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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    creatures which must be purified either here on earth or after death in the state called Purgatory This purification frees one from what is called the temporal punishment of sin These two punishments must not be conceived of as a kind of vengeance inflicted by God from without but as following from the very nature of sin A conversion which proceeds from a fervent charity can attain the complete purification of the sinner in such a way that no punishment would remain 84 1473 The forgiveness of sin and restoration of communion with God entail the remission of the eternal punishment of sin but temporal punishment of sin remains While patiently bearing sufferings and trials of all kinds and when the day comes serenely facing death the Christian must strive to accept this temporal punishment of sin as a grace He should strive by works of mercy and charity as well as by prayer and the various practices of penance to put off completely the old man and to put on the new man 85 In the Communion of Saints 1474 The Christian who seeks to purify himself of his sin and to become holy with the help of God s grace is not alone The life of each of God s children is joined in Christ and through Christ in a wonderful way to the life of all the other Christian brethren in the supernatural unity of the Mystical Body of Christ as in a single mystical person 86 1475 In the communion of saints a perennial link of charity exists between the faithful who have already reached their heavenly home those who are expiating their sins in purgatory and those who are still pilgrims on earth between them there is too an abundant exchange of all good things 87 In this wonderful exchange the holiness of one profits others well beyond the harm that the sin of one could cause others Thus recourse to the communion of saints lets the contrite sinner be more promptly and efficaciously purified of the punishments for sin 1476 We also call these spiritual goods of the communion of saints the Church s treasury which is not the sum total of the material goods which have accumulated during the course of the centuries On the contrary the treasury of the Church is the infinite value which can never be exhausted which Christ s merits have before God They were offered so that the whole of mankind could be set free from sin and attain communion with the Father In Christ the Redeemer himself the satisfactions and merits of his Redemption exist and find their effficacy 88 1477 This treasury includes as well the prayers and good works of the Blessed Virgin Mary They are truly immense unfathomable and even pristine in their value before God In the treasury too are the prayers and good works of all the saints all those who have followed in the footsteps of Christ the Lord and by

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    Goal 1 000 769 to go Catechism of the Catholic Church The punishments of sin 1472 To understand this doctrine and practice of the Church it is necessary to understand that sin has a double consequence Grave sin deprives us of communion with God and therefore makes us incapable of eternal life the privation of which is called the eternal punishment of sin On the other hand every sin even venial entails an unhealthy attachment to creatures which must be purified either here on earth or after death in the state called Purgatory This purification frees one from what is called the temporal punishment of sin These two punishments must not be conceived of as a kind of vengeance inflicted by God from without but as following from the very nature of sin A conversion which proceeds from a fervent charity can attain the complete purification of the sinner in such a way that no punishment would remain 84 1473 The forgiveness of sin and restoration of communion with God entail the remission of the eternal punishment of sin but temporal punishment of sin remains While patiently bearing sufferings and trials of all kinds and when the day comes serenely

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    become holy with the help of God s grace is not alone The life of each of God s children is joined in Christ and through Christ in a wonderful way to the life of all the other Christian brethren in the supernatural unity of the Mystical Body of Christ as in a single mystical person 86 1475 In the communion of saints a perennial link of charity exists between the faithful who have already reached their heavenly home those who are expiating their sins in purgatory and those who are still pilgrims on earth between them there is too an abundant exchange of all good things 87 In this wonderful exchange the holiness of one profits others well beyond the harm that the sin of one could cause others Thus recourse to the communion of saints lets the contrite sinner be more promptly and efficaciously purified of the punishments for sin 1476 We also call these spiritual goods of the communion of saints the Church s treasury which is not the sum total of the material goods which have accumulated during the course of the centuries On the contrary the treasury of the Church is the infinite value which can never be exhausted which Christ s merits have before God They were offered so that the whole of mankind could be set free from sin and attain communion with the Father In Christ the Redeemer himself the satisfactions and merits of his Redemption exist and find their effficacy 88 1477 This treasury includes as well the prayers and good works of the Blessed Virgin Mary They are truly immense unfathomable and even pristine in their value before God In the treasury too are the prayers and good works of all the saints all those who have followed in the

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    Need to Know Catholic Dictionary Catechism Church Fathers Most Collection Free eBooks Connect Home On Facebook On Twitter eNewsletters Site Tour Web Widgets Feeds Contact Us Advertise Subscribe Login Donate Resources Home Library Website Reviews What You Need to Know Catholic Dictionary Catechism Church Fathers Most Collection Free eBooks Catechism of the Catholic Church Obtaining indulgence from God through the Church 1478 An indulgence is obtained through the Church who by virtue of the power of binding and loosing granted her by Christ Jesus intervenes in favor of individual Christians and opens for them the treasury of the merits of Christ and the saints to obtain from the Father of mercies the remission of the temporal punishments due for their sins Thus the Church does not want simply to come to the aid of these Christians but also to spur them to works of devotion penance and charity 90 1479 Since the faithful departed now being purified are also members of the same communion of saints one way we can help them is to obtain indulgences for them so that the temporal punishments due for their sins may be remitted Notes 90 Cf Indulgentiarum doctrina 5 English Translation of the

