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  • Dictionary : CONSUBSTANTIATION | Catholic Culture
    Need to Know Catholic Dictionary Catechism Church Fathers Most Collection Free eBooks Connect Home On Facebook On Twitter eNewsletters Site Tour Web Widgets Feeds Contact Us Advertise Subscribe Login Donate Resources Home Library Website Reviews What You Need to Know Catholic Dictionary Catechism Church Fathers Most Collection Free eBooks Action Alert SOLIDARITY MONTH 10 is as good as 1 000 Help set a new record for the number of gifts this month Goal 1 000 769 to go Catholic Dictionary Search Browse A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z About A modern dictionary of 5 679 Catholic terms including abbreviations both common and obscure Find accurate definitions of words and phrases All items in this dictionary are from Fr John Hardon s Modern Catholic Dictionary Eternal Life Used with permission Begin your Catholic Dictionary search at right by entering a search term or browsing by key letter Random Term from the Dictionary Term CONSUBSTANTIATION Definition The belief contrary to Catholic doctrine that in the Eucharist the body and blood of Christ coexist with the bread and wine after the Consecration of

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    Plan I NAMES AND IMAGES OF THE CHURCH Symbols of the Church II THE CHURCH S ORIGIN FOUNDATION AND MISSION A plan born in the Father s heart The Church foreshadowed from the world s beginning The Church prepared for in the Old Covenant The Church instituted by Christ Jesus The Church revealed by the Holy Spirit The Church perfected in glory III THE MYSTERY OF THE CHURCH The Church both visible and spiritual The Church mystery of men s union with God The universal Sacrament of Salvation Paragraph 2 The Church People of God Body of Christ Temple of the Holy Spirit I THE CHURCH PEOPLE OF GOD Characteristics of the People of Got A priestly prophetic and royal people II THE CHURCH BODY OF CHRIST The Church is communion with Jesus One Body Christ is the Head of this Body The Church is the Bride of Christ III THE CHURCH IS THE TEMPLE OF THE HOLY SPIRIT Charisms Paragraph 3 The Church Is One Holy Catholic and Apostolic I THE CHURCH IS ONE The sacred mystery of the Church s unity UR 2 Wounds to unity Toward unity II THE CHURCH IS HOLY III THE CHURCH IS CATHOLIC What does catholic mean Each particular Church is catholic Who belongs to the Catholic Church The Church and non Christians Outside the Church there is no salvation Mission a requirement of the Church s catholicity IV THE CHURCH IS APOSTOLIC The Apostles mission The bishops successors of the apostles The apostolate Paragraph 4 Christ s Faithful Hierarchy Laity Consecrated Life I THE HIERARCHICAL CONSTITUTION OF THE CHURCH Why the ecclesial ministry The episcopal college and its head the Pope The teaching office The sanctifying office The governing office II THE LAY FAITHFUL The vocation of lay people The participation of lay people in Christ s priestly office Participation in Christ s prophetic office Participation in Christ s kingly office III THE CONSECRATED LIFE Evangelical counsels consecrated life One great tree with many branches The eremitic life Consecrated virgins and widows Religious life Secular institutes Societies of apostolic life Consecration and mission proclaiming the King who is corning Paragraph 5 The Communion of Saints I COMMUNION IN SPIRITUAL GOODS II THE COMMUNION OF THE CHURCH OF HEAVEN AND EARTH Paragraph 6 Mary Mother of Christ Mother