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  • Chief EU Counterterrorism Official Underscores Human Rights in Latest Assessment of EU Strategy | Charity & Security Network
    of violent extremism and was presented before the Council of the European Union for Justice and Home Affairs one month later Effective counterterrorism policies prioritize human security and respect for human rights In his report de Kerchove says Europe s counterterrorism strategy should be the vanguard in creating and promoting responsible anti terrorism policy Internationally the EU should try to provide more leadership on the judicial dimension and strive to ensure respect for human rights and the rule of law Because de Kerchove believes that violent extremism needs to be addressed at the grassroots level he advocates for expanding the role of civil society and other key stakeholders in the strategy The challenge of countering radicalization will not be met by governments working alone but by collaboration with communities diasporas civil society non governmental organizations the private sector and frontline workers Many of these actors are in contact with vulnerable individuals on a daily basis and hence are well placed to inform policy makers of the most appropriate policy responses In a related blog post the EU s Counter Terrorism Coordinator identifies five emerging trends for European leaders to examine in their efforts to counter violent extremism Among them he says conducting meaningful and respectful community outreach is essential Outreach efforts that only see the community through the lens of counter terrorism or consider a particular community as an inherent security problem are doomed to fail he said De Kerchove was appointed EU Counter terrorism Coordinator in September 2007 Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis Background Legislation Studies Reports Experts Blog About Us Staff Contact Search form

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/EU_CTC_Underscores_Human_Rights_Strategy (2016-02-16)
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  • UN Expert: Terror Laws Hurting Organizational Rights in UK | Charity & Security Network
    rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association throughout the UK A report with findings from his meetings with key UK stakeholders including members of Parliament and civil society will be presented to the UN Human Rights Council in June Muslim charities and those operating in countries deemed sensitive have faced difficulties in relation to banks through which they have to raise and spend funds The banks have reportedly closed accounts or delayed payments of local staff members in fear of civil litigation in the UK and regulatory sanctions in other countries Kiai said Such measures have had a deterrent impact on communities which have on occasion been afraid of expressing themselves publicly The Special Rapporteur was also critical of the definition of domestic extremism used by officials saying civil society and peaceful protesters are being included in this overly broad category Indeed some police officials while ostensibly differentiating between extremist groups and others that use direct action often conflate them especially when the protest groups are horizontal he said This is especially troubling given that government maintains databases that contain personal details about peaceful protestors gathered by law enforcement through covert means I am deeply concerned with the use of embedded undercover police officers in groups that are non violent and which exercise their democratic rights to protest and take peaceful direct action Kiai added Kiai has served as the Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association since May 2011 Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis Background Legislation Studies Reports Experts Blog About Us Staff Contact Search form Search

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/Laws_Hurting_Organizational_Rights_UK (2016-02-16)
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  • Event Focuses on UN’s Targeted Sanctions Regime | Charity & Security Network
    a November 2012 report Emmerson reiterated his concerns during the event adding that the Ombudsperson position did not have enough power to formally delist entities Prior to 2011 the Ombudsperson was able only to make a recommendation for delisting that was non binding Since then Security Council Resolution 1989 gives the Ombudsperson authority to make a recommendation for delisting that goes into effect barring a unanimous vote by the Sanctions Committee This override mechanism according to Emmerson still leaves the committee in the position in which the accuser is also the judge Prost agreed in part noting the positive developments strengthening her position but that significant institutional challenges remain During the panel and in a July 2012 report Prost cited several impediments to her review process saying that access to detailed information on why an individual was initially listed remains a serious problem Prost added that the lack of such detailed disclosure impairs the ability of the Ombudsperson to have a frank dialogue with the petitioner and hinders the decision making process Compounding this according to Prost was also the lack of timeliness in which States responded to her requests for information One area of disagreement between the Rapporteur and Ombudsperson was the use of evidence garnered through torture Emmerson emphatically argued that the Ombudsperson should not be allowed to consider information that is gained by torture or suspected torture Doing so says Emmerson implicitly condones and validates the use of torture and creates a market for information so acquired Prost countered saying that she was not operating in a formal judicial system and that evidence gained by torture had not been a significant factor in any proceeding thus far She also suggested that she would use judgment on any cases where it appeared that torture played a significant role

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/Event_UN_Sanctions_Targeted (2016-02-16)
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  • ICRC's Customary International Law Database Updated | Charity & Security Network
    distinction between combatants and civilians and conflicts among states and non state groups Customary international humanitarian law is a set of rules that come from a general practice accepted as law Els Debuf the ICRC s head of project for customary international humanitarian law said A State does not have to formally accept a customary rule in order to be bound by it If the practice on which a rule is based is widespread representative and virtually uniform then that rule is binding on all States The following countries are included in the latest update Argentina Bangladesh Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Burundi Chad Chile Colombia Croatia Djibouti El Salvador Guatemala the Islamic Republic of Iran Japan Mexico Peru Serbia the former State of Serbia and Montenegro Senegal Spain Switzerland Uruguay and Viet Nam Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis Background Legislation Studies Reports Experts Blog About Us Staff Contact Search form Search Stay Up To Date Subscribe Publications The Latest News C SN Joins More Than 50

