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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    you seek the living among the dead He is not here but has risen 492 The first element we encounter in the framework of the Easter events is the empty tomb In itself it is not a direct proof of Resurrection the absence of Christ s body from the tomb could be explained otherwise 493 Nonetheless the empty tomb was still an essential sign for all Its discovery by the disciples was the first step toward recognizing the very fact of the Resurrection This was the case first with the holy women and then with Peter 494 The disciple whom Jesus loved affirmed that when he entered the empty tomb and discovered the linen cloths lying there he saw and believed 495 This suggests that he realized from the empty tomb s condition that the absence of Jesus body could not have been of human doing and that Jesus had not simply returned to earthly life as had been the case with Lazarus 496 The appearances of the Risen One 641 Mary Magdalene and the holy women who came to finish anointing the body of Jesus which had been buried in haste because the Sabbath began on the evening of Good Friday were the first to encounter the Risen One 497 Thus the women were the first messengers of Christ s Resurrection for the apostles themselves 498 They were the next to whom Jesus appears first Peter then the Twelve Peter had been called to strengthen the faith of his brothers 499 and so sees the Risen One before them it is on the basis of his testimony that the community exclaims The Lord has risen indeed and has appeared to Simon 500 642 Everything that happened during those Paschal days involves each of the apostles and Peter in particular in the building of the new era begun on Easter morning As witnesses of the Risen One they remain the foundation stones of his Church The faith of the first community of believers is based on the witness of concrete men known to the Christians and for the most part still living among them Peter and the Twelve are the primary witnesses to his Resurrection but they are not the only ones Paul speaks clearly of more than five hundred persons to whom Jesus appeared on a single occasion and also of James and of all the apostles 501 643 Given all these testimonies Christ s Resurrection cannot be interpreted as something outside the physical order and it is impossible not to acknowledge it as an historical fact It is clear from the facts that the disciples faith was drastically put to the test by their master s Passion and death on the cross which he had foretold 502 The shock provoked by the Passion was so great that at least some of the disciples did not at once believe in the news of the Resurrection Far from showing us a community seized by a mystical exaltation the Gospels present us with disciples demoralized looking sad 503 and frightened For they had not believed the holy women returning from the tomb and had regarded their words as an idle tale 504 When Jesus reveals himself to the Eleven on Easter evening he upbraided them for their unbelief and hardness of heart because they had not believed those who saw him after he had risen 505 644 Even when faced with the reality of the risen Jesus the disciples are still doubtful so impossible did the thing seem they thought they were seeing a ghost In their joy they were still disbelieving and still wondering 506 Thomas will also experience the test of doubt and St Matthew relates that during the risen Lord s last appearance in Galilee some doubted 507 Therefore the hypothesis that the Resurrection was produced by the apostles faith or credulity will not hold up On the contrary their faith in the Resurrection was born under the action of divine grace from their direct experience of the reality of the risen Jesus The condition of Christ s risen humanity 645 By means of touch and the sharing of a meal the risen Jesus establishes direct contact with his disciples He invites them in this way to recognize that he is not a ghost and above all to verify that the risen body in which he appears to them is the same body that had been tortured and crucified for it still bears the traces of his Passion 508 Yet at the same time this authentic real body possesses the new properties of a glorious body not limited by space and time but able to be present how and when he wills for Christ s humanity can no longer be confined to earth and belongs henceforth only to the Father s divine realm 509 For this reason too the risen Jesus enjoys the sovereign freedom of appearing as he wishes in the guise of a gardener or in other forms familiar to his disciples precisely to awaken their faith 510 646 Christ s Resurrection was not a return to earthly life as was the case with the raisings from the dead that he had performed before Easter Jairus daughter the young man of Naim Lazarus These actions were miraculous events but the persons miraculously raised returned by Jesus power to ordinary earthly life At some particular moment they would die again Christ s Resurrection is essentially different In his risen body he passes from the state of death to another life beyond time and space At Jesus Resurrection his body is filled with the power of the Holy Spirit he shares the divine life in his glorious state so that St Paul can say that Christ is the man of heaven 511 The Resurrection as transcendent event 647 O truly blessed Night sings the Exsultet of the Easter Vigil which alone deserved to know the time and the hour when Christ rose from the realm of the dead

