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  • 1st Module - Exploring Nonviolence - Peacebuilding
    need to be fought Sharp argues that nonviolent struggle is a realistic alternative to war and violence Sharp Gene Correcting Common Misconceptions About Nonviolent Struggle 3 A handout sheet addressing common misconceptions about nonviolent action and answering some frequently asked questions Wikipedia contributors Nonviolence Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia 4 accessed 16 November 2006 This is an introductory Wiki article on nonviolence with plenty of links to further resources Gandhi Mohandas K Gandhi s Autobiography The Story of My Experiments with Truth Washington D C Public Affairs Press 1954 There are several online editions of this book one is here 5 Martin Brian Nonviolent Defence The Burrowes Approach in Nonviolence Today 55 July August 1997 available at 6 This essay is a review of Robert J Burrowes The Strategy of Nonviolence Defence A Gandhian Approach Burrowes has developed a matrix providing a useful framework for describing different approaches to nonviolence Nonviolent approaches can be divided along two axes principled versus pragmatic and revolutionary versus reformist Shreck N The Faithful Nonviolence of Jesus 7 Pace e Bene Nonviolent Service Jesus resistance to violence begins on the first page of the gospel and continues through to the end It is reflected in daily activities of touching speaking healing and eating but is first born in Jesus vision of the reign of God When we think of the nonviolence of Jesus we often focus on Jesus response to situations of confrontation and violence In this essay we will explore such situations but I suggest that they are not the starting point This attitude of Jesus is formed long before those confrontational situations take place In fact those situations occur most often as a result of his nonviolent vision and approach to life from the introduction Wink W Christian Nonviolence 8 ZNet Many who have committed their lives to working for change and justice in the world simply dismiss Jesus teachings about nonviolence as impractical idealism And with good reason Turn the other cheek suggests the passive Christian doormat quality that has made so many Christians cowardly and complicit in the face of injustice Resist not evil seems to break the back of all opposition to evil and counsel submission Going the second mile has become a platitude meaning nothing more than extend yourself Rather than fostering structural change such attitudes encourage collaboration with the oppressor Jesus never behaved in such ways Whatever the source of the misunderstanding it is neither Jesus nor his teaching which when given a fair hearing in its original social context is arguably one of the most revolutionary political statements ever uttered from the introduction Sharp G Gandhi s Political Significance Pace e Bene Nonviolent Service 9 does Gandhi still have any political significance With the passing of years and the opportunity for a more distant perspective how is Gandhi to be evaluated Are there points at which our earlier judgment must be revised Sharp clears the way from misunderstandings and misattributions to get to the heart of Gandhi s

    Original URL path: http://peacebuilding.caritas.org/index.php/1st_Module_-_Exploring_Nonviolence (2016-02-13)
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  • 3rd Module - Power and Consent - Peacebuilding
    Nonviolent Struggle Boston The Albert Einstein Institution 2000 1990 http www aeinstein org organizations org TheRoleofPowerinNonviolentStruggle English pdf Here Gene Sharp provides a very clear straight to the point illustration of his theory of power The content included here is perfect for use in a workshop format Sharp Gene From Dictatorship To Democracy A Conceptual Framework for Liberation Boston The Albert Einstein Institution 2002 1993 http www aeinstein org organizations org FDTD pdf In this essay Sharp thinks carefully about the most effective ways in which dictatorships could be successfully disintegrated with the least possible cost in suffering and lives Chapters 3 4 and 5 are particularly relevant for illustrating Sharp s theory of power Activities you can use when working on this section include Countering Obedience Groups of three are asked to work on Sharp s motivations for people to obey rulers Their task is to brainstorm and identify ways to counter motivations for obedience The activity is quite easy to organise and facilitate but it can provide useful insights and stimulate an in depth discussion It should be used with care when participants are asked to focus on their specific situation government Pillars of Oppression A popular activity among nonviolent groups throughout the world It is designed to illustrate Sharp s theory of power by specifically focusing on the power consent relationship Participants are asked to think about which forms of nonviolent struggle can deprive the ruler of specific sources of power It involves some physical activity and can be energising for participants Countering Sources of Power This activity is more appropriate when working with participants from the same country context Participants are requested to investigate and discuss political power and its sources in their specific situation Be aware that the emerging issues might be disturbing for some

