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  • Report Provides Snapshot of Global Humanitarian Financing | Charity & Security Network
    detail by the GHA Along with a number of regional constraints the report says overall funding for the country from the U S plummeted in the years prior to the famine over security concerns After the introduction of strict U S counterterrorism legislation in 2009 there was an 88 reduction in U S funding for Somalia with aid agencies apparently reluctant to apply due to concerns of not being able to comply with its requirements the report says in a special section on the famine The U S had previously provided nearly 40 percent of all aid to Somalia so this reduction had a huge impact on resources available until the restrictions were eased in July 2011 the report adds Judith Randel Executive Director of Development Initiatives said if the international community had responded sooner lives could have been saved The data shows that the response to slow onset crises such as Somalia is often late resulting in huge numbers of unnecessary death Randel said By intervening earlier as well as investing in mechanisms that reduce risk donors could save more lives and protect more livelihoods probably at lower cost Other key findings from the report More than 93 million people around the world were in need of humanitarian aid in 2012 For the past five years just over half of all humanitarian assistance has been channeled through multilateral organizations and funds and nearly a quarter through NGOs The global aid provided by governments which account for 70 percent of total annual humanitarian aid amounted to 12 9 billion down from 13 8 billion from 2011 a reduction of about 8 percent The United States was ranked first with the largest amount of humanitarian aid in 2012 at 3 8 billion followed by the European Union with 1 9 billion

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/studies/Snapshot-Global-Humanitarian-Financing (2016-02-16)
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  • In Bizarre Case United Arab Emirates Puts US and EU Charities, Rights Groups on Its Terror List | Charity & Security Network
    such as CAIR the Muslim American Society and other civil society organizations that peacefully promote civil and democratic rights and that oppose terrorism whenever it occurs wherever it occurs and whoever carries it out In 2007 CAIR was one of 246 individuals and entities as un indicted co conspirators listed in the prosecution of the Holy Land Foundation In a break with DOJ policies the list was not sealed and the names which included most major U S Muslim organizations were made public Both the trial court in Dallas and the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that the release violated due process rights under the Fifth Amendment Government attorneys told both courts that the filing the list was a legal maneuver By naming co conspirators the government could use out of court statements as evidence that would normally be inadmissible as hearsay The Federal Rules of Evidence specifically state that such statements are not alone sufficient to establish the existence of a conspiracy and the participation therein of either the person the statement is attributed to or the defendants That has not stopped the accusation from causing problems for CAIR As the Washington Post Fact Checker noted in 2011 The repeated references to CAIR being an unindicted co conspirator is one of those true facts that ultimately gives a false impression European nonprofits put on the list also responded In Norway a Foreign Ministry official Bard Glad Pedersen said the Norwegian embassy in Abu Dhabi the UAE capitol has asked UAE officials for an explanation of why its largest Muslim organization the Islamic Association was listed He said the foreign ministry finds the listing hard to understand The Muslim Association of Sweden told Al Jazeera it is frightening that a small regime known for human rights abuses defines European civil society organizations as terror groups Islamic Relief Worldwide a highly respected humanitarian organization based in the UK and with consultative status at the UN expressed surprise and said We assume that our inclusion on the UAE list can only be attributable to a mistake We do not have a presence or any programmes in the UAE Islamic Relief Worldwide will be seeking clarification from the UAE Embassy on this matter with a view to having this wrongful listing removed What Analysts Say The UAE is a major military ally of the U S in the Middle East and is participating in the air strikes against ISIS in Syria The Washington Post recently featured the close military ties between the two countries calling the UAE a potent ally A Nov 18 article by the Washington Post s Adam Taylor noted that the UAE list appears to be driven by the UAE s opposition to the Muslim Brotherhood which was also listed The type of political Islam advocated by the group is at odds with the federation of hereditary absolute monarchies that rule the emirates he said The UAE has joined Egypt and Saudi Arabia in criticizing Qatar for supporting the

