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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    Lk 4 18 19 Isa 61 1 33 Cf Lk 2 11 26 27 34 Cf Lk 4 1 6 19 8 46 35 Cf Rom 1 4 8 11 36 Eph 4 13 cf Acts 2 36 37 Sir 48 1 cf I Kings 18 38 39 38 Lk 1 17 3 16 39 Lk 12 49 40 Acts 2 3 4 41 Cf St John of the Cross The Living Flame of Love in The Collected Works of St John of the Cross tr K Kavanaugh OCD and O Rodriguez OCD Washington DC Institute of Carmelite Studies 1979 577 ff 42 I Thess 5 19 43 Cf Ex 24 15 18 44 Cf Ex 33 9 10 45 Cf Ex 40 36 38 I Cor 10 1 2 46 Cf I Kings 8 10 12 47 Lk 1 35 48 Lk 9 34 35 49 Cf Acts 1 9 cf Lk 21 27 50 Jn 6 27 cf 2 Cor 1 22 Eph 1 13 4 30 51 Cf Mk 6 5 8 23 10 16 52 Cf Mk 16 18 Acts 5 12 14 3 53 Cf Acts 8 17 19 13 3 19 6 54 Cf Heb 6 2 55 Lk 11 20 56 Ex 31 18 2 Cor 3 3 57 LH Easter Season after Ascension Hymn at Vespers digitus paternae dexterae 58 Cf Gen 8 8 12 59 Cf Mt 3 16 and parallels 60 Gal 4 4 61 Cf 2 Cor 3 14 Jn 5 39 46 62 Cf Lk 24 44 63 Cf Ps 33 6 104 30 Gen 1 2 2 7 Eccl 3 20 21 Ezek 37 10 64 Byzantine liturgy Sundays of the second mode Troparion of Morning Prayer 65 St Irenaeus Dem ap 11 SCh 62 48 49 66 Rom 3 23 67 Cf Jn 1 14 Phil 2 7 68 Cf Gen 18 1 15 Lk 1 26 38 54 55 Jn 1 12 13 Rom 4 16 21 69 Cf Gen 12 3 Gal 3 16 70 Cf Jn 11 52 71 Eph 1 13 14 cf Gen 22 17 19 Lk 1 73 Jn 3 16 Rom 8 32 Gal 3 14 72 Cf Ex 19 20 Deut 1 11 29 30 73 Gal 3 24 74 Cf Rom 3 20 75 Ex 19 5 6 Cf I Pet 2 9 76 Cf 2 Sam 7 Ps 89 Lk 1 32 33 77 Cf Lk 24 26 78 Isa 43 19 79 Cf Zeph 2 3 Lk 2 25 38 80 Jn 12 41 cf Isa 6 12 81 Isa 11 1 2 82 Cf Isa 42 1 9 cf Mt 12 18 21 Jn 1 32 34 then cf Isa 49 1 6 cf Mt 3 17 Lk 2 32 finally cf Isa 50 4 10 and Isa 52 13 53 12 83 Phil 2 7 84 Isa 61 1 2 cf Lk 4 18 19 85 Cf Ezek 11 19 36 25 28 37 1 14 Jer 31 31 34 and cf Joel 3 1 5 86 Cf Acts 2 17 21 87 Cf Zeph 2 3 Ps 22 27 34 3 Isa 49 13 61 1 etc 88 Lk 1 17 89 Jn 1 6 90 Lk 1 15 41 91 Cf Lk 1 68 92 Mt 17 10 13 cf Lk 1 78 93 Lk 1 17 94 Lk 7 26 95 Cf Mt 11 13 14 96 Jn 1 23 cf Isa 40 1 3 97 Jn 1 7 cf Jn 15 26 5 35 98 Cf I Pet 1 10 12 99 Jn 1 33 36 100 Cf Jn 3 5 101 Cf Prov 8 1 9 6 Sir 24 102 Col 2 9 103 Cf Zeph 3 14 Zech 2 14 104 Cf Lk 1 46 55 105 Cf Lk 1 26 38 Rom 4 18 21 Gal 4 26 28 106 Cf Lk 1 15 19 Mt 2 11 107 Cf Lk 2 14 108 Cf Jn 19 25 27 109 Acts 1 14 110 Cf Jn 6 27 51 62 63 111 Cf Jn 3 5 8 112 Cf Jn 4 10 14 23 24 113 Cf Jn 7 37 39 114 Cf Lk 11 13 115 Cf Mt 10 19 20 116 Cf Jn 14 16 17 26 15 26 16 7 15 17 26 117 Cf Jn 13 1 17 1 118 Cf Lk 23 46 Jn 19 30 119 Rom 6 4 120 Cf Jn 20 22 121 Jn 20 21 cf Mt 28 19 Lk 24 47 48 Acts 1 8 122 Cf Acts 2 33 36 123 Byzantine liturgy Pentecost Vespers Troparion repeated after communion 124 I Jn 4 8 16 125 Rom 5 5 126 2 Cor 13 14 127 I Jn 4 11 12 cf Rom 8 23 2 Cor 1 21 128 Acts 1 8 cf I Cor 13 129 Gal 5 22 23 130 Gal 5 25 cf Mt 16 24 26 131 St Basil De Spiritu Sancto 15 36 PG 32 132 132 Jn 15 8 16 133 St Cyril of Alexandria In Jo ev 11 11 PG 74 561 134 Rom 8 26 135 LG 1 cf Mk 16 15 136 Roman Catechism I 10 1 137 St Hippolytus Trad Ap 35 SCh 11 118 138 Roman Catechism I 10 22 139 Cf Acts 19 39 140 Cf Ex 19 141 Cf I Cor 11 18 14 19 28 34 35 142 Cf I Cor 1 2 16 1 143 Cf I Cor 15 9 Gal 1 13 Phil 3 6 144 Cf Eph 1 22 Col 1 18 LG 9 145 LG 6 146 LG 6 Cf Jn 10 1 10 Isa 40 11 Ezek 34 11 31 Jn 10 11 Pet 5 4 Jn 10 11 16 147 LG 6 Cf I Cor 3 9 Rom 11 13 26 Mt 21 32 43 and parallels Isa 51 7 Jn 15 1 5 148 LG 6 Cf I Cor 3 9 Mt 21 42 and parallels Acts 4 11 I Pet 2 7 PS 118 22 I Cor 3 11 I Tim 3 15 Eph 2 19 22 Rev 21 3 I Pet 2 5 Rev 21 1 2 149 LG 6 Cf Gal 4 26 Rev 12 17 19 7 21 2 9 22 17 Eph 5 25 26 29 150 LG 2 151 LG 2 152 LG 2 153 Pastor Hermae Vision 2 4 1 PG 2 899 cf Aristides Apol 16 6 St Justin Apol 2 7 PG 6 456 Tertullian Apol 31 3 32 1 PL 1 508 509 154 Cf St Epiphanius Panarion 1 1 5 PG 41 181C 155 Clement of Alex Paed 1 6 27 PG 8 281 156 Acts 10 35 cf LG 9 13 16 157 Cf Gen 12 2 15 5 6 158 Cf Ex 19 5 6 Deut 7 6 Isa 2 2 5 Mic 4 1 4 159 LG 9 cf Hos 1 Isa 1 2 4 Jer 2 31 31 34 Isa 55 3 160 Cf LG 3 AG 3 161 LG 5 162 LG 3 163 LG 5 164 LG 5 165 Lk 12 32 cf Mt 10 16 26 31 Jn 10 1 21 166 Cf Mt 12 49 167 Cf Mt 5 6 168 Cf Mk 3 14 15 169 Cf Mt 19 28 Lk 22 30 Rev 21 12 14 170 Cf Mk 6 7 Lk 10 1 2 Mt 10 25 Jn 15 20 171 LG 3 cf Jn 19 34 172 SC 5 173 Cf St Ambrose In Luc 2 85 89 PL 15 1666 1668 174 LG 4 Cf Jn 17 4 175 AG 4 176 Cf Mt 28 19 20 AG 2 5 6 177 LG 4 178 LG 5 179 LG 48 180 St Augustine De civ Dei 18 51 PL 41 614 Cf LG 8 181 LG 5 cf 6 2 Cor 5 6 182 LG 2 183 Roman Catechism 1 10 20 184 LG 8 1 185 LG 8 186 LG 8 187 SC 2 Cf Heb 13 14 188 St Bernard of Clairvaux In Cant Sermo 27 14 PL 183 920D 189 Eph 1 10 190 Eph 5 32 3 9 11 5 25 27 191 Col 1 27 192 I Cor 13 8 cf LG 48 193 John Paul II MD 27 194 Eph 5 27 195 Cf John Paul II MD 27 196 St Augustine Ep 187 11 34 PL 33 846 197 LG 1 198 Rev 7 9 199 LG 9 2 48 2 GS 45 1 200 Paul VI June 22 1973 AG 7 2 cf LG 17 201 LG 9 Cf Acts 10 35 I Cor 11 25 202 I Pet 2 9 203 Jn 3 3 5 204 Cf Jn 13 34 205 Rom 8 2 Gal 5 25 206 Cf Mt 5 13 16 207 LG 9 2 208 Cf John Paul II RH 18 21 209 LG 10 Cf Heb 5 1 5 Rev 1 6 210 LG 12 Cf Jude 3 211 Cf Jn 12 32 212 Mt 20 28 213 LG 8 cf 36 214 St Leo the Great Sermo 4 1 PL 54 149 215 Cf Mk 1 16 20 3 13 19 Mt 13 10 17 Lk 10 17 20 22 28 30 216 Jn 15 4 5 217 Jn 6 56 218 Cf Jn 14 18 20 22 Mt 28 20 Acts 2 33 219 LG 7 220 LG 7 221 LG 7 cf Rom 6 4 5 I Cor 12 13 222 LG 7 3 223 LG 7 3 cf I Cor 12 26 224 Gal 3 27 28 225 Col 1 18 226 Col 1 18 227 Gal 4 19 228 LG 7 4 cf Phil 3 21 Rom 8 17 229 Cf Col 2 19 Eph 4 11 16 230 St Augustine In Jo ev 21 8 PL 35 1568 231 Pope St Gregory the Great Moralia in Job praef 14 PL 75 525A 232 St Thomas Aquinas STh III 48 2 233 Acts of the Trial of Joan of Arc 234 Jn 3 29 235 Mk 2 19 236 Cf Mt 22 1 14 25 1 13 I Cor 6 15 17 2 Cor 11 2 237 Cf Rev 22 17 Eph 1 4 5 27 238 Eph 5 25 26 239 Cf Eph 5 29 240 Eph 5 31 32 241 Mt 19 6 242 St Augustine En in Ps 74 4 PL 36 948 949 243 St Augustine Sermo 267 4 PL 38 1231D 244 Pius XII encyclical Mystici Corporis DS 3808 245 2 Cor 6 16 cf I Cor 3 16 17 Eph 2 21 246 St Irenaeus Adv haeres 3 24 1 PG 7 1 966 247 Pius XII encyclical Mystici Corporis DS 3808 248 Cf Eph 4 16 249 Acts 20 32 250 Cf I Cor 12 13 251 LG 7 2 252 LG 12 2 cf AA 3 253 Cf I Cor 13 254 LG 12 cf 30 I Thess 5 12 19 21 John Paul II Christifideles Laici 24 255 I Cor 12 7 256 LG 8 257 Cf DS 2888 258 Vatican Council I DS Filius 3 DS 3013 259 UR 2 5 260 GS 78 3 261 UR 2 2 262 St Clement Of Alexandria Paed 1 6 42 PG 8 300 263 LG 13 2 264 Eph 4 3 265 Col 3 14 266 Cf UR 2 LG 14 CIC can 205 267 LG 8 2 268 UR 3 5 269 UR 3 1 270 Cf CIC can 751 271 Origen Hom in Ezech 9 1 PG 13 732 272 UR 3 1 273 LG 8 2 274 UR 3 2 cf LG 15 275 Cf UR 3 276 Cf LG 8 277 UR 4 3 278 Jn 17 21 cf Heb 7 25 279 Cf UR 1 280 Cf UR 6 281 UR 7 3 282 UR 8 1 283 Cf UR 9 284 Cf UR 10 285 Cf UR 4 9 11 286 Cf UR 12 287 UR 5 288 UR 24 2 289 LG 39 Cf Eph 5 25 26 290 LG 12 291 Acts 9 13 I Cor 6 1 16 1 292 SC 10 293 UR 3 5 