    Original URL path: http://peacebuilding.caritas.org/index.php/3rd_Module_-_Power_and_Consent (2016-02-13)
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  • 2nd Module - Nonviolence in History - Peacebuilding
    As a result of this reduced attention nonviolence is still an unrefined raw and intuitive technique for struggle whereas the focus on and investment in military war has significantly increased its destructive power Looking at history and examples of nonviolent struggle can help raise awareness of its nature and the way it works and boost confidence Offline Nagler Michael N Is There No Other Way The Search For A Nonviolent Future Berkeley California Berkeley Hills 2001 Sharp Gene The Politics of Nonviolent Action Power and Struggle Vol 1 Boston Porter Sargent 2000 1973 pp 75 101 Online Bleiker Roland Nonviolent Struggle and The Revolution in East Germany Cambridge The Albert Einstein Institution 1993 http www aeinstein org organizations org NonviolentStruggleandtheRevolutioninEastGermany Eng pdf Chernus Ira American Nonviolence The History of an Idea http spot colorado edu chernus NonviolenceBook Index htm Miniotaite Grazina Nonviolent Resistance in Lithuania A Story of Peaceful Liberation Cambridge The Albert Einstein Institution 1995 http www aeinstein org organizations org NonviolentResistanceInLithuania pdf Parkman Patricia Insurrectionary Civil Strikes in Latin America 1931 1961 Cambridge The Albert Einstein Institution 1990 http www aeinstein org organizations org CivilResistanceintheEastEuropeanandSovietRevolutions pdf Wikipedia contributors Nonviolent resistance Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia http en wikipedia org w index php title Nonviolent resistance oldid 86904167 accessed November 16 2006 Zunes Steven Nonviolent Resistance in the Islamic World in Nonviolent Activist The Magazine of the War Resisters League http www warresisters org nva0102 1 htm Activities you can use when working on these topics include Nonviolence Timeline Participants are asked to develop an historical perspective of nonviolent struggles in their local context and abroad Then they reflect on why historians seem to give priority to violence as the only legitimate form of combat Case History The Freedom Ride Challenging The Colour Bar Case History Moved by Love Never

    Original URL path: http://peacebuilding.caritas.org/index.php/2nd_Module_-_Nonviolence_in_History (2016-02-13)
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  • 6th Module - Nonviolence in Church Sources - Peacebuilding
    for reflection criteria for judgement and direction for action Encyclical Letter Pacem in Terris 48 52 Pope John XXIII reflects on the nature of authority which is above all else a moral force hence representatives of the State have no power to bind men in conscience unless their own authority is tied to God s authority and is a participation in it This deeper understanding of authority provides us with a theological foundation with a value for disobedience and resistance to authority governmental authority therefore is a postulate of the moral order and derives from God Consequently laws and decrees passed in contravention of the moral order and hence of the divine will can have no binding force in conscience since it is right to obey to God rather than men Pastoral Constitution Gaudium et Spes 77 82 Peace is not merely the absence of war nor can it be reduced solely to the maintenance of a balance of power between enemies nor is it brought about by dictatorship Instead it is rightly and appropriately called an enterprise of justice We cannot fail to praise those who renounce the use of violence in the vindication of their rights and who resort to methods of defence which are otherwise available to weaker parties too provided this can be done without injury to the rights and duties of others or of the community itself Certainly war has not been rooted out of human affairs As long as the danger of war remains and there is no competent and sufficiently powerful authority at the international level governments cannot be denied the right to legitimate defence once every means of peaceful settlement has been exhausted It is our clear duty therefore to strain every muscle in working for the time when all war can be completely outlawed by international consent Address of Pope Benedict XVI at St Peter s Square 18 February 2007 The Holy Father comments on passage in Luke s Gospel Love your enemies Luke 6 27 What is the meaning of this teaching Why does Jesus ask us to love our very enemies namely with a love that exceeds human capacities This page of the Gospel is rightly considered the Magna Carta of Christian nonviolence it does not consist in surrendering to evil as claims a false interpretation of turn the other cheek Luke 6 29 but in responding to evil with good Romans 12 17 21 and thus breaking the chain of injustice Pope John XXIII s Message for Peace 8 September 1961 Activities you can use when working on this content include A right to resist This activity explores participants understanding of the right of resistance to authority It then compares their understanding with the Church s social teaching on the right to resistance and helps them identify its implications for engagement in the social sphere The right to conscienctious objection Sub groups are given a handout detailing the right to conscientious objection according to the Church s social

    Original URL path: http://peacebuilding.caritas.org/index.php/6th_Module_-_Nonviolence_in_Church_Sources (2016-02-13)
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  • 4th Module - More on Power - Peacebuilding
    activists Sharp s theory works very well Conflict Research Consortium Staff Book Summary of Three Faces of Power by Kenneth E Boulding at http www beyondintractability org booksummary 10062 Boulding argues that to see power as our capacity to get other people to do things that contribute to what we want is a limited conception of it He proposes a broader concept that distinguishes between three main categories threat power economic power and integrative power the stick the carrot and the hug These lead to another classification the power to destroy the power to produce and exchange and the power to integrate Integrative power is the power to create relationships of love friendship respect and the like Boulding argues that integrative power is the most dominant and significant form of power in the sense that neither threat power nor economic power can achieve very much in the absence of legitimacy This article summarises the basic ideas of his book Author Unknown Power Domination Legitimation and Authority from University of Regina Department of Sociology and Social Studies http uregina ca gingrich o12f99 htm Classes status groups and parties are considered by Weber to be associated with power and attempting to achieve one s will even in the face of opposition from others Weber argues that status honour is a more important source of group social action than is class or relation to markets Status groups can do this in various ways from the introduction Allen Amy R Feminist Perspectives on Power The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Fall 2005 Edition Edward N Zalta ed http plato stanford edu entries feminist power Nevertheless it is possible to identify three main ways in which feminists have conceptualized power as a resource to be re distributed as domination and as empowerment both individual and collective

