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  • Exploring Key Steps to Conflict Sensitive Implementation - Peacebuilding
    to ask comment critique and discuss Boost the discussion by introducing information from the Resource Pack on Conflict Sensitive Approaches Chapter 3 Module 2 pp 2 6 Then continue with another example from another group and follow the same process During the discussion you might find it useful to register relevant issues and findings on the flip chart paper Note Alternatives to this process include If your plenary is smaller than 12 participants you can assign couples to work on the handouts or assign two handouts to each group If your plenary is larger that 20 participants you can assign more groups to one handout Source This activity has been designed with reference to the Resource Pack on Conflict Sensitive Approaches Chapter 3 Module 2 The text of the handouts is adapted from pp 2 6 Handout 1 The first key step to sensitise the implementation process is to refer back to the conflict analysis Conflict analysis should have been done at the planning stage and you should refer to it when implementing the project Though if time has elapsed between the planning and implementation stages the conflict analysis should be reviewed and updated The conflict analysis might suggest changes of the decisions made during planning such as beneficiaries area of intervention timing etc Your task Generate three examples preferably from your experience that illustrate an application of this step to conflict sensitive implementation Handout 2 The second key step to sensitise the implementation process is to set up the project more specifically Engage all parties when developing operating plans Choose sub contractors and other partners on the base of the conflict analysis Decide where to locate the office s and negotiate access to specific areas being aware that these decisions might have effects on the conflict dynamics Co ordinate

    Original URL path: http://peacebuilding.caritas.org/index.php/Exploring_Key_Steps_to_Conflict_Sensitive_Implementation (2016-02-13)
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  • WHAT Decisions - Peacebuilding
    often prompt theft Furthermore when programmes are driven by the availability of food and the need to move it out of the warehouses rather than considerations of need coupled with local intergroup relations many distortions occur and conflict can be reinforced In general the PILOT IMPLEMENTATIONS PROJECTS found While it is important to assess needs in all areas accurately it is especially important in relation to food aid When food is supplied method of selecting recipients storage transport and delivery become particularly important At each point food is susceptible to manipulation and theft Source Adapted from Anderson Mary B ed Options for Aid in Conflict Lessons from Field Experience Cambridge CDA Inc 2000 http www cdainc com publications dnh options for aid in conflict lessons from field experience php pp 55 57 Your Task Design a scenario illustrating the issues introduced above Your scenario can be taken from reality slightly changed or invented Furthermore be prepared to present the issues introduced in this handout to the plenary Handout2 Shelter Land Settlement Aid programmes that deal with where people live raise special problems Wars cause displacement and redistribute property including housing Large movements of people into new areas can create new or exacerbate old frictions Land related issues ownership use settlement and resettlement are particularly loaded in conflict situations Housing is a target in intergroup warfare Therefore aid to rebuild houses often re excites TENSION and becomes a flash point for renewed intergroup violence Because housing is owned by individual families who are usually identified with one subgroup and neighborhoods also often reflect subgroup identities rebuilding undertaken area by area favors some families and some groups over others Aid programmes can easily become involved in population movements and attempts by different groups to dominate particular locations Aid can be used by local authorities to move civilians for military reasons Aid may result in investment in property that is occupied or disputed thereby making return or compromise difficult Initiating post conflict housing programmes before all groups have been able to return to an area can lock in one group s dominance of that area Given the impacts of aid related to housing and land on conflict one PILOT IMPLEMENTATION PROJECT adopted a policy of supporting no new settlements and no new housing construction In addition they established a series of protocols to determine legal ownership before they provide aid of any sort and where settlement is involved developed contractual arrangements with beneficiaries stipulating temporary custody and responsibility for property pending the return of the original owner Although there is no certainty that such arrangements would be legally binding the NGO felt this policy established a system for dealing with future disagreements and sent an important message Source Adapted from Anderson Mary B ed Options for Aid in Conflict Lessons from Field Experience Cambridge CDA Inc 2000 http www cdainc com publications dnh options for aid in conflict lessons from field experience php pp 57 59 Your Task Design a scenario illustrating the