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/UAE_Lists_US_EU_Charities (2016-02-16)
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  • In Bizarre Case United Arab Emirates Puts US and EU Charities, Rights Groups on Its Terror List | Charity & Security Network
    the political opposition in the UAE Although the list has no legal effect outside the UAE the accusation alone can cause reputational harm to the nonprofits CAIR and several of the other listed nonprofits issued statements calling on the UAE to explain or withdraw the listing UPDATE The U S State Dept said on Nov 18 that it does not consider CAIR or MAS to be terrorist organizations On Nov 17 the State Department said it is contacting the UAE for an explanation The State Department s 2013 Human Rights Report cited problems with the UAE s human rights record including tight controls on freedom of association assembly and expression This incident appears to be another example of use governments using anti terrorist financing laws as an excuse to clamp down on political opposition and human rights defenders Freedom House has rated the country as Not Free Read more for details on the nonprofits response comments from analysts and the UAE s human rights record Get more details here Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/resource/UAE_Lists_Nonprofits (2016-02-16)
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  • Charity & Security Network
    June 17 2013 Ensuring the rights of civilians caught in the midst of conflict as enshrined in international humanitarian law IHL and eliminating hurdles imposed on humanitarian actors trying to respond to these needs were themes raised at a conference held in Oslo in late May 2013 Co Chaired by Norway Indonesia Argentina Uganda and Austria the conference titled Reclaiming the Protection of Civilians under International Humanitarian Law was attended by representatives from over 90 governments and numerous international and civil society organizations The conference s summary document encourages governments not to criminalize humanitarian activities through counterterrorism measures and to recognize the importance of engaging with non state armed groups to encourage adherence to IHL Read more about Conference Focuses on Protecting Civilians under IHL Conference Focuses on Protecting Civilians under IHL Date June 17 2013 Ensuring the rights of civilians caught in the midst of conflict as enshrined in international humanitarian law IHL and eliminating hurdles imposed on humanitarian actors trying to respond to these needs were themes raised at a conference held in Oslo in late May 2013 Co Chaired by Norway Indonesia Argentina Uganda and Austria the conference titled Reclaiming the Protection of Civilians under International Humanitarian Law was attended by representatives from over 90 governments and numerous international and civil society organizations The conference s summary document encourages governments not to criminalize humanitarian activities through counterterrorism measures and to recognize the importance of engaging with non state armed groups to encourage adherence to IHL Read more about Conference Focuses on Protecting Civilians under IHL Local and International Criticism for Egypt s Draft NGO law Date June 10 2013 While criticism continues over the the verdicts in the NGO trial Egypt s draft NGO law has provoked a significant local and international uproar The Cairo Institute for Human Rights with over 40 other local rights organizations Human Rights Watch and Navy Pillay the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights are among the many who have spoken out against the law The State Department also issued a statement expressing its concern over the law saying The draft law still imposes significant government controls and restrictions on the activities and funding of civic groups Two significant forms of restriction in the draft law are on foreign funding and the reporting of activities to the government Similar laws have been enacted in Ethiopia Uzbekistan Russia and Ecuador all of which have seen significant NGO shutdowns as a result of overly restrictive laws Read more about Local and International Criticism for Egypt s Draft NGO law Local and International Criticism for Egypt s Draft NGO law Date June 10 2013 While criticism continues over the the verdicts in the NGO trial Egypt s draft NGO law has provoked a significant local and international uproar The Cairo Institute for Human Rights with over 40 other local rights organizations Human Rights Watch and Navy Pillay the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights are among the many who have spoken out against the law

