archive-org.com » ORG » C » CATHOLICCULTURE.ORG

Total: 1401

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".
  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    20 by bringing them out of Egypt He also saves them from their sin Because sin is always an offence against God only he can forgive it 21 For this reason Israel becoming more and more aware of the universality of sin will no longer be able to seek salvation except by invoking the name of the Redeemer God 22 432 The name Jesus signifies that the very name of God is present in the person of his Son made man for the universal and definitive redemption from sins It is the divine name that alone brings salvation and henceforth all can invoke his name for Jesus united himself to all men through his Incarnation 23 so that there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved 24 433 The name of the Saviour God was invoked only once in the year by the high priest in atonement for the sins of Israel after he had sprinkled the mercy seat in the Holy of Holies with the sacrificial blood The mercy seat was the place of God s presence 25 When St Paul speaks of Jesus whom God put forward as an expiation by his blood he means that in Christ s humanity God was in Christ reconciling the world to himself 26 434 Jesus Resurrection glorifies the name of the Saviour God for from that time on it is the name of Jesus that fully manifests the supreme power of the name which is above every name 27 The evil spirits fear his name in his name his disciples perform miracles for the Father grants all they ask in this name 28 435 The name of Jesus is at the heart of Christian prayer All liturgical prayers conclude with the words through

    Original URL path: http://www.catholicculture.org/culture/library/catechism/index.cfm?recnum=1013 (2016-02-11)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    s virginal womb 33 God called Joseph to take Mary as your wife for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit so that Jesus who is called Christ should be born of Joseph s spouse into the messianic lineage of David 34 438 Jesus messianic consecration reveals his divine mission for the name Christ implies he who anointed he who was anointed and the very anointing with which he was anointed The one who anointed is the Father the one who was anointed is the Son and he was anointed with the Spirit who is the anointing 35 His eternal messianic consecration was revealed during the time of his earthly life at the moment of his baptism by John when God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with power that he might be revealed to Israel 36 as its Messiah His works and words will manifest him as the Holy One of God 37 439 Many Jews and even certain Gentiles who shared their hope recognized in Jesus the fundamental attributes of the messianic Son of David promised by God to Israel 38 Jesus accepted his rightful title of Messiah though with some reserve because it was understood by some of his contemporaries in too human a sense as essentially political 39 440 Jesus accepted Peter s profession of faith which acknowledged him to be the Messiah by announcing the imminent Passion of the Son of Man 40 He unveiled the authentic content of his messianic kingship both in the transcendent identity of the Son of Man who came down from heaven and in his redemptive mission as the suffering Servant The Son of Man came not to be served but to serve and to give his life as a ransom for many

    Original URL path: http://www.catholicculture.org/culture/library/catechism/index.cfm?recnum=1020 (2016-02-11)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    had set me apart before I was born and had called me through his grace was pleased to reveal his Son to me in order that I might preach him among the Gentiles 47 And in the synagogues immediately Paul proclaimed Jesus saying He is the Son of God 48 From the beginning this acknowledgment of Christ s divine sonship will be the centre of the apostolic faith first professed by Peter as the Church s foundation 49 443 Peter could recognize the transcendent character of the Messiah s divine sonship because Jesus had clearly allowed it to be so understood To his accusers question before the Sanhedrin Are you the Son of God then Jesus answered You say that I am 50 Well before this Jesus referred to himself as the Son who knows the Father as distinct from the servants God had earlier sent to his people he is superior even to the angels 51 He distinguished his sonship from that of his disciples by never saying our Father except to command them You then pray like this Our Father and he emphasized this distinction saying my Father and your Father 52 444 The Gospels report that at two solemn moments the Baptism and the Transfiguration of Christ the voice of the Father designates Jesus his beloved Son 53 Jesus calls himself the only Son of God and by this title affirms his eternal pre existence 54 He asks for faith in the name of the only Son of God 55 In the centurion s exclamation before the crucified Christ Truly this man was the Son of God 56 that Christian confession is already heard Only in the Paschal mystery can the believer give the title Son of God its full meaning 445 After his Resurrection Jesus divine

