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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    27 Jn 11 34 etc 103 Phil 2 7 104 Cf St Gregory the Great Sicut aqua ad Eulogium Epist Lib 10 39 PL 77 1097 Aff DS 475 105 St Maximus the Confessor Qu et dub 66 PG 90 840A 106 Cf Mk 14 36 Mt 11 27 Jn 1 18 8 55 etc 107 Cf Mk 2 8 Jn 2 25 6 61 etc 108 Cf Mk 8 31 9 31 10 33 34 14 18 20 26 30 109 Cf Mk 13 32 Acts 1 7 110 Cf Council of Constantinople III 681 DS 556 559 111 Council of Constantinople III DS 556 112 Cf Council of the Lateran 649 DS 504 113 Cf Gal 3 1 cf Council of Nicaea II 787 DS 600 603 114 Roman Missal Preface of Christmas I 115 Council of Nicaea II DS 601 116 Gal 2 20 117 Cf Jn 19 34 118 Pius XII Enc Haurietis aquas 1956 DS 3924 cf DS 3812 119 Gal 4 4 120 Col 2 9 121 Lk 1 34 35 Greek 122 Cf Jn 16 14 15 123 Cf Mt 1 20 2 1 12 Lk 1 35 2 8 20 Jn 1 3 1 34 2 11 124 Acts 10 38 125 Gal 4 4 Heb 10 5 126 Lk 1 26 27 127 LG 56 cf LG 61 128 Cf Gen 3 15 20 129 Cf Gen 18 10 14 21 1 2 130 Cf I Cor 1 17 I Sam 1 131 LG 55 132 LG 56 133 Lk 1 28 134 Lk 1 28 135 Pius IX Ineffabilis Deus 1854 DS 2803 136 LG 53 56 137 Cf Eph 1 3 4 138 LG 56 139 Lk 1 28 38 cf Rom 1 5 140 Cf LG 56 141 St Irenaeus Adv haeres 3 22 4 PG 7 1 959A 142 St Irenaeus Adv haeres 3 22 4 PG 7 1 959A 143 LG 56 St Epiphanius Panarion 2 78 18 PG 42 728CD 729AB St Jerome Ep 22 21 PL 22 408 144 Lk 1 43 Jn 2 1 19 25 cf Mt 13 55 et al 145 Council of Ephesus 431 DS 251 146 Council of the Lateran 649 DS 503 cf DS 10 64 147 St Ignatius of Antioch Ad Smyrn 1 2 Apostolic Fathers ed J B Lightfoot London Macmillan 1889 11 2 289 293 SCh 10 154 156 cf Rom 1 3 Jn 1 13 148 Mt 1 18 25 Lk 1 26 38 149 Mt 1 20 150 Isa 7 14 in the LXX quoted in Mt 1 23 Gk 151 Cf St Justin Dial 99 7 PG 6 708 709 Origen Contra Celsum 1 32 69 PG 11 720 721 et al 152 Dei Filius 4 DS 3016 153 St Ignatius of Antioch Ad Eph 19 1 AF 11 2 76 80 SCh 10 88 cf I Cor 2 8 154 Cf DS 291 294 427 442 503 571 1880 155 LG 57 156 Cf LG 52 157 Cf Mk 3 31 35 6 3 I Cor 9 5 Gal 1 19 158 Mt 13 55 28 1 cf Mt 27 56 159 Cf Gen 13 8 14 16 29 15 etc 160 LG 63 cf Jn 19 26 27 Rom 8 29 Rev 12 17 161 Council of Friuli 796 DS 619 cf Lk 2 48 49 162 I Cor 15 45 47 163 Jn 3 34 164 Jn 1 16 cf Col 1 18 165 Lk 1 34 cf Jn 3 9 166 Jn 1 13 167 Cf 2 Cor 11 2 168 LG 63 cf l Cor 7 34 35 169 St Augustine De virg 3 PL 40 398 170 LG 64 cf 63 171 Acts 1 1 2 172 Cf Jn 20 30 173 Jn 20 31 174 Cf Mk 1 1 Jn 21 24 175 Cf Lk 2 7 Mt 27 48 Jn 20 7 176 Col 2 9 177 Jn 14 9 Lk 9 35 cf Mt 17 5 Mk 9 7 my beloved Son 178 Jn 4 9 179 Cf Eph 1 7 Col 1 13 14 I Pt 1 18 19 180 Cf 2 Cor 8 9 181 Cf Lk 2 51 182 Cf Jn 15 3 183 Mt 8 17 cf Isa 53 4 184 Cf Rom 4 25 185 St Irenaeus Adv haeres 3 18 1 PG 7 1 932 186 St Irenaeus Adv haeres 3 18 7 PG 7 1 937 cf 2 22 4 187 John Paul II RH 11 32 188 I Cor 15 3 Rom 4 25 189 I Jn 2 1 Heb 7 25 190 Heb 9 24 191 GS 38 cf Rom 15 5 Phil 2 5 192 Cf Jn 13 15 Lk 11 1 Mt 5 11 12 193 GS 22 2 194 St John Eudes LH week 33 Friday OR 195 Heb 9 15 196 Cf Acts 13 24 Mt 3 3 197 Lk 1 76 cf 7 26 Mt 11 13 198 Jn 1 29 cf Acts 1 22 Lk 1 41 16 16 Jn 3 29 199 Lk 1 17 cf Mk 6 17 29 200 Cf Rev 22 17 201 Jn 3 30 202 Cf Lk 2 61 203 Cf Lk 2 8 20 204 Kontakion of Romanos the Melodist 205 Cf Mt 18 3 4 206 Jn 3 7 1 13 1 12 cf Mt 23 12 207 Cf Gal 4 19 208 LH Antiphon I of Evening Prayer for January 1st 209 Cf Lk 2 21 210 Cf Gal 4 4 211 Cf Col 2 11 13 212 Mt 2 1 cf LH Epiphany Evening Prayer II Antiphon at the Canticle of Mary 213 Cf Mt 2 2 Num 24 17 19 Rev 22 16 214 Cf Jn 4 22 Mt 2 4 6 215 St Leo the Great Sermo 3 in epiphania Domini 1 3 5 PL 54 242 LH Epiphany OR Roman Missal Easter Vigil 26 Prayer after the third reading 216 Cf Lk 2 22 39 Ex 13 2 12 13 217 Cf Mt 2 13 18 218 Jn 1 11 219 Cf Jn 15 20 220 Cf Mt 2 15 Hos 11 1 221 Cf Gal 4 4 222 Lk 2 51 52 223 Lk 22 42 224 Cf Rom 5 19 225 Paul VI at Nazareth January 5 1964 LH Feast of the Holy Family OR 226 Cf Lk 2 41 52 227 Lk 2 49 alt 228 Cf Lk 3 23 Acts 1 22 229 Lk 3 3 230 Cf Lk 3 10 14 Mt 3 7 21 32 231 Mt 3 13 17 232 Jn 1 29 cf Isa 53 12 233 Cf Mk 10 38 Lk 12 50 234 Mt 3 15 cf 26 39 235 Cf Lk 3 22 Isa 42 1 236 Jn 1 32 33 cf Isa 11 2 237 Mt 3 16 238 Rom 6 4 239 St Gregory of Nazianzus Oratio 40 9 PG 36 369 240 St Hilary of Poitiers In Matth 2 5 PL 9 927 241 Cf Mk 1 12 13 242 Lk 4 13 243 Cf Ps 95 10 Mk 3 27 244 Cf Mt 16 2 1 23 245 Heb 4 15 246 Mk 1 14 15 247 LG 3 248 LG 2 249 LG 5 250 Jn 12 32 cf LG 3 251 Cf Mt 8 11 10 5 7 28 19 252 LG 5 cf Mk 4 14 26 29 Lk 12 32 253 Lk 4 18 cf 7 22 254 Mt 5 3 255 Cf Mt 11 25 256 Cf Mt 21 18 Mk 2 23 26 Jn 4 6 7 19 28 Lk 9 58 257 Cf Mt 25 31 46 258 Mk 2 17 cf l Tim 1 15 259 Lk 15 7 cf 7 11 32 260 Mt 26 28 261 Cf Mk 4 33 34 262 Cf Mt 13 44 45 22 1 14 263 Cf Mt 21 28 32 264 Cf Mt 13 3 9 265 Cf Mt 25 14 30 266 Mt 13 11 267 Mk 4 11 cf Mt 13 10 15 268 Acts 2 22 cf Lk 7 18 23 269 cf Jn 5 36 10 25 38 270 Cf Mk 5 25 34 10 52 etc 271 Cf Jn 10 31 38 272 Mt 11 6 273 Cf Jn 11 47 48 Mk 3 22 274 Cf Jn 6 5 15 Lk 19 8 Mt 11 5 275 Cf Lk 12 13 14 Jn 18 36 276 Cf Jn 8 34 36 277 Mt 12 26 28 278 Jn 12 31 cf Lk 8 26 39 279 LH Lent Holy Week Evening Prayer Hymn Vexilla Regis Regnavit a ligno Deus 280 Cf Mk 3 13 19 281 Lk 9 2 282 Lk 22 29 30 283 Cf Mk 3 16 9 2 Lk 24 34 I Cor 15 5 284 Mt 16 18 285 I Pt 2 4 286 Cf Lk 22 32 287 Mt 16 19 288 Jn 21 15 17 Cf 10 11 289 Cf Mt 18 18 290 Mt 16 21 291 Cf Mt 16 22 23 17 23 Lk 9 45 292 Cf Mt 17 1 8 and parallels 2 Pt 1 16 18 293 Lk 9 31 294 Lk 9 35 295 Lk 24 26 296 Cf Lk 24 27 297 Cf Isa 42 1 298 St Thomas Aquinas STh III 45 4 ad 2 299 Byzantine Liturgy Feast of the Transfiguration Kontakion 300 St Thomas Aquinas STh III 45 4 ad 2 301 Phil 3 21 302 Acts 14 22 303 St Augustine Sermo 78 6 PL 38 492 493 cf Lk 9 33 304 Lk 9 51 cf Jn 13 1 305 Lk 13 33 cf Mk 8 31 33 9 31 32 10 32 34 306 Mt 23 37 307 Lk 19 41 42 308 Lk 1 32 cf Mt 21 1 11 Jn 6 15 309 Ps 24 7 10 Zech 9 9 310 Cf Jn 18 37 311 Cf Mt 21 15 16 cf Ps 8 3 Lk 19 38 2 14 312 Cf Ps 118 26 313 Heb 9 26 314 Lk 24 26 27 44 45 315 Mk 8 31 Mt 20 19 316 Cf DV 19 317 Cf Mk 3 6 14 1 318 Cf Mt 12 24 Mk 2 7 14 17 3 1 6 7 14 23 319 Cf Mk 3 22 Jn 8 48 10 20 320 Cf Mk 2 7 Jn 5 18 7 12 52 8 59 10 31 33 321 Lk 2 34 322 Cf Jn 1 19 2 18 5 10 7 13 9 22 18 12 19 38 20 19 323 Jn 7 48 49 324 Cf Lk 13 31 325 Cf Lk 7 36 14 1 326 Cf Mt 22 23 34 Lk 20 39 327 Cf Mt 6 18 328 Cf Mk 12 28 34 329 Mt 5 17 19 330 Mt 5 19 331 Cf Jn 8 46 332 Cf Jn 7 19 Acts 13 38 41 15 10 333 Jas 2 10 cf Gal 3 10 5 3 334 Cf Rom 10 2 335 Cf Mt 15 31 Lk 11 39 54 336 Cf Isa 53 11 Heb 9 15 337 Cf Gal 4 4 338 Jer 31 33 Isa 42 3 6 339 Gal 3 13 3 10 Heb 9 15 340 Cf Jn 11 28 3 2 Mt 22 23 24 34 36 341 Cf Mt 12 5 9 12 Mk 2 23 27 Lk 6 6 9 Jn 7 22 23 342 Mt 7 28 29 343 Cf Mt 5 1 344 Mt 5 33 34 345 Mk 7 13 cf 3 8 346 Mk 7 18 21 cf Gal 3 24 347 Cf Jn 5 36 10 25 37 38 12 37 348 Cf Num 28 9 Mt 12 5 Mk 2 25 27 Lk 13 15 16 14 3 4 Jn 7 22 24 349 Lk 2 22 39 350 Cf Lk 2 46 49 351 Cf Lk 2 41 352 Cf Jn 2 13 14 5 1 14 7 1 10 14 8 2 10 22 23 353 Cf Mt 21 13 354 Jn 2 16 17 cf Ps 69 10 355 Cf Acts 2 46 3 1 5 20 21 etc 356 Cf Mt 24 1 2 357 Cf Mt 24 3 Lk 13 35 358 Cf Mk 14 57 58 Mt 27 39 40 359 Cf Mt 8 4 16 18 17 24 27 Lk 17 14 Jn 4 22 18 20 360 Cf Jn 2 21 Mt 12 6 361 Cf Jn 2 18 22 362 Jn 4 21 cf 4 23 24 Mt 27 51 Heb 9 11 Rev 21 22 363 Cf Lk 2 34 20 17 18 Ps 118 22 364 Cf Lk 5 30 7 36 11 37 14 1 365 Lk 18 9 5 32 cf Jn 7 49 9 34 366 Cf Jn 8 33 36 9 40 41 367 Cf Mt 9 13 Hos 6 6 368 Cf Lk 15 1 2 22 32 369 Mk 2 7 370 Cf Jn 5 18 10 33 17 6 26 371 Cf Mt 12 6 30 36 37 41 42 372 Jn 8 58 10 30 373 Jn 10 36 38 374 Cf Jn 3 7 6 44 375 Cf Isa 53 1 376 Cf Mk 3 6 Mt 26 64 66 377 Cf Lk 23 34 Acts 3 17 18 Mk 3 5 Rom 11 25 20 378 Jn 12 42 cf 7 50 9 16 17 10 19 21 19 38 39 379 Acts 6 7 15 5 21 20 380 Cf Jn 9 16 10 19 381 Cf Jn 9 22 382 Jn 11 48 50 383 Cf Mt 26 66 Jn 18 31 Lk 23 2 19 384 Cf Jn 19 12 15 21 385 Cf Mk 15 11 Acts 2 23 36 3 13 14 4 10 5 30 7 52 10 39 13 27 28 I Thess 2 14 15 386 Cf Lk 23 34 Acts 3 17 387 Mt 27 25 cf Acts 5 28 18 6 388 NA 4 389 Roman Catechism I 5 11 cf Heb 12 3 390 Cf Mt 25 45 Acts 9 4 5 391 Roman Catechism I 5 11 cf Heb 6 6 1 Cor 2 8 392 St Francis of Assisi Admonitio 5 3 393 Acts 2 23 394 Cf Acts 3 13 395 Acts 4 27 28 cf Ps 2 1 2 396 Cf Mt 26 54 Jn 18 36 19 11 Acts 3 17 18 397 Isa 53 11 cf 53 12 Jn 8 34 36 Acts 3 14 398 1 Cor 15 3 cf also Acts 3 18 7 52 13 29 26 22 23 399 Cf Isa 53 7 8 and Acts 8 32 35 400 Cf Mt 20 28 401 Cf Lk 24 25 27 44 45 402 I Pt 1 18 20 403 Cf Rom 5 12 I Cor 15 56 404 2 Cor 5 21 cf Phil 2 7 Rom 8 3 405 Cf Jn 8 46 406 Mk 15 34 Ps 22 2 cf Jn 