294 LG 48 295 LG 48 3 296 LG 11 3 297 LG 42 298 St Therese Of Lisieux Autobiography of a Saint tr Ronald Knox London Harvill 1958 235 299 LG 8 3 Cf UR 3 6 Heb 2 17 726 2 Cor 5 21 300 Cf I Jn 1 8 10 301 Cf Mt 13 24 30 302 Paul VI CPG 19 303 Cf LG 40 48 51 304 John Paul II CL 16 3 305 CL 17 3 306 LG 65 Cf Eph 5 26 27 307 St Ignatius of Antioch Ad Smyrn 8 2 Apostolic Fathers II 2 311 308 UR 3 AG 6 Eph 1 22 23 309 Cf AG 4 310 Cf Mt 28 19 311 LG 13 1 2 cf Jn 11 52 312 LG 26 313 Cf CD 11 CIC cann 368 369 314 LG 23 315 St Ignatius Of Antioch Ad Rom 1 1 Apostolic Fathers II 2 192 cf LG 13 316 St Irenaeus Adv haeres 3 3 2 PG 7 1 849 Cf Vatican Council I DS 3057 317 St Maximus the Confessor Opuscula theo PG 91 137 140 318 Paul VI EN 62 319 LG 23 320 LG 13 321 LG 14 322 LG 15 323 UR 3 324 Paul VI Discourse December 14 1975 cf UR 13 18 325 LG 16 326 Cf NA 4 327 Roman Missal Good Friday 13 General Intercessions VI 328 Rom 9 4 5 329 Rom 11 29 330 LG 16 cf NA 3 331 NA 1 332 LG 16 cf NA 2 EN 53 333 LG 16 cf Rom 1 21 25 334 St Augustine Serm 96 7 9 PL 38 588 St Ambrose De virg 18 118 PL 16 297B cf already 1 Pet 3 20 21 335 Cf Cyprian Ep 73 21 PL 3 1169 De unit PL 4 509 536 336 LG 14 cf Mk 16 16 Jn 3 5 337 LG 16 cf DS 3866 3872 338 AG 7 cf Heb 11 6 I Cor 9 16 339 AG 1 cf Mt 16 15 340 Mt 28 19 20 341 AG 2 342 Cf John Paul II RMiss 23 343 2 Cor 5 14 cf AA 6 RMiss 11 344 I Tim 2 4 345 John Paul II RMiss 21 346 AG 5 347 Tertullian Apol 50 13 PL 1 603 348 GS 43 6 349 LG 8 3 15 AG 1 3 cf RMiss 12 20 350 LG 8 3 351 GS 40 2 352 Cf RMiss 42 47 353 AG 15 1 354 Cf RMiss 48 49 355 Cf RMiss 52 54 356 AG 6 2 357 Cf RMiss 50 358 UR 4 8 359 Cf RMiss 55 360 AG 9 361 AG 9 362 Eph 2 20 Rev 21 14 363 Cf Mt 28 16 20 Acts 1 8 I Cor 9 1 15 7 8 Gal 1 1 etc 364 Cf Acts 2 42 365 Cf 2 Tim 1 13 14 366 AG 5 367 Roman Missal Preface of the Apostles I 368 Mk 3 13 14 369 Jn 20 21 cf 13 20 17 18 370 Mt 10 40 cf Lk 10 16 371 Jn 5 19 30 cf Jn 15 5 372 2 Cor 3 6 6 4 5 20 I Cor 4 1 373 LG 20 cf Mt 28 20 374 LG 20 cf Acts 20 28 St Clement of Rome Ad Cor 42 44 PG 1 291 300 375 LG 20 2 376 LG 20 2 377 AA 2 378 AA 4 cf Jn 15 5 379 AA 3 380 Rev 19 6 381 Eph 1 4 382 Rev 21 9 383 Rev 21 10 11 384 Rev 21 14 385 CIC Can 204 para 1 Cf LG 31 386 CIC Can 208 Cf LG 32 387 AA 2 388 CIC Can 207 2 389 LG 18 390 Rom 10 14 15 391 Rom 10 17 392 Cf Rom 1 1 393 Phil 2 7 394 Cf I Cor 9 19 395 AG 5 396 Cf Jn 17 21 23 397 Jn 21 22 Cf Mt 4 19 21 Jn 1 4 398 LG 19 cf Lk 6 13 Jn 21 15 17 399 LG 22 cf CIC can 330 400 Cf Mt 16 18 19 Jn 21 15 17 401 LG 22 2 402 LG 23 403 LG 22 cf CD 2 9 404 LG 22 cf CIC can 336 405 CIC can 337 1 406 LG 22 407 LG 22 408 LG 23 409 LG 23 410 Cf CD 3 411 LG 23 412 Cf Gal 2 10 413 Cf Apostolic Constitutions 34 414 LG 23 3 415 PO 4 cf Mk 16 15 416 LG 25 417 LG 12 cf DV 10 418 LG 25 cf Vatican Council I DS 3074 419 DV 10 2 420 LG 25 2 421 Cf LG 25 422 LG 25 423 LG 26 424 I Pet 5 3 425 LG 26 3 426 LG 27 cf Lk 22 26 27 427 LG 27 428 LG 27 2 429 St Ignatius of Antioch Ad Smyrn 8 1 Apostolic Fathers II 2 309 430 LG 31 431 LG 31 2 432 Pius XII Discourse February 20 1946 AAS 38 1946 149 quoted by John Paul II CL 9 433 Cf LG 33 434 LG 34 cf LG 10 I Pet 2 5 435 CIC can 835 4 436 Cf CIC can 230 1 437 CIC can 230 3 438 LG 35 439 St Thomas Aquinas STh III 71 4 ad 3 440 LG 35 1 2 441 AA 6 3 cf

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    34 and cf Joel 3 1 5 86 Cf Acts 2 17 21 87 Cf Zeph 2 3 Ps 22 27 34 3 Isa 49 13 61 1 etc 88 Lk 1 17 89 Jn 1 6 90 Lk 1 15 41 91 Cf Lk 1 68 92 Mt 17 10 13 cf Lk 1 78 93 Lk 1 17 94 Lk 7 26 95 Cf Mt 11 13 14 96 Jn 1 23 cf Isa 40 1 3 97 Jn 1 7 cf Jn 15 26 5 35 98 Cf I Pet 1 10 12 99 Jn 1 33 36 100 Cf Jn 3 5 101 Cf Prov 8 1 9 6 Sir 24 102 Col 2 9 103 Cf Zeph 3 14 Zech 2 14 104 Cf Lk 1 46 55 105 Cf Lk 1 26 38 Rom 4 18 21 Gal 4 26 28 106 Cf Lk 1 15 19 Mt 2 11 107 Cf Lk 2 14 108 Cf Jn 19 25 27 109 Acts 1 14 110 Cf Jn 6 27 51 62 63 111 Cf Jn 3 5 8 112 Cf Jn 4 10 14 23 24 113 Cf Jn 7 37 39 114 Cf Lk 11 13 115 Cf Mt 10 19 20 116 Cf Jn 14 16 17 26 15 26 16 7 15 17 26 117 Cf Jn 13 1 17 1 118 Cf Lk 23 46 Jn 19 30 119 Rom 6 4 120 Cf Jn 20 22 121 Jn 20 21 cf Mt 28 19 Lk 24 47 48 Acts 1 8 122 Cf Acts 2 33 36 123 Byzantine liturgy Pentecost Vespers Troparion repeated after communion 124 I Jn 4 8 16 125 Rom 5 5 126 2 Cor 13 14 127 I Jn 4 11 12 cf Rom 8 23 2 Cor 1 21 128 Acts 1 8 cf I Cor 13 129 Gal 5 22 23 130 Gal 5 25 cf Mt 16 24 26 131 St Basil De Spiritu Sancto 15 36 PG 32 132 132 Jn 15 8 16 133 St Cyril of Alexandria In Jo ev 11 11 PG 74 561 134 Rom 8 26 135 LG 1 cf Mk 16 15 136 Roman Catechism I 10 1 137 St Hippolytus Trad Ap 35 SCh 11 118 138 Roman Catechism I 10 22 139 Cf Acts 19 39 140 Cf Ex 19 141 Cf I Cor 11 18 14 19 28 34 35 142 Cf I Cor 1 2 16 1 143 Cf I Cor 15 9 Gal 1 13 Phil 3 6 144 Cf Eph 1 22 Col 1 18 LG 9 145 LG 6 146 LG 6 Cf Jn 10 1 10 Isa 40 11 Ezek 34 11 31 Jn 10 11 Pet 5 4 Jn 10 11 16 147 LG 6 Cf I Cor 3 9 Rom 11 13 26 Mt 21 32 43 and parallels Isa 51 7 Jn 15 1 5 148 LG 6 Cf I Cor 3 9 Mt 21 42 and parallels Acts 4 11 I Pet 2 7 PS 118 22 I Cor 3 11 I Tim 3 15 Eph 2 19 22 Rev 21 3 I Pet 2 5 Rev 21 1 2 149 LG 6 Cf Gal 4 26 Rev 12 17 19 7 21 2 9 22 17 Eph 5 25 26 29 150 LG 2 151 LG 2 152 LG 2 153 Pastor Hermae Vision 2 4 1 PG 2 899 cf Aristides Apol 16 6 St Justin Apol 2 7 PG 6 456 Tertullian Apol 31 3 32 1 PL 1 508 509 154 Cf St Epiphanius Panarion 1 1 5 PG 41 181C 155 Clement of Alex Paed 1 6 27 PG 8 281 156 Acts 10 35 cf LG 9 13 16 157 Cf Gen 12 2 15 5 6 158 Cf Ex 19 5 6 Deut 7 6 Isa 2 2 5 Mic 4 1 4 159 LG 9 cf Hos 1 Isa 1 2 4 Jer 2 31 31 34 Isa 55 3 160 Cf LG 3 AG 3 161 LG 5 162 LG 3 163 LG 5 164 LG 5 165 Lk 12 32 cf Mt 10 16 26 31 Jn 10 1 21 166 Cf Mt 12 49 167 Cf Mt 5 6 168 Cf Mk 3 14 15 169 Cf Mt 19 28 Lk 22 30 Rev 21 12 14 170 Cf Mk 6 7 Lk 10 1 2 Mt 10 25 Jn 15 20 171 LG 3 cf Jn 19 34 172 SC 5 173 Cf St Ambrose In Luc 2 85 89 PL 15 1666 1668 174 LG 4 Cf Jn 17 4 175 AG 4 176 Cf Mt 28 19 20 AG 2 5 6 177 LG 4 178 LG 5 179 LG 48 180 St Augustine De civ Dei 18 51 PL 41 614 Cf LG 8 181 LG 5 cf 6 2 Cor 5 6 182 LG 2 183 Roman Catechism 1 10 20 184 LG 8 1 185 LG 8 186 LG 8 187 SC 2 Cf Heb 13 14 188 St Bernard of Clairvaux In Cant Sermo 27 14 PL 183 920D 189 Eph 1 10 190 Eph 5 32 3 9 11 5 25 27 191 Col 1 27 192 I Cor 13 8 cf LG 48 193 John Paul II MD 27 194 Eph 5 27 195 Cf John Paul II MD 27 196 St Augustine Ep 187 11 34 PL 33 846 197 LG 1 198 Rev 7 9 199 LG 9 2 48 2 GS 45 1 200 Paul VI June 22 1973 AG 7 2 cf LG 17 201 LG 9 Cf Acts 10 35 I Cor 11 25 202 I Pet 2 9 203 Jn 3 3 5 204 Cf Jn 13 34 205 Rom 8 2 Gal 5 25 206 Cf Mt 5 13 16 207 LG 9 2 208 Cf John Paul II RH 18 21 209 LG 10 Cf Heb 5 1 5 Rev 1 6 210 LG 12 Cf Jude 3 211 Cf Jn 12 32 212 Mt 20 28 213 LG 8 cf 36 214 St Leo the Great Sermo 4 1 PL 54 149 215 Cf Mk 1 16 20 3 13 19 Mt 13 10 17 Lk 10 17 20 22 28 30 216 Jn 15 4 5 217 Jn 6 56 218 Cf Jn 14 18 20 22 Mt 28 20 Acts 2 33 219 LG 7 220 LG 7 221 LG 7 cf Rom 6 4 5 I Cor 12 