    Original URL path: http://peacebuilding.caritas.org/index.php/4th_Module_-_More_on_Power (2016-02-13)
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  • 5th Module - Strategising for Nonviolence - Peacebuilding
    and propaganda contaminants that may affect the efficiency of a nonviolent movement and providing consultations and training for members of movements and organisations from the introduction Lakey George Strategising for A Living Revolution http www nonviolence org au downloads living revolution pdf In this paper George Lakey proposes a strategic framework for nonviolent struggle broken down into five stages cultural preparation organisation building confrontation mass political and economic non cooperation and parallel institutions Lakey draws from Otpor s experience in Serbia and bases the framework on Sharp s theory of power This is a very useful paper especially as it provides concrete examples from a successful struggle for change Moyer Bill The Movement Action Plan A Strategic Framework Describing the Eight Stages of Successful Social Movements http www nonviolence org au downloads movement action plan pdf See also this article by the same author Sharp Gene The Importance of Strategic Planning in Nonviolent Struggle http www nonviolence org au downloads strategic planning pdf Sharp Gene From Dictatorship to Democracy A Conceptual Framework for Liberation http www nonviolence org au downloads dictatorship to democracy pdf Activities you can use when working on this section include The Ideal Community This gives the group social action challenges to tackle and gets them to strategise their actions Sub groups have to visualise their ideal community and are asked to draw it Once the dream is complete a major corporation gets into the picture and horribly spoils it Each group has to develop and strategise a realistic feasible campaign to preserve their community Brainstorm and Prioritise This is an easy tool to help a group to strategise its actions It should be used with an existing and active group that is working for nonviolent social change and has a clearly stated goal It should not

    Original URL path: http://peacebuilding.caritas.org/index.php/5th_Module_-_Strategising_for_Nonviolence (2016-02-13)
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  • Half-Day Introduction to Nonviolence - Peacebuilding
    Introduction to workshop objectives and agenda 09 25 Activity Brainstorming on Violence and Nonviolence 09 45 Content introduction from Content Section I For example you can use the article Nonviolence and Nonviolent Direct Action http www beyondintractability org essay nonviolent direct action together with the Content Processing Activity Exploring Content 10 30 Break Session 2 10 45 Content introduction for example from Content Section II you can use the article The Role of Power in Nonviolent Struggle http www aeinstein org organizations org TheRoleofPowerinNonviolentStruggle English pdf together with the Content Processing Activity For Example 11 15 Activity Pillars of Oppression 11 35 Activity Countering Obedience 12 20 Summary of content and workshop findings 12 25 Final workshop evaluation Keep and Revise Retrieved from http peacebuilding caritas org index php Half Day Introduction to Nonviolence Categories NONVIOLENCE WORKSHOP AGENDA Views Page Discussion View source History Personal tools 91 105 69 17 Talk for this IP Log in create account Navigation Homepage Contents Help pages Random page About this site Search CARITAS French version Spanish version Contact us Caritas website Donate online My collection Add page Show collection 51 pages Collections help User collections The category contains more than PARAM pages only

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  • 1-Day Workshop on Nonviolence - Peacebuilding
    Alternatives http www aeinstein org organizationsbc25 html together with the Content Processing Activity Key Questions 10 30 Break Session 2 11 00 Content introduction for example from Content Section I you can use Correcting Common Misconceptions About Nonviolent Struggle http www aeinstein org organizations1676 html together with the Content Processing Activity Make It Shorter 11 30 Activity Pillars of Oppression 12 10 Content introduction from Content Section II you can use The Role of Power in Nonviolent Struggle http www aeinstein org organizations org TheRoleofPowerinNonviolentStruggle English pdf together with the Content Processing Activity Key Questions 12 30 Lunch break Session 3 14 00 Activity Pragmatic Principled Reformist and Revolutionary 14 30 Activity The Ideal Community 15 30 Break Session 4 16 00 Content introduction from Content Section V you can use The Importance of Strategic Planning in Nonviolent Struggle together with the Content Processing Activity Q As 16 45 Activity From Us to Them 17 15 Summary of the contents introduced and workshop findings 17 25 Workshop evaluation Retrieved from http peacebuilding caritas org index php 1 Day Workshop on Nonviolence Categories NONVIOLENCE WORKSHOP AGENDA Views Page Discussion View source History Personal tools 91 105 69 17 Talk for this

    Original URL path: http://peacebuilding.caritas.org/index.php/1-Day_Workshop_on_Nonviolence (2016-02-13)
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