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  • New UN Human Rights Expert Outlines Priorities | Charity & Security Network
    have been willing at times to abandon those core values on the pretext of defending them he added Stressing that this is only a question of respecting human rights but also one of effective prevention Emmerson said violent extremism would not be defeated by law enforcement and intelligence operations alone Human rights abusive counter terrorism policies far from solving the objective of preventing terrorism have over the past 10 years all too often contributed to the grievances and perceived grievances which cause people to take the wrong choices and to engage in crimes of terrorism around the world he said Emmerson called on governments around the world to respect human rights in their anti terror measures and said that by doing so they are contributing to preventing violent extremism by addressing the conditions conducive to its development Human rights compliant counter terrorism measures are not solely a question of legitimacy They are also a question of effective prevention he said This was reiterated by 2010 s Security Council Resolution 1963 which states that effective counter terrorism measures and respect for human rights were complementary and mutually reinforcing and noting the importance of respect for the rule of law in combating terrorism On improving the delisting process of individuals and groups on the UN terror sanctions list Emmerson said he expects the efforts started by Resolution 1904 will continue Among other things 1904 established an Ombudsperson position which reviews delisting requests and makes recommendations to the UN Security Council He said he would continue examining the Ombudsperson position and the nearly 20 cases she was investigating identifying possible best practices and areas for further improvement Emmerson was named Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism on Aug 1 2011 He has had

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/node/663 (2016-02-16)
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  • Expert: Basic Human Rights Still Missing from UN Sanctions Regime | Charity & Security Network
    s move lays the groundwork for de listing members of the Taliban to participate in reconciliation efforts in Afghanistan The terrorist blacklist has been subject to consistent and growing criticism including by certain judicial bodies and the UN Human Rights Committee for its human rights shortcomings Issues of fair trial and due process right to privacy freedom of movement and right to property have been raised and litigated Scheinin said in his statement On June 17 the UN Security Council adopted two resolutions a new blacklist of individuals and organizations linked to al Qaeda Resolution 1989 and another of those connected with Taliban Resolution 1988 whose activities focus on Afghanistan The separate lists make it easier to add and remove people and entities The Security Council also established specific criteria for having an individual or organization de listed which Scheinin criticized as politically motivated and without proper legal and human rights considerations Scheinin described the Taliban sanctions regime as a retrogressive step that roles back some of the improvements made to the listing process in Security Council Resolution 1904 The Delisting Ombudsperson introduced through Resolution 1904 2009 as a dimension of independent review in relation to the consolidated Taliban and Al Qaida terrorist list will have no role in the new Taliban sanctions regime Martin Scheinin was appointed Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism by the former UN Commission on Human Rights in August 2005 He is Professor of Public International Law at the European University Institute EUI in Florence Italy Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/Basic_Human_Rights_Still_Missing_From_UN_Sanctions (2016-02-16)
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  • US Defends Human Rights Record Before UN | Charity & Security Network
    news briefing after the council debate that the US got a fair hearing One of the top Obama officials present at the review Harold Koh Legal Advisor U S Department of State said the administration would conduct a considered interagency examination of all 228 recommendations and that some of the recommendations invite fuller discussion within our government and with our own civil society Many U S groups including the Charity and Security Network CSN filed statements calling attention to needed improvements in the U S government s human rights practices CSN s filing stressed the need to remove barriers to the legitimate work of U S charities created by current national security laws which inhibit civil society s ability to support and protect vulnerable people around the world promote human rights and contribute to sustaining democratic societies Koh s remarks were welcomed by many human rights advocates who had been closely involved in the UPR process and hope these recommendations are brought home through federal coordination with state and local governments Jamil Dakwar Director of the American Civil Liberties Union Human Rights Program said The Obama administration should be commended for its participation in the UPR But in order to lead by example this international engagement must be followed by concrete domestic policies and actions and a commitment to fixing all domestic human rights abuses not just the ones that are most convenient At a town hall press conference immediately after the U S s review full transcript available here Koh and other top U S officials responded to questions from U S civil society groups Wade Henderson president of the Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights asked if the administration would issuean Executive Order to create an interagency working group on human rights Posner responded by saying the