13 222 LG 7 3 223 LG 7 3 cf I Cor 12 26 224 Gal 3 27 28 225 Col 1 18 226 Col 1 18 227 Gal 4 19 228 LG 7 4 cf Phil 3 21 Rom 8 17 229 Cf Col 2 19 Eph 4 11 16 230 St Augustine In Jo ev 21 8 PL 35 1568 231 Pope St Gregory the Great Moralia in Job praef 14 PL 75 525A 232 St Thomas Aquinas STh III 48 2 233 Acts of the Trial of Joan of Arc 234 Jn 3 29 235 Mk 2 19 236 Cf Mt 22 1 14 25 1 13 I Cor 6 15 17 2 Cor 11 2 237 Cf Rev 22 17 Eph 1 4 5 27 238 Eph 5 25 26 239 Cf Eph 5 29 240 Eph 5 31 32 241 Mt 19 6 242 St Augustine En in Ps 74 4 PL 36 948 949 243 St Augustine Sermo 267 4 PL 38 1231D 244 Pius XII encyclical Mystici Corporis DS 3808 245 2 Cor 6 16 cf I Cor 3 16 17 Eph 2 21 246 St Irenaeus Adv haeres 3 24 1 PG 7 1 966 247 Pius XII encyclical Mystici Corporis DS 3808 248 Cf Eph 4 16 249 Acts 20 32 250 Cf I Cor 12 13 251 LG 7 2 252 LG 12 2 cf AA 3 253 Cf I Cor 13 254 LG 12 cf 30 I Thess 5 12 19 21 John Paul II Christifideles Laici 24 255 I Cor 12 7 256 LG 8 257 Cf DS 2888 258 Vatican Council I DS Filius 3 DS 3013 259 UR 2 5 260 GS 78 3 261 UR 2 2 262 St Clement Of Alexandria Paed 1 6 42 PG 8 300 263 LG 13 2 264 Eph 4 3 265 Col 3 14 266 Cf UR 2 LG 14 CIC can 205 267 LG 8 2 268 UR 3 5 269 UR 3 1 270 Cf CIC can 751 271 Origen Hom in Ezech 9 1 PG 13 732 272 UR 3 1 273 LG 8 2 274 UR 3 2 cf LG 15 275 Cf UR 3 276 Cf LG 8 277 UR 4 3 278 Jn 17 21 cf Heb 7 25 279 Cf UR 1 280 Cf UR 6 281 UR 7 3 282 UR 8 1 283 Cf UR 9 284 Cf UR 10 285 Cf UR 4 9 11 286 Cf UR 12 287 UR 5 288 UR 24 2 289 LG 39 Cf Eph 5 25 26 290 LG 12 291 Acts 9 13 I Cor 6 1 16 1 292 SC 10 293 UR 3 5 294 LG 48 295 LG 48 3 296 LG 11 3 297 LG 42 298 St Therese Of Lisieux Autobiography of a Saint tr Ronald Knox London Harvill 1958 235 299 LG 8 3 Cf UR 3 6 Heb 2 17 726 2 Cor 5 21 300 Cf I Jn 1 8 10 301 Cf Mt 13 24 30 302 Paul VI CPG 19 303 Cf LG 40 48 51 304 John Paul II CL 16 3 305 CL 17 3 306 LG 65 Cf Eph 5 26 27 307 St Ignatius of Antioch Ad Smyrn 8 2 Apostolic Fathers II 2 311 308 UR 3 AG 6 Eph 1 22 23 309 Cf AG 4 310 Cf Mt 28 19 311 LG 13 1 2 cf Jn 11 52 312 LG 26 313 Cf CD 11 CIC cann 368 369 314 LG 23 315 St Ignatius Of Antioch Ad Rom 1 1 Apostolic Fathers II 2 192 cf LG 13 316 St Irenaeus Adv haeres 3 3 2 PG 7 1 849 Cf Vatican Council I DS 3057 317 St Maximus the Confessor Opuscula theo PG 91 137 140 318 Paul VI EN 62 319 LG 23 320 LG 13 321 LG 14 322 LG 15 323 UR 3 324 Paul VI Discourse December 14 1975 cf UR 13 18 325 LG 16 326 Cf NA 4 327 Roman Missal Good Friday 13 General Intercessions VI 328 Rom 9 4 5 329 Rom 11 29 330 LG 16 cf NA 3 331 NA 1 332 LG 16 cf NA 2 EN 53 333 LG 16 cf Rom 1 21 25 334 St Augustine Serm 96 7 9 PL 38 588 St Ambrose De virg 18 118 PL 16 297B cf already 1 Pet 3 20 21 335 Cf Cyprian Ep 73 21 PL 3 1169 De unit PL 4 509 536 336 LG 14 cf Mk 16 16 Jn 3 5 337 LG 16 cf DS 3866 3872 338 AG 7 cf Heb 11 6 I Cor 9 16 339 AG 1 cf Mt 16 15 340 Mt 28 19 20 341 AG 2 342 Cf John Paul II RMiss 23 343 2 Cor 5 14 cf AA 6 RMiss 11 344 I Tim 2 4 345 John Paul II RMiss 21 346 AG 5 347 Tertullian Apol 50 13 PL 1 603 348 GS 43 6 349 LG 8 3 15 AG 1 3 cf RMiss 12 20 350 LG 8 3 351 GS 40 2 352 Cf RMiss 42 47 353 AG 15 1 354 Cf RMiss 48 49 355 Cf RMiss 52 54 356 AG 6 2 357 Cf RMiss 50 358 UR 4 8 359 Cf RMiss 55 360 AG 9 361 AG 9 362 Eph 2 20 Rev 21 14 363 Cf Mt 28 16 20 Acts 1 8 I Cor 9 1 15 7 8 Gal 1 1 etc 364 Cf Acts 2 42 365 Cf 2 Tim 1 13 14 366 AG 5 367 Roman Missal Preface of the Apostles I 368 Mk 3 13 14 369 Jn 20 21 cf 13 20 17 18 370 Mt 10 40 cf Lk 10 16 371 Jn 5 19 30 cf Jn 15 5 372 2 Cor 3 6 6 4 5 20 I Cor 4 1 373 LG 20 cf Mt 28 20 374 LG 20 cf Acts 20 28 St Clement of Rome Ad Cor 42 44 PG 1 291 300 375 LG 20 2 376 LG 20 2 377 AA 2 378 AA 4 cf Jn 15 5 379 AA 3 380 Rev 19 6 381 Eph 1 4 382 Rev 21 9 383 Rev 21 10 11 384 Rev 21 14 385 CIC Can 204 para 1 Cf LG 31 386 CIC Can 208 Cf LG 32 387 AA 2 388 CIC Can 207 2 389 LG 18 390 Rom 10 14 15 391 Rom 10 17 392 Cf Rom 1 1 393 Phil 2 7 394 Cf I Cor 9 19 395 AG 5 396 Cf Jn 17 21 23 397 Jn 21 22 Cf Mt 4 19 21 Jn 1 4 398 LG 19 cf Lk 6 13 Jn 21 15 17 399 LG 22 cf CIC can 330 400 Cf Mt 16 18 19 Jn 21 15 17 401 LG 22 2 402 LG 23 403 LG 22 cf CD 2 9 404 LG 22 cf CIC can 336 405 CIC can 337 1 406 LG 22 407 LG 22 408 LG 23 409 LG 23 410 Cf CD 3 411 LG 23 412 Cf Gal 2 10 413 Cf Apostolic Constitutions 34 414 LG 23 3 415 PO 4 cf Mk 16 15 416 LG 25 417 LG 12 cf DV 10 418 LG 25 cf Vatican Council I DS 3074 419 DV 10 2 420 LG 25 2 421 Cf LG 25 422 LG 25 423 LG 26 424 I Pet 5 3 425 LG 26 3 426 LG 27 cf Lk 22 26 27 427 LG 27 428 LG 27 2 429 St Ignatius of Antioch Ad Smyrn 8 1 Apostolic Fathers II 2 309 430 LG 31 431 LG 31 2 432 Pius XII Discourse February 20 1946 AAS 38 1946 149 quoted by John Paul II CL 9 433 Cf LG 33 434 LG 34 cf LG 10 I Pet 2 5 435 CIC can 835 4 436 Cf CIC can 230 1 437 CIC can 230 3 438 LG 35 439 St Thomas Aquinas STh III 71 4 ad 3 440 LG 35 1 2 441 AA 6 3 cf AG 15 442 Cf CIC cann 229 774 776 780 823 1 443 CIC can 212 3 444 Cf Phil 2 8 9 445 LG 36 446 St Ambrose Psal 118 14 30 PL 15 1476 447 LG 36 3 448 Paul VI EN 73 449 CIC can 129 2 450 Cf CIC cann 443 4 463 1 and 2 492 1 511 517 2 536 1421 2 451 LG 36 4 452 LG 33 2 cf Eph 4 7 453 LG 44 4 454 Cf LG 42 43 PC 1 455 Cf PC 5 456 Cf CIC can 573 457 LG 43 458 PC 1 459 Cf CIC can 605 460 CIC can 603 1 461 Cf I Cor 7 34 36 462 Cf John Paul II Vita consecrata 7 463 Mt 19 12 464 CIC can 604 1 465 Ordo Consecrationis Virginum Praenotanda 1 466 Cf CIC can 604 1 OCV Praenotanda 2 467 Cf CIC can 604 2 468 Cf CIC cann 607 573 UR 15 469 Cf CD 33 35 CIC can 591 470 Cf AG 18 40 471 John Paul II RMiss 69 472 CIC can 710 473 Pius XII Provida Mater cf PC 11 474 Cf CIC can 713 2 475 Cf CIC can 731 1 and 2 476 CIC can 783 cf RM 69 477 LG 31 2 478 LG 44 3 479 Nicetas Expl Symb 10 PL 52 871B 480 St Thomas Aquinas Symb 10 481 Roman Catechism I 10 24 482 Acts 2 42 483 Roman Catechism 1 10 24 484 LG 12 2 485 I Cor 12 7 486 Acts 4 32 487 Roman Catechism 1 10 27 488 Cf Lk 16 1 3 489 Rom 14 7 490 I Cor 12 26 27 491 I Cor 13 5 cf 10 24 492 LG 49 cf Mt 25 31 I Cor 15 26 27 Council of Florence 1439 DS 1305 493 LG 49 cf Eph 4 16 494 LG 49 495 LG 49 cf I Tim 2 5 496 St Dominic dying to his brothers 497 St Therese of Lisieux The Final Conversations tr John Clarke Washington ICS 1977 102 498 LG 50 cf Eph 4 1 6 499 Martyrium Polycarpi 17 Apostolic Fathers II 3 396 500 LG 50 cf 2 Macc 12 45 501 LG 51 cf Heb 3 6 502 LG 53 cf St Augustine De virg 6 PL 40 399 503 Paul VI Discourse November 21 1964 504 LG 57 505 LG 58 cf Jn 19 26 27 506 LG 69 507 LG 59 508 LG 59 cf Pius XII Munificentissimus Deus 1950 DS 3903 cf Rev 19 16 509 Byzantine Liturgy Troparion Feast of the Dormition August 15th 510 LG 53 63 511 LG 61 512 LG 62 513 LG 60 514 LG 62 515 Lk 1 48 Paul VI MC 56 516 LG 66 517 Cf Paul VI MC 42 SC 103 518 LG 69 519 LG 68 Cf 2 Pet 3 10 520 Jn 20 22 23 521 Mk