    Original URL path: http://peacebuilding.caritas.org/index.php/WHAT_Decisions (2016-02-13)
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  • Dilemmas of Development, Humanitarian and Peace Building Work in Conflict - Peacebuilding
    it difficult for agencies to apply the necessary flexibility in order to respond to the continuous changes originated by conflict Etc Take note of all participants statements and make a bulleted list III Ask participants to select the most relevant 5 or 7 10 statements from the list IV Divide the plenary into work groups of 3 5 individuals Assign to each group one or more of the statements selected V Communicate the groups task to work on the assigned statement s and complete the following six sentences related to each statement Is a consequence of Is similar to Is related to Might lead to Can be solved by It would be better if Write down the sentences on a flip chart page for participants to see better prepare the flip chart page in advance Ask each group to write down their answer on a flip chart page Distribute flip chart papers and markers to each group to take note of their findings Example One group is assigned to work on the following sentence Expatriate staff who usually retains most of the decision making in programs are often ignorant of the local realities and conflict they rarely even speak the language Through discussion they come to complete the six sentences as follows Is a consequence of the hiring process in international aid agencies mostly the fact that agencies look more for staff who are able to spend large resources in a short time and account for it Qualities like conflict resolution background capacity to perform conflict analysis and a commitment to learn the local language are too often disregarded Is similar to the fact that also in agencies HQ there are staff who know even less of the local context conflict and yet take decisions over millions in resources Is

    Original URL path: http://peacebuilding.caritas.org/index.php/Dilemmas_of_Development%2C_Humanitarian_and_Peace_Building_Work_in_Conflict (2016-02-13)
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  • WHO Decisions - Targeting Recipients - Peacebuilding
    questions What are the criteria that are used to target aid recipients according to your experience identity political geographical According to your experience in which ways decisions about who should receive aid can increase inter group divisions and exacerbate conflict What are the side effects of these decisions on who gets aid and who doesn t get it You can write the questions on a flip chart paper so that all participants can read them III Distribute flip chart papers and markers to work groups and ask them to take note of their findings Assign sufficient time and start group work IV After group work return to the plenary and ask each group to present their findings to the plenary If needed you can contribute to the discussion by introducing findings from the manual Options for Aid in Conflict Anderson Mary B cit pp 21 25 SECOND PART V Distribute one blank index card to each participant Assign the task to write down an idea strategy for doing better with targeting aid i e avoid exacerbating conflict and increasing inter group divisions and possibly mitigate conflict and improve inter group connections Ask participants to write only on one side of the card Assign sufficient time 3 5 minutes can be enough VI Then ask participants to stand up turn the side of their cards containing ideas strategies down and start switching cards with other participants Note that participants should not be able to see the written side of the card during switches they only have to keep on switching the cards VII After 20 30 seconds ask participants to stop switching cards Make sure each one has one card VIII Invite them to form pairs The pairs task is to read the idea strategy on each card and assign a score In order to do so each pair has a total of five points that can be distributed between the two cards Example A pair likes one of the ideas cards much more then the other They assign 4 points to this idea and only 1 to the other They could also assign 5 to one idea and 0 to the other or 3 to one and 2 to the other IX Then repeat the VI and VII step of the process and have pairs distributing points between the two cards X Repeat the procedure again for three more rounds switching pairs scoring XI Return to the plenary each participant having one card Announce that now you are going to identify the ideas and strategies that have been rated better Ask participants to calculate the total score on the cards they have XII Start counting down from 25 and ask participants to stand up when the number equates the score of their card Invite this participant to read the idea strategy on her card to the rest of the plenary Write it down on the flip chart as the first idea strategy XIII Continue counting down and repeat the procedure

    Original URL path: http://peacebuilding.caritas.org/index.php/WHO_Decisions_-_Targeting_Recipients (2016-02-13)
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  • 1st Module – Existing Frameworks: I) Do No Harm - Peacebuilding
    working in conflict targeting aid staffing partnering what aid how to distribute it working with local authorities It includes also sections outlining the basic concepts of the framework connectors and dividers resource transfers and implicit ethical messages CDA Inc Do No Harm Handbook Cambridge CDA Inc 2004 This is as the title says a handbook The information included is essential straight to the point In contains short lectures and tools that might be very useful in a workshop format CDA website has a specific area on Do No Harm at http www cdainc com dnh Activities you can use when working on these contents include Introducing the Do No Harm Framework Based on a two page text from the Do No Harm Handbook the activity provides an essential introduction to the framework and helps participants connecting it to their experiences Examples of Resource Transfers and Implicit Ethical Messages After having introduced resource transfers and implicit ethical messages as ways aid manifests its effects on conflict participants are asked to generate examples Assessing the Impact of Aid on Conflict There are several ways to use the framework here introduced in a workshop It can be used with staff working in the same programme or at least in the same agency or context or with a group of participants from different programmes agencies and contexts In the former case the framework can induce in deep reflection on the programme and its impact on conflict in the latter it can be used to introduce participants to the framework Using Indications of Impact from the Do No Harm Framework The purpose is to understand and apply tools from the Do No Harm framework for assessing the impact of aid on conflict The same suggestions on how to use this activity in a workshop given