    Original URL path: http://www.catholicculture.org/culture/library/catechism/index.cfm?recnum=2129 (2016-02-11)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    divine mystery of Jesus 63 In the encounter with the risen Jesus this title becomes adoration My Lord and my God It thus takes on a connotation of love and affection that remains proper to the Christian tradition It is the Lord 64 449 By attributing to Jesus the divine title Lord the first confessions of the Church s faith affirm from the beginning that the power honour and glory due to God the Father are due also to Jesus because he was in the form of God 65 and the Father manifested the sovereignty of Jesus by raising him from the dead and exalting him into his glory 66 450 From the beginning of Christian history the assertion of Christ s lordship over the world and over history has implicitly recognized that man should not submit his personal freedom in an absolute manner to any earthly power but only to God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ Caesar is not the Lord 67 The Church believes that the key the centre and the purpose of the whole of man s history is to be found in its Lord and Master 68 451 Christian prayer is characterized by the title Lord whether in the invitation to prayer The Lord be with you its conclusion through Christ our Lord or the exclamation full of trust and hope Maran atha Our Lord come or Marana tha Come Lord Amen Come Lord Jesus 69 IN BRIEF 452 The name Jesus means God saves The child born of the Virgin Mary is called Jesus for he will save his people from their sins Mt 1 21 there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved Acts 4 12 453 The title Christ means Anointed One Messiah

    Original URL path: http://www.catholicculture.org/culture/library/catechism/index.cfm?recnum=2135 (2016-02-11)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    has always acknowledged that in the body of Jesus we see our God made visible and so are caught up in love of the God we cannot see 114 The individual characteristics of Christ s body express the divine person of God s Son He has made the features of his human body his own to the point that they can be venerated when portrayed in a holy image for the believer who venerates the icon is venerating in it the person of the one depicted 115 The heart of the Incarnate Word 478 Jesus knew and loved us each and all during his life his agony and his Passion and gave himself up for each one of us The Son of God loved me and gave himself for me 116 He has loved us all with a human heart For this reason the Sacred Heart of Jesus pierced by our sins and for our salvation 117 is quite rightly considered the chief sign and symbol of that love with which the divine Redeemer continually loves the eternal Father and all human beings without exception 118 IN BRIEF 479 At the time appointed by God the only Son of the Father the eternal Word that is the Word and substantial Image of the Father became incarnate without losing his divine nature he has assumed human nature 480 Jesus Christ is true God and true man in the unity of his divine person for this reason he is the one and only mediator between God and men 481 Jesus Christ possesses two natures one divine and the other human not confused but united in the one person of God s Son 482 Christ being true God and true man has a human intellect and will perfectly attuned and subject to his divine intellect and divine will which he has in common with the Father and the Holy Spirit 483 The Incarnation is therefore the mystery of the wonderful union of the divine and human natures in the one person of the Word Paragraph 2 Conceived by the Power of the Holy Spirit and Born of the Virgin Mary I CONCEIVED BY THE POWER OF THE HOLY SPIRIT 484 The Annunciation to Mary inaugurates the fullness of time 119 the time of the fulfilment of God s promises and preparations Mary was invited to conceive him in whom the whole fullness of deity would dwell bodily 120 The divine response to her question How can this be since I know not man was given by the power of the Spirit The Holy Spirit will come upon you 121 485 The mission of the Holy Spirit is always conjoined and ordered to that of the Son 122 The Holy Spirit the Lord the giver of Life is sent to sanctify the womb of the Virgin Mary and divinely fecundate it causing her to conceive the eternal Son of the Father in a humanity drawn from her own 486 The Father s only Son conceived as man in the womb of the Virgin Mary is Christ that is to say anointed by the Holy Spirit from the beginning of his human existence though the manifestation of this fact takes place only progressively to the shepherds to the magi to John the Baptist to the disciples 123 Thus the whole life of Jesus Christ will make manifest how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with power 124 II BORN OF THE VIRGIN MARY 487 What the Catholic faith believes about Mary is based on what it believes about Christ and what it teaches about Mary illumines in turn its faith in Christ Mary s predestination 488 God sent forth his Son but to prepare a body for him 125 he wanted the free co operation of a creature For this from all eternity God chose for the mother of his Son a daughter of Israel a young Jewish woman of Nazareth in Galilee a virgin betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph of the house of David and the virgin s name was Mary 126 The Father of mercies willed that the Incarnation should be preceded by assent on the part of the predestined mother so that just as a woman had a share in the coming of death so also should a woman contribute to the coming of life 127 489 Throughout the Old Covenant the mission of many holy women prepared for that of Mary At the very beginning there was Eve despite her disobedience she receives the promise of a posterity that will be victorious over the evil one as well as