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  • Send by email | Charity & Security Network
    sensitive Switch to audio verification Home page Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis Background Legislation Studies Reports Experts Blog About Us Staff Contact Search form Search Stay Up To Date Subscribe Publications The Latest News C SN

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/printmail/1137 (2016-02-16)
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  • State Dept Calls for Access to Civilians, Respect for IHL in Syria
    send medical kits to civilians in rebel controlled areas because they could not receive permission from the Syrian government According to an aid worker 4 from the UN Populations fund There is a restriction explicitly from the Syrian Government that no surgical items or any items that can assist the opposition be filtered into those areas The State Dept letter says that the U S has reminded all sides to the conflict of their obligations under international humanitarian law to protect civilians and that they urge them to allow humanitarian organizations safe access to all people in need Under IHL parties to a conflict are required to allow medical supplies be provided to any injured person regardless of what side they are on According to the Assistance Coordination Unit of the Syrian rebels medical aid is currently needed even more than food but is often restricted The WHO estimates that over 500 000 people in Syria are in need of medical assistance Valerie Amos Under Secretary General and Emergency Relief Coordinator for the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs OCHA also called for respect of IHL In an Aug 15 visit 5 to Syria Amos toured schools hosting displaced persons saying that The people I met today told me they need clean water sanitation medical help and food They are frightened Many have no home to return to and they desperately need more help and support Amos urged Prime Minster Wael Nader al Halqi to respect IHL and ensure the protection of innocent civilians In a July 15 statement 6 HRW called on the UN Security Council to issue a warning to the Syrian government and opposition factions to respect IHL HRW issued the statement after an investigation revealed that restrictions on humanitarian access put in place by

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/1081 (2016-02-16)
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  • Send by email | Charity & Security Network
    sensitive Switch to audio verification Home page Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis Background Legislation Studies Reports Experts Blog About Us Staff Contact Search form Search Stay Up To Date Subscribe Publications The Latest News C SN

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/printmail/1081 (2016-02-16)
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  • Holding Armed Groups Accountable
    law imposes humanitarian obligations on ANSAs such the requirement to allow neutral and impartial aid groups to offer assistance to civilians in their territory as non governmental entitites they cannot become party to treaties such as the Geneva Conventions Additionally ANSAs are often left out of peace talks because of counterterrorism legislation that prohibits contact with a formally listed terrorist group even when they are key parties to a conflict Studies from the Overseas Development Institute 3 Harvard Program on Humanitarian Policy and Conflict Research 4 Berghof Foundation 5 and the United Nations 6 have found these rules create unnecessary barriers to humanitarian access and should be changed to reflect the important role ANSAs can play in promoting adherence to international norms Depending on the type of documents from communiqué letter or peace agreement with governments these documents can have a different legal standing ANSAs are usually not recognized as subjects of international law These documents could be used to hold the groups accountable in case of violation of IHL said Maud Bonnet the project s coordinator at Geneva Call For example one commitment 7 is a 1995 agreement by the Kurdistan Workers Party PKK in Turkey to respect the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and the First Protocol of 1977 Under the International Humanitarian Law theme there are 149 commitments It includes ones from El Salvador s Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional FMLN which pledged that its army will treat adequately PoWs and will respect the Geneva Conventions of 1949 to the Patriotes Résistants Congolais Forces d Autodéfense Populaire PARECO FAP in Congo signatories to the Des Principes Humanitaires et du Respect des Droits de l Homme The database is available for public use but Geneva Call who has compiled this resource over many years of ANSA engagement

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/914 (2016-02-16)
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  • Send by email | Charity & Security Network
    verification Home page Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis Background Legislation Studies Reports Experts Blog About Us Staff Contact Search form Search Stay Up To Date Subscribe Publications The Latest News C SN Joins More Than 50

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/printmail/914 (2016-02-16)
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  • Report: Terrorist Lists Impede Peace Processes | Charity & Security Network
    a peace agreement s implementation says the report However the past decade has been marked by an increasingly hard security approach to conflicts Proponents of terror blacklists such as the State Department s Foreign Terrorist Organizations list or Treasury s list of Specially Designated Global Terrorists say these designations are intended to isolate stigmatize and delegitimize individuals and groups and generally disrupt the activities of terrorist groups by criminalizing their members cutting off their access to funds and undermining their support But the report finds it is difficult to prove the effectiveness of these tactics on changing the behaviors of violent non state actors The looming threat of international sanctions is more likely to play a moderating role on repressive governments or army leaders who are usually more sensitive to the restriction and moral stigma brought by diplomatic isolation In fact the report says that the labeling of a group as terrorist entity and cutting off the possibility for engagement can become a self fulfilling prophecy neutralizing incentives for an armed group to undergo the difficult transformation to become a legitimate and nonviolent political party Perhaps the most telling evidence of the lists failure is the fact that virtually all of the groups that have been proscribed in the past decade are still active Terror lists also open the door for widespread repression of unarmed dissidents when used by governments as a means to stifle political opposition In places like the Philippines and Colombia local governments engaged in counter insurgency operations against armed groups proscribed in the U S and EU have taken advantage of the terror lists to enforce emergency legislations and exceptional measures which undermine the rule of law and human rights and have led to increased security threats against grassroots actors or NGOs involved in peacemaking humanitarian

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/studies/Berghof_Blacklists_Impede_peace_process (2016-02-16)
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  • USAID, Treasury Plan Audits of Programs Related to PVS, Somalia Aid, and OFAC’s License Database
    Shabaab in Somalia In FY 2011 the U S Government provided 133 million dollars in support to Somalia a country with large portions controlled by Al Shabaab As a result there is a high risk that Al Shabaab may be aggressively trying to benefit from any assistance provided to the Somalian people This audit will determine whether USAID has adequate controls to ensure compliance with EO 13536 in prohibiting material support for Al Shabaab in Somalia page 14 From Treasury s annual plan document 3 OFAC s Management of the Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons List We plan to determine and assess OFAC s management controls over the process of listing and delisting individuals and entities from the Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons list and assess the effectiveness of the new data system in helping OFAC manage this process page 31 Treasury Executive Office of Asset Forfeiture s Use of Treasury Forfeiture Fund Receipts to Support Law Enforcement We plan to determine whether the Treasury Executive Office of Asset Forfeiture has appropriate controls to 1 award and distribute funds to eligible law enforcement agencies in accordance with applicable laws regulations and policies and 2 ensure that distributed receipts are used for intended purposes As part of this work we plan to determine whether selected state and local government agencies use Treasury forfeiture funds in accordance with Treasury guidelines page 30 FinCEN Implementation of USA PATRIOT Act Information Sharing Procedures The USA PATRIOT Act provides for the sharing of information between the government and financial institutions and among financial institutions regarding individuals entities and organizations engaged in or reasonably suspected of engaging in terrorist acts or money laundering activities In March 2005 FinCEN implemented a web based secure communications system to expedite sharing of this information We plan to

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/917 (2016-02-16)
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  • Send by email | Charity & Security Network
    Not case sensitive Switch to audio verification Home page Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis Background Legislation Studies Reports Experts Blog About Us Staff Contact Search form Search Stay Up To Date Subscribe Publications The Latest News

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/printmail/917 (2016-02-16)
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