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    very nature a liturgical action and therefore an ecclesial and public action 91 1483 In case of grave necessity recourse may be had to a communal celebration of reconciliation with general confession and general absolution Grave necessity of this sort can arise when there is imminent danger of death without sufficient time for the priest or priests to hear each penitent s confession Grave necessity can also exist when given the number of penitents there are not enough confessors to hear individual confessions properly in a reasonable time so that the penitents through no fault of their own would be deprived of sacramental grace or Holy Communion for a long time In this case for the absolution to be valid the faithful must have the intention of individually confessing their grave sins in the time required 92 The diocesan bishop is the judge of whether or not the conditions required for general absolution exist 93 A large gathering of the faithful on the occasion of major feasts or pilgrimages does not constitute a case of grave necessity 94 1484 Individual integral confession and absolution remain the only ordinary way for the faithful to reconcile themselves with God and the Church unless physical or moral impossibility excuses from this kind of confession 95 There are profound reasons for this Christ is at work in each of the sacraments He personally addresses every sinner My son your sins are forgiven 96 He is the physician tending each one of the sick who need him to cure them 97 He raises them up and reintegrates them into fraternal communion Personal confession is thus the form most expressive of reconciliation with God and with the Church IN BRIEF 1485 On the evening of that day the first day of the week Jesus showed himself to his apostles He breathed on them and said to them Receive the Holy Spirit If you forgive the sins of any they are forgiven if you retain the sins of any they are retained Jn 20 19 22 23 1486 The forgiveness of sins committed after Baptism is conferred by a particular sacrament called the sacrament of conversion confession penance or reconciliation 1487 The sinner wounds God s honor and love his own human dignity as a man called to be a son of God and the spiritual well being of the Church of which each Christian ought to be a living stone 1488 To the eyes of faith no evil is graver than sin and nothing has worse consequences for sinners themselves for the Church and for the whole world 1489 To return to communion with God after having lost it through sin is a process born of the grace of God who is rich in mercy and solicitous for the salvation of men One must ask for this precious gift for oneself and for others 1490 The movement of return to God called conversion and repentance entails sorrow for and abhorrence of sins committed and the firm