the promise that she will be the mother of all the living 128 By virtue of this promise Sarah conceives a son in spite of her old age 129 Against all human expectation God chooses those who were considered powerless and weak to show forth his faithfulness to his promises Hannah the mother of Samuel Deborah Ruth Judith and Esther and many other women 130 Mary stands out among the poor and humble of the Lord who confidently hope for and receive salvation from him After a long period of waiting the times are fulfilled in her the exalted Daughter of Sion and the new plan of salvation is established 131 The Immaculate Conception 490 To become the mother of the Saviour Mary was enriched by God with gifts appropriate to such a role 132 The angel Gabriel at the moment of the annunciation salutes her as full of grace 133 In fact in order for Mary to be able to give the free assent of her faith to the announcement of her vocation it was necessary that she be wholly borne by God s grace 491 Through the centuries the Church has become ever more aware that Mary full of grace through God 134 was redeemed from the moment of her conception That is what the dogma of the Immaculate Conception confesses as Pope Pius IX proclaimed in 1854 The most Blessed Virgin Mary was from the first moment of her conception by a singular grace and privilege of almighty God and by virtue of the merits of Jesus Christ Saviour of the human race preserved immune from all stain of original sin 135 492 The splendour of an entirely unique holiness by which Mary is enriched from the first instant of her conception comes wholly from Christ she is redeemed in a more exalted fashion by reason of the merits of her Son 136 The Father blessed Mary more than any other created person in Christ with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places and chose her in Christ before the foundation of the world to be holy and blameless before him in love 137 493 The Fathers of the Eastern tradition call the Mother of God the All Holy Panagia and celebrate her as free from any stain of sin as though fashioned by the Holy Spirit and formed as a new creature 138 By the grace of God Mary remained free of every personal sin her whole life long Let it be done to me according to your word 494 At the announcement that she would give birth to the Son of the Most High without knowing man by the power of the Holy Spirit Mary responded with the obedience of faith certain that with God nothing will be impossible Behold I am the handmaid of the Lord let it be done to me according to your word 139 Thus giving her consent to God s word Mary becomes the mother of Jesus Espousing the divine will for salvation wholeheartedly without a single sin to restrain her she gave herself entirely to the person and to the work of her Son she did so in order to serve the mystery of redemption with him and dependent on him by God s grace 140 As St Irenaeus says Being obedient she became the cause of salvation for herself and for the whole human race 141 Hence not a few of the early Fathers gladly assert The knot of Eve s disobedience was untied by Mary s obedience what the virgin Eve bound through her disbelief Mary loosened by her faith 142 Comparing her with Eve they call Mary the Mother of the living and frequently claim Death through Eve life through Mary 143 Mary s divine motherhood 495 Called in the Gospels the mother of Jesus Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son as the mother of my Lord 144 In fact the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit who truly became her Son according to the flesh was none other than the Father s eternal Son the second person of the Holy Trinity Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly Mother of God Theotokos 145 Mary s virginity 496 From the first formulations of her faith the Church has confessed that Jesus was conceived solely by the power of the Holy Spirit in the womb of the Virgin Mary affirming also the corporeal aspect of this event Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit without human seed 146 The Fathers see in the virginal conception the sign that it truly was the Son of God who came in a humanity like our own Thus St Ignatius of Antioch at the beginning of the second century says You are firmly convinced about our Lord who is truly of the race of David according to the flesh Son of God according to the will and power of God truly born of a virgin he was truly nailed to a tree for us in his flesh under Pontius Pilate he truly suffered as he is also truly risen 147 497 The Gospel accounts understand the virginal conception of Jesus as a divine work that surpasses all human understanding and possibility 148 That which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit said the angel to Joseph about Mary his fiancee 149 The Church sees here the fulfilment of the divine promise given through the prophet Isaiah Behold a virgin shall conceive and bear a son 150 498 People are sometimes troubled by the silence of St Mark s Gospel and the New Testament Epistles about Jesus virginal conception Some might wonder if we were merely dealing with legends or theological constructs not claiming to be history To this we must respond Faith in the virginal conception of Jesus met with the lively opposition mockery or incomprehension of non believers Jews and pagans alike 151 so it could hardly have been motivated by pagan mythology or by some adaptation to the ideas of the age The meaning of this event is accessible only to faith which understands in it the connection of these mysteries with one another 152 