of the Church I MARY S MOTHERHOOD WITH REGARD TO THE CHURCH Wholly united with her Son also in her Assumption she is our Mother in the order of grace II DEVOTION TO THE BLESSED VIRGIN III MARY ESCHATOLOGICAL ICON OF THE CHURCH ARTICLE 10 I BELIEVE IN THE FORGIVENESS OF SINS I ONE BAPTISM FOR THE FORGIVENESS OF SINS II THE POWER OF THE KEYS ARTICLE 11 I BELIEVE IN THE RESURRECTION OF THE BODY I CHRIST S RESURRECTION AND OURS The progressive revelation of the Resurrection How do the dead rise Risen with Christ II DYING IN CHRIST JESUS Death The meaning of Christian death ARTICLE 12 I BELIEVE IN LIFE EVERLASTING I THE PARTICULAR JUDGMENT II HEAVEN III THE FINAL PURIFICATION OR PURGATORY IV HELL V THE LAST JUDGMENT VI THE HOPE OF THE NEW HEAVEN AND THE NEW EARTH AMEN PART TWO THE CELEBRATION OF THE CHRISTIAN MYSTERY Why the liturgy What does the word liturgy mean Liturgy as source of life Prayer and liturgy Catechesis and liturgy SECTION ONE THE SACRAMENTAL ECONOMY CHAPTER ONE THE PASCHAL MYSTERY IN THE AGE OF THE CHURCH ARTICLE 1 THE LITURGY WORK OF THE HOLY TRINITY I THE FATHER SOURCE AND GOAL OF THE LITURGY II CHRIST S WORK IN THE LITURGY Christ glorified from the time of the Church of the Apostles is present in the earthly liturgy which participates in the liturgy of heaven III THE HOLY SPIRIT AND THE CHURCH IN THE LITURGY The Holy Spirit prepares for the reception of Christ The Holy Spirit recalls the mystery of Christ The Holy Spirit makes present the mystery of Christ The communion of the Holy Spirit ARTICLE 2 THE PASCHAL MYSTERY IN THE CHURCH S SACRAMENTS THE SACRAMENTS OF CHRIST II THE SACRAMENTS OF THE CHURCH III THE SACRAMENTS OF FAITH IV THE SACRAMENTS OF SALVATION V THE SACRAMENTS OF ETERNAL LIFE CHAPTER TWO THE SACRAMENTAL CELEBRATION OF THE PASCHAL MYSTERY ARTICLE 1 CELEBRATING THE CHURCH S LITURGY I WHO CELEBRATES The celebrants of the heavenly liturgy The celebrants of the sacramental liturgy II HOW IS THE LITURGY CELEBRATED Signs and symbols Words and actions Singing and music Holy images III WHEN IS THE LITURGY CELEBRATED Liturgical seasons The Lord s day The liturgical year The sanctoral in the liturgical year The Liturgy of the Hours IV WHERE IS THE LITURGY CELEBRATED ARTICLE 2 LITURGICAL DIVERSITY AND THE UNITY OF THE MYSTERY Liturgical traditions and the catholicity of the Church Liturgy and culture SECTION TWO THE SEVEN SACRAMENTS OF THE CHURCH CHAPTER ONE THE SACRAMENTS OF CHRISTIAN INITIATION ARTICLE 1 THE SACRAMENT OF BAPTISM WHAT IS THIS SACRAMENT CALLED II BAPTISM IN THE ECONOMY OF SALVATION Prefigurations of Baptism in the Old Covenant Christ s Baptism Baptism in the Church III HOW IS THE SACRAMENT OF BAPTISM CELEBRATED Christian Initiation The mystagogy of the celebration IV WHO CAN RECEIVE BAPTISM The Baptism of adults The Baptism of infants Faith and Baptism V WHO CAN BAPTIZE VI THE NECESSITY OF BAPTISM VII THE GRACE OF BAPTISM For the forgiveness of sins A new creature Incorporated into the Church the Body of Christ The sacramental bond of the unity of Christians An indelible spiritual mark ARTICLE 2 THE SACRAMENT OF CONFIRMATION I CONFIRMATION IN THE ECONOMY OF SALVATION Two traditions East and West II THE SIGNS AND THE RITE OF CONFIRMATION The celebration of Confirmation III THE EFFECTS OF CONFIRMATION IV WHO CAN RECEIVE THIS SACRAMENT V THE MINISTER OF CONFIRMATION ARTICLE 3 THE SACRAMENT OF THE EUCHARIST THE EUCHARIST SOURCE AND SUMMIT OF ECCLESIAL LIFE II WHAT IS THIS SACRAMENT CALLED III THE EUCHARIST IN THE ECONOMY OF SALVATION The signs of bread