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/US_Defends_Human_Rights_Record_Before_UN (2016-02-16)
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  • U.S.’s First Report to UN Human Rights Council Admits Shortcomings | Charity & Security Network
    to protect national security and privacy Reviewing guidelines relating to the use of race by law enforcement agencies and combating discrimination and intolerance against members of Muslim Arab American and South Asian communities Upholding domestic and international laws The American Civil Liberties Union applauded the internal review but said the report neglected to address key areas where the U S has not met its human rights obligations Jamil Dakwar Director of the ACLU s human rights program said While this report demonstrates the Obama administration s willingness to recommit to engagement on international human rights the administration must now prove that it is prepared to not only talk the talk but also walk the walk State Department spokesman P J Crowley said the report stands as just one element of a broad US effort to engage constructively with the UN and other international organizations In addition to the nearly two dozen consultation sessions the State Department held across the country several nonprofit groups organized and submitted comments on a wide range of human rights issues The Charity and Security Network s submission called on the U S government to re assess its national security and counterterrorism laws as applied to civil society organizations See the entire submission here The U S Human Rights Network USHRN coordinated the filing of 26 reports highlighting the shortcomings of U S compliance with several human rights treaties and on issues as diverse as homelessness and the death penalty Ajamu Baraka Executive Director of USHRN said We remain concerned that the report will be seen as an end point rather than a springboard to action The U S UPR is scheduled for Nov 5 when administrative officials will meet with some members of the UN s Human Rights Council HRC to discuss the U S

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/US_First_Report_UN_Human_Rights_Council_Admits_Shortcomings (2016-02-16)
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  • State & Justice Officials: Respect for Human Rights Fundamental in Combating Terrorism | Charity & Security Network
    fundamental in the national and international efforts in the fight against terrorism U S Attorney General Eric Holder welcomed the declaration This declaration demonstrates our joint commitment to protect our citizens from terrorism consistent with our laws our values and our commitment to individual privacy Holder said in a statement Philip J Crowley Assistant Secretary of the Bureau of Public Affairs at the Department of State responding to the statement by reaffirming the U S commitment to respecting international law and human rights in the fight against violent extremism We and our partners in the EU are committed to working together to combat the threat of terrorism bringing to that effort our common values of freedom and democracy and our respect for international law the rule of law and human rights Crowley said Coming just days after President Obama s new national security strategy whicht underscores the importance of working closely with allies to counter violent extremism and makes a commitment to human dignity the statement says the U S and EU member states should Reaffirm that any measures undertaken by States to prevent and combat terrorism including international cooperation must comply with the State s obligations under international law in particular human rights law international humanitarian law and refugee law Emphasize the importance of continued efforts to ensure that all terrorist suspects trials occur within a legal framework that provides for meaningful due process rights and ensures that the proceedings are fair public to the maximum extent possible and effective Commit to fully implement the improved transparency and procedures foreseen by UNSCR 1904 inter alia the functions of the Ombudsperson to further strengthen the effectiveness and fairness of the sanctions regime Acknowledge that a fundamental principle in our approach to counter terrorism is to protect and uphold democracy and