in the totality of Christ s mysteries from his Incarnation to his Passover St Ignatius of Antioch already bears witness to this connection Mary s virginity and giving birth and even the Lord s death escaped the notice of the prince of this world these three mysteries worthy of proclamation were accomplished in God s silence 153 Mary ever virgin 499 The deepening of faith in the virginal motherhood led the Church to confess Mary s real and perpetual virginity even in the act of giving birth to the Son of God made man 154 In fact Christ s birth did not diminish his mother s virginal integrity but sanctified it 155 And so the liturgy of the Church celebrates Mary as Aeiparthenos the Ever virgin 156 500 Against this doctrine the objection is sometimes raised that the Bible mentions brothers and sisters of Jesus 157 The Church has always understood these passages as not referring to other children of the Virgin Mary In fact James and Joseph brothers of Jesus are the sons of another Mary a disciple of Christ whom St Matthew significantly calls the other Mary 158 They are close relations of Jesus according to an Old Testament expression 159 501 Jesus is Mary s only son but her spiritual motherhood extends to all men whom indeed he came to save The Son whom she brought forth is he whom God placed as the first born among many brethren that is the faithful in whose generation and formation she co operates with a mother s love 160 Mary s virginal motherhood in God s plan 502 The eyes of faith can discover in the context of the whole of Revelation the mysterious reasons why God in his saving plan wanted his Son to be born of a virgin These reasons touch both on the person of Christ and his redemptive mission and on the welcome Mary gave that mission on behalf of all men 503 Mary s virginity manifests God s absolute initiative in the Incarnation Jesus has only God as Father He was never estranged from the Father because of the human nature which he assumed He is naturally Son of the Father as to his divinity and naturally son of his mother as to his humanity but properly Son of the Father in both natures 161 504 Jesus is conceived by the Holy Spirit in the Virgin Mary s womb because he is the New Adam who inaugurates the new creation The first man was from the earth a man of dust the second man is from heaven 162 From his conception Christ s humanity is filled with the Holy Spirit for God gives him the Spirit without measure 163 From his fullness as the head of redeemed humanity we have all received grace upon grace 164 505 By his virginal conception Jesus the New Adam ushers in the new birth of children adopted in the Holy Spirit through faith How can this be 165 Participation in the divine life arises not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man but of God 166 The acceptance of this life is virginal because it is entirely the Spirit s gift to man The spousal character of the human vocation in relation to God 167 is fulfilled perfectly in Mary s virginal motherhood 506 Mary is a virgin because her virginity is the sign of her faith unadulterated by any doubt and of her undivided gift of herself to God s will 168 It is her faith that enables her to become the mother of the Saviour Mary is more blessed because she embraces faith in Christ than because she conceives the flesh of Christ 169 507 At once virgin and mother Mary is the symbol and the most perfect realization of the Church the Church indeed by receiving the word of God in faith becomes herself a mother By preaching and Baptism she brings forth sons who are conceived by the Holy Spirit and born of God to a new and immortal life She herself is a virgin who keeps in its entirety and purity the faith she pledged to her spouse 170 IN BRIEF 508 From among the descendants of Eve God chose the Virgin Mary to be the mother of his Son Full of grace Mary is the most excellent fruit of redemption SC 103 from the first instant of her conception she was totally preserved from the stain of original sin and she remained pure from all personal sin throughout her life 509 Mary is truly Mother of God since she is the mother of the eternal Son of God made man who is God himself 510 Mary remained a virgin in conceiving her Son a virgin in giving birth to him a virgin in carrying him a virgin in nursing him at her breast always a virgin St Augustine Serm 186 1 PL 38 999 with her whole being she is the handmaid of the Lord Lk 1 38 511 The Virgin Mary co operated through free faith and obedience in human salvation LG 56 She uttered her yes in the name of all human nature St Thomas Aquinas STh III 30 1 By her obedience she became the new Eve mother of the living Paragraph 3 The Mysteries of Christ s Life 512 Concerning Christ s life the Creed speaks only about the mysteries of the Incarnation conception and birth and Paschal mystery passion crucifixion death burial descent into hell resurrection and ascension It says nothing explicitly about the mysteries of Jesus hidden or public life but the articles of faith concerning his Incarnation and Passover do shed light on the whole of his earthly life All that Jesus did and taught from the beginning until the day when he was taken up to heaven 171 is to be seen in the light of the mysteries of Christmas and Easter 513 According to circumstances catechesis will make use of all the richness of the mysteries of Jesus Here it is enough merely to indicate some elements common to all the mysteries of Christ s life I in order then to sketch the principal mysteries of Jesus hidden II and public III life I CHRIST S WHOLE LIFE IS MYSTERY 514 Many