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    whether evil or righteous while they await the Redeemer which does not mean that their lot is identical as Jesus shows through the parable of the poor man Lazarus who was received into Abraham s bosom 480 It is precisely these holy souls who awaited their Saviour in Abraham s bosom whom Christ the Lord delivered when he descended into hell 481 Jesus did not descend into hell to deliver the damned nor to destroy the hell of damnation but to free the just who had gone before him 482 634 The gospel was preached even to the dead 483 The descent into hell brings the Gospel message of salvation to complete fulfilment This is the last phase of Jesus messianic mission a phase which is condensed in time but vast in its real significance the spread of Christ s redemptive work to all men of all times and all places for all who are saved have been made sharers in the redemption 635 Christ went down into the depths of death so that the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God and those who hear will live 484 Jesus the Author of life by dying destroyed him who has the power of death that is the devil and delivered all those who through fear of death were subject to lifelong bondage 485 Henceforth the risen Christ holds the keys of Death and Hades so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow in heaven and on earth and under the earth 486 Today a great silence reigns on earth a great silence and a great stillness A great silence because the King is asleep The earth trembled and is still because God has fallen asleep in the flesh and he has raised up all

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    in Galilee some doubted 507 Therefore the hypothesis that the Resurrection was produced by the apostles faith or credulity will not hold up On the contrary their faith in the Resurrection was born under the action of divine grace from their direct experience of the reality of the risen Jesus The condition of Christ s risen humanity 645 By means of touch and the sharing of a meal the risen Jesus establishes direct contact with his disciples He invites them in this way to recognize that he is not a ghost and above all to verify that the risen body in which he appears to them is the same body that had been tortured and crucified for it still bears the traces of his Passion 508 Yet at the same time this authentic real body possesses the new properties of a glorious body not limited by space and time but able to be present how and when he wills for Christ s humanity can no longer be confined to earth and belongs henceforth only to the Father s divine realm 509 For this reason too the risen Jesus enjoys the sovereign freedom of appearing as he wishes in the guise of a gardener or in other forms familiar to his disciples precisely to awaken their faith 510 646 Christ s Resurrection was not a return to earthly life as was the case with the raisings from the dead that he had performed before Easter Jairus daughter the young man of Naim Lazarus These actions were miraculous events but the persons miraculously raised returned by Jesus power to ordinary earthly life At some particular moment they would die again Christ s Resurrection is essentially different In his risen body he passes from the state of death to another life beyond time and space At Jesus Resurrection his body is filled with the power of the Holy Spirit he shares the divine life in his glorious state so that St Paul can say that Christ is the man of heaven 511 The Resurrection as transcendent event 647 O truly blessed Night sings the Exsultet of the Easter Vigil which alone deserved to know the time and the hour when Christ rose from the realm of the dead 512 But no one was an eyewitness to Christ s Resurrection and no evangelist describes it No one can say how it came about physically Still less was its innermost essence his passing over to another life perceptible to the senses Although the Resurrection was an historical event that could be verified by the sign of the empty tomb and by the reality of the apostles encounters with the risen Christ still it remains at the very heart of the mystery of faith as something that transcends and surpasses history This is why the risen Christ does not reveal himself to the world but to his disciples to those who came up with him from Galilee to Jerusalem who are now his witnesses to the

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    his Church The faith of the first community of believers is based on the witness of concrete men known to the Christians and for the most part still living among them Peter and the Twelve are the primary witnesses to his Resurrection but they are not the only ones Paul speaks clearly of more than five hundred persons to whom Jesus appeared on a single occasion and also of James and of all the apostles 501 643 Given all these testimonies Christ s Resurrection cannot be interpreted as something outside the physical order and it is impossible not to acknowledge it as an historical fact It is clear from the facts that the disciples faith was drastically put to the test by their master s Passion and death on the cross which he had foretold 502 The shock provoked by the Passion was so great that at least some of the disciples did not at once believe in the news of the Resurrection Far from showing us a community seized by a mystical exaltation the Gospels present us with disciples demoralized looking sad 503 and frightened For they had not believed the holy women returning from the tomb and had regarded their words as an idle tale 504 When Jesus reveals himself to the Eleven on Easter evening he upbraided them for their unbelief and hardness of heart because they had not believed those who saw him after he had risen 505 644 Even when faced with the reality of the risen Jesus the disciples are still doubtful so impossible did the thing seem they thought they were seeing a ghost In their joy they were still disbelieving and still wondering 506 Thomas will also experience the test of doubt and St Matthew relates that during the risen Lord s last appearance in Galilee some doubted 507 Therefore the hypothesis that the Resurrection was produced by the apostles faith or credulity will not hold up On the contrary their faith in the Resurrection was born under the action of divine grace from their direct experience of the reality of the risen Jesus The condition of Christ s risen humanity 645 By means of touch and the sharing of a meal the risen Jesus establishes direct contact with his disciples He invites them in this way to recognize that he is not a ghost and above all to verify that the risen body in which he appears to them is the same body that had been tortured and crucified for it still bears the traces of his Passion 508 Yet at the same time this authentic real body possesses the new properties of a glorious body not limited by space and time but able to be present how and when he wills for Christ s humanity can no longer be confined to earth and belongs henceforth only to the Father s divine realm 509 For this reason too the risen Jesus enjoys the sovereign freedom of appearing as he wishes in