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    By offering to God our supplications for those who have fallen asleep if they have sinned we offer Christ sacrificed for the sins of all and so render favorable for them and for us the God who loves man 195 1372 St Augustine admirably summed up this doctrine that moves us to an ever more complete participation in our Redeemer s sacrifice which we celebrate in the Eucharist This wholly redeemed city the assembly and society of the saints is offered to God as a universal sacrifice by the high priest who in the form of a slave went so far as to offer himself for us in his Passion to make us the Body of so great a head Such is the sacrifice of Christians we who are many are one Body in Christ The Church continues to reproduce this sacrifice in the sacrament of the altar so well known to believers wherein it is evident to them that in what she offers she herself is offered 196 The presence of Christ by the power of his word and the Holy Spirit 1373 Christ Jesus who died yes who was raised from the dead who is at the right hand of God who indeed intercedes for us is present in many ways to his Church 197 in his word in his Church s prayer where two or three are gathered in my name 198 in the poor the sick and the imprisoned 199 in the sacraments of which he is the author in the sacrifice of the Mass and in the person of the minister But he is present most especially in the Eucharistic species 200 1374 The mode of Christ s presence under the Eucharistic species is unique It raises the Eucharist above all the sacraments as the perfection of the spiritual life and the end to which all the sacraments tend 201 In the most blessed sacrament of the Eucharist the body and blood together with the soul and divinity of our Lord Jesus Christ and therefore the whole Christ is truly really and substantially contained 202 This presence is called real by which is not intended to exclude the other types of presence as if they could not be real too but because it is presence in the fullest sense that is to say it is a substantial presence by which Christ God and man makes himself wholly and entirely present 203 1375 It is by the conversion of the bread and wine into Christ s body and blood that Christ becomes present in this sacrament The Church Fathers strongly affirmed the faith of the Church in the efficacy of the Word of Christ and of the action of the Holy Spirit to bring about this conversion Thus St John Chrysostom declares It is not man that causes the things offered to become the Body and Blood of Christ but he who was crucified for us Christ himself The priest in the role of Christ pronounces these words but their power and grace are God s This is my body he says This word transforms the things offered 204 And St Ambrose says about this conversion Be convinced that this is not what nature has formed but what the blessing has consecrated The power of the blessing prevails over that of nature because by the blessing nature itself is changed Could not Christ s word which can make from nothing what did not exist change existing things into what they were not before It is no less a feat to give things their original nature than to change their nature 205 1376 The Council of Trent summarizes the Catholic faith by declaring Because Christ our Redeemer said that it was truly his body that he was offering under the species of bread it has always been the conviction of the Church of God and this holy Council now declares again that by the consecration of the bread and wine there takes place a change of the whole substance of the bread into the substance of the body of Christ our Lord and of the whole substance of the wine into the substance of his blood This change the holy Catholic Church has fittingly and properly called transubstantiation 206 1377 The Eucharistic presence of Christ begins at the moment of the consecration and endures as long as the Eucharistic species subsist Christ is present whole and entire in each of the species and whole and entire in each of their parts in such a way that the breaking of the bread does not divide Christ 207 1378 Worship of the Eucharist In the liturgy of the Mass we express our faith in the real presence of Christ under the species of bread and wine by among other ways genuflecting or bowing deeply as a sign of adoration of the Lord The Catholic Church has always offered and still offers to the sacrament of the Eucharist the cult of adoration not only during Mass but also outside of it reserving the consecrated hosts with the utmost care exposing them to the solemn veneration of the faithful and carrying them in procession 208 1379 The tabernacle was first intended for the reservation of the Eucharist in a worthy place so that it could be brought to the sick and those absent outside of Mass As faith in the real presence of Christ in his Eucharist deepened the Church became conscious of the meaning of silent adoration of the Lord present under the Eucharistic species It is for this reason that the tabernacle should be located in an especially worthy place in the church and should be constructed in such a way that it emphasizes and manifests the truth of the real presence of Christ in the Blessed Sacrament 1380 It is highly fitting that Christ should have wanted to remain present to his Church in this unique way Since Christ was about to take his departure from his own in his visible form he wanted to give us his sacramental presence since he was about to offer himself on the cross to save us he wanted us to have the memorial of the love with which he loved us to the end 209 even to the giving of his life In his Eucharistic presence he remains mysteriously in our midst as the one who loved us and gave himself up for us 210 and he remains under signs that express and communicate this love The Church and the world have a great need for Eucharistic worship Jesus awaits us in this sacrament of love Let us not refuse the time to go to meet him in adoration in contemplation full of faith and open to making amends for the serious offenses and crimes of the world Let our adoration never cease 211 1381 That in this sacrament are the true Body of Christ and his true Blood is something that cannot be apprehended by the senses says St Thomas but only by faith which relies on divine authority For this reason in a commentary on Luke 22 19 This is my body which is given for you St Cyril says Do not doubt whether this is true but rather receive the words of the Savior in faith for since he is the truth he cannot lie 212 Godhead here in hiding whom I do adore Masked by these bare shadows shape and nothing more See Lord at thy service low lies here a heart Lost all lost in wonder at the God thou art Seeing touching tasting are in thee deceived How says trusty hearing that shall be believed What God s Son has told me take for truth I do Truth himself speaks truly