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  • Groups Teach - Peacebuilding
    the content to one group When this is not possible you can send out handouts with sections of the content before the workshop and have volunteer participants present the content in each group Alternatively you can distribute a handout on a specific content section to each group and allow time for them to study and discuss it Example You are introducing Gene Sharp s theory of power Sharp Gene The Politics of Nonviolent Action Part One Power and Struggle Boston Porter Sargent 2000 1973 You decide to divide the content into four sections 1 The basic nature of political power 2 Social roots of political power 3 Why people obey and 4 The role of consent You divide the plenary into four groups and have each group working on one section III Start group work Have each group working on a specific section of the content Allow sufficient time IV Stop group work Ask participants to form pairs with one member from each of the groups or groups of three or groups of four etc depending on the working groups you ve created at step II of the procedure Example After groups have worked on different parts of Sharp s theory of power have each member from each group form a team with one member from each of the other groups As you divided the content into four parts and consequently the participants were divided into four working groups you ll now have several teams with four members Each person in these new groups of four will have worked on a different section of the content V Ask the members of the newly formed groups to share their knowledge The groups task is to put together the entire content Assign sufficient time VI Ask each team to develop a real

    Original URL path: http://peacebuilding.caritas.org/index.php/Groups_Teach (2016-02-13)
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  • Make It Shorter - Peacebuilding
    the training session prepare a presentation on the content you d like to introduce to participants Prepare visual aids to help participants follow the presentation Try and make it short maximum 10 minutes II Divide the plenary into teams of 5 6 people Explain that you re going to introduce new content and will ask teams to prepare a summary Summaries will then be exchanged between teams The best summary will be identified and presented to the plenary III Make your presentation IV Ask teams to prepare their summary of the presentation and write it down on an index card Allow 5 10 minutes for this V Ask teams to pass their summary to the team sitting next to them Ask each team to read the summary and put a mark on the back of the index card they can grade each summary on a scale from 1 poor to 5 excellent VI Allow time for each team to read and mark each summary Then collect the index cards check the scores and name a winner with hearty congratulations VII Ask the winning team to present their summary to the plenary Source This activity was inspired by and adapted from

    Original URL path: http://peacebuilding.caritas.org/index.php/Make_It_Shorter (2016-02-13)
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  • What Worked, What Did Not Work - Peacebuilding
    to start the following day by summarising the results of the evaluation and pointing out what concrete steps you ve taken to apply participants suggestions for that day Aim To get feedback from participants in order to evaluate the workshop Time 5 to 15 minutes Participants Any number Materials Flip charts Markers Sticky notes e g Post it Pencils Procedure I Beforehand prepare three flip charts with three questions written in large capital letters at the top What worked What didn t work What do you suggest for tomorrow II For the evaluation put the flip charts on the wall Hand out sticky notes and pencils to the participants and ask them to evaluate the workshop based on the three questions III Have participants write their responses on sticky notes and place them on the flip charts Alternatively participants may write directly on the charts or a blackboard Source Fast Larissa Neufeldt Reina et al Peacebuilding A Caritas Training Manual Vatican City Caritas Internationalis 2002 pp 11 20 Retrieved from http peacebuilding caritas org index php What Worked 2C What Did Not Work Category EVALUATION TOOLS Views Page Discussion View source History Personal tools 91 105 69 17 Talk for

    Original URL path: http://peacebuilding.caritas.org/index.php/What_Worked%2C_What_Did_Not_Work (2016-02-13)
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  • Putting It All Together - Peacebuilding
    and you carry on asking for these ridiculous prices and so it goes on What s happening here How would you define what Sasa and Elma are doing Similarly look at what happens between Michele and his wife Anne Anne I want to see my family in November I think we should book plane tickets in time if we want to get a good fare Michele But we ve been there twice already this year Don t you think that s enough Why don t we go next summer A I didn t choose to live in another country We stay in Italy all the time and we see your family every week I think it s right to go to Finland before the end of the year and November would be perfect for my Mum M But not for us I think we could go there by April next year at the earliest and not before with all the things we have to do Besides the ticket s expensive and I don t think we can afford another trip like that this year A No way If you don t want to see them just say so I ll arrange the trip just for me and the kid M And what about the kid Shouldn t he be at school at that time Why don t we use the Easter holidays next year A I think we could postpone this trip until this year s Christmas holidays at the latest and so it goes on These two interactions between people are similar inasmuch as each side takes a position and argues and defends it Eventually each side makes concessions to the other in order to reach a compromise Roger Fisher and William Ury founders of the Harvard Negotiation Project call this style of negotiation positional bargaining Any means or method of negotiation may be judged by three criteria its capacity to produce a sensible agreement when possible its efficiency it shouldn t be too difficult and time consuming to reach agreement and its capacity to improve the relationship between the parties or at least not to harm it For Fisher and Ury positional bargaining is likely to score poorly on all three counts When people argue about positions they tend to dig their heels in or to radicalize their position become defensive and identify themselves with it The more they do this the more difficult it is to change their position at the risk of losing face By paying careful attention to their and the other side s position they tend to overlook the underlying concerns of the parties as well as their interests or needs Therefore reaching a sensible agreement can become very difficult Positional bargaining can be very inefficient too Consider the example of Sasa and Elma each of them starts with extremely low Sasa or high Elma offers knowing full well that if they have to make concessions to the other side to reach agreement starting