things about Jesus of interest to human curiosity do not figure in the Gospels Almost nothing is said about his hidden life at Nazareth and even a great part of his public life is not recounted 172 What is written in the Gospels was set down there so that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ the Son of God and that believing you may have life in his name 173 515 The Gospels were written by men who were among the first to have the faith 174 and wanted to share it with others Having known in faith who Jesus is they could see and make others see the traces of his mystery in all his earthly life From the swaddling clothes of his birth to the vinegar of his Passion and the shroud of his Resurrection everything in Jesus life was a sign of his mystery 175 His deeds miracles and words all revealed that in him the whole fullness of deity dwells bodily 176 His humanity appeared as sacrament that is the sign and instrument of his divinity and of the salvation he brings what was visible in his earthly life leads to the invisible mystery of his divine sonship and redemptive mission Characteristics common to Jesus mysteries 516 Christ s whole earthly life his words and deeds his silences and sufferings indeed his manner of being and speaking is Revelation of the Father Jesus can say Whoever has seen me has seen the Father and the Father can say This is my Son my Chosen listen to him 177 Because our Lord became man in order to do his Father s will even the least characteristics of his mysteries manifest God s love among us 178 517 Christ s whole life is a mystery of redemption Redemption comes to us above all through the blood of his cross 179 but this mystery is at work throughout Christ s entire life already in his Incarnation through which by becoming poor he enriches us with his poverty 180 in his hidden life which by his submission atones for our disobedience 181 in his word which purifies its hearers 182 in his healings and exorcisms by which he took our infirmities and bore our diseases 183 and in his Resurrection by which he justifies us 184 518 Christ s whole life is a mystery of recapitulation All Jesus did said and suffered had for its aim restoring fallen man to his original vocation When Christ became incarnate and was made man he recapitulated in himself the long history of mankind and procured for us a short cut to salvation so that what we had lost in Adam that is being in the image and likeness of God we might recover in Christ Jesus 185 For this reason Christ experienced all the stages of life thereby giving communion with God to all men 186 Our communion in the mysteries of Jesus 519 All Christ s riches are for every individual and are everybody s property 187 Christ did not live his life for himself but for us from his Incarnation for us men and for our salvation to his death for our sins and Resurrection for our justification 188 He is still our advocate with the Father who always lives to make intercession for us 189 He remains ever in the presence of God on our behalf bringing before him all that he lived and suffered for us 190 520 In all of his life Jesus presents himself as our model He is the perfect man 191 who invites us to become his disciples and follow him In humbling himself he has given us an example to imitate through his prayer he draws us to pray and by his poverty he calls us to accept freely the privation and persecutions that may come our way 192 521 Christ enables us to live in him all that he himself lived and he lives it in us By his Incarnation he the Son of God has in a certain way united himself with each man 193 We are called only to become one with him for he enables us as the members of his Body to share in what he lived for us in his flesh as our model We must continue to accomplish in ourselves the stages of Jesus life and his mysteries and often to beg him to perfect and realize them in us and in his whole Church For it is the plan of the Son of God to make us and the whole Church partake in his mysteries and to extend them to and continue them in us and in his whole Church This is his plan for fulfilling his mysteries in us 194 II THE MYSTERIES OF JESUS INFANCY AND HIDDEN LIFE The preparations 522 The coming of God s Son to earth is an event of such immensity that God willed to prepare for it over centuries He makes everything converge on Christ all the rituals and sacrifices figures and symbols of the First Covenant 195 He announces him through the mouths of the prophets who succeeded one another in Israel Moreover he awakens in the hearts of the pagans a dim expectation of this coming 523 St John the Baptist is the Lord s immediate precursor or forerunner sent to prepare his way 196 Prophet of the Most High John surpasses all the prophets of whom he is the last 197 He inaugurates the Gospel already from his mother s womb welcomes the coming of Christ and rejoices in being the friend of the bridegroom whom he points out as the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world 198 Going before Jesus in the spirit and power of Elijah John bears witness to Christ in his preaching by his Baptism of conversion and through his martyrdom 199 524 When the Church celebrates the liturgy of Advent each year she makes present this ancient expectancy of the Messiah for by sharing in the long preparation for the Saviour s first coming the faithful renew their ardent desire for his second coming 200 By celebrating the precursor s birth and martyrdom the Church unites herself to his desire He must increase but I must decrease 201 The Christmas mystery 525 Jesus was born in a