or there s nothing true 213 VI THE PASCHAL BANQUET 1382 The Mass is at the same time and inseparably the sacrificial memorial in which the sacrifice of the cross is perpetuated and the sacred banquet of communion with the Lord s body and blood But the celebration of the Eucharistic sacrifice is wholly directed toward the intimate union of the faithful with Christ through communion To receive communion is to receive Christ himself who has offered himself for us 1383 The altar around which the Church is gathered in the celebration of the Eucharist represents the two aspects of the same mystery the altar of the sacrifice and the table of the Lord This is all the more so since the Christian altar is the symbol of Christ himself present in the midst of the assembly of his faithful both as the victim offered for our reconciliation and as food from heaven who is giving himself to us For what is the altar of Christ if not the image of the Body of Christ 214 asks St Ambrose He says elsewhere The altar represents the body of Christ and the Body of Christ is on the altar 215 The liturgy expresses this unity of sacrifice and communion in many prayers Thus the Roman Church prays in its anaphora We entreat you almighty God that by the hands of your holy Angel this offering may be borne to your altar in heaven in the sight of your divine majesty so that as we receive in communion at this altar the most holy Body and Blood of your Son we may be filled with every heavenly blessing and grace 216 Take this and eat it all of you communion 1384 The Lord addresses an invitation to us urging us to receive him in the sacrament of the Eucharist Truly I say to you unless you eat the flesh of the Son of man and drink his blood you have no life in you 217 1385 To respond to this invitation we must prepare ourselves for so great and so holy a moment St Paul urges us to examine our conscience Whoever therefore eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty of profaning the body and blood of the Lord Let a man examine himself and so eat of the bread and drink of the cup For any one who eats and drinks without discerning the body eats and drinks judgment upon himself 218 Anyone conscious of a grave sin must receive the sacrament of Reconciliation before coming to communion 1386 Before so great a sacrament the faithful can only echo humbly and with ardent faith the words of the Centurion Domine non sum dignus ut intres sub tectum meum sed tantum dic verbo et sanabitur anima mea Lord I am not worthy that you should enter under my roof but only say the word and my soul will be healed 219 And in the Divine Liturgy of St John Chrysostom the faithful pray in the same spirit O Son of God bring me into communion today with your mystical supper I shall not tell your enemies the secret nor kiss you with Judas kiss But like the good thief I cry Jesus remember me when you come into your kingdom 1387 To prepare for worthy reception of this sacrament the faithful should observe the fast required in their Church 220 Bodily demeanor gestures clothing ought to convey the respect solemnity and joy of this moment when Christ becomes our guest 1388 It is in keeping with the very meaning of the Eucharist that the faithful if they have the required dispositions 221 receive communion when they participate in the Mass 222 As the Second Vatican Council says That more perfect form of participation in the Mass whereby the faithful after the priest s communion receive the Lord s Body from the same sacrifice is warmly recommended 223 1389 The Church obliges the faithful to take part in the Divine Liturgy on Sundays and feast days and prepared by the sacrament of Reconciliation to receive the Eucharist at least once a year if possible during the Easter season 224 But the Church strongly encourages the faithful to receive the holy Eucharist on Sundays and feast days or more often still even daily 1390 Since Christ is sacramentally present under each of the species communion under the species of bread alone makes it possible to receive all the fruit of Eucharistic grace For pastoral reasons this manner of receiving communion has been legitimately established as the most common form in the Latin rite But the sign of communion is more complete when given under both kinds since in that form the sign of the Eucharistic meal appears more clearly 225 This is the usual form of receiving communion in the Eastern rites The fruits of Holy Communion 1391 Holy Communion augments our union with Christ The principal fruit of receiving the Eucharist in Holy Communion is an intimate union with Christ Jesus Indeed the Lord said He who eats my flesh and drinks my blood abides in me and I in him 226 Life in Christ has its foundation in the Eucharistic banquet As the living Father sent me and I live because of the Father so he who eats me will live because of me 227 On the feasts of the Lord when the faithful receive the Body of the Son they proclaim to one another the Good News that the first fruits of life have been given as when the angel said to Mary Magdalene Christ is risen Now too are life and resurrection conferred on whoever receives Christ 228 1392 What material food produces in our bodily life Holy Communion wonderfully achieves in our spiritual life Communion with the flesh of the risen Christ a flesh given life and giving life through the Holy Spirit 229 preserves increases and renews the life of grace received at Baptism This growth in Christian life needs the nourishment of Eucharistic Communion the bread for our pilgrimage until the moment of death when it will be given to us as viaticum 1393 Holy Communion separates us from sin The body of Christ we receive in Holy Communion is given up for us and the blood we drink shed for the many for the forgiveness of sins For this reason the Eucharist cannot unite us to Christ without at the same time cleansing us from past sins and preserving us from future sins For as often as we eat this bread and drink the cup we proclaim the death of the Lord If we proclaim the Lord s death we proclaim the forgiveness of sins If as often as his blood is poured out it is poured for the forgiveness of sins I should always receive it so that it may always forgive my sins Because I always sin I should always have a remedy 230 1394 As bodily nourishment restores lost strength so the Eucharist strengthens our charity which tends to be weakened in daily life and this living charity wipes away venial sins 231 By giving himself to us Christ revives our love and enables us to break our disordered attachments to creatures and root ourselves in him Since Christ died for us out of love when we celebrate the memorial of his death at the moment of sacrifice we ask that love may be granted to us by the coming of the Holy Spirit We humbly pray that in the strength of this love by which