8 29 407 Rom 8 32 5 10 408 I John 4 10 4 19 409 Rom 5 8 410 Mt 18 14 411 Mt 20 28 cf Rom 5 18 19 412 Council of Quiercy 853 DS 624 cf 2 Cor 5 15 I Jn 2 2 413 Jn 6 38 414 Heb 10 5 10 415 Jn 4 34 416 1 Jn 2 2 417 Jn 10 17 14 31 418 Cf Lk 12 50 22 15 Mt 16 21 23 419 Jn 12 27 420 Jn 18 11 421 Jn 19 30 19 28 422 Jn 1 29 cf Lk 3 21 Mt 3 14 15 Jn 1 36 423 Isa 53 7 12 cf Jer 11 19 Ex 12 3 14 Jn 19 36 I Cor 5 7 424 Mk 10 45 425 Jn 13 1 15 13 426 Cf Heb 2 10 17 18 4 15 5 7 9 427 Jn 10 18 428 Cf Jn 18 4 6 Mt 26 53 429 Roman Missal EP III cf Mt 26 20 I Cor 11 23 430 Lk 22 19 Mt 26 28 cf I Cor 5 7 431 I Cor 11 25 432 Cf Lk 22 19 433 Jn 17 19 cf Council of Trent DS 1752 1764 434 Cf Mt 26 42 Lk 22 20 435 Phil 2 8 Mt 26 39 cf Heb 5 7 8 436 Cf Rom 5 12 Heb 4 15 437 Cf Acts 3 15 Rev 1 17 Jn 1 4 5 26 438 I Pt 224 cf Mt 26 42 439 Jn 1 29 cf 8 34 36 I Cor 5 7 I Pt 1 19 440 Mt 26 28 cf Ex 24 8 Lev 16 15 16 Cor 11 25 441 Cf Heb 10 10 442 Cf Jn 10 17 18 15 13 Heb 9 14 I Jn 4 10 443 Rom 5 19 444 Isa 53 10 12 445 Cf Council of Trent 1547 DS 1529 446 Jn 13 1 447 Cf Gal 2 20 Eph 5 2 25 448 2 Cor 5 14 449 Heb 5 9 450 Council of Trent DS 1529 451 LH Lent Holy Week Evening Prayer Hymn Vexilla Regis 452 I Tim 2 5 453 GS 22 5 cf 2 454 Mt 16 24 455 I Pt 2 21 456 Cf Mk 10 39 Jn 21 18 19 Col 1 24 457 Cf Lk 2 35 458 St Rose of Lima cf P Hansen Vita mirabilis Louvain 1668 459 Heb 2 9 460 I Cor 15 3 461 Cf Jn 19 42 462 Cf Heb 4 7 9 463 Cf Jn 19 30 464 Cf Col 1 18 20 465 Rev 1 18 466

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    none other than to make men share in the communion between the Father and the Son in their Spirit of love 342 851 Missionary motivation It is from God s love for all men that the Church in every age receives both the obligation and the vigor of her missionary dynamism for the love of Christ urges us on 343 Indeed God desires all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth 344 that is God wills the salvation of everyone through the knowledge of the truth Salvation is found in the truth Those who obey the prompting of the Spirit of truth are already on the way of salvation But the Church to whom this truth has been entrusted must go out to meet their desire so as to bring them the truth Because she believes in God s universal plan of salvation the Church must be missionary 852 Missionary paths The Holy Spirit is the protagonist the principal agent of the whole of the Church s mission 345 It is he who leads the Church on her missionary paths This mission continues and in the course of history unfolds the mission of Christ who was sent to evangelize the poor so the Church urged on by the Spirit of Christ must walk the road Christ himself walked a way of poverty and obedience of service and self sacrifice even to death a death from which he emerged victorious by his resurrection 346 So it is that the blood of martyrs is the seed of Christians 347 853 On her pilgrimage the Church has also experienced the discrepancy existing between the message she proclaims and the human weakness of those to whom the Gospel has been entrusted 348 Only by taking the way of penance and renewal the narrow way of the cross can the People of God extend Christ s reign 349 For just as Christ carried out the work of redemption in poverty and oppression so the Church is called to follow the same path if she is to communicate the fruits of salvation to men 350 854 By her very mission the Church travels the same journey as all humanity and shares the same earthly lot with the world she is to be a leaven and as it were the soul of human society in its renewal by Christ and transformation into the family of God 351 Missionary endeavor requires patience It begins with the proclamation of the Gospel to peoples and groups who do not yet believe in Christ 352 continues with the establishment of Christian communities that are a sign of God s presence in the world 353 and leads to the foundation of local churches 354 It must involve a process of inculturation if the Gospel is to take flesh in each people s culture 355 There will be times of defeat With regard to individuals groups and peoples it is only by degrees that the Church touches and penetrates them and so receives them into a fullness which is Catholic 356 855 The Church s mission stimulates efforts towards Christian unity 357 Indeed divisions among Christians prevent the Church from realizing in practice the fullness of catholicity proper to her in those of her sons who though joined to her by Baptism are yet separated from full communion with her Furthermore the Church herself finds it more difficult to express in actual life her full catholicity in all its aspects 358 856 The missionary task implies a respectful dialogue with those who do not yet accept the Gospel 359 Believers can profit from this dialogue by learning to appreciate better those elements of truth and grace which are found among peoples and which are as it were a secret presence of God 360 They proclaim the Good News to those who do not know it in order to consolidate complete and raise up the truth and the goodness that God has distributed among men and nations and to purify them from error and evil for the glory of God the confusion of the demon and the happiness of man 361 IV THE CHURCH IS APOSTOLIC 857 The Church is apostolic because she is founded on the apostles in three ways she was and remains built on the foundation of the Apostles 362 the witnesses chosen and sent on mission by Christ himself 363 with the help of the Spirit dwelling in her the Church keeps and hands on the teaching 364 the good deposit the salutary words she has heard from the apostles 365 she continues to be taught sanctified and guided by the apostles until Christ s return through their successors in pastoral office the college of bishops assisted by priests in union with the successor of Peter the Church s supreme pastor 366 You are the eternal Shepherd who never leaves his flock untended Through the apostles you watch over us and protect us always You made them shepherds of the flock to share in the work of your Son 367 The Apostles mission 858 Jesus is the Father s Emissary From the beginning of his ministry he called to him those whom he desired And he appointed twelve whom also he named apostles to be with him and to be sent out to preach 368 From then on they would also be his emissaries Greek apostoloi In them Christ continues his own mission As the Father has sent me even so I send you 369 The apostles ministry is the continuation of his mission Jesus said to the Twelve he who receives you receives me 370 859 Jesus unites them to the mission he received from the Father As the Son can do nothing of his own accord but receives everything from the Father who sent him so those whom Jesus sends can do nothing apart from him 371 from whom they received both the mandate for their mission and the power to carry it out Christ s apostles knew that they were called by God as ministers of a new covenant servants of God ambassadors for Christ servants of Christ and stewards of the mysteries of God 372 860 In the office of the apostles there is one aspect that cannot be transmitted to be the chosen witnesses of the Lord s Resurrection and so the foundation stones of the Church But their office also has a permanent aspect Christ promised to remain with them always The divine mission entrusted by Jesus to them will continue to the end of time since the Gospel they handed on is the lasting source of all life for the Church Therefore the apostles took care to appoint successors 373 The bishops successors of the apostles 861 In order that the mission entrusted to them might be continued after their death the apostles consigned by will and testament as it were to their immediate collaborators the duty of completing and consolidating the work they had begun urging them to tend to the whole flock in which the Holy Spirit had appointed them to shepherd the Church of God They accordingly designated such men and then made the ruling that likewise on their death other proven men should take over their ministry 374 862 Just as the office which the Lord confided to Peter alone as first of the apostles destined to be transmitted to his successors is a permanent one so also endures the office which the apostles received of shepherding the Church a charge destined to be exercised without interruption by the sacred order of bishops 375 Hence the