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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    of the Catholic Church The Lord s day 1166 By a tradition handed down from the apostles which took its origin from the very day of Christ s Resurrection the Church celebrates the Paschal mystery every seventh day which day is appropriately called the Lord s Day or Sunday 36 The day of Christ s Resurrection is both the first day of the week the memorial of the first day of creation and the eighth day on which Christ after his rest on the great sabbath inaugurates the day that the Lord has made the day that knows no evening 37 The Lord s Supper is its center for there the whole community of the faithful encounters the risen Lord who invites them to his banquet 38 The Lord s day the day of Resurrection the day of Christians is our day It is called the Lord s day because on it the Lord rose victorious to the Father If pagans call it the day of the sun we willingly agree for today the light of the world is raised today is revealed the sun of justice with healing in his rays 39 1167 Sunday is the pre eminent day for the liturgical assembly when the faithful gather to listen to the word of God and take part in the Eucharist thus calling to mind the Passion Resurrection and glory of the Lord Jesus and giving thanks to God who has begotten them again by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead unto a living hope 40 When we ponder O Christ the marvels accomplished on this day the Sunday of your holy resurrection we say Blessed is Sunday for on it began creation the world s salvation the renewal of the human race On Sunday heaven and earth

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    the liturgy It really is a year of the Lord s favor 42 The economy of salvation is at work within the framework of time but since its fulfillment in the Passover of Jesus and the outpouring of the Holy Spirit the culmination of history is anticipated as a foretaste and the kingdom of God enters into our time 1169 Therefore Easter is not simply one feast among others but the Feast of feasts the Solemnity of solemnities just as the Eucharist is the Sacrament of sacraments the Great Sacrament St Athanasius calls Easter the Great Sunday 43 and the Eastern Churches call Holy Week the Great Week The mystery of the Resurrection in which Christ crushed death permeates with its powerful energy our old time until all is subjected to him 1170 At the Council of Nicaea in 325 all the Churches agreed that Easter the Christian Passover should be celebrated on the Sunday following the first full moon 14 Nisan after the vernal equinox Because of different methods of calculating the 14th day of the month of Nisan the date of Easter in the Western and Eastern Churches is not always the same For this reason the Churches

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    to Know Catholic Dictionary Catechism Church Fathers Most Collection Free eBooks Connect Home On Facebook On Twitter eNewsletters Site Tour Web Widgets Feeds Contact Us Advertise Subscribe Login Donate Resources Home Library Website Reviews What You Need to Know Catholic Dictionary Catechism Church Fathers Most Collection Free eBooks Catechism of the Catholic Church The sanctoral in the liturgical year 1172 In celebrating this annual cycle of the mysteries of Christ Holy Church honors the Blessed Mary Mother of God with a special love She is inseparably linked with the saving work of her Son In her the Church admires and exalts the most excellent fruit of redemption and joyfully contemplates as in a faultless image that which she herself desires and hopes wholly to be 44 1173 When the Church keeps the memorials of martyrs and other saints during the annual cycle she proclaims the Paschal mystery in those who have suffered and have been glorified with Christ She proposes them to the faithful as examples who draw all men to the Father through Christ and through their merits she begs for God s favors 45 Notes 44 SC 103 45 SC 104 cf SC 108 111 English Translation of

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    whole course of the day and night is made holy by the praise of God 47 In this public prayer of the Church 48 the faithful clergy religious and lay people exercise the royal priesthood of the baptized Celebrated in the form approved by the Church the Liturgy of the Hours is truly the voice of the Bride herself addressed to her Bridegroom It is the very prayer which Christ himself together with his Body addresses to the Father 49 1175 The Liturgy of the Hours is intended to become the prayer of the whole People of God In it Christ himself continues his priestly work through his Church 50 His members participate according to their own place in the Church and the circumstances of their lives priests devoted to the pastoral ministry because they are called to remain diligent in prayer and the service of the word religious by the charism of their consecrated lives all the faithful as much as possible Pastors of souls should see to it that the principal hours especially Vespers are celebrated in common in church on Sundays and on the more solemn feasts The laity too are encouraged to recite the divine office either with the priests or among themselves or even individually 51 1176 The celebration of the Liturgy of the Hours demands not only harmonizing the voice with the praying heart but also a deeper understanding of the liturgy and of the Bible especially of the Psalms 52 1177 The hymns and litanies of the Liturgy of the Hours integrate the prayer of the psalms into the age of the Church expressing the symbolism of the time of day the liturgical season or the feast being celebrated Moreover the reading from the Word of God at each Hour with the subsequent