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/issue/International%20Issues?type=All&page=1 (2016-02-16)
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  • Charity & Security Network
    combatants and civilians and conflicts among states and non state groups Read more about ICRC s Customary International Law Database Updated Event Focuses on UN s Targeted Sanctions Regime Date December 12 2012 The progress made and challenges that remain to incorporating due process and human rights into the United Nation s targeted sanctions regime were the focus of a Dec 4 2012 panel event at the German Mission in New York The panel featured Ben Emmerson the UN Special Rapporteur on counterterrorism and human rights and a vocal critic of UN s sanctioning process Also on the panel was Kimberly Prost the Ombudsperson for the Sanctions Committee tasked with reviewing the listings made by the committee and recommending delistings Read more about Event Focuses on UN s Targeted Sanctions Regime Treasury Eases Sanctions Restricting Aid to Iran Date October 31 2012 On Oct 22 2012 the Department of the Treasury s Office of Foreign Assets Control OFAC issued a statement saying it will expedite its decision making process on license applications from American entities engaging in certain human rights humanitarian and democracy related activities with respect to Iran OFAC also announced it had made changes to the Iranian Transactions and Sanctions Regulations 31 C F R part 560 to allow the exportation of medical supplies into Iran without applying for a specific license The list of permitted medical supplies is available here This action comes just days after OFAC extended the General License allowing non governmental organizations NGOs to raise and send funds to Iran specifically for humanitarian relief efforts related to the August earthquakes Read more about Treasury Eases Sanctions Restricting Aid to Iran General License for Iran Earthquake Relief Extended Date October 17 2012 On October 9 2012 the Department of Treasury announced that it had extended the General License allowing non governmental organizations NGOs to raise and send funds to Iran for humanitarian relief related to the August earthquakes for an additional 45 days The license extends the deadline until November 19 A day before the license was set to expire on October 5 a group of 12 members of Congress had called on President Obama to extend the waiver In August two quakes in Northwestern Iran claimed the lives of 306 people and injured more than 4500 others Read more about General License for Iran Earthquake Relief Extended Treasury Issues General License for Aiding Earthquake Victims in Iran Date August 27 2012 On August 21 Treasury issued a 45 day general license allowing American NGOs to raise and send funds to Iran for humanitarian relief and reconstruction activities More than 300 people were killed and thousands were left homeless from two earthquakes on August 11 that destroyed over 130 villages in the country s northwest provinces The people of Iran are suffering and we have it in our capacity to alleviate some of that suffering It is the strength of the American people that we help those in need We are now able to offer

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/issue/International%20Issues?type=All&page=2 (2016-02-16)
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  • Charity & Security Network
    to many developing countries according to the 2012 Index of Global Philanthropy and Remittances In 2010 the nearly 39 billion in private philanthropy from charities foundations corporations and universities given to developing countries exceeded U S official government aid by almost 9 billion Produced by the Hudson Institute s Center for Global Prosperity the index says donor governments will need to find ways to better collaborate with public and private groups in order to maximize the effectiveness of their limited resources This reflects the diverse new world of international development where forprofits nonprofits churches universities families and individuals can and are contributing to international relief and development in the developing world Read more about Governments Not the Only Major Players in Global Assistance Governments Not the Only Major Players in Global Assistance Date April 15 2012 Private philanthropy and remittances to the developing world now dwarf official government aid to many developing countries according to the 2012 Index of Global Philanthropy and Remittances In 2010 the nearly 39 billion in private philanthropy from charities foundations corporations and universities given to developing countries exceeded U S official government aid by almost 9 billion Produced by the Hudson Institute s Center for Global Prosperity the index says donor governments will need to find ways to better collaborate with public and private groups in order to maximize the effectiveness of their limited resources This reflects the diverse new world of international development where forprofits nonprofits churches universities families and individuals can and are contributing to international relief and development in the developing world Read more about Governments Not the Only Major Players in Global Assistance U S Begins Process for Implementing Universal Periodic Review Recommendations Date April 3 2012 The Department of State State announced on March 16 2012 the first steps the United States will take toward implementing the Universal Periodic Review UPR recommendations State announced the creation of 10 working groups to oversee the implementation with each group focusing on a different theme from the recommendations including Civil Rights and Racial and Ethnic Discrimination and National Security The U S Read more about U S Begins Process for Implementing Universal Periodic Review Recommendations U S Should Heed UN Call for Mediation Strategy in Armed Conflicts Date March 5 2012 Author Kay Guinane The day after Secretary of State Hillary Clinton rejected the idea of peace talks with listed terrorist group al Shabaab in her Feb Read more about U S Should Heed UN Call for Mediation Strategy in Armed Conflicts U S Human Rights Commitments to UN Could Help Charities Date March 31 2011 The United States took the final step in the United Nations Human Rights Counicl s HRC review of the U S human rights record in Geneva Switzerland on March 18 2011 making commitments that could positively impact the operations of charities and grantmakers that encounter barriers to aid that national security laws create The extent of such potential changes will depend on effective follow up communications between