    Original URL path: http://peacebuilding.caritas.org/index.php/1st_Module_%E2%80%93_Existing_Frameworks:_I%29_Do_No_Harm (2016-02-13)
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  • 2nd Module – Existing Frameworks: II) PCIA and Conflict Sensitivity - Peacebuilding
    to Development Humanitarian Assistance and Peacebuilding A Resource Pack London 2004 http www conflictsensitivity org resource pack html This resource manual is the essential text for understanding conflict sensitivity It is structured in several chapters after a useful introduction to the key concepts of conflict sensitivity there is a large chapter on conflict analysis the cornerstone of this approach An introduction and reference to several frameworks for conflict analysis is also provided The third chapter works on applying conflict sensitivity at project and programme level more specifically on planning implementation and monitoring and evaluation The last chapter explains how to begin the process of mainstreaming conflict sensitivity into an organisation in a systematic way Lange Maria Building Institutional Capacity for Conflict Sensitive Practice The Case of International NGOs London International Alert 2004 http www international alert org pdfs institutional capacity ngos pdf The paper is based on research including various internal documents and confidential interviews with policy and operational staff from 12 large NGOs involved with international development The purpose of these interviews was to identify and share agency learning and experiences regarding mainstreaming conflict sensitive approaches from introduction Lange Maria Quinn Mick Conflict Humanitarian Assistance and Peacebuilding Meeting the Challenges London International Alert 2003 http www reliefweb int rw lib nsf db900SID LGEL 5V7K2J OpenDocument This paper summarises current debates on conflict aid and peacebuilding and suggests that humanitarian agencies can go beyond avoiding negative impacts on conflict Do No Harm to contributing positively to conflict transformation and peacebuilding Do Good in a way that respects their core mandates and key humanitarian principles The paper argues that this may be achieved by incorporating a conflict sensitive approach in planning and programming from executive summary Barbolet Adam Goldwin Rachel Groenwald Hesta Sheriff Andrew The Utility and Dilemmas of Conflict Sensitivity Berghof Research Center for Constructive Conflict Management 2005 http www berghof handbook net uploads download dialogue4 barbolet etal pdf This paper argues that Conflict Sensitivity or PCIA cannot be reduced to a collection of tools and methodologies These are useful to make conflict sensitivity concrete but undue emphasis on complex tools tables and methodologies seems to be a primarily Western approach that often has a limited resonance with many Southern organizations from introduction Thus there is a need for a more encompassing approach here called a tools plus approach Activities you can use when working on these contents include Dilemmas of Development Humanitarian and Peace Building Work in Conflict To induce reflection on the dilemmas of development humanitarian and peace building programming in conflict It provides a template for boosting brainstorming that can be used with different contents as well Exploring the Basics of Conflict Sensitivity Basic information on Conflict Sensitivity is provided and questioned by participants Participants questions lead the discussion in small groups The activity doesn t encourage correct answers and fosters a learning mindset Conflict Analysis 3Ps A simple tool for conflict analysis from the Green Book Peacebuilding A Caritas Training Manual The 3Ps are People the