Church teaches that the bishops have by divine institution taken the place of the apostles as pastors of the Church in such wise that whoever listens to them is listening to Christ and whoever despises them despises Christ and him who sent Christ 376 The apostolate 863 The whole Church is apostolic in that she remains through the successors of St Peter and the other apostles in communion of faith and life with her origin and in that she is sent out into the whole world All members of the Church share in this mission though in various ways The Christian vocation is of its nature a vocation to the apostolate as well Indeed we call an apostolate every activity of the Mystical Body that aims to spread the Kingdom of Christ over all the earth 377 864 Christ sent by the Father is the source of the Church s whole apostolate thus the fruitfulness of apostolate for ordained ministers as well as for lay people clearly depends on their vital union with Christ 378 In keeping with their vocations the demands of the times and the various gifts of the Holy Spirit the apostolate assumes the most varied forms But charity drawn from the Eucharist above all is always as it were the soul of the whole apostolate 379 865 The Church is ultimately one holy catholic and apostolic in her deepest and ultimate identity because it is in her that the Kingdom of heaven the Reign of God 380 already exists and will be fulfilled at the end of time The kingdom has come in the person of Christ and grows mysteriously in the hearts of those incorporated into him until its full eschatological manifestation Then all those he has redeemed and made holy and blameless before him in love 381 will be gathered together as the one People of God the Bride of the Lamb 382 the holy city Jerusalem coming down out of heaven from God having the glory of God 383 For the wall of the city had twelve foundations and on them the twelve names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb 384 IN BRIEF 866 The Church is one she acknowledges one Lord confesses one faith is born of one Baptism forms only one Body is given life by the one Spirit for the sake of one hope cf Eph 4 3 5 at whose fulfillment all divisions will be overcome 867 The Church is holy the Most Holy God is her author Christ her bridegroom gave himself up to make her holy the Spirit of holiness gives her life Since she still includes sinners she is the sinless one made up of sinners Her holiness shines in the saints in Mary she is already all holy 868 The Church is catholic she proclaims the fullness of the faith She bears in herself and administers the totality of the means of salvation She is sent out to all peoples She speaks to all men She encompasses all times She is missionary of her very nature AG 2 869 The Church is apostolic She is built on a lasting foundation the twelve apostles of the Lamb Rev 21 14 She is indestructible cf Mt 16 18 She is upheld infallibly in the truth Christ governs her through Peter and the other apostles who are present in their successors the Pope and the college of bishops 870 The sole Church of Christ which in the Creed we profess to be one holy catholic and apostolic subsists in the Catholic Church which is governed by the successor of Peter and by the bishops in communion with him Nevertheless many elements of sanctification and of truth are found outside its visible confines LG 8 Paragraph 4 Christ s Faithful Hierarchy Laity Consecrated Life 871 The Christian faithful are those who inasmuch as they have been incorporated in Christ through Baptism have been constituted as the people of God for this reason since they have become sharers in Christ s priestly prophetic and royal office in their own manner they are called to exercise the mission which God has entrusted to the Church to fulfill in the world in accord with the condition proper to each one 385 872 In virtue of their rebirth in Christ there exists among all the Christian faithful a true equality with regard to dignity and the activity whereby all cooperate in the building up of the Body of Christ in accord with each one s own condition and function 386 873 The very differences which the Lord has willed to put between the members of his body serve its unity and mission For in the Church there is diversity of ministry but unity of mission To the apostles and their successors Christ has entrusted the office of teaching sanctifying and governing in his name and by his power But the laity are made to share in the priestly prophetical and kingly office of Christ they have therefore in the Church and in the world their own assignment in the mission of the whole People of God 387 Finally from both groups hierarchy and laity there exist Christian faithful who are consecrated to God in their own special manner and serve the salvific mission of the Church through the profession of the evangelical counsels 388 I THE HIERARCHICAL CONSTITUTION OF THE CHURCH Why the ecclesial ministry 874 Christ is himself the source of ministry in the Church He instituted the Church He gave her authority and mission orientation and goal In order to shepherd the People of God and to increase its numbers without cease Christ the Lord set up in his Church a variety of offices which aim at the good of the whole body The holders of office who are invested with a sacred power are in fact dedicated to promoting the interests of their brethren so that all who belong to the People of God may attain to salvation 389 875 How are they to believe in him of whom they have never heard And how are they to hear without a preacher And how can men preach unless they are sent 390 No one no individual and no community can proclaim the Gospel to himself Faith comes from what is heard 391 No one can give himself the mandate and the mission to proclaim the Gospel The one sent by the Lord does not speak and act on his own authority but by virtue of Christ s authority not as a member of the community but speaking to it in the name of Christ No one can bestow grace on himself it must be given and offered This fact presupposes ministers of grace authorized and empowered by Christ From him bishops and priests receive the mission and faculty the sacred power to act in persona Christi Capitis deacons receive the strength to serve the people of God in the diaconia of liturgy word and charity in communion with the bishop and his presbyterate The ministry in which Christ s emissaries do and give by God s grace what they cannot do and give by their own powers is called a sacrament by the Church s tradition Indeed the ministry of the Church is conferred by a special sacrament 876 Intrinsically linked to the sacramental nature of ecclesial ministry is its character as service Entirely dependent on Christ who gives mission and authority ministers are truly slaves of Christ 392 in the image of him who freely took the form of a slave for us 393 Because the word and grace of which they are ministers are not their own but are given to them by Christ for the sake of others they must freely become the slaves of all 394 877 Likewise it belongs to the sacramental nature of ecclesial ministry that it have a collegial character In fact from the beginning of his ministry the Lord Jesus instituted the Twelve as the seeds of the new Israel and the beginning of the sacred hierarchy 395 Chosen together they were also sent out together and their fraternal unity would be at the service of the fraternal communion of all the faithful they would reflect and witness to the communion of the divine persons 396 For this reason every bishop exercises his ministry from within the episcopal college in communion with the bishop of Rome the successor of St Peter and head of the college So also priests exercise their ministry from within the presbyterium of the diocese under the direction of their bishop 878 Finally it belongs to the sacramental nature of ecclesial ministry that it have a personal character Although Chnst s ministers act in communion with one another they also always act in a personal way Each one is called personally You follow me 397 in order to be a personal witness within the common mission to bear personal responsibility before him who gives the mission acting in his person and for other persons I baptize you in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit I absolve you 879 Sacramental ministry in the Church then is a service exercised in the name