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    course of the work attentively followed all the stages in editing the nine subsequent drafts The editorial committee for its part assumed responsibility for writing the text making the emendations requested by the commission and examining the observations of numerous theologians exegetes and catechists and above all of the Bishops of the whole world in order to produce a better text In the committee various opinions were compared with great profit and thus a richer text has resulted whose unity and coherence are assured The project was the object of extensive consultation among all Catholic Bishops their Episcopal Conferences or Synods and theological and catechetical institutes As a whole it received a broadly favourable acceptance on the part of the Episcopate It can be said that this Catechism is the result of the collaboration of the whole Episcopate of the Catholic Church who generously accepted my invitation to share responsibility for an enterprise which directly concerns the life of the Church This response elicits in me a deep feeling of joy because the harmony of so many voices truly expresses what could be called the symphony of the faith The achievement of this Catechism thus reflects the collegial nature of the Episcopate it testifies to the Church s catholicity II Arrangement of the Material A catechism should faithfully and systematically present the teaching of Sacred Scripture the living Tradition in the Church and the authentic Magisterium as well as the spiritual heritage of the Fathers Doctors and saints of the Church to allow for a better knowledge of the Christian mystery and for enlivening the faith of the People of God It should take into account the doctrinal statements which down the centuries the Holy Spirit has intimated to his Church It should also help to illumine with the light of faith the new situations and problems which had not yet emerged in the past This catechism will thus contain both the new and the old cf Mt 13 52 because the faith is always the same yet the source of ever new light To respond to this twofold demand the Catechism of the Catholic Church on the one hand repeats the old traditional order already followed by the Catechism of St Pius V arranging the material in four parts the Creed the Sacred Liturgy with pride of place given to the sacraments the Christian way of life explained beginning with the Ten Commandments and finally Christian prayer At the same time however the contents are often presented in a new way in order to respond to the questions of our age The four parts are related one to another the Christian mystery is the object of faith first part it is celebrated and communicated in liturgical actions second part it is present to enlighten and sustain the children of God in their actions third part it is the basis for our prayer the privileged expression of which is the Our Father and it represents the object of our supplication

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    Action Alert SOLIDARITY MONTH 10 is as good as 1 000 Help set a new record for the number of gifts this month Goal 1 000 769 to go Catechism of the Catholic Church I The Process and Spirit of Drafting the Text The Catechism of the Catholic Church is the result of very extensive collaboration it was prepared over six years of intense work done in a spirit of complete openness and fervent zeal In 1986 I entrusted a commission of twelve Cardinals and Bishops chaired by Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger with the task of preparing a draft of the catechism requested by the Synod Fathers An editorial committee of seven diocesan Bishops experts in theology and catechesis assisted the commission in its work The commission charged with giving directives and with overseeing the course of the work attentively followed all the stages in editing the nine subsequent drafts The editorial committee for its part assumed responsibility for writing the text making the emendations requested by the commission and examining the observations of numerous theologians exegetes and catechists and above all of the Bishops of the whole world in order to produce a better text In the committee various opinions were compared with great profit and thus a richer text has resulted whose unity and coherence are assured The project was the object of extensive consultation among all Catholic Bishops their Episcopal Conferences or Synods and theological and catechetical institutes As a whole it received a broadly favourable acceptance on the part of the Episcopate It can be said that this Catechism is the result of the collaboration of the whole Episcopate of the Catholic Church who generously accepted my invitation to share responsibility for an enterprise which directly concerns the life of the Church This response elicits in me

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    enlivening the faith of the People of God It should take into account the doctrinal statements which down the centuries the Holy Spirit has intimated to his Church It should also help to illumine with the light of faith the new situations and problems which had not yet emerged in the past This catechism will thus contain both the new and the old cf Mt 13 52 because the faith is always the same yet the source of ever new light To respond to this twofold demand the Catechism of the Catholic Church on the one hand repeats the old traditional order already followed by the Catechism of St Pius V arranging the material in four parts the Creed the Sacred Liturgy with pride of place given to the sacraments the Christian way of life explained beginning with the Ten Commandments and finally Christian prayer At the same time however the contents are often presented in a new way in order to respond to the questions of our age The four parts are related one to another the Christian mystery is the object of faith first part it is celebrated and communicated in liturgical actions second part it is present to enlighten and sustain the children of God in their actions third part it is the basis for our prayer the privileged expression of which is the Our Father and it represents the object of our supplication our praise and our intercession fourth part The Liturgy itself is prayer the confession of faith finds its proper place in the celebration of worship Grace the fruit of the sacraments is the irreplaceable condition for Christian living just as participation in the Church s Liturgy requires faith If faith is not expressed in works it is dead cf Jas 2 14 16