humble stable into a poor family 202 Simple shepherds were the first witnesses to this event In this poverty heaven s glory was made manifest 203 The Church never tires of singing the glory of this night The Virgin today brings into the world the Eternal And the earth offers a cave to the Inaccessible The angels and shepherds praise him And the magi advance with the star For you are born for us Little Child God eternal 204 526 To become a child in relation to God is the condition for entering the kingdom 205 For this we must humble ourselves and become little Even more to become children of God we must be born from above or born of God 206 Only when Christ is formed in us will the mystery of Christmas be fulfilled in us 207 Christmas is the mystery of this marvellous exchange O marvellous exchange Man s Creator has become man born of the Virgin We have been made sharers in the divinity of Christ who humbled himself to share our humanity 208 The mysteries of Jesus infancy 527 Jesus circumcision on the eighth day after his birth 209 is the sign of his incorporation into Abraham s descendants into the people of the covenant It is the sign of his submission to the Law 210 and his deputation to Israel s worship in which he will participate throughout his life This sign prefigures that circumcision of Christ which is Baptism 211 528 The Epiphany is the manifestation of Jesus as Messiah of Israel Son of God and Saviour of the world The great feast of Epiphany celebrates the adoration of Jesus by the wise men magi from the East together with his baptism in the Jordan and the wedding feast at Cana in Galilee 212 In the magi representatives of the neighbouring pagan religions the Gospel sees the first fruits of the nations who welcome the good news of salvation through the Incarnation The magi s coming to Jerusalem in order to pay homage to the king of the Jews shows that they seek in Israel in the messianic light of the star of David the one who will be king of the nations 213 Their coming means that pagans can discover Jesus and worship him as Son of God and Saviour of the world only by turning towards the Jews and receiving from them the messianic promise as contained in the Old Testament 214 The Epiphany shows that the full number of the nations now takes its place in the family of the patriarchs and acquires Israelitica dignitas 215 is made worthy of the heritage of Israel 529 The presentation of Jesus in the temple shows him to be the firstborn Son who belongs to the Lord 216 With Simeon and Anna all Israel awaits its encounter with the Saviour the name given to this event in the Byzantine tradition Jesus is recognized as the long expected Messiah the light to the nations and the glory of Israel but also a sign that is spoken against The sword of sorrow predicted for Mary announces Christ s perfect and unique oblation on the cross that will impart the salvation God had prepared in the presence of all peoples 530 The flight into Egypt and the massacre of the innocents 217 make manifest the opposition of darkness to the light He came to his own home and his own people received him not 218 Christ s whole life was lived under the sign of persecution His own share it with him 219 Jesus departure from Egypt recalls the exodus and presents him as the definitive liberator of God s people 220 The mysteries of Jesus hidden life 531 During the greater part of his life Jesus shared the condition of the vast majority of human beings a daily life spent without evident greatness a life of manual labour His religious life was that of a Jew obedient to the law of God 221 a life in the community From this whole period it is revealed to us that Jesus was obedient to his parents and that he increased in wisdom and in stature and in favour with God and man 222 532 Jesus obedience to his mother and legal father fulfils the fourth commandment perfectly and was the temporal image of his filial obedience to his Father in heaven The everyday obedience of Jesus to Joseph and Mary both announced and anticipated the obedience of Holy Thursday Not my will 223 The obedience of Christ in the daily routine of his hidden life was already inaugurating his work of restoring what the disobedience of Adam had destroyed 224 533 The hidden life at Nazareth allows everyone to enter into fellowship with Jesus by the most ordinary events of daily life The home of Nazareth is the school where we begin to understand the life of Jesus the school of the Gospel First then a lesson of silence May esteem for silence that admirable and indispensable condition of mind revive in us A lesson on family life May Nazareth teach us what family life is its communion of love its austere and simple beauty and its sacred and inviolable character A lesson of work Nazareth home of the Carpenter s Son in you I would choose to understand and proclaim the severe and redeeming law of human work To conclude I want to greet all the workers of the world holding up to them their great pattern their brother who is God 225 534 The finding of Jesus in the temple is the only event that breaks the silence of the Gospels about the hidden years of Jesus 226 Here Jesus lets us catch a glimpse of the mystery of his total consecration to a mission that flows from his divine sonship Did you not know that I must be about my Father s work 227 Mary and Joseph did not understand these words but they accepted them in faith Mary kept all these things in her heart during the years Jesus remained hidden in the silence of an ordinary life III THE MYSTERIES OF JESUS PUBLIC LIFE The baptism of Jesus 535 Jesus public