of Christ It has a personal character and collegial form This is evidenced by the bonds between the episcopal college and its head the successor of St Peter and in the relationship between the bishop s pastoral responsibility for his particular church and the common solicitude of the episcopal college for the universal Church The episcopal college and its head the Pope 880 When Christ instituted the Twelve he constituted them in the form of a college or permanent assembly at the head of which he placed Peter chosen from among them 398 Just as by the Lord s institution St Peter and the rest of the apostles constitute a single apostolic college so in like fashion the Roman Pontiff Peter s successor and the bishops the successors of the apostles are related with and united to one another 399 881 The Lord made Simon alone whom he named Peter the rock of his Church He gave him the keys of his Church and instituted him shepherd of the whole flock 400 The office of binding and loosing which was given to Peter was also assigned to the college of apostles united to its head 401 This pastoral office of Peter and the other apostles belongs to the Church s very foundation and is continued by the bishops under the primacy of the Pope 882 The Pope Bishop of Rome and Peter s successor is the perpetual and visible source and foundation of the unity both of the bishops and of the whole company of the faithful 402 For the Roman Pontiff by reason of his office as Vicar of Christ and as pastor of the entire Church has full supreme and universal power over the whole Church a power which he can always exercise unhindered 403 883 The college or body of bishops has no authority unless united with the Roman Pontiff Peter s successor as its head As such this college has supreme and full authority over the universal Church but this power cannot be exercised without the agreement of the Roman Pontiff 404 884 The college of bishops exercises power over the universal Church in a solemn manner in an ecumenical council 405 But there never is an ecumenical council which is not confirmed or at least recognized as such by Peter s successor 406 885 This college in so far as it is composed of many members is the expression of the variety and universality of the People of God and of the unity of the flock of Christ in so far as it is assembled under one head 407 886 The individual bishops are the visible source and foundation of unity in their own particular Churches 408 As such they exercise their pastoral office over the portion of the People of God assigned to them 409 assisted by priests and deacons But as a member of the episcopal college each bishop shares in the concern for all the Churches 410 The bishops exercise this care first by ruling well their own Churches as portions of the universal Church and so contributing to the welfare of the whole Mystical Body which from another point of view is a corporate body of Churches 411 They extend it especially to the poor 412 to those persecuted for the faith as well as to missionaries who are working throughout the world 887 Neighboring particular Churches who share the same culture form ecclesiastical provinces or larger groupings called patriarchates or regions 413 The bishops of these groupings can meet in synods or provincial councils In a like fashion the episcopal conferences at the present time are in a position to contribute in many and fruitful ways to the concrete realization of the collegiate spirit 414 The teaching office 888 Bishops with priests as co workers have as their first task to preach the Gospel of God to all men in keeping with the Lord s command 415 They are heralds of faith who draw new disciples to Christ they are authentic teachers of the apostolic faith endowed with the authority of Christ 416 889 In order to preserve the Church in the purity of the faith handed on by the apostles Christ who is the Truth willed to confer on her a share in his own infallibility By a supernatural sense of faith the People of God under the guidance of the Church s living Magisterium unfailingly adheres to this faith 417 890 The mission of the Magisterium is linked to the definitive nature of the covenant established by God with his people in Christ It is this Magisterium s task to preserve God s people from deviations and defections and to guarantee them the objective possibility of professing the true faith without error Thus the pastoral duty of the Magisterium is aimed at seeing to it that the People of God abides in the truth that liberates To fulfill this service Christ endowed the Church s shepherds with the charism of infallibility in matters of faith and morals The exercise of this charism takes several forms 891 The Roman Pontiff head of the college of bishops enjoys this infallibility in virtue of his office when as supreme pastor and teacher of all the faithful who confirms his brethren in the faith he proclaims by a definitive act a doctrine pertaining to faith or morals The infallibility promised to the Church is also present in the body of bishops when together with Peter s successor they exercise the supreme Magisterium above all in an Ecumenical Council 418 When the Church through its supreme Magisterium proposes a doctrine for belief as being divinely revealed 419 and as the teaching of Christ the definitions must be adhered to with the obedience of faith 420 This infallibility extends as far as the deposit of divine Revelation itself 421 892 Divine assistance is also given to the successors of the apostles teaching in communion with the successor of Peter and in a particular way to the bishop of Rome pastor of the whole Church when without arriving at an infallible definition and without pronouncing in a definitive manner they propose in the exercise of the ordinary Magisterium a teaching that leads to better understanding of Revelation in matters of faith and morals To this ordinary teaching the faithful are to adhere to it with religious assent 422 which though distinct from the assent of faith is nonetheless an extension of it The sanctifying office 893 The bishop is the steward of the grace of the supreme priesthood 423 especially in the Eucharist which he offers personally or whose offering he assures through the priests his co workers The Eucharist is the center of the life of the particular Church The bishop and priests sanctify the Church by their prayer and work by their ministry of the word and of the sacraments They sanctify her by their example not as domineering over those in your charge but being examples to the flock 424 Thus together with the flock entrusted to them they may attain to eternal life 425 The governing office 894 The bishops as vicars and legates of Christ govern the particular Churches assigned to them by their counsels exhortations and example but over and above that also by the authority and sacred power which indeed they ought to exercise so as to edify in the spirit of service which is that of their Master 426 895 The power which they exercise personally in the name of Christ is proper ordinary and immediate although its exercise is ultimately controlled by the supreme authority of the Church 427 But the bishops should not be thought of as vicars of the Pope His ordinary and immediate authority over the whole Church does not annul but on the contrary confirms and defends that of the bishops Their authority must be exercised in communion with the whole Church under the guidance of the Pope 896 The Good Shepherd ought to be the model and form of the bishop s pastoral office Conscious of his own weaknesses the bishop can have compassion for those who are ignorant and erring He should not refuse to listen to his subjects whose welfare he promotes as of his very own children The faithful should be closely attached to the bishop as the Church is to Jesus Christ and as Jesus Christ is to the Father 428 Let all follow the bishop as Jesus Christ follows his Father and the college of presbyters as the apostles respect the deacons as you do God s law Let no one do anything concerning the Church in separation from the bishop 429 II THE LAY FAITHFUL 897 The term laity is here understood to mean all the faithful except those in Holy Orders and those who belong to a religious state approved by the Church That is the faithful who by Baptism are incorporated into Christ and integrated into the People of God are made sharers in their particular