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    chair of the bishop cathedra or that of the priest should express his office of presiding over the assembly and of directing prayer 63 The lectern ambo The dignity of the Word of God requires the church to have a suitable place for announcing his message so that the attention of the people may be easily directed to that place during the liturgy of the Word 64 1185 The gathering of the People of God begins with Baptism a church must have a place for the celebration of Baptism baptistry and for fostering remembrance of the baptismal promises holy water font The renewal of the baptismal life requires penance A church then must lend itself to the expression of repentance and the reception of forgiveness which requires an appropriate place to receive penitents A church must also be a space that invites us to the recollection and silent prayer that extend and internalize the great prayer of the Eucharist 1186 Finally the church has an eschatological significance To enter into the house of God we must cross a threshold which symbolizes passing from the world wounded by sin to the world of the new Life to which all men are called The visible church is a symbol of the Father s house toward which the People of God is journeying and where the Father will wipe every tear from their eyes 65 Also for this reason the Church is the house of all God s children open and welcoming IN BRIEF 1187 The liturgy is the work of the whole Christ head and body Our high priest celebrates it unceasingly in the heavenly liturgy with the holy Mother of God the apostles all the saints and the multitude of those who have already entered the kingdom 1188 In a liturgical celebration the whole assembly is leitourgos each member according to his own function The baptismal priesthood is that of the whole Body of Christ But some of the faithful are ordained through the sacrament of Holy Orders to represent Christ as head of the Body 1189 The liturgical celebration involves signs and symbols relating to creation candles water fire human life washing anointing breaking bread and the history of salvation the rites of the Passover Integrated into the world of faith and taken up by the power of the Holy Spirit these cosmic elements human rituals and gestures of remembrance of God become bearers of the saving and sanctifying action of Christ 1190 The Liturgy of the Word is an integral part of the celebration The meaning of the celebration is expressed by the Word of God which is proclaimed and by the response of faith to it 1191 Song and music are closely connected with the liturgical action The criteria for their proper use are the beauty expressive of prayer the unanimous participation of the assembly and the sacred character of the celebration 1192 Sacred images in our churches and homes are intended to awaken and nourish our faith

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    Church holds all lawfully recognized rites to be of equal right and dignity and that she wishes to preserve them in the future and to foster them in every way 69 Liturgy and culture 1204 The celebration of the liturgy therefore should correspond to the genius and culture of the different peoples 70 In order that the mystery of Christ be made known to all the nations to bring about the obedience of faith 71 it must be proclaimed celebrated and lived in all cultures in such a way that they themselves are not abolished by it but redeemed and fulfilled 72 It is with and through their own human culture assumed and transfigured by Christ that the multitude of God s children has access to the Father in order to glorify him in the one Spirit 1205 In the liturgy above all that of the sacraments there is an immutable part a part that is divinely instituted and of which the Church is the guardian and parts that can be changed which the Church has the power and on occasion also the duty to adapt to the cultures of recently evangelized peoples 73 1206 Liturgical diversity can be a source of enrichment but it can also provoke tensions mutual misunderstandings and even schisms In this matter it is clear that diversity must not damage unity It must express only fidelity to the common faith to the sacramental signs that the Church has received from Christ and to hierarchical communion Cultural adaptation also requires a conversion of heart and even where necessary a breaking with ancestral customs incompatible with the Catholic faith 74 IN BRIEF 1207 It is fitting that liturgical celebration tends to express itself in the culture of the people where the Church finds herself though without being submissive to it Moreover the liturgy itself generates cultures and shapes them 1208 The diverse liturgical traditions or rites legitimately recognized manifest the catholicity of the Church because they signify and communicate the same mystery of Christ 1209 The criterion that assures unity amid the diversity of liturgical traditions is fidelity to apostolic Tradition i e the communion in the faith and the sacraments received from the apostles a communion that is both signified and guaranteed by apostolic succession NOTES 1 Rev 4 2 8 Isa 6 1 cf Ezek 1 26 28 2 Rev 5 6 Liturgy of St John Chrysostom Anaphora cf Jn 1 29 Heb 4 14 15 10 19 2 3 Rev 22 1 cf 21 6 Jn 4 10 14 4 Cf Rev 4 5 7 1 8 14 1 Isa 6 2 3 5 Rev 6 9 11 Rev 21 9 cf 12 6 Rev 7 9 7 SC 26 8 SC 27 9 LG 10 cf I Pet 2 4 5 10 Cf LG 10 34 PO 2 11 SC 14 Cf I Pet 2 9 2 4 5 12 Rom 12 4 13 Cf PO 2 15 14 SC 29 15 SC