    Original URL path: http://peacebuilding.caritas.org/index.php/2nd_Module_%E2%80%93_Existing_Frameworks:_II%29_PCIA_and_Conflict_Sensitivity (2016-02-13)
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  • 3rd Module - Aid, Conflict and Security: A Critical Analysis of Trends - Peacebuilding
    sentence of the 1997 document Who speaks is the development Ministers aid agencies heads and other senior officials responsible for development cooperation of the Countries members of the DAC Thus the interests of our societies are those of the richest industrialised countries sole members of the DAC This document is central in illustrating donors shift in linking development with security and several sections can be used for interpretation and reflection DAC A Development Cooperation Lens on Terrorism Prevention Key Entry Points for Action Paris OECD Development Assistance Committee 2006 OECD Security System Reform and Governance Policy and Good Practice in OECD Observer May 2001 This policy brief summarises the report Security System Reform and Governance A DAC Reference Document It clearly states that development and security are inextricably linked It extends the concept of security as a public policy and governance issue It states DAC countries interest to help poor countries establish structures and mechanisms to manage change and political conflict from introduction It is a relevant text for understanding current trends in international development assistance Klingebiel Stephan The OECD World Bank and International Monetary Fund Development Activities in the Crisis Prevention and Conflict Management Sphere Bonn German Development Institute 2001 Commission on Human Security Human Security Now New York Commission on Human Security 2003 http www humansecurity chs org The Commission on Human Security was launched at the 2000 UN Millennium Summit out of a general agreement on both the concept of freedom from want and freedom from fear Human security is concerned with safeguarding and expanding people s vital freedoms It requires both shielding people from acute threats and empowering people to take charge of their own lives from foreword Particularly relevant for interpretation and discussion are chapter one outlining the concept of security centred on people not states thus redefining intervention chapter two reinforcing the narrative on internal conflict and its pervasive threats and how a human security approach can make a difference chapter four on post conflict reconstruction and the potential for international intervention to recast social political and economic bases of power when State has collapsed and chapter 8 on how to advance the human security framework to address the conditions and threats people face United Nations A More Secure World Our Shared Responsibility United Nations 2004 http www un org secureworld Collier Paul Elliot Lani Hegre Havard Hoeffler Anke Reynal Querol Marta Sambanis Nicolas Breaking the Conflict Trap Civil War and Development Policy Washington World Bank and Oxford University Press 2003 accessed on December 12 2006 19 11hrs Duffield Mark Getting Savages to Fight Barbarians Development Security and the Colonial Present in Conflict Security Development 5 2 August 2005 URL www arts ualberta ca courses PoliticalScience 357B1 syllabus htm or directly here The refrain that development requires security and security requires development has risen to a state of accepted truth in the post Cold War era The alleged double link has determined a progressive radicalisation of development as means to improve global stability Wealthy

    Original URL path: http://peacebuilding.caritas.org/index.php/3rd_Module_-_Aid%2C_Conflict_and_Security:_A_Critical_Analysis_of_Trends (2016-02-13)
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  • Making Aid Build Peace (Integration) - Peacebuilding
    can use to analyse a situation and identify strategic opportunities to help prevent conflict and build peace It provides a framework for assessing the conflict environment identifying conflict parties and peace builders defining programme objectives and activities and inputting analysis into a planning framework This framework together with the Do No Harm and other less known approaches have been fed into the conflict sensitivity framework The latter does not offer new tools but presents broad recommendations on conflict sensitive practice In a nutshell conflict sensitivity for an organisation means i understanding the context where it operates ii understanding the interaction between the organisation s intervention and the context and iii acting upon this understanding in order to maximise positive impacts and minimise negative impacts Conflict analysis is a central element of this framework 3rd Module Aid Conflict and Security A Critical Analysis of Trends The content and activities in this module are especially relevant when working with policy and decision makers at agencies headquarters as well as with Church leadership However some of the activities can be adapted for field managers and staff The frameworks developed for understanding how aid interacts with conflict presented in the first and second modules of this Resource Kit are aligned with a policy shift in major international institutions and donors Two trends seem to emerge i A progressive shift from reaction to conflict prevention ii A progressive radicalisation of funding for development that tightly links development assistance to security concerns Why are donor countries interested in conflict prevention What happens when donors link development funding more tightly to security concerns What potential do development programmes have to condition national regional social political and economic evolutionary trends in the South and how This module proposes a critical analysis of relevant documents by the World Bank the UN and the OECD s Development Assistance Committee The DAC s document Helping Prevent Violent Conflict is vital in illustrating the alleged donors shift In addition the DAC s Security System Reform tackles the topic from a different perspective focusing the debate explicitly on security The World Bank s document Breaking the Conflict Trap focuses on civil internal war as a trap for development and explains why the World Bank is interested in conflict prevention The UN s Human Security Now and A More Secure World set the debate at a higher level with a sophisticated rationale but they both seem to complement the other documents presented Professor Duffield s article proposes a sceptical critique for exploring the link between development assistance and conflict or security Most of the activities are concerned with interpreting these documents They try to foster an understanding of development and security trends that goes beyond uncritically following the latest trends and buzz words They help workshop participants to go further than a superficial understanding of the documents and delve deeper in order to explore connections trends interests and less obvious rationales 4th Module Exploring a Church Perspective As a pastoral and social agent of

    Original URL path: http://peacebuilding.caritas.org/index.php/Making_Aid_Build_Peace_%28Integration%29 (2016-02-13)
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