way in the priestly prophetic and kingly office of Christ and have their own part to play in the mission of the whole Christian people in the Church and in the World 430 The vocation of lay people 898 By reason of their special vocation it belongs to the laity to seek the kingdom of God by engaging in temporal affairs and directing them according to God s will It pertains to them in a special way so to illuminate and order all temporal things with which they are closely associated that these may always be effected and grow according to Christ and maybe to the glory of the Creator and Redeemer 431 899 The initiative of lay Christians is necessary especially when the matter involves discovering or inventing the means for permeating social political and economic realities with the demands of Christian doctrine and life This initiative is a normal element of the life of the Church Lay believers are in the front line of Church life for them the Church is the animating principle of human society Therefore they in particular ought to have an ever clearer consciousness not only of belonging to the Church but of being the Church that is to say the community of the faithful on earth under the leadership of the Pope the common Head and of the bishops in communion with him They are the Church 432 900 Since like all the faithful lay Christians are entrusted by God with the apostolate by virtue of their Baptism and Confirmation they have the right and duty individually or grouped in associations to work so that the divine message of salvation may be known and accepted by all men throughout the earth This duty is the more pressing when it is only through them that men can hear the Gospel and know Christ Their activity in ecclesial communities is so necessary that for the most part the apostolate of the pastors cannot be fully effective without it 433 The participation of lay people in Christ s priestly office 901 Hence the laity dedicated as they are to Christ and anointed by the Holy Spirit are marvellously called and prepared so that even richer fruits of the Spirit maybe produced in them For all their works prayers and apostolic undertakings family and married life daily work relaxation of mind and body if they are accomplished in the Spirit indeed even the hardships of life if patiently born all these become spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ In the celebration of the Eucharist these may most fittingly be offered to the Father along with the body of the Lord And so worshipping everywhere by their holy actions the laity consecrate the world itself to God everywhere offering worship by the holiness of their lives 434 902 In a very special way parents share in the office of sanctifying by leading a conjugal life in the Christian spirit and by seeing to the Christian education of their children 435 903 Lay people who possess the required qualities can be admitted permanently to the ministries of lector and acolyte 436 When the necessity of the Church warrants it and when ministers are lacking lay persons even if they are not lectors or acolytes can also supply for certain of their offices namely to exercise the ministry of the word to preside over liturgical prayers to confer Baptism and to distribute Holy Communion in accord with the prescriptions of law 437 Participation in Christ s prophetic office 904 Christ fulfills this prophetic office not only by the hierarchy but also by the laity He accordingly both establishes them as witnesses and provides them with the sense of the faith sensus fidei and the grace of the word 438 To teach in order to lead others to faith is the task of every preacher and of each believer 439 905 Lay people also fulfill their prophetic mission by evangelization that is the proclamation of Christ by word and the testimony of life For lay people this evangelization acquires a specific property and peculiar efficacy because it is accomplished in the ordinary circumstances of the world 440 This witness of life however is not the sole element in the apostolate the true apostle is on the lookout for occasions of announcing Christ by word either to unbelievers or to the faithful 441 906 Lay people who are capable and trained may also collaborate in catechetical formation in teaching the sacred sciences and in use of the communications media 442 907 In accord with the knowledge competence and preeminence which they possess lay people have the right and even at times a duty to manifest to the sacred pastors their opinion on matters which pertain to the good of the Church and they have a right to make their opinion known to the other Christian faithful with due regard to the integrity of faith and morals and reverence toward their pastors and with consideration for the common good and the dignity of persons 443 Participation in Christ s kingly office 908 By his obedience unto death 444 Christ communicated to his disciples the gift of royal freedom so that they might by the self abnegation of a holy life overcome the reign of sin in themselves 445 That man is rightly called a king who makes his own body an obedient subject and by governing himself with suitable rigor refuses to let his passions breed rebellion in his soul for he exercises a kind of royal power over himself And because he knows how to rule his own person as king so too does he sit as its judge He will not let himself be imprisoned by sin or thrown headlong into wickedness 446 909 Moreover by uniting their forces let the laity so remedy the institutions and conditions of the world when the latter are an inducement to sin that these may be conformed to the norms of justice favoring rather than hindering the practice of virtue By so doing they will impregnate culture and human works with a moral value 447 910 The laity can also feel called or be in fact called to cooperate with their pastors in the service of the ecclesial community for the sake of its growth and life This can be done through the exercise of different kinds of ministries according to the grace and charisms which the Lord has been pleased to bestow on them 448 911 In the Church lay members of the Christian faithful can cooperate in the exercise of this power of governance in accord with the norm of law 449 And so the Church provides for their presence at particular councils diocesan synods pastoral councils the exercise of the pastoral care of a parish collaboration in finance committees and participation in ecclesiastical tribunals etc 450 912 The faithful should distinguish carefully between the rights and the duties which they have as belonging to the Church and those which fall to them as members of the human society They will strive to unite the two harmoniously remembering that in every temporal affair they are to be guided by a Christian conscience since no human activity even of the temporal order can be withdrawn from God s dominion 451 913 Thus every person through these gifts given to him is at once the witness and the living instrument of the mission of the Church itself according to the measure of Christ s bestowal 452 III THE CONSECRATED LIFE 914 The state of life which is constituted by the profession of the evangelical counsels while not entering into the hierarchical structure of the Church belongs undeniably to her life and holiness 453 Evangelical counsels consecrated life 915 Christ proposes the evangelical counsels in their great variety to every disciple The perfection of charity to which all the faithful are called entails for those who freely follow the call to consecrated life the obligation of practicing chastity in celibacy for the sake of the Kingdom poverty and obedience It is the profession of these counsels within a permanent state of life recognized by the Church that characterizes the life consecrated to God 454 916 The state of the consecrated life is thus one way of experiencing a more intimate consecration rooted in Baptism and dedicated totally to God 455 In the consecrated life Christ s faithful moved by the Holy Spirit propose to follow Christ more nearly to give themselves to God who is loved above all and pursuing the perfection of charity in the service of the Kingdom to signify and proclaim in the Church the glory of the world to come 456 One great tree with many branches 917 From the God given seed of the counsels a wonderful and wide spreading tree has grown up in the field of the Lord branching out into various forms of the religious life lived in solitude or in community Different religious families have come into existence in which spiritual resources are multiplied for the progress in holiness of their members and for the good of the entire Body of Christ 457 918 From the very beginning of the Church there were men and women who set out to follow Christ with greater liberty and to imitate him more closely by practicing the evangelical counsels They led lives dedicated to God each in his own way Many of them under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit became hermits or founded religious families These the Church by virtue of her authority gladly accepted and approved 458 919 Bishops will always strive to discern new gifts of consecrated life granted to the Church by the Holy Spirit the approval of new forms of consecrated life is reserved to the Apostolic See 459 The eremitic life 920 Without always professing the three evangelical counsels publicly hermits devote their life to the praise of God and salvation of the world through a stricter separation from the world the silence of solitude and assiduous prayer and penance 460 921 They