Christ willed to die for us we by receiving the gift of the Holy Spirit may be able to consider the world as crucified for us and to be ourselves as crucified to the world Having received the gift of love let us die to sin and live for God 232 1395 By the same charity that it enkindles in us the Eucharist preserves us from future mortal sins The more we share the life of Christ and progress in his friendship the more difficult it is to break away from him by mortal sin The Eucharist is not ordered to the forgiveness of mortal sins that is proper to the sacrament of Reconciliation The Eucharist is properly the sacrament of those who are in full communion with the Church 1396 The unity of the Mystical Body the Eucharist makes the Church Those who receive the Eucharist are united more closely to Christ Through it Christ unites them to all the faithful in one body the Church Communion renews strengthens and deepens this incorporation into the Church already achieved by Baptism In Baptism we have been called to form but one body 233 The Eucharist fulfills this call The cup of blessing which we bless is it not a participation in the blood of Christ The bread which we break is it not a participation in the body of Christ Because there is one bread we who are many are one body for we all partake of the one bread 234 If you are the body and members of Christ then it is your sacrament that is placed on the table of the Lord it is your sacrament that you receive To that which you are you respond Amen yes it is true and by responding to it you assent to it For you hear the words the Body of Christ and respond Amen Be then a member of the Body of Christ that your Amen may be true 235 1397 The Eucharist commits us to the poor To receive in truth the Body and Blood of Christ given up for us we must recognize Christ in the poorest his brethren You have tasted the Blood of the Lord yet you do not recognize your brother You dishonor this table when you do not judge worthy of sharing your food someone judged worthy to take part in this meal God freed you from all your sins and invited you here but you have not become more merciful 236 1398 The Eucharist and the unity of Christians Before the greatness of this mystery St Augustine exclaims O sacrament of devotion O sign of unity O bond of charity 237 The more painful the experience of the divisions in the Church which break the common participation in the table of the Lord the more urgent are our prayers to the Lord that the time of complete unity among all who believe in him may return 1399 The Eastern churches that are not in full communion with the Catholic Church celebrate the Eucharist with great love These Churches although separated from us yet possess true sacraments above all by apostolic succession the priesthood and the Eucharist whereby they are still joined to us in closest intimacy A certain communion in sacris and so in the Eucharist given suitable circumstances and the approval of Church authority is not merely possible but is encouraged 238 1400 Ecclesial communities derived from the Reformation and separated from the Catholic Church have not preserved the proper reality of the Eucharistic mystery in its fullness especially because of the absence of the sacrament of Holy Orders 239 It is for this reason that for the Catholic Church Eucharistic intercommunion with these communities is not possible However these ecclesial communities when they commemorate the Lord s death and resurrection in the Holy Supper profess that it signifies life in communion with Christ and await his coming in glory 240 1401 When in the Ordinary s judgment a grave necessity arises Catholic ministers may give the sacraments of Eucharist Penance and Anointing of the Sick to other Christians not in full communion with the Catholic Church who ask for them of their own will provided they give evidence of holding the Catholic faith regarding these sacraments and possess the required dispositions 241 VII THE EUCHARIST PLEDGE OF THE GLORY TO COME 1402 In an ancient prayer the Church acclaims the mystery of the Eucharist O sacred banquet in which Christ is received as food the memory of his Passion is renewed the soul is filled with grace and a pledge of the life to come is given to us If the Eucharist is the memorial of the Passover of the Lord Jesus if by our communion at the altar we are filled with every heavenly blessing and grace 242 then the Eucharist is also an anticipation of the heavenly glory 1403 At the Last Supper the Lord himself directed his disciples attention toward the fulfillment of the Passover in the kingdom of God I tell you I shall not drink again of this fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father s kingdom 243 Whenever the Church celebrates the Eucharist she remembers this promise and turns her gaze to him who is to come In her prayer she calls for his coming Marana tha Come Lord Jesus 244 May your grace come and this world pass away 245 1404 The Church knows that the Lord comes even now in his Eucharist and that he is there in our midst However his presence is veiled Therefore we celebrate the Eucharist awaiting the blessed hope and the coming of our Savior Jesus Christ 246 asking to share in your glory when every tear will be wiped away On that day we shall see you our God as you are We shall become like you and praise you for ever through Christ our Lord 247 1405 There is no surer pledge or dearer sign of this great hope in the new heavens and new earth in which righteousness dwells 248 than the Eucharist Every time this mystery is celebrated the work of our redemption is carried on and we break the one bread that provides the medicine of immortality the antidote for death and the food that makes us live for ever in Jesus Christ 249 IN BRIEF 1406 Jesus said I am the living bread that came down from heaven if any one eats of this bread he will live for ever he who eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life and abides in me and I in him Jn 6 51 54 56 1407 The Eucharist is the heart and the summit of the Church s life for in it Christ associates his Church and all her members with his sacrifice of praise and thanksgiving offered once for all on the cross to his Father by this sacrifice he pours out the graces of salvation on his Body which is the Church 1408 The Eucharistic celebration always includes the proclamation of the Word of God thanksgiving to God the Father for all his benefits above all the gift of his Son the consecration of bread and wine and participation in the liturgical banquet by receiving the Lord s body and blood These elements constitute one single act of worship 1409 The Eucharist is the memorial of Christ s Passover that is of the work of salvation accomplished by the life death and resurrection of Christ a work made present by the liturgical action 1410 