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/issue/International%20Issues?type=All&page=3 (2016-02-16)
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  • Charity & Security Network
    attacks were excessive and violated civil liberties Read more about UK Government Proposes Updates Reforms to Counterterrorism Policies Universal Periodic Review UPR of the U S Update Date October 13 2010 Scheduled to start on Nov 5 2010 the UN s Universal Periodic Review UPR of the U S will evaluate the U S on meeting its human rights obligations On Nov 9 the troika of countries chosen at random assigned to the review the U S France Japan and Cameroon will offer their recommendations for the U S to the entire UN Human Rights Council The Charity and Security Network s submission which addresses the discrepancy between U S Read more about Universal Periodic Review UPR of the U S Update Obama Unveils Policy Directive on Development Date October 1 2010 Calling development work vital to U S national security President Barack Obama introduced his administration s global development strategy on Sept 22 2010 The Presidential Policy Directive on Global Development PPD elevates aid and development work alongside diplomacy and defense as a core pillar of American foreign policy The strategy drew praise from prominent aid and development groups including InterAction and Oxfam Read more about Obama Unveils Policy Directive on Development Obama Unveils Policy Directive on Development Date October 1 2010 Calling development work vital to U S national security President Barack Obama introduced his administration s global development strategy on Sept 22 2010 The Presidential Policy Directive on Global Development PPD elevates aid and development work alongside diplomacy and defense as a core pillar of American foreign policy The strategy drew praise from prominent aid and development groups including InterAction and Oxfam Read more about Obama Unveils Policy Directive on Development UN and Experts Call for Increased Role of Civil Society in Countering Terror Date September 16

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/issue/International%20Issues?type=All&page=4 (2016-02-16)
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  • Charity & Security Network
    different approach to the issue of charities and counterterrorism than the U S In March 2009 the Charity and Security Network interviewed David Walker Head of Compliance Outreach and Development and Sarah Jane Digby Regional Manager sub Saharan Africa International Programs in the Commission s London office Here is what we learned Read more about The UK Charity Commission Focus on Problem Solving Program Beneficiaries US EU Grantmaker Groups Publish Accountability Principles for International Philanthropy The Council on Foundations COF and the European Foundation Center have published Principles of Accountability for International Philanthropy the result of a two year consultative process of grantmakers and stakeholders from four continents The COF press release announcing the document says Read more about US EU Grantmaker Groups Publish Accountability Principles for International Philanthropy US EU Grantmaker Groups Publish Accountability Principles for International Philanthropy The Council on Foundations COF and the European Foundation Center have published Principles of Accountability for International Philanthropy the result of a two year consultative process of grantmakers and stakeholders from four continents The COF press release announcing the document says Read more about US EU Grantmaker Groups Publish Accountability Principles for International Philanthropy US EU Grantmaker Groups Publish Accountability Principles for International Philanthropy The Council on Foundations COF and the European Foundation Center have published Principles of Accountability for International Philanthropy the result of a two year consultative process of grantmakers and stakeholders from four continents The COF press release announcing the document says Read more about US EU Grantmaker Groups Publish Accountability Principles for International Philanthropy Clinton s Speech Stresses A New Generation for State and Civil Society Relations Date May 11 2009 Speaking at the Global Philanthropy Forum Conference in Washington D C Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton told the audience that the State Department s doors are wide open to engage and collaborate with civil society organizations The April 22 2009 speech served as another platform for Clinton to promote her smart power strategy that emphasizes an increased role for aid and development in American foreign policy Read more about Clinton s Speech Stresses A New Generation for State and Civil Society Relations Clinton s Speech Stresses A New Generation for State and Civil Society Relations Date May 11 2009 Speaking at the Global Philanthropy Forum Conference in Washington D C Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton told the audience that the State Department s doors are wide open to engage and collaborate with civil society organizations The April 22 2009 speech served as another platform for Clinton to promote her smart power strategy that emphasizes an increased role for aid and development in American foreign policy Read more about Clinton s Speech Stresses A New Generation for State and Civil Society Relations Sri Lankan Government Denies Entry to Aid Groups Raising Humanitarian Law Questions Date June 8 2009 Even as the catastrophic human tragedy unfolds in Sri Lanka the island s government is refusing to allow aid workers or journalists into the country banning the

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/issue/International%20Issues?type=All&page=5 (2016-02-16)
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