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    Christ in St Augustine s expression 696 Fire While water signifies birth and the fruitfulness of life given in the Holy Spirit fire symbolizes the transforming energy of the Holy Spirit s actions The prayer of the prophet Elijah who arose like fire and whose word burned like a torch brought down fire from heaven on the sacrifice on Mount Carmel 37 This event was a figure of the fire of the Holy Spirit who transforms what he touches John the Baptist who goes before the Lord in the spirit and power of Elijah proclaims Christ as the one who will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire 38 Jesus will say of the Spirit I came to cast fire upon the earth and would that it were already kindled 39 In the form of tongues as of fire the Holy Spirit rests on the disciples on the morning of Pentecost and fills them with himself 40 The spiritual tradition has retained this symbolism of fire as one of the most expressive images of the Holy Spirit s actions 41 Do not quench the Spirit 42 697 Cloud and light These two images occur together in the manifestations of the Holy Spirit In the theophanies of the Old Testament the cloud now obscure now luminous reveals the living and saving God while veiling the transcendence of his glory with Moses on Mount Sinai 43 at the tent of meeting 44 and during the wandering in the desert 45 and with Solomon at the dedication of the Temple 46 In the Holy Spirit Christ fulfills these figures The Spirit comes upon the Virgin Mary and overshadows her so that she might conceive and give birth to Jesus 47 On the mountain of Transfiguration the Spirit in the cloud came and overshadowed Jesus Moses and Elijah Peter James and John and a voice came out of the cloud saying This is my Son my Chosen listen to him 48 Finally the cloud took Jesus out of the sight of the disciples on the day of his ascension and will reveal him as Son of man in glory on the day of his final coming 49 698 The seal is a symbol close to that of anointing The Father has set his seal on Christ and also seals us in him 50 Because this seal indicates the indelible effect of the anointing with the Holy Spirit in the sacraments of Baptism Confirmation and Holy Orders the image of the seal sphragis has been used in some theological traditions to express the indelible character imprinted by these three unrepeatable sacraments 699 The hand Jesus heals the sick and blesses little children by laying hands on them 51 In his name the apostles will do the same 52 Even more pointedly it is by the Apostles imposition of hands that the Holy Spirit is given 53 The Letter to the Hebrews lists the imposition of hands among the fundamental elements of its teaching 54 The Church has kept this sign of the all powerful outpouring of the Holy Spirit in its sacramental epicleses 700 The finger It is by the finger of God that Jesus cast out demons 55 If God s law was written on tablets of stone by the finger of God then the letter from Christ entrusted to the care of the apostles is written with the Spirit of the living God not on tablets of stone but on tablets of human hearts 56 The hymn Veni Creator Spiritus invokes the Holy Spirit as the finger of the Father s right hand 57 701 The dove At the end of the flood whose symbolism refers to Baptism a dove released by Noah returns with a fresh olive tree branch in its beak as a sign that the earth was again habitable 58 When Christ comes up from the water of his baptism the Holy Spirit in the form of a dove comes down upon him and remains with him 59 The Spirit comes down and remains in the purified hearts of the baptized In certain churches the Eucharist is reserved in a metal receptacle in the form of a dove columbarium suspended above the altar Christian iconography traditionally uses a dove to suggest the Spirit III GOD S SPIRIT AND WORD IN THE TIME OF THE PROMISES 702 From the beginning until the fullness of time 60 the joint mission of the Father s Word and Spirit remains hidden but it is at work God s Spirit prepares for the time of the Messiah Neither is fully revealed but both are already promised to be watched for and welcomed at their manifestation So for this reason when the Church reads the Old Testament she searches there for what the Spirit who has spoken through the prophets wants to tell us about Christ 61 By prophets the faith of the Church here understands all whom the Holy Spirit inspired in the living proclamation and in the composition of the sacred books both of the Old and the New Testaments Jewish tradition distinguishes first the Law the five first books or Pentateuch then the Prophets our historical and prophetic books and finally the Writings especially the wisdom literature in particular the Psalms 62 In creation 703 The Word of God and his Breath are at the origin of the being and life of every creature 63 It belongs to the Holy Spirit to rule sanctify and animate creation for he is God consubstantial with the Father and the Son Power over life pertains to the Spirit for being God he preserves creation in the Father through the Son 64 704 God fashioned man with his own hands that is the Son and the Holy Spirit and impressed his own form on the flesh he had fashioned in such a way that even what was visible might bear the divine form 65 The Spirit of the promise 705 Disfigured by sin and death man remains in the image of God in the image of the Son but is deprived of the glory of God 66 of his likeness The promise made to Abraham inaugurates the economy of salvation at the culmination of which the Son himself will assume that image 67 and restore it in the Father s likeness by giving it again its Glory the Spirit who is the giver of life 706 Against all human hope God promises descendants to Abraham as the fruit of faith and of the power of the Holy Spirit 68 In Abraham s progeny all the nations of the earth will be blessed This progeny will be Christ himself 69 in whom the outpouring of the Holy Spirit will gather into one the children of God who are scattered abroad 70 God commits himself by his own solemn oath to giving his beloved Son and the promised Holy Spirit who is the guarantee of our inheritance until we acquire possession of it 71 In Theophanies and the Law 707 Theophanies manifestations of God light up the way of the promise from the patriarchs to Moses and from Joshua to the visions that inaugurated the missions of the great prophets Christian tradition has always recognized that God s Word allowed himself to be seen and heard in these theophanies in which the cloud of the Holy Spirit both revealed him and concealed him in its shadow 708 This divine pedagogy appears especially in the gift of the Law 72 God gave the Law as a pedagogue to lead his people towards Christ 73 But the Law s powerlessness to save man deprived of the divine likeness along with the growing awareness of sin that it imparts 74 enkindles a desire for the Holy Spirit The lamentations of the Psalms bear witness to this In the Kingdom and the Exile 709 The Law the sign of God s promise and covenant ought to have governed the hearts and institutions of that people to whom Abraham s faith gave birth If you will obey my voice and keep my covenant you