It is Christ himself the eternal high priest of the New Covenant who acting through the ministry of the priests offers the Eucharistic sacrifice And it is the same Christ really present under the species of bread and wine who is the offering of the Eucharistic sacrifice 1411 Only validly ordained priests can preside at the Eucharist and consecrate the bread and the wine so that they become the Body and Blood of the Lord 1412 The essential signs of the Eucharistic sacrament are wheat bread and grape wine on which the blessing of the Holy Spirit is invoked and the priest pronounces the words of consecration spoken by Jesus during the Last Supper This is my body which will be given up for you This is the cup of my blood 1413 By the consecration the transubstantiation of the bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Christ is brought about Under the consecrated species of bread and wine Christ himself living and glorious is present in a true real and substantial manner his Body and his Blood with his soul and his divinity cf Council of Trent DS 1640 1651 1414 As sacrifice the Eucharist is also offered in reparation for the sins of the living and the dead and to obtain spiritual or temporal benefits from God 1415 Anyone who desires to receive Christ in Eucharistic communion must be in the state of grace Anyone aware of having sinned mortally must not receive communion without having received absolution in the sacrament of penance 1416 Communion with the Body and Blood of Christ increases the communicant s union with the Lord forgives his venial sins and preserves him from grave sins Since receiving this sacrament strengthens the bonds of charity between the communicant and Christ it also reinforces the unity of the Church as the Mystical Body of Christ 1417 The Church warmly recommends that the faithful receive Holy Communion when they participate in the celebration of the Eucharist she obliges them to do so at least once a year 1418 Because Christ himself is present in the sacrament of the altar he is to be honored with the worship of adoration To visit the Blessed Sacrament is a proof of gratitude an expression of love and a duty of adoration toward Christ our Lord Paul VI MF 66 1419 Having passed from this world to the Father Christ gives us in the Eucharist the pledge of glory with him Participation in the Holy Sacrifice identifies us with his Heart sustains our strength along the pilgrimage of this life makes us long for eternal life and unites us even now to the Church in heaven the Blessed Virgin Mary and all the saints NOTES 1 Cf St Thomas Aquinas STh III 65 1 2 St Thomas Aquinas STh III 65 3 3 Paul VI apostolic constitution Divinae consortium naturae AAS 63 1971 657 cf RCIA Introduction 1 2 4 Cf Council Of Florence DS 1314 vitae spiritualis ianua 5 Roman Catechism II 2 5 Cf Council Of Florence DS 1314 CIC cann 204 1 849 CCEO can 675 1 6 2 Cor 5 17 Gal 6 15 Cf Rom 6 34 Col 2 12 7 Titus 3 5 Jn 3 5 8 St Justin Apol 1 61 12 PG 6 421 9 Jn 1 9 I Thess 5 5 Heb 10 32 Eph 5 8 10 St Gregory Of Nazianzus Oratio 40 3 4 PG 36 361C 11 Roman Missal Easter Vigil 42 Blessing of Water 12 Cf Gen 1 2 13 Roman Missal Easter Vigil 42 Blessing of Water 14 I Pet 3 20 15 Roman Missal Easter Vigil 42 Blessing of Water 16 Roman Missal Easter Vigil 42 Blessing of Water Abrahae filios per mare Rubrum sicco vestigio transire fecisti ut plebs a Pharaonis servitute liberata populum baptizatorum praefiguraret 17 Cf Mt 3 13 18 Mt 28 19 20 cf Mk 16 15 16 19 Mt 3 15 20 Cf Phil 2 7 21 Mt 3 16 17 22 Mk 10 38 cf Lk 12 50 23 Cf Jn 19 34 I Jn 5 6 8 24 Cf Jn 3 5 25 St Ambrose De sacr 2 2 6 PL 16 444 cf Jn 3 5 26 Acts 2 38 27 Cf Acts 2 41 8 12 13 10 48 16 15 28 Acts 16 31 33 29 Rom 6 3 4 cf Col 2 12 30 Gal 3 27 31 Cf I Cor 6 11 12 13 32 I Pet 1 23 cf Eph 5 26 33 St Augustine In Jo ev 80 3 PL 35 1840 34 SC 64 35 Cf RCIA 1972 36 SC 65 cf SC 37 40 37 Cf AG 14 CIC cann 851 865 866 38 Cf CIC cann 851 2 868 39 Cf Rom 6 17 40 Jn 3 5 41 Cf RBC 62 42 Gal 3 27 43 Mt 5 14 cf Phil 2 15 44 Rev 19 9 45 Mk 10 14 46 CIC can 864 cf CCEO can 679 47 AG 14 cf RCIA 19 98 48 AG 14 5 49 LG 14 3 cf CIC cann 206 788 3 50 Cf Council of Trent 1546 DS 1514 cf Col 1 12 14 51 Cf CIC can 867 CCEO cann 681 686 1 52 Cf LG 11 41 GS 48 CIC can 868 53 Cf Acts 16 15 33 18 8 I Cor 1 16 CDF instruction Pastoralis actio AAS 72 1980 1137 1156 54 Cf Mk 16 16 55 Cf CIC cann 872 874 56 Cf SC 67 57 Cf CIC can 861 1 CCEO can 677 1 58 CIC can 861 2 59 Cf I Tim 2 4 60 Cf Jn 3 5 61 Cf Mt 28 19 20 cf Council of Trent 1547 DS 1618 LG 14 AG 5 62 Cf Mk 16 16 63 GS 22 5 cf LG 16 AG 7 64 Mk 10 14 cf I Tim 2 4 65 Cf Acts 2 38 Jn 3 5 66 Cf Council of Florence 1439 DS 1316 67 Council of Trent 1546 DS 1515 68 2 Tim 2 5 69 2 Cor 5 17 2 Pet 1 4 cf Gal 4 5 7 70 Cf l Cor 6 15 12 27 Rom 8 17 71 Cf l Cor 6 19 72 Eph 4 25 73 I Cor 12 13 74 I Pet 2 5 75 I Pet 2 9 76 Cf I Cor 6 19 2 Cor 5 15 77 Heb 13 17 78 Cf Eph 5 21 I Cor 16 15 16 I Thess 5 12 13 Jn 13 12 15 79 Cf LG 37 CIC cann 208 223 CCEO can 675 2 80 LG 11 cf LG 17 AG 7 23 81 UR 3 82 UR 22 2 83 Cf Rom 8 29 Council of Trent 1547 DS 1609 1619 84 Cf LG 11 85 Cf LG 10 86 St Augustine Ep 98 5 PL 33 362 Eph 4 30 cf 1 13 14 2 Cor 1 21 22 87 St Irenaeus Dem ap 3 SCh 62 32 88 Roman Missal EP I Roman Canon 97 89 Cf Roman Ritual Rite of Confirmation OC Introduction 1 90 LG 11 Cf OC Introduction 2 91 Cf Isa 11 2 61 1 Lk 4 16 22 92 Cf Mt 3 13 17 Jn 1 33 34 93 Jn 3 34 94 Cf Ezek 36 25 27 Joel 3 1 2 95 Cf Lk 12 12 Jn 3 5 8 7 37 39 16 7 15 Acts 1 8 96 Cf Jn 20 22 Acts 2 1 14 97 Acts 2 11 Cf 2 17 18 98 Cf Acts 2 38 99 Paul VI Divinae consortium naturae 659 Cf Acts 8 15 17 19 5 6 Heb 6 2 100 Acts 10 38 101 Cf CCEO Can 695 1 696 1 102 Cf St Hippolytus Trad Ap 21 SCh 11 80 95 103 Cf Deut 11 14 Ps 23 5 104 15 104 Cf Isa 1 6 Lk 1034 105 2 Cor 2 15 106 Cf Gen 38 18 41 42 Deut 32 34 CT 8 6 107 Cf I Kings 21 8 Jer 32 10 Isa 29 11 108 Cf Jn 6 27 109 2 Cor 1 21 22 cf Eph 1 13 4 30 110 Cf Rev 7 2 3 9 4 Ezek 9 4 6 111 Cf SC 71 112 Cf CIC can 866 113 OC 25 114 Paul VI apostolic constitution Divinae consortium naturae 663 115 Rituale per le Chiese orientali di rito bizantino in lingua greca Pars Prima Libreria Editrice Vaticana 1954 36 116 Cf St Hippolytus Trad Ap 21 SCh 11 80 95 117 Rom 8 15 118 Cf LG 11 119 Cf Council Of Florence 1439 DS 1319 LG 11 12 120 St Ambrose De myst 7 42 PL 16 402 403 121 Cf Council of Trent 1547 DS 1609 Lk 24 48 49 122 St Thomas Aquinas STh III 72 5 ad 2 123 Cf CIC can 889 1 124 CIC can 890 125 Cf CIC cann 891 883 3 126 St Thomas Aquinas STh III 72 8 ad 2 Cf Wis 4 8 127 Cf OC Introduction 3 128 Cf Acts 1 14 129 Cf OC Introduction 5 6 CIC Can 893 1 2 130 Cf LG 26 131 Cf CIC Can 883 2 132 Cf CIC Can 882 133 Cf CIC Can 884 2 134 Cf CIC Can 883 3 135 SC 47 136 LG 11 137 PO 5 138 Congregation of Rites instruction Eucharisticum mysterium 6 139 Cf I Cor 15 28 140 St Irenaeus Adv haeres 4 18 