life begins with his baptism by John in the Jordan 228 John preaches a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins 229 A crowd of sinners 230 tax collectors and soldiers Pharisees and Sadducees and prostitutes come to be baptized by him Then Jesus appears The Baptist hesitates but Jesus insists and receives baptism Then the Holy Spirit in the form of a dove comes upon Jesus and a voice from heaven proclaims This is my beloved Son 231 This is the manifestation Epiphany of Jesus as Messiah of Israel and Son of God 536 The baptism of Jesus is on his part the acceptance and inauguration of his mission as God s suffering Servant He allows himself to be numbered among sinners he is already the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world 232 Already he is anticipating the baptism of his bloody death 233 Already he is coming to fulfil all righteousness that is he is submitting himself entirely to his Father s will out of love he consents to this baptism of death for the remission of our sins 234 The Father s voice responds to the Son s acceptance proclaiming his entire delight in his Son 235 The Spirit whom Jesus possessed in fullness from his conception comes to rest on him 236 Jesus will be the source of the Spirit for all mankind At his baptism the heavens were opened 237 the heavens that Adam s sin had closed and the waters were sanctified by the descent of Jesus and the Spirit a prelude to the new creation 537 Through Baptism the Christian is sacramentally assimilated to Jesus who in his own baptism anticipates his death and resurrection The Christian must enter into this mystery of humble self abasement and repentance go down into the water with Jesus in order to rise with him be reborn of water and the Spirit so as to become the Father s beloved son in the Son and walk in newness of life 238 Let us be buried with Christ by Baptism to rise with him let us go down with him to be raised with him and let us rise with him to be glorified with him 239 Everything that happened to Christ lets us know that after the bath of water the Holy Spirit swoops down upon us from high heaven and that adopted by the Father s voice we become sons of God 240 Jesus temptations 538 The Gospels speak of a time of solitude for Jesus in the desert immediately after his baptism by John Driven by the Spirit into the desert Jesus remains there for forty days without eating he lives among wild beasts and angels minister to him 241 At the end of this time Satan tempts him three times seeking to compromise his filial attitude toward God Jesus rebuffs these attacks which recapitulate the temptations of Adam in Paradise and of Israel in the desert and the devil leaves him until an opportune time 242 539 The evangelists indicate the salvific meaning of this mysterious event Jesus is the new Adam who remained faithful just where the first Adam had given in to temptation Jesus fulfils Israel s vocation perfectly in contrast to those who had once provoked God during forty years in the desert Christ reveals himself as God s Servant totally obedient to the divine will In this Jesus is the devil s conqueror he binds the strong man to take back his plunder 243 Jesus victory over the tempter in the desert anticipates victory at the Passion the supreme act of obedience of his filial love for the Father 540 Jesus temptation reveals the way in which the Son of God is Messiah contrary to the way Satan proposes to him and the way men wish to attribute to him 244 This is why Christ vanquished the Tempter for us For we have not a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses but one who in every respect has been tested as we are yet without sinning 245 By the solemn forty days of Lent the Church unites herself each year to the mystery of Jesus in the desert The kingdom of God is at hand 541 Now after John was arrested Jesus came into Galilee preaching the gospel of God and saying The time is fulfilled and the kingdom of God is at hand repent and believe in the gospel 246 To carry out the will of the Father Christ inaugurated the kingdom of heaven on earth 247 Now the Father s will is to raise up men to share in his own divine life 248 He does this by gathering men around his Son Jesus Christ This gathering is the Church on earth the seed and beginning of that kingdoms 249 542 Christ stands at the heart of this gathering of men into the family of God By his word through signs that manifest the reign of God and by sending out his disciples Jesus calls all people to come together around him But above all in the great Paschal mystery his death on the cross and his Resurrection he would accomplish the coming of his kingdom And I when I am lifted up from the earth will draw all men to myself Into this union with Christ all men are called 250 The proclamation of the kingdom of God 543 Everyone is called to enter the kingdom First announced to the children of Israel this messianic kingdom is intended to accept men of all nations 251 To enter it one must first accept Jesus word The word of the Lord is compared to a seed which is sown in a field those who hear it with faith and are numbered among the little flock of Christ have truly received the kingdom Then by its own power the seed sprouts and grows until the harvest 252 544 The kingdom belongs to the poor and lowly which means those who have accepted it with humble hearts Jesus is sent