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/ICRC_Customary_IHL_Database (2016-02-16)
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  • UK Listing Procedures Need Reforms Says Parliament Review | Charity & Security Network
    recommended for deproscription Instead they are classed as difficult cases The current practice regarding difficult cases is unsatisfactory Some of them might better be described as easy cases for if it is concluded during the review process that the statutory threshold is no longer met it is difficult to see how proscription can properly be maintained Anderson said Lacking clear guidance why some groups are listed and others not Anderson says the entire process is susceptible to abuse The current law allows members of any nationalist or separatist group to be turned into terrorists by virtue of their participation in a lawful armed conflict he said For example the UK is the only country that lists the Baluchistan Liberation Army as a terrorist group Baluchistan is a province located in western Pakistan and has been struggling for its autonomy for almost 50 years But according to Anderson UK proscription has been referred to by the Pakistan Government to justify military action against Baluchis He recommends that all proscriptions should expire after a set period perhaps of two years The onus would then be on the Secretary of State after taking the advice of independent counsel to seek the assent of Parliament if she wishes to reproscribe and to demonstrate that the statutory test is satisfied and that conditions for renewed proscription are made out CSN Note In some ways what happens to groups who are included on the UK list but face no charges is similar to what happened to KindHearts for Charitable Humanitarian Development an Ohio based charity shut down pending investigation by the Treasury Department in February 2006 Though the charity was never added to a terrorist list the government raided it seized property and effectively shut it down all without providing an explanation of the specific charges

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/UK_Listing_Procedures_Need_Reforms (2016-02-16)
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  • U.S. Allows Cuba-bound Aid Across Border | Charity & Security Network
    on July 1 the truck was diverted to another station and subjected to questioning and inspection Supporters set up protests on both the sides of the border chanting Let the Aid Through After four hours the U S border officials declared that no aid would cross without a bond and under no circumstances would sporting goods be allowed entry We are not transporting commercial goods into the United States this is humanitarian aid that does not require a bond Janine Solanki of the BC Aid Network for Cuba said at the protest The next day members of the group organizing the transport Pastors for Peace Caravan met with border and customs officers and the truck was allowed to enter the U S Is the U S really threatened by soccer balls and used baseball gloves going to Cuba asked Tamara Hansen coordinator of Vancouver Communities in Solidarity with Cuba and Caravanists We are taking sports equipment medical equipment different construction material all things that have been donated by hospitals doctors and people from their homes she added Similar aid caravans to Cuba from Canada have been in operation for nearly 20 years Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/US_Allows_Cuba_aid_Across_border (2016-02-16)
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  • U.S. Begins Process for Implementing Universal Periodic Review Recommendations | Charity & Security Network
    the Charity Security Network in Oct 2010 called on the U S to re asses national security laws as they apply to the charities and civil society groups Those comments can be found here The working groups will be led by the government agency with the greatest subject matter expertise for each theme and will be composed of members from other relevant departments and agencies Kelly Landry from the Delegation of the U S to Geneva Switzerland also stated that the U S will need our civil society partners and through this working group process we will reach out to civil society during the coming months and years continuing the dialogue that was begun in preparation for the review No further details on when or how the U S will begin outreach to civil society groups for assistance with the working groups has been released In an effort to hold the U S accountable for implementing the recommendations quickly and effectively the ACLU released a briefing paper with guidelines for the Obama administration According to Devon Chaffee Legislative Counsel for the ACLU It is now time for the administration to make good on these promises by implementing tangible reform The paper provides specific policy reforms that match up with recommendations and can be made without waiting for Congressional action Established by the UN s Human Rights Council the UPR was created as a peer to peer review process in which countries review other countries The UPR is a three step process that involves reviewing the human rights situation of a member nation including assessing the extent to which that nation respects their human rights obligations in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights voluntary pledges by the country to follow recommendations made by the Human Rights Council and an additional review

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/US_Begins_UPR_Implementation (2016-02-16)
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  • U.S. Human Rights Commitments to UN Could Help Charities | Charity & Security Network
    is a commitment to proceed with Senate ratification of Additional Protocol II of the Geneva Conventions relating to the Protection of Victims of Non International Armed Conflicts Article 18 of Protocol II states that If the civilian population is suffering undue hardship owing to a lack of the supplies essential for its survival such as foodstuffs and medical supplies relief actions for the civilian population which are of an exclusively humanitarian and impartial nature and which are conducted without any adverse distinction shall be undertaken subject to the consent of the High Contracting Party concerned emphasis added Article 18 also notes that relief societies may offer their services for the performance of their traditional functions in relation to the victims of the armed conflict U S ratification could help charities gain access to non combatants in need of aid in situations where laws prohibiting material support of terrorism bar them from negotiating such access when groups on the terrorist list control territory Other recommendations the U S supported in whole or in part include agreement to Make domestic anti terrorism legislation and actions consistent with human rights standards insofar as they recommend compliance with our international law obligations Respond and follow up on recommendations of the UN Special Rapporteur for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms while Countering Terrorism which emphasized the need for periodic review of emergency powers and establishing due process for people and entities placed on terrorist lists A summary of the report is here Review U S law for consistency with international human rights obligations Incorporate human rights training into public policies Strengthen aid and development particularly in response to natural disasters Continue consulting with non governmental organizations A representative of Human Rights Watch spoke at the proceedings noting that today s report by

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/US_UPR_Commitments_UN_Help_Charities (2016-02-16)
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