5 PG 7 l 1028 141 Cf Lk 22 19 I Cor 11 24 142 Cf Mt 26 26 Mk 14 22 143 Cf I Cor 11 20 Rev 19 9 144 Cf Mt 14 19 15 36 Mk 8 6 19 145 Cf Mt 26 26 I Cor 11 24 146 Cf Lk 24 13 35 147 Cf Acts 2 42 46 20 7 11 148 Cf I Cor 10 16 17 149 Cf I Cor 11 17 34 150 Heb 13 15 cf I Pet 2 5 Ps 116 13 17 Mal 1 11 151 Cf I Cor 10 16 17 152 Apostolic Constitutions 8 13 12 PG 1 1108 Didache 9 5 10 6 SCh 248 176 178 153 St Ignatius of Antioch Ad Eph 20 2 SCh 10 76 154 Cf Ps 104 13 15 155 Gen 14 18 cf Roman Missal EP I Roman Canon 95 156 Cf Deut 8 3 157 I Cor 10 16 158 Cf Mt 14 13 21 15 32 39 159 Cf Jn 2 11 Mk 14 25 160 Jn 6 60 161 Jn 6 67 162 Jn 6 68 163 Cf Jn 13 1 17 34 35 164 Council of Trent 1562 DS 1740 165 Cf Jn 6 166 Lk 22 7 20 Cf Mt 26 17 29 Mk 14 12 25 Cor 11 23 26 167 Cf I Cor 11 26 168 Acts 2 42 46 169 Acts 20 7 170 AG 1 cf I Cor 11 26 171 St Justin Apol 1 65 67 PG 6 428 429 the text before the asterisk is from chap 67 172 SC 56 173 Cf DV 21 174 Cf Lk 24 13 35 175 Cf I Thess 2 13 176 I Tim 2 1 2 177 St Irenaeus Adv haeres 4 18 4 PG 7 1 1027 cf Mal 1 11 178 Cf I Cor 16 1 2 Cor 8 9 179 St Justin Apol 1 67 PG 6 429 180 Cf Roman Missal EP I Roman Canon 90 181 Jn 6 51 182 St Justin Apol 1 66 1 2 PG 6 428 183 I Cor 11 24 25 184 Cf Ex 13 3 185 Cf Heb 7 25 27 186 LG 3 cf I Cor 5 7 187 Lk 22 19 20 188 Mt 26 28 189 Council of Trent 1562 DS 1740 cf I Cor 11 23 Heb 7 24 27 190 Council of Trent 1562 Doctrina de ss Missae sacrificio c 2 DS 1743 cf Heb 9 14 27 191 St Ignatius of Antioch Ad Smyrn 8 1 SCh 10 138 192 PO 2 4 193 Council of Trent 1562 DS 1743 194 St Monica before her death to her sons St Augustine and his brother Conf 9 11 27 PL 32 775 195 St Cyril of Jerusalem Catech myst 5 9 10 PG 33 1116 1117 196 St Augustine De civ Dei 10 6 PL 41 283 cf Rom 12 5 197 Rom 8 34 cf LG 48 198 Mt 18 20 199 Cf Mt 25 31 46 200 SC 7 201 St Thomas Aquinas STh III 73 3c 202 Council of Trent 1551 DS 1651 203 Paul VI MF 39 204 St John

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    of the Catholic Church Why the liturgy 1066 In the Symbol of the faith the Church confesses the mystery of the Holy Trinity and of the plan of God s good pleasure for all creation the Father accomplishes the mystery of his will by giving his beloved Son and his Holy Spirit for the salvation of the world and for the glory of his name 1 Such is the mystery of Christ revealed and fulfilled in history according to the wisely ordered plan that St Paul calls the plan of the mystery 2 and the patristic tradition will call the economy of the Word incarnate or the economy of salvation 1067 The wonderful works of God among the people of the Old Testament were but a prelude to the work of Christ the Lord in redeeming mankind and giving perfect glory to God He accomplished this work principally by the Paschal mystery of his blessed Passion Resurrection from the dead and glorious Ascension whereby dying he destroyed our death rising he restored our life For it was from the side of Christ as he slept the sleep of death upon the cross that there came forth the wondrous sacrament of the whole Church 3 For this reason the Church celebrates in the liturgy above all the Paschal mystery by which Christ accomplished the work of our salvation 1068 It is this mystery of Christ that the Church proclaims and celebrates in her liturgy so that the faithful may live from it and bear witness to it in the world For it is in the liturgy especially in the divine sacrifice of the Eucharist that the work of our redemption is accomplished and it is through the liturgy especially that the faithful are enabled to express in their lives and manifest

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    public work or a service in the name of on behalf of the people In Christian tradition it means the participation of the People of God in the work of God 5 Through the liturgy Christ our redeemer and high priest continues the work of our redemption in with and through his Church 1070 In the New Testament the word liturgy refers not only to the celebration of divine worship but also to the proclamation of the Gospel and to active charity 6 In all of these situations it is a question of the service of God and neighbor In a liturgical celebration the Church is servant in the image of her Lord the one leitourgos 7 she shares in Christ s priesthood worship which is both prophetic proclamation and kingly service of charity The liturgy then is rightly seen as an exercise of the priestly office of Jesus Christ It involves the presentation of man s sanctification under the guise of signs perceptible by the senses and its accomplishment in ways appropriate to each of these signs In it full public worship is performed by the Mystical Body of Jesus Christ that is by the Head and his members

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    as source of life 1071 As the work of Christ liturgy is also an action of his Church It makes the Church present and manifests her as the visible sign of the communion in Christ between God and men It engages the faithful in the new life of the community and involves the conscious active and fruitful participation of everyone 9 1072 The sacred liturgy does not exhaust the entire

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    Dictionary Catechism Church Fathers Most Collection Free eBooks Catechism of the Catholic Church Prayer and liturgy 1073 The liturgy is also a participation in Christ s own prayer addressed to the Father in the Holy Spirit In the liturgy all Christian prayer finds its source and goal Through the liturgy the inner man is rooted and grounded in the great love with which the Father loved us in his beloved

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    liturgy is the summit toward which the activity of the Church is directed it is also the font from which all her power flows 13 It is therefore the privileged place for catechizing the People of God Catechesis is intrinsically linked with the whole of liturgical and sacramental activity for it is in the sacraments especially in the Eucharist that Christ Jesus works in fullness for the transformation of men 14 1075 Liturgical catechesis aims to initiate people into the mystery of Christ It is mystagogy by proceeding from the visible to the invisible from the sign to the thing signified from the sacraments to the mysteries Such catechesis is to be presented by local and regional catechisms This Catechism which aims to serve the whole Church in all the diversity of her rites and cultures 15 will present what is fundamental and common to the whole Church in the liturgy as mystery and as celebration Section One and then the seven sacraments and the sacramentals Section Two NOTES 1 Eph 1 9 2 Eph 3 9 cf 3 4 3 SC 5 2 cf St Augustine En in Ps 138 2 PL 37 1784 1785 4 SC 2 5

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