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    approval and publication of the Catechism of the Catholic Church represent a service which the Successor of Peter wishes to offer to the Holy Catholic Church to all the particular Churches in peace and communion with the Apostolic See the service that is of supporting and confirming the faith of all the Lord Jesus disciples cf Lk 22 32 as well as of strengthening the bonds of unity in the same apostolic faith Therefore I ask all the Church s Pastors and the Christian faithful to receive this catechism in a spirit of communion and to use it assiduously in fulfilling their mission of proclaiming the faith and calling people to the Gospel life This catechism is given to them that it may be a sure and authentic reference text for teaching catholic doctrine and particularly for preparing local catechisms It is also offered to all the faithful who wish to deepen their knowledge of the unfathomable riches of salvation cf Eph 3 8 It is meant to support ecumenical efforts that are moved by the holy desire for the unity of all Christians showing carefully the content and wondrous harmony of the catholic faith The Catechism of the Catholic Church lastly is offered to every individual who asks us to give an account of the hope that is in us cf I Pt 3 15 and who wants to know what the Catholic Church believes This catechism is not intended to replace the local catechisms duly approved by the ecclesiastical authorities the diocesan Bishops and the Episcopal Conferences especially if they have been approved by the Apostolic See It is meant to encourage and assist in the writing of new local catechisms which take into account various situations and cultures while carefully preserving the unity of faith and fidelity

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    of numerous catechisms 10 It is therefore no surprise that catechesis in the Church has again attracted attention in the wake of the Second Vatican Council which Pope Paul Vl considered the great catechism of modern times The General Catechetical Directory 1971 the sessions of the Synod of Bishops devoted to evangelization 1974 and catechesis 1977 the apostolic exhortations Evangelii nuntiandi 1975 and Catechesi tradendae 1979 attest to this The Extraordinary Synod of Bishops in 1985 asked that a catechism or compendium of all Catholic doctrine regarding both faith and morals be composed 13 The Holy Father Pope John Paul II made the Synod s wish his own acknowledging that this desire wholly corresponds to a real need of the universal Church and of the particular Churches 14 He set in motion everything needed to carry out the Synod Fathers wish III THE AIM AND INTENDED READERSHIP OF THE CATECHISM 11 This catechism aims at presenting an organic synthesis of the essential and fundamental contents of Catholic doctrine as regards both faith and morals in the light of the Second Vatican Council and the whole of the Church s Tradition Its principal sources are the Sacred Scriptures the Fathers of the Church the liturgy and the Church s Magisterium It is intended to serve as a point of reference for the catechisms or compendia that are composed in the various countries 15 12 This work is intended primarily for those responsible for catechesis first of all the bishops as teachers of the faith and pastors of the Church It is offered to them as an instrument in fulfilling their responsibility of teaching the People of God Through the bishops it is addressed to redactors of catechisms to priests and to catechists It will also be useful reading for all other Christian faithful IV STRUCTURE OF THIS CATECHISM 13 The plan of this catechism is inspired by the great tradition of catechisms which build catechesis on four pillars the baptismal profession of faith the Creed the sacraments of faith the life of faith the Commandments and the prayer of the believer the Lord s Prayer Part One The Profession of Faith 14 Those who belong to Christ through faith and Baptism must confess their baptismal faith before men 16 First therefore the Catechism expounds revelation by which God addresses and gives himself to man and the faith by which man responds to God Section One The profession of faith summarizes the gifts that God gives man as the Author of all that is good as Redeemer and as Sanctifier It develops these in the three chapters on our baptismal faith in the one God the almighty Father the Creator his Son Jesus Christ our Lord and Saviour and the Holy Spirit the Sanctifier in the Holy Church Section Two Part Two The Sacraments of Faith 15 The second part of the Catechism explains how God s salvation accomplished once for all through Christ Jesus and the Holy Spirit is made present

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    this reason at every time and in every place God draws close to man He calls man to seek him to know him to love him with all his strength He calls together all men scattered and divided by sin into the unity of his family the Church To accomplish this when the fullness of time had come God sent his Son as Redeemer and Saviour In his Son and through him he invites men to become in the Holy Spirit his adopted children and thus heirs of his blessed life 2 So that this call should resound throughout the world Christ sent forth the apostles he had chosen commissioning them to proclaim the gospel Go therefore and make disciples of all nations baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you and lo I am with you always to the close of the age 4 Strengthened by this mission the apostles went forth and preached everywhere while the Lord worked with them and confirmed the message by the signs that attended it 5 3 Those who with God s help have

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