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    condition becomes more serious the sacrament may be repeated It is fitting to receive the Anointing of the Sick just prior to a serious operation The same holds for the elderly whose frailty becomes more pronounced let him call for the presbyters of the Church 1516 Only priests bishops and presbyters are ministers of the Anointing of the Sick 131 It is the duty of pastors to instruct the faithful on the benefits of this sacrament The faithful should encourage the sick to call for a priest to receive this sacrament The sick should prepare themselves to receive it with good dispositions assisted by their pastor and the whole ecclesial community which is invited to surround the sick in a special way through their prayers and fraternal attention III HOW IS THIS SACRAMENT CELEBRATED 1517 Like all the sacraments the Anointing of the Sick is a liturgical and communal celebration 132 whether it takes place in the family home a hospital or church for a single sick person or a whole group of sick persons It is very fitting to celebrate it within the Eucharist the memorial of the Lord s Passover If circumstances suggest it the celebration of the sacrament can be preceded by the sacrament of Penance and followed by the sacrament of the Eucharist As the sacrament of Christ s Passover the Eucharist should always be the last sacrament of the earthly journey the viaticum for passing over to eternal life 1518 Word and sacrament form an indivisible whole The Liturgy of the Word preceded by an act of repentance opens the celebration The words of Christ the witness of the apostles awaken the faith of the sick person and of the community to ask the Lord for the strength of his Spirit 1519 The celebration of the sacrament includes the following principal elements the priests of the Church 133 in silence lay hands on the sick they pray over them in the faith of the Church 134 this is the epiclesis proper to this sacrament they then anoint them with oil blessed if possible by the bishop These liturgical actions indicate what grace this sacrament confers upon the sick IV THE EFFECTS OF THE CELEBRATION OF THIS SACRAMENT 1520 A particular gift of the Holy Spirit The first grace of this sacrament is one of strengthening peace and courage to overcome the difficulties that go with the condition of serious illness or the frailty of old age This grace is a gift of the Holy Spirit who renews trust and faith in God and strengthens against the temptations of the evil one the temptation to discouragement and anguish in the face of death 135 This assistance from the Lord by the power of his Spirit is meant to lead the sick person to healing of the soul but also of the body if such is God s will 136 Furthermore if he has committed sins he will be forgiven 137 1521 Union with the passion of Christ By the grace of this sacrament the sick person receives the strength and the gift of uniting himself more closely to Christ s Passion in a certain way he is consecrated to bear fruit by configuration to the Savior s redemptive Passion Suffering a consequence of original sin acquires a new meaning it becomes a participation in the saving work of Jesus 1522 An ecclesial grace The sick who receive this sacrament by freely uniting themselves to the passion and death of Christ contribute to the good of the People of God 138 By celebrating this sacrament the Church in the communion of saints intercedes for the benefit of the sick person and he for his part though the grace of this sacrament contributes to the sanctification of the Church and to the good of all men for whom the Church suffers and offers herself through Christ to God the Father 1523 A preparation for the final journey If the sacrament of anointing of the sick is given to all who suffer from serious illness and infirmity even more rightly is it given to those at the point of departing this life so it is also called sacramentum exeuntium the sacrament of those departing 139 The Anointing of the Sick completes our conformity to the death and Resurrection of Christ just as Baptism began it It completes the holy anointings that mark the whole Christian life that of Baptism which sealed the new life in us and that of Confirmation which strengthened us for the combat of this life This last anointing fortifies the end of our earthly life like a solid rampart for the final struggles before entering the Father s house 140 V VIATICUM THE LAST SACRAMENT OF THE CHRISTIAN 1524 In addition to the Anointing of the Sick the Church offers those who are about to leave this life the Eucharist as viaticum Communion in the body and blood of Christ received at this moment of passing over to the Father has a particular significance and importance It is the seed of eternal life and the power of resurrection according to the words of the Lord He who eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life and I will raise him up at the last day 141 The sacrament of Christ once dead and now risen the Eucharist is here the sacrament of passing over from death to life from this world to the Father 142 1525 Thus just as the sacraments of Baptism Confirmation and the Eucharist form a unity called the sacraments of Christian initiation so too it can be said that Penance the Anointing of the Sick and the Eucharist as viaticum constitute at the end of Christian life the sacraments that prepare for our heavenly homeland or the sacraments that complete the earthly pilgrimage IN BRIEF 1526 Isa any among you sick Let him call for the presbyters of the Church and let them pray over him anointing him with

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    did not heal all the sick His healings were signs of the coming of the Kingdom of God They announced a more radical healing the victory over sin and death through his Passover On the cross Christ took upon himself the whole weight of evil and took away the sin of the world 113 of which illness is only a consequence By his passion and death on the cross Christ has given a new meaning to suffering it can henceforth configure us to him and unite us with his redemptive Passion Heal the sick 1506 Christ invites his disciples to follow him by taking up their cross in their turn 114 By following him they acquire a new outlook on illness and the sick Jesus associates them with his own life of poverty and service He makes them share in his ministry of compassion and healing So they went out and preached that men should repent And they cast out many demons and anointed with oil many that were sick and healed them 115 1507 The risen Lord renews this mission In my name they will lay their hands on the sick and they will recover 116 and confirms it through the signs that the Church performs by invoking his name 117 These signs demonstrate in a special way that Jesus is truly God who saves 118 1508 The Holy Spirit gives to some a special charism of healing 119 so as to make manifest the power of the grace of the risen Lord But even the most intense prayers do not always obtain the healing of all illnesses Thus St Paul must learn from the Lord that my grace is sufficient for you for my power is made perfect in weakness and that the sufferings to be endured can mean that in my flesh I complete what is lacking in Christ s afflictions for the sake of his Body that is the Church 120 1509 Heal the sick 121 The Church has received this charge from the Lord and strives to carry it out by taking care of the sick as well as by accompanying them with her prayer of intercession She believes in the life giving presence of Christ the physician of souls and bodies This presence is particularly active through the sacraments and in an altogether special way through the Eucharist the bread that gives eternal life and that St Paul suggests is connected with bodily health 122 1510 However the apostolic Church has its own rite for the sick attested to by St James Isa any among you sick Let him call for the elders presbyters of the Church and let them pray over him anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord and the prayer of faith will save the sick man and the Lord will raise him up and if he has committed sins he will be forgiven 123 Tradition has recognized in this rite one of the seven sacraments 124 A

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  • Catechism of the Catholic Church | Catholic Culture
    as good as 1 000 Help set a new record for the number of gifts this month Goal 1 000 769 to go Catechism of the Catholic Church Illness in human life 1500 Illness and suffering have always been among the gravest problems confronted in human life In illness man experiences his powerlessness his limitations and his finitude Every illness can make us glimpse death 1501 Illness can lead to

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