    Original URL path: http://www.catholicculture.org/culture/library/catechism/index.cfm?recnum=2400 (2016-02-11)
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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    Website Reviews What You Need to Know Catholic Dictionary Catechism Church Fathers Most Collection Free eBooks Catechism of the Catholic Church The empty tomb 640 Why do you seek the living among the dead He is not here but has risen 492 The first element we encounter in the framework of the Easter events is the empty tomb In itself it is not a direct proof of Resurrection the absence of Christ s body from the tomb could be explained otherwise 493 Nonetheless the empty tomb was still an essential sign for all Its discovery by the disciples was the first step toward recognizing the very fact of the Resurrection This was the case first with the holy women and then with Peter 494 The disciple whom Jesus loved affirmed that when he entered the empty tomb and discovered the linen cloths lying there he saw and believed 495 This suggests that he realized from the empty tomb s condition that the absence of Jesus body could not have been of human doing and that Jesus had not simply returned to earthly life as had been the case with Lazarus 496 Notes 492 Lk 24 5 6 493 Cf Jn

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    involves each of the apostles and Peter in particular in the building of the new era begun on Easter morning As witnesses of the Risen One they remain the foundation stones of his Church The faith of the first community of believers is based on the witness of concrete men known to the Christians and for the most part still living among them Peter and the Twelve are the primary witnesses to his Resurrection but they are not the only ones Paul speaks clearly of more than five hundred persons to whom Jesus appeared on a single occasion and also of James and of all the apostles 501 643 Given all these testimonies Christ s Resurrection cannot be interpreted as something outside the physical order and it is impossible not to acknowledge it as an historical fact It is clear from the facts that the disciples faith was drastically put to the test by their master s Passion and death on the cross which he had foretold 502 The shock provoked by the Passion was so great that at least some of the disciples did not at once believe in the news of the Resurrection Far from showing us a community seized by a mystical exaltation the Gospels present us with disciples demoralized looking sad 503 and frightened For they had not believed the holy women returning from the tomb and had regarded their words as an idle tale 504 When Jesus reveals himself to the Eleven on Easter evening he upbraided them for their unbelief and hardness of heart because they had not believed those who saw him after he had risen 505 644 Even when faced with the reality of the risen Jesus the disciples are still doubtful so impossible did the thing seem they thought they were

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    Contact Us Advertise Subscribe Login Donate Resources Home Library Website Reviews What You Need to Know Catholic Dictionary Catechism Church Fathers Most Collection Free eBooks Catechism of the Catholic Church The Resurrection as transcendent event 647 O truly blessed Night sings the Exsultet of the Easter Vigil which alone deserved to know the time and the hour when Christ rose from the realm of the dead 512 But no one was an eyewitness to Christ s Resurrection and no evangelist describes it No one can say how it came about physically Still less was its innermost essence his passing over to another life perceptible to the senses Although the Resurrection was an historical event that could be verified by the sign of the empty tomb and by the reality of the apostles encounters with the risen Christ still it remains at the very heart of the mystery of faith as something that transcends and surpasses history This is why the risen Christ does not reveal himself to the world but to his disciples to those who came up with him from Galilee to Jerusalem who are now his witnesses to the people 513 Notes 512 O vere beata nox quae

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    Church II THE RESURRECTION A WORK OF THE HOLY TRINITY 648 Christ s Resurrection is an object of faith in that it is a transcendent intervention of God himself in creation and history In it the three divine persons act together as one and manifest their own proper characteristics The Father s power raised up Christ his Son and by doing so perfectly introduced his Son s humanity including his body into the Trinity Jesus is conclusively revealed as Son of God in power according to the Spirit of holiness by his Resurrection from the dead 514 St Paul insists on the manifestation of God s power 515 through the working of the Spirit who gave life to Jesus dead humanity and called it to the glorious state of Lordship 649 As for the Son he effects his own Resurrection by virtue of his divine power Jesus announces that the Son of man will have to suffer much die and then rise 516 Elsewhere he affirms explicitly I lay down my life that I may take it again I have power to lay it down and I have power to take it again 517 We believe that Jesus died and rose again 518 650 The Fathers contemplate the Resurrection from the perspective of the divine person of Christ who remained united to his soul and body even when these were separated from each other by death By the unity of the divine nature which remains present in each of the two components of man these are reunited For as death is produced by the separation of the human components so Resurrection is achieved by the union of the two 519 Notes 514 Rom 1 3 4 cf Acts 2 24 515 Cf Rom 6 4 2 Cor 13 4 Phil

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