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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    its true identity as humanity s rejection of God and opposition to him even as it continues to weigh heavy on human life and history 387 Only the light of divine Revelation clarifies the reality of sin and particularly of the sin committed at mankind s origins Without the knowledge Revelation gives of God we cannot recognize sin clearly and are tempted to explain it as merely a developmental flaw a psychological weakness a mistake or the necessary consequence of an inadequate social structure etc Only in the knowledge of God s plan for man can we grasp that sin is an abuse of the freedom that God gives to created persons so that they are capable of loving him and loving one another Original sin an essential truth of the faith 388 With the progress of Revelation the reality of sin is also illuminated Although to some extent the People of God in the Old Testament had tried to understand the pathos of the human condition in the light of the history of the fall narrated in Genesis they could not grasp this story s ultimate meaning which is revealed only in the light of the death and Resurrection of Jesus Christ 261 We must know Christ as the source of grace in order to know Adam as the source of sin The Spirit Paraclete sent by the risen Christ came to convict the world concerning sin 262 by revealing him who is its Redeemer 389 The doctrine of original sin is so to speak the reverse side of the Good News that Jesus is the Saviour of all men that all need salvation and that salvation is offered to all through Christ The Church which has the mind of Christ 263 knows very well that we cannot tamper

    Original URL path: http://www.catholicculture.org/culture/library/catechism/index.cfm?recnum=1857 (2016-02-11)
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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    What You Need to Know Catholic Dictionary Catechism Church Fathers Most Collection Free eBooks Action Alert SOLIDARITY MONTH 10 is as good as 1 000 Help set a new record for the number of gifts this month Goal 1 000 769 to go Catechism of the Catholic Church The reality of sin 386 Sin is present in human history any attempt to ignore it or to give this dark reality other names would be futile To try to understand what sin is one must first recognize the profound relation of man to God for only in this relationship is the evil of sin unmasked in its true identity as humanity s rejection of God and opposition to him even as it continues to weigh heavy on human life and history 387 Only the light of divine Revelation clarifies the reality of sin and particularly of the sin committed at mankind s origins Without the knowledge Revelation gives of God we cannot recognize sin clearly and are tempted to explain it as merely a developmental flaw a psychological weakness a mistake or the necessary consequence of an inadequate social structure etc Only in the knowledge of God s plan for man

    Original URL path: http://www.catholicculture.org/culture/library/catechism/index.cfm?recnum=1858 (2016-02-11)
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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    Library Website Reviews What You Need to Know Catholic Dictionary Catechism Church Fathers Most Collection Free eBooks Catechism of the Catholic Church Original sin an essential truth of the faith 388 With the progress of Revelation the reality of sin is also illuminated Although to some extent the People of God in the Old Testament had tried to understand the pathos of the human condition in the light of the history of the fall narrated in Genesis they could not grasp this story s ultimate meaning which is revealed only in the light of the death and Resurrection of Jesus Christ 261 We must know Christ as the source of grace in order to know Adam as the source of sin The Spirit Paraclete sent by the risen Christ came to convict the world concerning sin 262 by revealing him who is its Redeemer 389 The doctrine of original sin is so to speak the reverse side of the Good News that Jesus is the Saviour of all men that all need salvation and that salvation is offered to all through Christ The Church which has the mind of Christ 263 knows very well that we cannot tamper with the

    Original URL path: http://www.catholicculture.org/culture/library/catechism/index.cfm?recnum=1861 (2016-02-11)
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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    to Know Catholic Dictionary Catechism Church Fathers Most Collection Free eBooks Catechism of the Catholic Church How to read the account of the fall 390 The account of the fall in Genesis 3 uses figurative language but affirms a primeval event a deed that took place at the beginning of the history of man 264 Revelation gives us the certainty of faith that the whole of human history is marked

