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  • Pillars of Oppression - Peacebuilding
    what forms of nonviolent action could deprive the ruler government of his its authority or diminish it After some discussion a member of the group summarises the key forms of nonviolent action they d use and notes them down VI Ask each group to choose a representative and have representatives standing close to the mattress Explain that the mattress represents the ruler government specific or hypothetical depending on the situation Ask the representatives of the six sources of power to raise the mattress together each using one hand VII Ask the partners remaining on the sidelines to come to the centre and loudly proclaim their actions one group at a time and take away their representative Do not allow discussion just proclaiming actions and removing representatives VIII Repeat the procedure with each group and representative Gradually the mattress becomes shakier and unstable even though the remaining pillars people are doing their best to hold it steady and eventually falls to the ground Enjoy that moment Debriefing The following questions are not prescriptive Please add remove or adapt them as necessary How do you feel about this activity How do you feel about planning action to make the ruler government fall How did you feel when the mattress became unstable and eventually fell to the ground To what extent do rulers or governments depend on these sources of power To what extent do these sources of power depend on consent and cooperation from the population What role do consent and cooperation play in political power How different is dictatorship from democracy in terms of its dependence on consent and cooperation from the population How can you relate this activity to political power in your country Can you recall any examples of nonviolent action in your country that challenged political power Why do people obey In general how can you reduce the level of support that a government or ruler enjoys How about in your country Note Alternative ways to carry out this activity include Start the activity by brainstorming and identifying the main sources of political power Then use participants findings as pillars or sources of power throughout the rest of the activity Source This activity has been adapted from George Lakey Training for Change www trainingforchange org The six sources of power and their descriptions in the handouts are taken from Sharp Gene The Politics of Nonviolent Action Power and Struggle Part One Boston Porter Sargent 2000 1973 pp 11 12 Handouts Handout 1 Authority Authority may be defined as the right to command and direct to be heard or obeyed by others voluntarily accepted by the people and therefore existing without the imposition of sanctions The possessor of authority may not actually be superior it s enough he be perceived and accepted as superior While not identical with power authority is nevertheless clearly a main source of power Handout 2 Human Resources A ruler s power is affected by the number of persons who obey him cooperate with him

    Original URL path: http://peacebuilding.caritas.org/index.php/Pillars_of_Oppression (2016-02-13)
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  • Brainstorming on Nonviolence - Peacebuilding
    Two or more although it can be difficult with more than 25 30 participants Time It can be very quick as little as 5 minutes Materials Flip charts Markers Procedure I Write the word peace in capital letters on a flip chart II Ask participants what ideas come to their minds in connection with the word Encourage participation quantity is more important than quality Write all emerging ideas on the flip chart If necessary use more charts and stick them on the wall so everybody can see them III Find connections between the ideas expressed and link them by using different colour markers on the flip chart Note This is a brainstorming session The facilitator shouldn t give any opinion on the ideas expressed by participants All ideas are welcome and should be written down Retrieved from http peacebuilding caritas org index php Brainstorming on Nonviolence Categories NONVIOLENCE ACTIVITY Views Page Discussion View source History Personal tools 91 105 69 17 Talk for this IP Log in create account Navigation Homepage Contents Help pages Random page About this site Search CARITAS French version Spanish version Contact us Caritas website Donate online My collection Add page Show collection 51 pages Collections

    Original URL path: http://peacebuilding.caritas.org/index.php/Brainstorming_on_Nonviolence (2016-02-13)
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  • Brainstorming on Violence and Nonviolence - Peacebuilding
    chart Write VIOLENCE at the top left of the chart and NONVIOLENCE at the top right II Get participants to brainstorm ideas feelings opinions relating to violence Write them down on the flip chart Whenever you feel it s necessary interact with the participants and ask questions III Repeat the procedure with nonviolence IV Ask participants to read all the points on the flip chart and focus on any contradictions emerging from them Examples Under violence you might find both the word hierarchy and the word disorder Get participants to discuss the potential contradiction between these two words You may find the word solution under both violence and nonviolence Discuss the potential contradiction with participants V Write this question on a new flip chart When is violence acceptable Gather opinions and develop a discussion VI Other questions you might use for discussion are What level of violence is necessary for a society to protect its members and grant their rights When is nonviolence realistic Source Adapted from Greenpeace Nonviolent Direct Action Training Programme Retrieved from http peacebuilding caritas org index php Brainstorming on Violence and Nonviolence Categories NONVIOLENCE ACTIVITY Views Page Discussion View source History Personal tools 91 105 69

    Original URL path: http://peacebuilding.caritas.org/index.php/Brainstorming_on_Violence_and_Nonviolence (2016-02-13)
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  • Nonviolence Timeline - Peacebuilding
    governments However examples of nonviolence date back almost 2 500 years Despite the widespread use of nonviolence throughout history historians and formal education systems seem to give priority to documenting wars and violence As a result of this reduced attention nonviolence is still an unrefined raw and intuitive technique for struggle whereas attention to and investment in military warfare has significantly increased its destructive power Adapted from Sharp Gene The Politics of Nonviolent Action Part One Power and Struggle Boston Porter Sargent 2000 1973 p 75 II Place a roll or long strip of paper on the floor You can decide to have centuries and decades marked out on a timeline III Ask participants to add a particular event that they deem to be nonviolent on the timeline Help participants focus their ideas If necessary give examples of nonviolent struggles from the past in the same or other contexts IV Get participants to help each other in identifying places and events V Encourage participants to reflect on why historians seem to give priority to violence as the only legitimate form of struggle whilst history provides us with so many examples of nonviolent struggles dating back as long ago as 2

