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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    of the second century says You are firmly convinced about our Lord who is truly of the race of David according to the flesh Son of God according to the will and power of God truly born of a virgin he was truly nailed to a tree for us in his flesh under Pontius Pilate he truly suffered as he is also truly risen 147 497 The Gospel accounts understand the virginal conception of Jesus as a divine work that surpasses all human understanding and possibility 148 That which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit said the angel to Joseph about Mary his fiancee 149 The Church sees here the fulfilment of the divine promise given through the prophet Isaiah Behold a virgin shall conceive and bear a son 150 498 People are sometimes troubled by the silence of St Mark s Gospel and the New Testament Epistles about Jesus virginal conception Some might wonder if we were merely dealing with legends or theological constructs not claiming to be history To this we must respond Faith in the virginal conception of Jesus met with the lively opposition mockery or incomprehension of non believers Jews and pagans alike 151 so it could hardly have been motivated by pagan mythology or by some adaptation to the ideas of the age The meaning of this event is accessible only to faith which understands in it the connection of these mysteries with one another 152 in the totality of Christ s mysteries from his Incarnation to his Passover St Ignatius of Antioch already bears witness to this connection Mary s virginity and giving birth and even the Lord s death escaped the notice of the prince of this world these three mysteries worthy of proclamation were accomplished in God s silence 153 Mary ever virgin 499 The deepening of faith in the virginal motherhood led the Church to confess Mary s real and perpetual virginity even in the act of giving birth to the Son of God made man 154 In fact Christ s birth did not diminish his mother s virginal integrity but sanctified it 155 And so the liturgy of the Church celebrates Mary as Aeiparthenos the Ever virgin 156 500 Against this doctrine the objection is sometimes raised that the Bible mentions brothers and sisters of Jesus 157 The Church has always understood these passages as not referring to other children of the Virgin Mary In fact James and Joseph brothers of Jesus are the sons of another Mary a disciple of Christ whom St Matthew significantly calls the other Mary 158 They are close relations of Jesus according to an Old Testament expression 159 501 Jesus is Mary s only son but her spiritual motherhood extends to all men whom indeed he came to save The Son whom she brought forth is he whom God placed as the first born among many brethren that is the faithful in whose generation and formation she co operates with a

    Original URL path: http://www.catholicculture.org/culture/library/catechism/index.cfm?recnum=2189 (2016-02-11)
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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    of his Son a daughter of Israel a young Jewish woman of Nazareth in Galilee a virgin betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph of the house of David and the virgin s name was Mary 126 The Father of mercies willed that the Incarnation should be preceded by assent on the part of the predestined mother so that just as a woman had a share in the coming of death so also should a woman contribute to the coming of life 127 489 Throughout the Old Covenant the mission of many holy women prepared for that of Mary At the very beginning there was Eve despite her disobedience she receives the promise of a posterity that will be victorious over the evil one as well as the promise that she will be the mother of all the living 128 By virtue of this promise Sarah conceives a son in spite of her old age 129 Against all human expectation God chooses those who were considered powerless and weak to show forth his faithfulness to his promises Hannah the mother of Samuel Deborah Ruth Judith and Esther and many other women 130 Mary stands out among the poor and

    Original URL path: http://www.catholicculture.org/culture/library/catechism/index.cfm?recnum=2191 (2016-02-11)
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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    set a new record for the number of gifts this month Goal 1 000 769 to go Catechism of the Catholic Church The Immaculate Conception 490 To become the mother of the Saviour Mary was enriched by God with gifts appropriate to such a role 132 The angel Gabriel at the moment of the annunciation salutes her as full of grace 133 In fact in order for Mary to be able to give the free assent of her faith to the announcement of her vocation it was necessary that she be wholly borne by God s grace 491 Through the centuries the Church has become ever more aware that Mary full of grace through God 134 was redeemed from the moment of her conception That is what the dogma of the Immaculate Conception confesses as Pope Pius IX proclaimed in 1854 The most Blessed Virgin Mary was from the first moment of her conception by a singular grace and privilege of almighty God and by virtue of the merits of Jesus Christ Saviour of the human race preserved immune from all stain of original sin 135 492 The splendour of an entirely unique holiness by which Mary is enriched from the first instant of her conception comes wholly from Christ she is redeemed in a more exalted fashion by reason of the merits of her Son 136 The Father blessed Mary more than any other created person in Christ with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places and chose her in Christ before the foundation of the world to be holy and blameless before him in love 137 493 The Fathers of the Eastern tradition call the Mother of God the All Holy Panagia and celebrate her as free from any stain of sin as though fashioned by the Holy