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/US_EU_Respect_Human_Rights_Fundamental_in_Combating_Terrorism (2016-02-16)
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  • U.S. Nonprofit Rights Highlighted in UN Human Rights Submission | Charity & Security Network
    ready to work with the administration and Congress to achieve sensible practical solutions to the problems current policies create said Kay Guinane a signatory who coordinates the Charity and Security Network The report provides a comprehensive examination of how U S counterterrorism policies are inconsistent with human rights principles These include There are no clear or reasonable standards for placing civil society organizations on terrorist watch lists and there is no adequate redress process Once a U S civil society organization is placed on a terrorist watch list it is shut down and funds are frozen records and assets seized The definition of prohibited material support of terrorism is so broad that it criminalizes life saving humanitarian aid and peacebuilding efforts Intimidation and harassment of donors National security programs have been used for surveillance of U S advocacy and religious groups especially those that openly dissent from government policies The report cites the following examples of how U S counterterrorism policies are inconsistent with human rights principles When acting in good faith and adhering to widely accepted due diligence standards civil society organizations should be allowed to provide aid and services to those in need Civil society organizations should only be listed as terrorist organizations if they intentionally provide funds or material support to a listed terrorist group and do not meet the requirements of an adequate humanitarian exemption The U S should establish procedures that allow civil society organizations acting in good faith to address problems without being shut down When accusations are made against a civil society organization there should be adequate redress procedures including notice of the allegations against it opportunity to respond and independent review of an adverse decision Create a process for ensuring frozen funds are spent only for charitable purposes Donors are critical to

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/US_Nonprofit_Rights_UN_Human_Rights_Submission%20 (2016-02-16)
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  • UN Will Evaluate Human Rights Record of U.S., Rights of Civil Society an Issue | Charity & Security Network
    respects their human rights obligations in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights voluntary pledges by the country to follow recommendations made by the Human Rights Council and an additional review to see if those recommendations have been implemented The Charity and Security Network s submission will address the discrepancy between U S security measures and the State Department s Guiding Principles on Non Governmental Organizations Guiding Principles Inspired by the right to freedom of expression peaceful assembly and association enshrined in the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights the Guiding Principles recognize that non governmental organizations NGOs are essential to the development and success of free societies For more information about CSN s submission contact us at info charityandsecurity org The Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the UN General Assembly on Dec 10 1948 is one of the standards used in the UPR U S nonprofits as the civil society sector are key to human rights As our 2010 Human Rights Day blog points out our programs and services address basic survival needs such as hunger shelter healthcare see Article 25 and long term sustainability of society through education Article 26 social security Article 22 cultural life Article 27 and more Second nonprofits provide a forum and vehicle for people to pool their collective voice and resources for betterment of society as a whole Other U S civil society organizations and coalitions are planning on submitting reports for the UPR Reports from these groups will highlight economic and social issues such as the death penalty labor and housing The State Department says the collection of complaints about human rights abuses in the U S is part of its goal of transparency in the UPR process While presenting the 2009 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices on March 11

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/UN_Evaluate_Human_Rights_US_Rights_Civil_Society_Issue%20 (2016-02-16)
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  • State Department Leaders Promote Human Rights as an Antidote to Violence | Charity & Security Network
    exposing those who violate that standard In addressing democratic rights as human rights she referred to key elements of nonprofit organizations saying people must be free to worship associate and to love in the way that they choose Human Rights Watch associate director Carroll Bogert told the Washington Post the speech broke from Bush era policy by emphasizing that the U S must also be held accountable on its human rights record Benjamin s speech at the Jamestown Conference in Washington DC on Dec 9 focused on addressing violent extremism He said it is clear that navigating by our values is an essential part of a successful counterterrorism effort He went on to say We need to confront the political social and economic conditions that our enemies exploit to win over the new recruits the funds and those whose tacit support enables the militants to carry forward their plans Benjamin noted he has established a unit in his office to work on Countering Violent Extremism CVE He said We know that violent extremism flourishes where there is marginalization alienation and perceived or real relative deprivation There is a broad understanding across the government that we have not done nearly enough to address underlying conditions for at risk populations and we have also not done enough to improve the ability of moderates to voice their views and strengthen opposition to violence The work of U S nonprofits is critical to addressing the problems Benjamin cited but reform of current rules that create barriers to this work will be necessary for that potential to be fully realized As Benjamin concluded There is no denying that when children have no hope for an education when young people have no hope for a job and feel disconnected from the modern world when governments fail

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/state_dept_speeches_human_rights (2016-02-16)
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