 more than four in 10 42 3 per cent were waiting between two weeks and one month after the target and around a quarter were waiting more than a month more than the target waiting time This means only a third of patients who wait longer than 62 days are treated just after the target Most 67 8 per cent patients waited anywhere from two weeks to more than a month longer This shows patients who are failed are more likely to be waiting a lot longer than they should be rather than just missing the target as you might suppose Some patients might be having an even worse experience NHS England s data groups everyone waiting more than 104 days in a single category So we don t even know beyond this how much longer these patients are waiting This is particularly a problem in some cancers and not others And breaking these figures down by cancer type shows that only breast cancer and skin cancer patients met the 62 day target during financial year 2014 15 Patients with other cancer types notably lung cancer lower gastrointestinal cancers such as bowel cancer and urological cancers such as bladder and prostate cancers were failed This could reflect the differences in the types of tests a patient would need to confirm a diagnosis and the complex treatments and choices a patient might make about their treatment We also know local variation exists but more research is needed to fully understand why To see how your local area s performance fares against other local areas and the national average you can visit our Local Cancer Statistics website There are lots of possible reasons behind these frustrating delays There are huge pressures on the NHS We know that lots of people are waiting for cancer tests like scans or endoscopies who don t yet have a cancer diagnosis but have been referred by their GP This is why we recently campaigned to ask the Government to invest to Test Cancer Sooner So what s to be done How to tackle the decline England s cancer survival lags behind

    Original URL path: http://scienceblog.cancerresearchuk.org/2015/11/12/unacceptable-cancer-waiting-times-are-testing-patients-patience/ (2016-02-11)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Emily Maxwell | Cancer Research UK - Science blog
    drugs All cancer subjects Near you Belfast Cardiff Edinburgh All locations By Researcher Professor Duncan Baird Professor Fran Balkwill Professor Andrew Biankin See all researchers More Our research history Our research strategy FUNDING FOR RESEARCHERS Our funding schemes Biomarker Project Awards Career Development Fellowship Grand Challenge award View all schemes and deadlines Applying for funding Start your application online Guide to filling in your application form How to make a successful application Funding committees Manage your research grant Manage your grant online Guide to managing a grant online Notify us of new publications Update your profile How we deliver research Our research strategy Our institutes Our centres Our research partnerships More Drug discovery and development Recently funded awards Researcher case studies ABOUT US What we do We beat cancer We fundraise We develop policy Our organisation Our strategy Our Trustees CEO and Executive Board Annual report and accounts Annual review Current jobs Graduates and interns Your development Benefits Cancer news Science blog Latest press releases Latest news reports Search all news More Contact Us Press office Publications HOME ABOUT CANCER SUPPORT US NEWS RESOURCES FUNDING RESEARCH ABOUT US You are here Home border 0 Support us Home About us Cancer news Science blog Author Emily Maxwell Author Emily Maxwell Unacceptable cancer waiting times are testing patients patience Category Science blog November 12 2015 Emily Maxwell Today s new data on cancer waiting times paint an alarming picture we take a detailed look at what the statistics show Read More Older Posts Newer Posts Popular posts Most read today Most discussed Don t believe the hype 10 persistent cancer myths debunked How does alcohol cause cancer Processed meat and cancer what you need to know How does alcohol cause cancer Headlines about e cigarettes don t mean they re not safer

    Original URL path: http://scienceblog.cancerresearchuk.org/author/emilymaxwell/ (2016-02-11)
    Open archived version from archive



  •