    Original URL path: http://peacebuilding.caritas.org/index.php/Nonviolence_Timeline (2016-02-13)
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  • Sculpting Relationship - Peacebuilding
    foot on the first person s stomach Ask the third person to stand on a chair behind the second person and put his or her hands on the second person s shoulders INSERT IMAGE III Ask the plenary What does this sculpture represent What is it about Who is who in the sculpture To the three volunteers How does it feel to be in your position To the three volunteers How do you perceive your power in relation to the others Facilitate discussion Help participants explore power relationships Try to shift the discussion to real life IV Ask the plenary How would you arrange the sculpture to represent what you want it to look like Have participants re arrange the sculpture and discuss Repeat the procedure as necessary V Ask the plenary To represent the situation in your country area community how would you arrange the sculpture Have participants re arrange the sculpture and discuss How would you like it to be Have participants re arrange the sculpture and discuss Note This is a great exercise for combining interaction with discussion and can be used instead of an energiser Asking for volunteers helps ensure that you only get people involved who want to participate It s a good idea to select the most physically fit volunteers because they ll be required to hold the sculpture positions for a while Be aware of the cultural context of your participants putting a foot on someone s stomach may be culturally inappropriate or be affected by gender There s a certain level of risk if you use a very immediate structure e g families since it may raise points of tension within the group Source Fast Larissa Neufeldt Reina et al Caritas A Peacebuilding Training Manual Vatican City Caritas Internationalis 2002 p 72

    Original URL path: http://peacebuilding.caritas.org/index.php/Sculpting_Relationship (2016-02-13)
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  • Engaging With Nonviolence - Peacebuilding
    sub groups have to prepare a case in which there are violent attitudes in settings such as the family school or community The other two sub groups have to prepare a case in which there are peaceful attitudes in the family school or community Allow sufficient time III Ask each team to swap their case with one from another team IV Allow sufficient time for each team to read the cases Then ask each team to prepare a play based on the case Allow sufficient time for preparation at least 10 15 minutes V Have teams act out their play in front of the other participants one at a time VI After each play encourage discussion Questions you might ask include What s happening here What tends to happen in such situations Why does this happen What change can peaceful attitudes bring to such situations Source Adapted from an activity suggested by Father Juan Ignacio Cardona and Monsignor Hector Fabio Henao from Caritas Colombia Retrieved from http peacebuilding caritas org index php Engaging With Nonviolence Categories ACTIVITY NONVIOLENCE Views Page Discussion View source History Personal tools 91 105 69 17 Talk for this IP Log in create account Navigation Homepage

    Original URL path: http://peacebuilding.caritas.org/index.php/Engaging_With_Nonviolence (2016-02-13)
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  • Pieces of the Truth - Peacebuilding
    those who oppose it those who benefit from it those who openly support it bystanders those who enforce the policy the media etc VI Ask participants to choose six actors Write these on a flip chart VII Ask participants to divide into sub groups of six people this number can be adjusted if necessary Ask each group to choose one person as a secretary Hand out six index cards and ask the secretary to write one of the six actors on each card using a marker VIII Ask the members of each sub group to form a circle pick one card and place it on the floor facing into the circle IX Explain that each person will role play the person actor identified on the card for 30 seconds Allow some time for people to get into their roles X Start role playing One person for 30 seconds then a second person role for 30 seconds and so on until all six have played their roles XI When the first round is over ask everyone in each circle to move one place to the right Each person now has a new role Allow some time for people to get into their new roles Then have everyone play their role XII Continue these rounds until everyone has had a chance to play all the roles Ask members of the sub groups to try to reach a solution for the issue at stake Debriefing The following questions are only suggestions Omit supplement and change them as you see fit How do you feel about this activity How did you feel about the other actors before stepping into their shoes And after that What changed when you could see the issue from different perspectives What were your insights Where does the truth in

    Original URL path: http://peacebuilding.caritas.org/index.php/Pieces_of_the_Truth (2016-02-13)
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  • Countering Sources of Power - Peacebuilding
    the people see it as a legitimate government What kind of economic resources does the government rely on Who are its allies within the country and abroad What psychological factors encourage people to obey the government or political power in general What role does tradition or culture or religion play in the way in which people recognise the government s power and authority III End the session when you notice that energy is flagging 5 10 minutes is usually enough Make sure the flip chart with the contributions can be seen by all participants hang any extra pages on the wall Make sure all the contributions are separate as in a list of bullet points IV Give three Post it notes to each participant and ask them to vote for the most important sources of political power in their country Each person should come up to the flip chart and stick one two or three Post it notes on the points they choose until they ve used all three V Ask everyone to go back to their seats Identify the three most important sources of political power by counting the number of Post it notes stuck on each one PART TWO VI Divide the plenary into groups of 5 6 people VII Assign this task Identify the means of nonviolent struggle that oppose and diminish the three most important sources of political power in your country Ask the groups to be specific and realistic You can use questions to help them in their task such as How would you do that How do you think this would oppose and diminish mention the specific source of power What would you like to change Who would you like to influence and how What would your strategy be What would be your goal

    Original URL path: http://peacebuilding.caritas.org/index.php/Countering_Sources_of_Power (2016-02-13)
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