shall be to me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation 75 But after David Israel gave in to the temptation of becoming a kingdom like other nations The Kingdom however the object of the promise made to David 76 would be the work of the Holy Spirit it would belong to the poor according to the Spirit 710 The forgetting of the Law and the infidelity to the covenant end in death it is the Exile apparently the failure of the promises which is in fact the mysterious fidelity of the Savior God and the beginning of a promised restoration but according to the Spirit The People of God had to suffer this purification 77 In God s plan the Exile already stands in the shadow of the Cross and the Remnant of the poor that returns from the Exile is one of the most transparent prefigurations of the Church Expectation of the Messiah and his Spirit 711 Behold I am doing a new thing 78 Two prophetic lines were to develop one leading to the expectation of the Messiah the other pointing to the announcement of a new Spirit They converge in the small Remnant the people of the poor who await in hope the consolation of Israel and the redemption of Jerusalem 79 We have seen earlier how Jesus fulfills the prophecies concerning himself We limit ourselves here to those in which the relationship of the Messiah and his Spirit appears more clearly 712 The characteristics of the awaited Messiah begin to appear in the Book of Emmanuel Isaiah said this when he saw his glory 80 speaking of Christ especially in the first two verses of Isaiah 11 There shall come forth a shoot from the stump of Jesse and a branch shall grow out of his roots And the Spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him the spirit of wisdom and understanding the spirit of counsel and might the spirit of knowledge and the fear of the LORD 713 The Messiah s characteristics are revealed above all in the Servant songs 82 These songs proclaim the meaning of Jesus Passion and show how he will pour out the Holy Spirit to give life to the many not as an outsider but by embracing our form as slave 83 Taking our death upon himself he can communicate to us his own Spirit of life 714 This is why Christ inaugurates the proclamation of the Good News by making his own the following passage from Isaiah 84 The Spirit of the LORD God is upon me because the LORD has anointed me to bring good tidings to the afflicted he has sent me to bind up the broken hearted to proclaim liberty to the captives and the opening of the prison to those who are bound to proclaim the year of the LORD S favor 715 The prophetic texts that directly concern the sending of the Holy Spirit are oracles by which God speaks to the heart of his people in the language of the promise with the accents of love and fidelity 85 St Peter will proclaim their fulfillment on the morning of Pentecost 86 According to these promises at the end time the Lord s Spirit will renew the hearts of men engraving a new law in them He will gather and reconcile the scattered and divided peoples he will transform the first creation and God will dwell there with men in peace 716 The People of the poor 87 those who humble and meek rely solely on their God s mysterious plans who await the justice not of men but of the Messiah are in the end the great achievement of the Holy Spirit s hidden mission during the time of the promises that prepare for Christ s coming It is this quality of heart purified and enlightened by the Spirit which is expressed in the Psalms In these poor the Spirit is making ready a people prepared for the Lord 88 IV THE SPIRIT OF CHRIST IN THE FULLNESS OF TIME John precursor prophet and baptist 717 There was a man sent from God whose name was John 89 John was filled with the Holy Spirit even from his mother s womb 90 by Christ himself whom the Virgin Mary had just conceived by the Holy Spirit Mary s visitation to Elizabeth thus became a visit from God to his people 91 718 John is Elijah who must come 92 The fire of the Spirit dwells in him and makes him the forerunner of the coming Lord In John the precursor the Holy Spirit completes the work of making ready a people prepared for the Lord 93 719 John the Baptist is more than a prophet 94 In him the Holy Spirit concludes his speaking through the prophets John completes the cycle of prophets begun by Elijah 95 He proclaims the imminence of the consolation of Israel he is the voice of the Consoler who is coming 96 As the Spirit of truth will also do John came to bear witness to the light 97 In John s sight the Spirit thus brings to completion the careful search of the prophets and fulfills the longing of the angels 98 He on whom you see the Spirit descend and remain this is he who baptizes with the Holy Spirit And I have seen and have borne witness that this is the Son of God Behold the Lamb of God 99 720 Finally with John the Baptist the Holy Spirit begins the restoration to man of the divine likeness prefiguring what he would achieve with and in Christ John s baptism was for repentance baptism in water and the Spirit will be a new birth 100 Rejoice you who are full of grace 721 Mary the all holy ever virgin Mother of God is the masterwork of the mission of the Son and the Spirit in the fullness of time For the first time in the plan of salvation and because his Spirit had prepared her the Father found the dwelling place where his Son and his Spirit could dwell among men In this sense the Church s Tradition has often read the most beautiful texts on wisdom in relation to Mary 101 Mary is acclaimed and represented in the liturgy as the Seat of Wisdom In her the wonders of God that the Spirit was to fulfill in Christ and the Church began to be manifested 722 The Holy Spirit prepared Mary by his grace It was fitting that the mother of him in whom the whole fullness of deity dwells bodily 102 should herself be full of grace She was by sheer grace conceived without sin as the most humble of creatures the most capable of welcoming the inexpressible gift of the Almighty It was quite correct for the angel Gabriel to greet her as the Daughter of Zion Rejoice 103 It is the thanksgiving of the whole People of God and thus of the Church which Mary in her canticle 104 lifts up to the Father in the Holy Spirit while carrying within her the eternal Son 723 In Mary the Holy Spirit fulfills the plan of the Father s loving goodness Through the Holy Spirit the Virgin conceives and gives birth to the Son of God By the Holy Spirit s power and her faith her virginity became uniquely fruitful 105 724 In Mary the Holy Spirit manifests the Son of the Father now become the Son of the Virgin She is the burning bush of the definitive theophany Filled with the Holy Spirit she makes the Word visible in the humility of his flesh It is to the poor and the first representatives of the gentiles that she makes him known 106 725 Finally through Mary the Holy Spirit begins to bring men the objects of God s merciful love 107 into communion with Christ And the humble are always the first to accept him shepherds magi Simeon and Anna the bride and groom at Cana and the first disciples 726 At the end of this mission of the Spirit Mary became the Woman the new Eve mother of the living the mother of the whole Christ 108 As such she was present with the Twelve who with one accord devoted themselves to prayer 109 at the dawn of the end time which the Spirit was to inaugurate on the morning of Pentecost with the manifestation of the Church Christ Jesus 727 The entire mission of the Son and the Holy Spirit in the fullness of time is contained in this that the Son is the one anointed by the Father s Spirit since his Incarnation Jesus is the Christ the Messiah Everything in the second chapter of the Creed is to be read in this light Christ s whole work is in fact a joint mission of the Son and the Holy Spirit Here we shall mention only what has to do with Jesus promise of the Holy Spirit and the gift of him by the glorified Lord 728 Jesus does not reveal the Holy Spirit fully until he himself has been glorified through his Death and Resurrection Nevertheless little by little he alludes to him even in his teaching of the multitudes as when he reveals that his own flesh will be food for the life of the world 110 He also alludes to the Spirit in speaking to Nicodemus 111 to the Samaritan woman 112 and to those who take part in the feast of Tabernacles 113 To his disciples he speaks openly of the Spirit in connection with prayer 114 and with the witness they will have to bear 115 729 Only when the hour has arrived for his glorification does Jesus promise the coming of the Holy Spirit since his Death