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    a fallen angel called Satan or the devil 267 The Church teaches that Satan was at first a good angel made by God The devil and the other demons were indeed created naturally good by God but they became evil by their own doing 268 392 Scripture speaks of a sin of these angels 269 This fall consists in the free choice of these created spirits who radically and irrevocably rejected God and his reign We find a reflection of that rebellion in the tempter s words to our first parents You will be like God 270 The devil has sinned from the beginning he is a liar and the father of lies 271 393 It is the irrevocable character of their choice and not a defect in the infinite divine mercy that makes the angels sin unforgivable There is no repentance for the angels after their fall just as there is no repentance for men after death 272 394 Scripture witnesses to the disastrous influence of the one Jesus calls a murderer from the beginning who would even try to divert Jesus from the mission received from his Father 273 The reason the Son of God appeared was to destroy the works of the devil 274 In its consequences the gravest of these works was the mendacious seduction that led man to disobey God 395 The power of Satan is nonetheless not infinite He is only a creature powerful from the fact that he is pure spirit but still a creature He cannot prevent the building up of God s reign Although Satan may act in the world out of hatred for God and his kingdom in Christ Jesus and although his action may cause grave injuries of a spiritual nature and indirectly even of a physical nature to

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    last end and at the same time he has broken the right order that should reign within himself as well as between himself and other men and all creatures 288 The consequences of Adam s sin for humanity 402 All men are implicated in Adam s sin as St Paul affirms By one man s disobedience many that is all men were made sinners sin came into the world through one man and death through sin and so death spread to all men because all men sinned 289 The Apostle contrasts the universality of sin and death with the universality of salvation in Christ Then as one man s trespass led to condemnation for all men so one man s act of righteousness leads to acquittal and life for all men 290 403 Following St Paul the Church has always taught that the overwhelming misery which oppresses men and their inclination towards evil and death cannot be understood apart from their connection with Adam s sin and the fact that he has transmitted to us a sin with which we are all born afflicted a sin which is the death of the soul 291 Because of this certainty of faith the Church baptizes for the remission of sins even tiny infants who have not committed personal sin 292 404 How did the sin of Adam become the sin of all his descendants The whole human race is in Adam as one body of one man 293 By this unity of the human race all men are implicated in Adam s sin as all are implicated in Christ s justice Still the transmission of original sin is a mystery that we cannot fully understand But we do know by Revelation that Adam had received original holiness and justice not for himself alone but for all human nature By yielding to the tempter Adam and Eve committed a personal sin but this sin affected the human nature that they would then transmit in a fallen state 294 It is a sin which will be transmitted by propagation to all mankind that is by the transmission of a human nature deprived of original holiness and justice And that is why original sin is called sin only in an analogical sense it is a sin contracted and not committed a state and not an act 405 Although it is proper to each individual 295 original sin does not have the character of a personal fault in any of Adam s descendants It is a deprivation of original holiness and justice but human nature has not been totally corrupted it is wounded in the natural powers proper to it subject to ignorance suffering and the dominion of death and inclined to sin an inclination to evil that is called concupiscence Baptism by imparting the life of Christ s grace erases original sin and turns a man back towards God but the consequences for nature weakened and inclined to evil persist in man and summon him

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    put to the test 396 God created man in his image and established him in his friendship A spiritual creature man can live this friendship only in free submission to God The prohibition against eating of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil spells this out for in the day that you eat of it you shall die 276 The tree of the knowledge of good and evil

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    own good Constituted in a state of holiness man was destined to be fully divinized by God in glory Seduced by the devil he wanted to be like God but without God before God and not in accordance with God 279 399 Scripture portrays the tragic consequences of this first disobedience Adam and Eve immediately lose the grace of original holiness 280 They become afraid of the God of whom they have conceived a distorted image that of a God jealous of his prerogatives 281 400 The harmony in which they had found themselves thanks to original justice is now destroyed the control of the soul s spiritual faculties over the body is shattered the union of man and woman becomes subject to tensions their relations henceforth marked by lust and domination 282 Harmony with creation is broken visible creation has become alien and hostile to man 283 Because of man creation is now subject to its bondage to decay 284 Finally the consequence explicitly foretold for this disobedience will come true man will return to the ground 285 for out of it he was taken Death makes its entrance into human history 286 401 After that first sin the world is virtually inundated by sin There is Cain s murder of his brother Abel and the universal corruption which follows in the wake of sin Likewise sin frequently manifests itself in the history of Israel especially as infidelity to the God of the Covenant and as transgression of the Law of Moses And even after Christ s atonement sin raises its head in countless ways among Christians 287 Scripture and the Church s Tradition continually recall the presence and universality of sin in man s history What Revelation makes known to us is confirmed by our own experience For

    Original URL path: http://www.catholicculture.org/culture/library/catechism/index.cfm?recnum=618 (2016-02-11)
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