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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    Catholic Dictionary Catechism Church Fathers Most Collection Free eBooks Connect Home On Facebook On Twitter eNewsletters Site Tour Web Widgets Feeds Contact Us Advertise Subscribe Login Donate Resources Home Library Website Reviews What You Need to Know Catholic Dictionary Catechism Church Fathers Most Collection Free eBooks Action Alert SOLIDARITY MONTH 10 is as good as 1 000 Help set a new record for the number of gifts this month Goal 1 000 769 to go Catechism of the Catholic Church which participates in the liturgy of heaven 1090 In the earthly liturgy we share in a foretaste of that heavenly liturgy which is celebrated in the Holy City of Jerusalem toward which we journey as pilgrims where Christ is sitting at the right hand of God Minister of the sanctuary and of the true tabernacle With all the warriors of the heavenly army we sing a hymn of glory to the Lord venerating the memory of the saints we hope for some part and fellowship with them we eagerly await the Savior our Lord Jesus Christ until he our life shall appear and we too will appear with him in glory 13 Notes 13 SC 8 cf LG 50 English

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    transcends racial cultural social indeed all human affinities 1098 The assembly should prepare itself to encounter its Lord and to become a people well disposed The preparation of hearts is the joint work of the Holy Spirit and the assembly especially of its ministers The grace of the Holy Spirit seeks to awaken faith conversion of heart and adherence to the Father s will These dispositions are the precondition both for the reception of other graces conferred in the celebration itself and the fruits of new life which the celebration is intended to produce afterward The Holy Spirit recalls the mystery of Christ 1099 The Spirit and the Church cooperate to manifest Christ and his work of salvation in the liturgy Primarily in the Eucharist and by analogy in the other sacraments the liturgy is the memorial of the mystery of salvation The Holy Spirit is the Church s living memory 19 1100 The Word of God The Holy Spirit first recalls the meaning of the salvation event to the liturgical assembly by giving life to the Word of God which is proclaimed so that it may be received and lived In the celebration of the liturgy Sacred Scripture is extremely important From it come the lessons that are read and explained in the homily and the psalms that are sung It is from the Scriptures that the prayers collects and hymns draw their inspiration and their force and that actions and signs derive their meaning 20 1101 The Holy Spirit gives a spiritual understanding of the Word of God to those who read or hear it according to the dispositions of their hearts By means of the words actions and symbols that form the structure of a celebration the Spirit puts both the faithful and the ministers into a living relationship with Christ the Word and Image of the Father so that they can live out the meaning of what they hear contemplate and do in the celebration 1102 By the saving word of God faith is nourished in the hearts of believers By this faith then the congregation of the faithful begins and grows 21 The proclamation does not stop with a teaching it elicits the response of faith as consent and commitment directed at the covenant between God and his people Once again it is the Holy Spirit who gives the grace of faith strengthens it and makes it grow in the community The liturgical assembly is first of all a communion in faith 1103 Anamnesis The liturgical celebration always refers to God s saving interventions in history The economy of Revelation is realized by deeds and words which are intrinsically bound up with each other T he words for their part proclaim the works and bring to light the mystery they contain 22 In the Liturgy of the Word the Holy Spirit recalls to the assembly all that Christ has done for us In keeping with the nature of liturgical actions and the ritual traditions of

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    deeds words and symbols of the first covenant By this re reading in the Spirit of Truth starting from Christ the figures are unveiled 16 Thus the flood and Noah s ark prefigured salvation by Baptism 17 as did the cloud and the crossing of the Red Sea Water from the rock was the figure of the spiritual gifts of Christ and manna in the desert prefigured the Eucharist the true bread from heaven 18 1095 For this reason the Church especially during Advent and Lent and above all at the Easter Vigil re reads and re lives the great events of salvation history in the today of her liturgy But this also demands that catechesis help the faithful to open themselves to this spiritual understanding of the economy of salvation as the Church s liturgy reveals it and enables us to live it 1096 Jewish liturgy and Christian liturgy A better knowledge of the Jewish people s faith and religious life as professed and lived even now can help our better understanding of certain aspects of Christian liturgy For both Jews and Christians Sacred Scripture is an essential part of their respective liturgies in the proclamation of the Word of God the response to this word prayer of praise and intercession for the living and the dead invocation of God s mercy In its characteristic structure the Liturgy of the Word originates in Jewish prayer The Liturgy of the Hours and other liturgical texts and formularies as well as those of our most venerable prayers including the Lord s Prayer have parallels in Jewish prayer The Eucharistic Prayers also draw their inspiration from the Jewish tradition The relationship between Jewish liturgy and Christian liturgy but also their differences in content are particularly evident in the great feasts of the

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    memorial of the mystery of salvation The Holy Spirit is the Church s living memory 19 1100 The Word of God The Holy Spirit first recalls the meaning of the salvation event to the liturgical assembly by giving life to the Word of God which is proclaimed so that it may be received and lived In the celebration of the liturgy Sacred Scripture is extremely important From it come the lessons that are read and explained in the homily and the psalms that are sung It is from the Scriptures that the prayers collects and hymns draw their inspiration and their force and that actions and signs derive their meaning 20 1101 The Holy Spirit gives a spiritual understanding of the Word of God to those who read or hear it according to the dispositions of their hearts By means of the words actions and symbols that form the structure of a celebration the Spirit puts both the faithful and the ministers into a living relationship with Christ the Word and Image of the Father so that they can live out the meaning of what they hear contemplate and do in the celebration 1102 By the saving word of God faith is nourished in the hearts of believers By this faith then the congregation of the faithful begins and grows 21 The proclamation does not stop with a teaching it elicits the response of faith as consent and commitment directed at the covenant between God and his people Once again it is the Holy Spirit who gives the grace of faith strengthens it and makes it grow in the community The liturgical assembly is first of all a communion in faith 1103 Anamnesis The liturgical celebration always refers to God s saving interventions in history The economy of Revelation is