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    the Churches of the East Its full force can be grasped only in relation to the primary anointing accomplished by the Holy Spirit that of Jesus Christ in Hebrew messiah means the one anointed by God s Spirit There were several anointed ones of the Lord in the Old Covenant pre eminently King David 31 But Jesus is God s Anointed in a unique way the humanity the Son assumed was entirely anointed by the Holy Spirit The Holy Spirit established him as Christ 32 The Virgin Mary conceived Christ by the Holy Spirit who through the angel proclaimed him the Christ at his birth and prompted Simeon to come to the temple to see the Christ of the Lord 33 The Spirit filled Christ and the power of the Spirit went out from him in his acts of healing and of saving 34 Finally it was the Spirit who raised Jesus from the dead 35 Now fully established as Christ in his humanity victorious over death Jesus pours out the Holy Spirit abundantly until the saints constitute in their union with the humanity of the Son of God that perfect man to the measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ 36 the whole Christ in St Augustine s expression 696 Fire While water signifies birth and the fruitfulness of life given in the Holy Spirit fire symbolizes the transforming energy of the Holy Spirit s actions The prayer of the prophet Elijah who arose like fire and whose word burned like a torch brought down fire from heaven on the sacrifice on Mount Carmel 37 This event was a figure of the fire of the Holy Spirit who transforms what he touches John the Baptist who goes before the Lord in the spirit and power of Elijah proclaims Christ as the one who will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire 38 Jesus will say of the Spirit I came to cast fire upon the earth and would that it were already kindled 39 In the form of tongues as of fire the Holy Spirit rests on the disciples on the morning of Pentecost and fills them with himself 40 The spiritual tradition has retained this symbolism of fire as one of the most expressive images of the Holy Spirit s actions 41 Do not quench the Spirit 42 697 Cloud and light These two images occur together in the manifestations of the Holy Spirit In the theophanies of the Old Testament the cloud now obscure now luminous reveals the living and saving God while veiling the transcendence of his glory with Moses on Mount Sinai 43 at the tent of meeting 44 and during the wandering in the desert 45 and with Solomon at the dedication of the Temple 46 In the Holy Spirit Christ fulfills these figures The Spirit comes upon the Virgin Mary and overshadows her so that she might conceive and give birth to Jesus 47 On the mountain of Transfiguration

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    On Facebook On Twitter eNewsletters Site Tour Web Widgets Feeds Contact Us Advertise Subscribe Login Donate Resources Home Library Website Reviews What You Need to Know Catholic Dictionary Catechism Church Fathers Most Collection Free eBooks Action Alert SOLIDARITY MONTH 10 is as good as 1 000 Help set a new record for the number of gifts this month Goal 1 000 769 to go Catechism of the Catholic Church THE

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    Catechism Church Fathers Most Collection Free eBooks Connect Home On Facebook On Twitter eNewsletters Site Tour Web Widgets Feeds Contact Us Advertise Subscribe Login Donate Resources Home Library Website Reviews What You Need to Know Catholic Dictionary Catechism Church Fathers Most Collection Free eBooks Catechism of the Catholic Church The proper name of the Holy Spirit 691 Holy Spirit is the proper name of the one whom we adore and glorify with the Father and the Son The Church has received this name from the Lord and professes it in the Baptism of her new children 16 The term Spirit translates the Hebrew word ruah which in its primary sense means breath air wind Jesus indeed uses the sensory image of the wind to suggest to Nicodemus the transcendent newness of him who is personally God s breath the divine Spirit 17 On the other hand Spirit and Holy are divine attributes common to the three divine persons By joining the two terms Scripture liturgy and theological language designate the inexpressible person of the Holy Spirit without any possible equivocation with other uses of the terms spirit and holy Notes 16 Cf Mt 28 19 17 Jn 3 5 8

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    Contact Us Advertise Subscribe Login Donate Resources Home Library Website Reviews What You Need to Know Catholic Dictionary Catechism Church Fathers Most Collection Free eBooks Catechism of the Catholic Church Titles of the Holy Spirit 692 When he proclaims and promises the coming of the Holy Spirit Jesus calls him the Paraclete literally he who is called to one s side ad vocatus 18 Paraclete is commonly translated by consoler and Jesus is the first consoler 19 The Lord also called the Holy Spirit the Spirit of truth 20 693 Besides the proper name of Holy Spirit which is most frequently used in the Acts of the Apostles and in the Epistles we also find in St Paul the titles the Spirit of the promise 21 the Spirit of adoption 22 the Spirit of Christ 23 the Spirit of the Lord 24 and the Spirit of God 25 and in St Peter the Spirit of glory 26 Notes 18 Jn 14 16 26 15 26 16 7 19 Cf I Jn 2 1 20 Jn 16 13 21 Cf Gal 3 14 Eph 1 13 22 Rom 8 15 Gal 4 6 23 Rom 8 9 24 2 Cor 3

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    arose like fire and whose word burned like a torch brought down fire from heaven on the sacrifice on Mount Carmel 37 This event was a figure of the fire of the Holy Spirit who transforms what he touches John the Baptist who goes before the Lord in the spirit and power of Elijah proclaims Christ as the one who will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire 38 Jesus will say of the Spirit I came to cast fire upon the earth and would that it were already kindled 39 In the form of tongues as of fire the Holy Spirit rests on the disciples on the morning of Pentecost and fills them with himself 40 The spiritual tradition has retained this symbolism of fire as one of the most expressive images of the Holy Spirit s actions 41 Do not quench the Spirit 42 697 Cloud and light These two images occur together in the manifestations of the Holy Spirit In the theophanies of the Old Testament the cloud now obscure now luminous reveals the living and saving God while veiling the transcendence of his glory with Moses on Mount Sinai 43 at the tent of meeting 44 and during the wandering in the desert 45 and with Solomon at the dedication of the Temple 46 In the Holy Spirit Christ fulfills these figures The Spirit comes upon the Virgin Mary and overshadows her so that she might conceive and give birth to Jesus 47 On the mountain of Transfiguration the Spirit in the cloud came and overshadowed Jesus Moses and Elijah Peter James and John and a voice came out of the cloud saying This is my Son my Chosen listen to him 48 Finally the cloud took Jesus out of the sight of the disciples on the day of his ascension and will reveal him as Son of man in glory on the day of his final coming 49 698 The seal is a symbol close to that of anointing The Father has set his seal on Christ and also seals us in him 50 Because this seal indicates the indelible effect of the anointing with the Holy Spirit in the sacraments of Baptism Confirmation and Holy Orders the image of the seal sphragis has been used in some theological traditions to express the indelible character imprinted by these three unrepeatable sacraments 699 The hand Jesus heals the sick and blesses little children by laying hands on them 51 In his name the apostles will do the same 52 Even more pointedly it is by the Apostles imposition of hands that the Holy Spirit is given 53 The Letter to the Hebrews lists the imposition of hands among the fundamental elements of its teaching 54 The Church has kept this sign of the all powerful outpouring of the Holy Spirit in its sacramental epicleses 700 The finger It is by the finger of God that Jesus cast out demons 55 If God s law

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