    Original URL path: http://peacebuilding.caritas.org/index.php/Putting_It_All_Together (2016-02-13)
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  • Study Groups - Peacebuilding
    arising from what you ve read Prepare a list for each handout and write them down below Example In an introductory two day workshop on nonviolence you plan to deliver four presentations The first one will be on Introducing Nonviolence You gather articles and books by Mohandas K Ghandi Gene Sharp and George Lakey You prepare a two page handout The second part will be on Power and Nonviolence and is to be introduced in the afternoon of the first day You prepare a two page handout using Gene Sharp s power and consent theory You follow the same procedure for the third and fourth presentations which will be delivered on the second day of the workshop You supplement each handout with homework guidelines II Before the workshop get the list of participants with contact details Get in touch with them and tell them you re going to send them content materials that will be processed during the workshop You ask them to study the materials and do some homework based on the guidelines in each handout Send out the handouts III During the workshop when it s time to work on the first part of the content ask participants to refer to the first handout and divide the plenary into working groups of 5 6 people IV Ask participants to exchange questions answers comments and critiques on the first handout Allow 10 minutes for discussion V Now ask each group to identify the most important question that they d like to be answered the most important learning points and the most critical or controversial issue Allow a few minutes VI Return to the plenary and ask a member of the first group to read out their most important question Discuss with the plenary VII Turn to the second group

    Original URL path: http://peacebuilding.caritas.org/index.php/Study_Groups (2016-02-13)
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  • Extracts from THE PASTORAL CONSTITUTION ON THE CHURCH IN THE MODERN WORLD - Peacebuilding
    exhausted State authorities and others who share public responsibility have the duty to conduct such grave matters soberly and to protect the welfare of the people entrusted to their care But it is one thing to undertake military action for the just defence of the people and something else again to seek the subjugation of other nations Nor by the same token does the mere fact that war has unhappily begun mean that all is fair between the warring parties Those too who devote themselves to the military service of their country should regard themselves as the agents of security and freedom of peoples As long as they fulfil this role properly they are making a genuine contribution to the establishment of peace 80 The horror and perversity of war is immensely magnified by the addition of scientific weapons For acts of war involving these weapons can inflict massive and indiscriminate destruction thus going far beyond the bounds of legitimate defence Indeed if the kind of instruments which can now be found in the armouries of the great nations were to be employed to their fullest an almost total and altogether reciprocal slaughter of each side by the other would follow not to mention the widespread deviation that would take place in the world and the deadly after effects that would be spawned by the use of weapons of this kind All these considerations compel us to undertake an evaluation of war with an entirely new attitude 1 The men of our time must realise that they will have to give a sombre reckoning of their deeds of war for the course of the future will depend greatly on the decisions they make today With these truths in mind this most holy synod makes its own the condemnations of total war already pronounced by recent popes 2 and issues the following declaration Any act of war aimed indiscriminately at the destruction of entire cities of extensive areas along with their population is a crime against God and man himself It merits unequivocal and unhesitating condemnation The unique hazard of modern warfare consists in this it provides those who possess modem scientific weapons with a kind of occasion for perpetrating just such abominations moreover through a certain inexorable chain of events it can catapult men into the most atrocious decisions That such may never truly happen in the future the bishops of the whole world gathered together beg all men especially government officials and military leaders to give unremitting thought to their gigantic responsibility before God and the entire human race 81 To be sure scientific weapons are not amassed solely for use in war Since the defensive strength of any nation is considered to be dependent upon its capacity for immediate retaliation this accumulation of arms which increases each year likewise serves in a way heretofore unknown as deterrent to possible enemy attack Many regard this procedure as the most effective way by which peace of a sort can be

    Original URL path: http://peacebuilding.caritas.org/index.php/Extracts_from_THE_PASTORAL_CONSTITUTION_ON_THE_CHURCH_IN_THE_MODERN_WORLD (2016-02-13)
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  • Homework - Peacebuilding
    that other participants will be working on the same questions and provide contact details in case they wish to get in touch with each other ahead of the workshop Tell them that together with other participants who ll have worked on the same questions they ll be asked to develop a presentation during the workshop Example You are designing a workshop on Introducing nonviolence You ve prepared these sets of questions 1st set What are the nature and origins of nonviolence What constitutes nonviolence and what doesn t Can you give a few examples of nonviolence 2nd set Where do political authorities get their power from Where does power come from What does Gene Sharp have to say about power 3rd set 1st task Can you give 10 examples of violent struggles from history 2nd task Can you give 5 examples of nonviolent struggles from history Which of these tasks is easier Why 4th set What are the methods of nonviolent action How important is strategy for nonviolent action IV During the workshop divide the plenary in groups making sure you put people who ve worked on the same set of questions together Ask them to prepare a presentation to make to the plenary based on their findings Make flip charts or other visual aids available to each group Allow sufficient time V Have each group make their presentation at different times on the agenda Encourage discussion after the presentations Note This activity should be used with care bearing in mind its risks and limitations As a facilitator you have little control over the participants research and the group presentations and you have little control over the content You may end up with confusing information that won t help participants to understand and learn Therefore it s advisable to use

    Original URL path: http://peacebuilding.caritas.org/index.php/Homework (2016-02-13)
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  • Category:Help - Peacebuilding
    caritas org index php Category Help Views Category Discussion View source History Personal tools 91 105 69 17 Talk for this IP Log in create account Navigation Homepage Contents Help pages Random page About this site Search CARITAS French version Spanish version Contact us Caritas website Donate online My collection Add category Show collection 115 pages Collections help User collections The category contains more than PARAM pages only the first

    Original URL path: http://peacebuilding.caritas.org/index.php/Category:Help (2016-02-13)
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