    Original URL path: http://www.catholicculture.org/culture/library/catechism/index.cfm?recnum=2194 (2016-02-11)
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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    At the announcement that she would give birth to the Son of the Most High without knowing man by the power of the Holy Spirit Mary responded with the obedience of faith certain that with God nothing will be impossible Behold I am the handmaid of the Lord let it be done to me according to your word 139 Thus giving her consent to God s word Mary becomes the mother of Jesus Espousing the divine will for salvation wholeheartedly without a single sin to restrain her she gave herself entirely to the person and to the work of her Son she did so in order to serve the mystery of redemption with him and dependent on him by God s grace 140 As St Irenaeus says Being obedient she became the cause of salvation for herself and for the whole human race 141 Hence not a few of the early Fathers gladly assert The knot of Eve s disobedience was untied by Mary s obedience what the virgin Eve bound through her disbelief Mary loosened by her faith 142 Comparing her with Eve they call Mary the Mother of the living and frequently claim Death through Eve life through

    Original URL path: http://www.catholicculture.org/culture/library/catechism/index.cfm?recnum=2199 (2016-02-11)
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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    the Catholic Church Mary s divine motherhood 495 Called in the Gospels the mother of Jesus Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son as the mother of my Lord 144 In fact the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit who truly became her Son according to the flesh was none other than the Father

    Original URL path: http://www.catholicculture.org/culture/library/catechism/index.cfm?recnum=2201 (2016-02-11)
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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    the Son of God who came in a humanity like our own Thus St Ignatius of Antioch at the beginning of the second century says You are firmly convinced about our Lord who is truly of the race of David according to the flesh Son of God according to the will and power of God truly born of a virgin he was truly nailed to a tree for us in his flesh under Pontius Pilate he truly suffered as he is also truly risen 147 497 The Gospel accounts understand the virginal conception of Jesus as a divine work that surpasses all human understanding and possibility 148 That which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit said the angel to Joseph about Mary his fiancee 149 The Church sees here the fulfilment of the divine promise given through the prophet Isaiah Behold a virgin shall conceive and bear a son 150 498 People are sometimes troubled by the silence of St Mark s Gospel and the New Testament Epistles about Jesus virginal conception Some might wonder if we were merely dealing with legends or theological constructs not claiming to be history To this we must respond Faith in the virginal conception of Jesus met with the lively opposition mockery or incomprehension of non believers Jews and pagans alike 151 so it could hardly have been motivated by pagan mythology or by some adaptation to the ideas of the age The meaning of this event is accessible only to faith which understands in it the connection of these mysteries with one another 152 in the totality of Christ s mysteries from his Incarnation to his Passover St Ignatius of Antioch already bears witness to this connection Mary s virginity and giving birth and even the Lord s death escaped

    Original URL path: http://www.catholicculture.org/culture/library/catechism/index.cfm?recnum=2203 (2016-02-11)
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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    virginal motherhood led the Church to confess Mary s real and perpetual virginity even in the act of giving birth to the Son of God made man 154 In fact Christ s birth did not diminish his mother s virginal integrity but sanctified it 155 And so the liturgy of the Church celebrates Mary as Aeiparthenos the Ever virgin 156 500 Against this doctrine the objection is sometimes raised that the Bible mentions brothers and sisters of Jesus 157 The Church has always understood these passages as not referring to other children of the Virgin Mary In fact James and Joseph brothers of Jesus are the sons of another Mary a disciple of Christ whom St Matthew significantly calls the other Mary 158 They are close relations of Jesus according to an Old Testament expression 159 501 Jesus is Mary s only son but her spiritual motherhood extends to all men whom indeed he came to save The Son whom she brought forth is he whom God placed as the first born among many brethren that is the faithful in whose generation and formation she co operates with a mother s love 160 Notes 154 Cf DS 291 294 427

    Original URL path: http://www.catholicculture.org/culture/library/catechism/index.cfm?recnum=2207 (2016-02-11)
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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    conception Christ s humanity is filled with the Holy Spirit for God gives him the Spirit without measure 163 From his fullness as the head of redeemed humanity we have all received grace upon grace 164 505 By his virginal conception Jesus the New Adam ushers in the new birth of children adopted in the Holy Spirit through faith How can this be 165 Participation in the divine life arises not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man but of God 166 The acceptance of this life is virginal because it is entirely the Spirit s gift to man The spousal character of the human vocation in relation to God 167 is fulfilled perfectly in Mary s virginal motherhood 506 Mary is a virgin because her virginity is the sign of her faith unadulterated by any doubt and of her undivided gift of herself to God s will 168 It is her faith that enables her to become the mother of the Saviour Mary is more blessed because she embraces faith in Christ than because she conceives the flesh of Christ 169 507 At once virgin and mother Mary is the symbol and the most perfect realization of the Church the Church indeed by receiving the word of God in faith becomes herself a mother By preaching and Baptism she brings forth sons who are conceived by the Holy Spirit and born of God to a new and immortal life She herself is a virgin who keeps in its entirety and purity the faith she pledged to her spouse 170 IN BRIEF 508 From among the descendants of Eve God chose the Virgin Mary to be the mother of his Son Full of grace Mary is the most excellent fruit of redemption

    Original URL path: http://www.catholicculture.org/culture/library/catechism/index.cfm?recnum=2211 (2016-02-11)
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