    Original URL path: http://www.catholicculture.org/culture/library/catechism/index.cfm?recnum=2146 (2016-02-11)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    than the divine person of the Son of God who assumed it and made it his own from his conception For this reason the Council of Ephesus proclaimed in 431 that Mary truly became the Mother of God by the human conception of the Son of God in her womb Mother of God not that the nature of the Word or his divinity received the beginning of its existence from the holy Virgin but that since the holy body animated by a rational soul which the Word of God united to himself according to the hypostasis was born from her the Word is said to be born according to the flesh 90 467 The Monophysites affirmed that the human nature had ceased to exist as such in Christ when the divine person of God s Son assumed it Faced with this heresy the fourth ecumenical council at Chalcedon in 451 confessed Following the holy Fathers we unanimously teach and confess one and the same Son our Lord Jesus Christ the same perfect in divinity and perfect in humanity the same truly God and truly man composed of rational soul and body consubstantial with the Father as to his divinity and consubstantial with us as to his humanity like us in all things but sin He was begotten from the Father before all ages as to his divinity and in these last days for us and for our salvation was born as to his humanity of the virgin Mary the Mother of God 91 We confess that one and the same Christ Lord and only begotten Son is to be acknowledged in two natures without confusion change division or separation The distinction between the natures was never abolished by their union but rather the character proper to each of the two natures was preserved as they came together in one person prosopon and one hypostasis 92 468 After the Council of Chalcedon some made of Christ s human nature a kind of personal subject Against them the fifth ecumenical council at Constantinople in 553 confessed that there is but one hypostasis or person which is our Lord Jesus Christ one of the Trinity 93 Thus everything in Christ s human nature is to be attributed to his divine person as its proper subject not only his miracles but also his sufferings and even his death He who was crucified in the flesh our Lord Jesus Christ is true God Lord of glory and one of the Holy Trinity 94 469 The Church thus confesses that Jesus is inseparably true God and true man He is truly the Son of God who without ceasing to be God and Lord became a man and our brother What he was he remained and what he was not he assumed sings the Roman Liturgy 95 And the liturgy of St John Chrysostom proclaims and sings O only begotten Son and Word of God immortal being you who deigned for our salvation to become incarnate of

    Original URL path: http://www.catholicculture.org/culture/library/catechism/index.cfm?recnum=2147 (2016-02-11)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    expiation for our sins the Father has sent his Son as the Saviour of the world and he was revealed to take away sins 70 Sick our nature demanded to be healed fallen to be raised up dead to rise again We had lost the possession of the good it was necessary for it to be given back to us Closed in the darkness it was necessary to bring us the light captives we awaited a Saviour prisoners help slaves a liberator Are these things minor or insignificant Did they not move God to descend to human nature and visit it since humanity was in so miserable and unhappy a state 71 458 The Word became flesh so that thus we might know God s love In this the love of God was made manifest among us that God sent his only Son into the world so that we might live through him 72 For God so loved the world that he gave his only Son that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life 73 459 The Word became flesh to be our model of holiness Take my yoke upon you and learn from me I am the way and the truth and the life no one comes to the Father but by me 74 On the mountain of the Transfiguration the Father commands Listen to him 75 Jesus is the model for the Beatitudes and the norm of the new law Love one another as I have loved you 76 This love implies an effective offering of oneself after his example 77 460 The Word became flesh to make us partakers of the divine nature 78 For this is why the Word became man and the Son of God became the Son of man so

    Original URL path: http://www.catholicculture.org/culture/library/catechism/index.cfm?recnum=2148 (2016-02-11)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    the fact that the Son of God assumed a human nature in order to accomplish our salvation in it In a hymn cited by St Paul the Church sings the mystery of the Incarnation Have this mind among yourselves which is yours in Christ Jesus who though he was in the form of God did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped but emptied himself taking the form of a servant being born in the likeness of men And being found in human form he humbled himself and became obedient unto death even death on a cross 83 462 The Letter to the Hebrews refers to the same mystery Consequently when Christ came into the world he said Sacrifices and offerings you have not desired but a body have you prepared for me in burnt offerings and sin offerings you have taken no pleasure Then I said Lo I have come to do your will O God 84 463 Belief in the true Incarnation of the Son of God is the distinctive sign of Christian faith By this you know the Spirit of God every spirit which confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is

    Original URL path: http://www.catholicculture.org/culture/library/catechism/index.cfm?recnum=2154 (2016-02-11)
    Open archived version from archive



  •