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    the Catholic Church Liturgical traditions and the catholicity of the Church 1200 From the first community of Jerusalem until the parousia it is the same Paschal mystery that the Churches of God faithful to the apostolic faith celebrate in every place The mystery celebrated in the liturgy is one but the forms of its celebration are diverse 1201 The mystery of Christ is so unfathomably rich that it cannot be exhausted by its expression in any single liturgical tradition The history of the blossoming and development of these rites witnesses to a remarkable complementarity When the Churches lived their respective liturgical traditions in the communion of the faith and the sacraments of the faith they enriched one another and grew in fidelity to Tradition and to the common mission of the whole Church 66 1202 The diverse liturgical traditions have arisen by very reason of the Church s mission Churches of the same geographical and cultural area came to celebrate the mystery of Christ through particular expressions characterized by the culture in the tradition of the deposit of faith 67 in liturgical symbolism in the organization of fraternal communion in the theological understanding of the mysteries and in various forms of holiness Through the liturgical life of a local church Christ the light and salvation of all peoples is made manifest to the particular people and culture to which that Church is sent and in which she is rooted The Church is catholic capable of integrating into her unity while purifying them all the authentic riches of cultures 68 1203 The liturgical traditions or rites presently in use in the Church are the Latin principally the Roman rite but also the rites of certain local churches such as the Ambrosian rite or those of certain religious orders and the Byzantine

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    diversity can be a source of enrichment but it can also provoke tensions mutual misunderstandings and even schisms In this matter it is clear that diversity must not damage unity It must express only fidelity to the common faith to the sacramental signs that the Church has received from Christ and to hierarchical communion Cultural adaptation also requires a conversion of heart and even where necessary a breaking with ancestral customs incompatible with the Catholic faith 74 IN BRIEF 1207 It is fitting that liturgical celebration tends to express itself in the culture of the people where the Church finds herself though without being submissive to it Moreover the liturgy itself generates cultures and shapes them 1208 The diverse liturgical traditions or rites legitimately recognized manifest the catholicity of the Church because they signify and communicate the same mystery of Christ 1209 The criterion that assures unity amid the diversity of liturgical traditions is fidelity to apostolic Tradition i e the communion in the faith and the sacraments received from the apostles a communion that is both signified and guaranteed by apostolic succession NOTES 1 Rev 4 2 8 Isa 6 1 cf Ezek 1 26 28 2 Rev 5 6 Liturgy of St John Chrysostom Anaphora cf Jn 1 29 Heb 4 14 15 10 19 2 3 Rev 22 1 cf 21 6 Jn 4 10 14 4 Cf Rev 4 5 7 1 8 14 1 Isa 6 2 3 5 Rev 6 9 11 Rev 21 9 cf 12 6 Rev 7 9 7 SC 26 8 SC 27 9 LG 10 cf I Pet 2 4 5 10 Cf LG 10 34 PO 2 11 SC 14 Cf I Pet 2 9 2 4 5 12 Rom 12 4 13 Cf PO 2 15 14 SC 29 15 SC 28 16 Cf Wis 13 1 Rom 1 19f Acts 14 17 17 Cf Lk 8 10 18 Cf Jn 9 6 Mk 7 33ff 8 22ff 19 Cf Lk 9 31 22 7 20 20 SC 112 21 Eph 5 19 St Augustine En in Ps 72 1 PL 36 914 cf Col 3 16 22 SC 112 3 23 Cf SC 112 24 St Augustine Conf 9 6 14 PL 32 769 770 25 Cf SC 119 26 SC 118 121 27 St John Damascene De imag 1 16 PG 96 1245 1248 28 Council of Nicaea II 787 COD 111 29 Heb 12 1 30 Cf Rom 8 29 I Jn 3 2 31 Council of Nicaea II DS 600 32 St John Damascene De imag 1 27 PG 94 1268A B 33 SC 102 34 Cf Mt 6 11 Heb 3 7 4 11 Ps 95 7 35 St Hippolytus De pasch 1 2 SCh 27 117 36 SC 106 37 Byzantine liturgy 38 Cf Jn 21 12 Lk 24 30 39 St Jerome Pasch CCL 78 550 40 SC 106 41 Fanqith The Syriac Office of Antioch vol VI first part

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