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    Paschal mystery of Christ is celebrated not repeated It is the celebrations that are repeated and in each celebration there is an outpouring of the Holy Spirit that makes the unique mystery present 1105 The Epiclesis invocation upon is the intercession in which the priest begs the Father to send the Holy Spirit the Sanctifier so that the offerings may become the body and blood of Christ and that the faithful by receiving them may themselves become a living offering to God 23 1106 Together with the anamnesis the epiclesis is at the heart of each sacramental celebration most especially of the Eucharist You ask how the bread becomes the Body of Christ and the wine the Blood of Christ I shall tell you the Holy Spirit comes upon them and accomplishes what surpasses every word and thought Let it be enough for you to understand that it is by the Holy Spirit just as it was of the Holy Virgin and by the Holy Spirit that the Lord through and in himself took flesh 24 1107 The Holy Spirit s transforming power in the liturgy hastens the coming of the kingdom and the consummation of the mystery of salvation

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    is like the sap of the Father s vine which bears fruit on its branches 26 The most intimate cooperation of the Holy Spirit and the Church is achieved in the liturgy The Spirit who is the Spirit of communion abides indefectibly in the Church For this reason the Church is the great sacrament of divine communion which gathers God s scattered children together Communion with the Holy Trinity and fraternal communion are inseparably the fruit of the Spirit in the liturgy 27 1109 The epiclesis is also a prayer for the full effect of the assembly s communion with the mystery of Christ The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit 28 have to remain with us always and bear fruit beyond the Eucharistic celebration The Church therefore asks the Father to send the Holy Spirit to make the lives of the faithful a living sacrifice to God by their spiritual transformation into the image of Christ by concern for the Church s unity and by taking part in her mission through the witness and service of charity IN BRIEF 1110 In the liturgy of the Church God the Father is blessed and adored as the source of all the blessings of creation and salvation with which he has blessed us in his Son in order to give us the Spirit of filial adoption 1111 Christ s work in the liturgy is sacramental because his mystery of salvation is made present there by the power of his Holy Spirit because his Body which is the Church is like a sacrament sign and instrument in which the Holy Spirit dispenses the mystery of salvation and because through her liturgical actions the pilgrim Church already participates as by a foretaste

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    and of the Holy Spirit 42 The mission to baptize and so the sacramental mission is implied in the mission to evangelize because the sacrament is prepared for by the word of God and by the faith which is assent to this word The People of God is formed into one in the first place by the Word of the living God The preaching of the Word is required for the sacramental ministry itself since the sacraments are sacraments of faith drawing their origin and nourishment from the Word 43 1123 The purpose of the sacraments is to sanctify men to build up the Body of Christ and finally to give worship to God Because they are signs they also instruct They not only presuppose faith but by words and objects they also nourish strengthen and express it That is why they are called sacraments of faith 44 1124 The Church s faith precedes the faith of the believer who is invited to adhere to it When the Church celebrates the sacraments she confesses the faith received from the apostles whence the ancient saying lex orandi lex credendi or legem credendi lex statuat supplicandi according to Prosper of Aquitaine 5th cent 45 The law of prayer is the law of faith the Church believes as she prays Liturgy is a constitutive element of the holy and living Tradition 46 1125 For this reason no sacramental rite may be modified or manipulated at the will of the minister or the community Even the supreme authority in the Church may not change the liturgy arbitrarily but only in the obedience of faith and with religious respect for the mystery of the liturgy 1126 Likewise since the sacraments express and develop the communion of faith in the Church the lex orandi is one of the essential criteria of the dialogue that seeks to restore the unity of Christians 47 IV THE SACRAMENTS OF SALVATION 1127 Celebrated worthily in faith the sacraments confer the grace that they signify 48 They are efficacious because in them Christ himself is at work it is he who baptizes he who acts in his sacraments in order to communicate the grace that each sacrament signifies The Father always hears the prayer of his Son s Church which in the epiclesis of each sacrament expresses her faith in the power of the Spirit As fire transforms into itself everything it touches so the Holy Spirit transforms into the divine life whatever is subjected to his power 1128 This is the meaning of the Church s affirmation 49 that the sacraments act ex opere operato literally by the very fact of the action s being performed i e by virtue of the saving work of Christ accomplished once for all It follows that the sacrament is not wrought by the righteousness of either the celebrant or the recipient but by the power of God 50 From the moment that a sacrament is celebrated in accordance with the intention of the

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    Subscribe Login Donate Resources Home Library Website Reviews What You Need to Know Catholic Dictionary Catechism Church Fathers Most Collection Free eBooks Catechism of the Catholic Church THE SACRAMENTS OF CHRIST 1114 Adhering to the teaching of the Holy Scriptures to the apostolic traditions and to the consensus of the Fathers we profess that the sacraments of the new law were all instituted by Jesus Christ our Lord 31 1115 Jesus words and actions during his hidden life and public ministry were already salvific for they anticipated the power of his Paschal mystery They announced and prepared what he was going to give the Church when all was accomplished The mysteries of Christ s life are the foundations of what he would henceforth dispense in the sacraments through the ministers of his Church for what was visible in our Savior has passed over into his mysteries 32 1116 Sacraments are powers that comes forth from the Body of Christ 33 which is ever living and life giving They are actions of the Holy Spirit at work in his Body the Church They are the masterworks of God in the new and everlasting covenant Notes 31 Council of Trent 1547 DS

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