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  • CRS Study: Syria Overview of the Humanitarian Response
    UNHCR announced that the number of Syrians displaced as refugees exceeded 2 million with 97 fleeing to countries in the immediate surrounding region including Turkey Lebanon Jordan Iraq Egypt and other parts of North Africa The situation is fluid and continues to worsen while humanitarian needs are immense and increase daily emphasis added The U S has given more than 1 billion for humanitarian aid in Syria and the Obama administration has asked for 200 million more in the FY14 budget The UN has raised only 47 percent of its emergency appeals seeking 4 4 billion for humanitarian needs The report said U S policy is guided by concerns about humanitarian access and protection within Syria the large refugee flows out of the country that strain the resources of neighboring countries and could negatively impact the overall stability of the region and an already escalating and protracted humanitarian emergency On the issue of branding the report notes that Many Members of Congress have demonstrated an interest in the labeling or branding of U S humanitarian aid delivered to Syria so that recipients are aware of its American origins This issue is complicated in the Syria context Very little U S assistance is currently being branded The U S government is trying to balance the desire to maintain visibility as a contributor of humanitarian assistance with concerns for the security of aid recipients and implementing partners who could become possible targets of attacks Finding appropriate ways for the United States to leverage its political objectives without politicizing humanitarian aid remains a significant challenge There has been some debate about whether the United States is receiving adequate political benefit from its humanitarian assistance efforts Anecdotal evidence from field reports and implementing partners suggests that many Syrians who may be receiving U S

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/1100 (2016-02-16)
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  • Study: Hanging By a Thread- The Ongoing Threat to Somalia's Remittance Lifeline
    2 Lifeline which details how bank account closures impact many Somalians who depend on remittances in order to fulfill basic survival needs and invest in small businesses Remittances are handled by Money Transfer Operations MTOs who rely on banks to transfer the funds internationally Due to the poor financial regulation the presence of terrorist listed groups in Somalia and a strict regulatory environment several principle banks have closed their accounts with MTOs that serve Somalia essentially curtailing the flow of remittances sent by family members to help Somalians overseas In response to public pressure and collective campaigns the U S government has taken modest steps to help the Somali remittance system but it is startlingly unprepared to manage the potential fallout of account closures In Australia and the United Kingdom the response has also be slow This report notes that failure to uphold the remittance system could result in black market and illegal money transfer systems that would increase the lack of accountability for transfer operators It suggests practical steps that governments and actors within the international community should take to sustain the Somali money transfer system as well as the long term solutions required to establish viable financial institutions

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/1284 (2016-02-16)
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  • Send by email | Charity & Security Network
    sensitive Switch to audio verification Home page Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis Background Legislation Studies Reports Experts Blog About Us Staff Contact Search form Search Stay Up To Date Subscribe Publications The Latest News C SN

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/printmail/1284 (2016-02-16)
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  • Report: How Civil Society Engagement can help the UN Peacebuilding’s Architecture Meet its Purpose | Charity & Security Network
    regular and effective engagement with civil society Through community voices and local interviews the report examines the current state of civil society relations with the UN PBA It concludes that better consulting mechanisms with local civil society organizations CSOs could lead to deeper insight of local communities and networks in order to successfully fulfill PBA s mandate These nongovernmental organizations could also help execute supervise and examine the projects funded by the Peacebuilding Fund The report highlights several recommendations regarding transparency strategic partnerships convening power and mutual accountability The study suggests that the UN Peace Building Commission an inter governmental advisory board that works under the PBA should set clear guidelines and processes in order to explain their activities and set national peacebuilding priorities The recommendation includes publicly disclosing the Chairs of Country Specific Configurations providing early meeting materials to relevant NGOS which would encourage a greater commitment from the CSOs and an understanding of the PBC s mission using its power to join various stakeholders and establish an environment for dialogue This dialogue could identify key drivers of violence and bring attention to countries that are at the risk of resorting back to violence Finally the report emphasizes that the UN should create a role for CSOs and local communities to ensure that both the national governments and the UN carry out their peacebuilding responsibilities The PBA can establish accountability by requiring UN agencies upon receipt of financial resources to consult with CSOs while building project proposals The report notes that although these recommendations specifically refer to the review of the PBA it is likely that tackling these issues will continue to be a challenge to the UN Peacebuilding Commission and UN in general despite the current analysis from the 2015 PBA review Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/node/1329 (2016-02-16)
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  • Counterterrorism Laws Impede Delivery of Medical Care in Armed Conflict | Charity & Security Network
    is always legitimate and does not constitute a hostile act and the fact that IHL requires the warring parties including organized armed groups to oversee their own medical units and personnel Instead the report notes states approaches to terrorism recast medical care as a form of illegitimate support to the enemy and reject the notion that a terrorist organization may assign a medical corps to work under its authority There are numerous examples of states interfering with medical care during armed conflict Notably the United States prosecuted an American physician for agreeing to be an on call doctor for wounded members of al Qaeda the next time that doctor travelled to Saudi Arabia The U S also penalized a different American for seeking to travel to Iraq and Syria to provide medical care to wounded members of ISIS and in hospitals in ISIS held territory and prosecuted a Canadian in part for providing English lessons in an al Qaeda clinic in Afghanistan to assist nurses in reading medicine labels Aggressive counterterrorism policies are not entirely to blame however Not all IHL medical care measures are universally applicable to all armed conflicts selective participation in the legal regime has led to significant variance in states medical care obligations an array of medical care rules has crystallized into customary IHL and treaties do not exhaustively protect all facets of medical care Parallel to these shortcomings is the broad brush of the U N Security Council which has required member states to step up their counterterrorism efforts Yet so far the Council has not required that in doing so states fully exempt impartial wartime medical care even in circumstances that would render such care protected under IHL according to the report Instead the Council seems to consider providing medical assistance and supplies to

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/Counterterrorism_Laws_Medical_Care_Armed_Conflict (2016-02-16)
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  • STUDY: Negotiating perceptions: Al-Shabaab and Taliban views of aid agencies | Charity & Security Network
    be done to improve the situation The researchers found that Generally however negative perceptions of the aid enterprise presented formidable challenges to access and to the ability of agencies to do their work safely Various factors have shaped attitudes towards aid agencies including the troubled history of aid interventions in the two countries suspicions about the motives and functions of aid agencies and the widespread conviction that agencies are part of a more general assault on Islam These general suspicions coalesced around two more specific accusations that agencies were operating as spies for or collaborators with states hostile to the Talban and Al Shabaab and that they were profiting from their work rather than acting in the best interests of the people they were meant to be assisting The authors recommend Perhaps unsurprisingly the measures aid agencies must take to counter negative perceptions and maintain access are largely in line with best practice in humanitarian and development programming It requires aid agencies to communicate clearly and consistently with all belligerents to gain acceptance to demonstrate transparency and adherence to agreed plans and to provide needs driven programming and mechanisms to ensure feedback and redress But they note the barrier counterterrorism restrictions create saying Many aid agencies fear that even engaging in dialogue with Al Shabaab could lead to the suspension of funding or even criminal penalties In this respect joint advocacy on humanitarian exemptions and efforts to bring greater clarity to counter terror laws and policies are important Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis Background Legislation Studies Reports Experts Blog About Us Staff Contact Search form Search

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/study/Armed_groups_perceptions_aid_agencies (2016-02-16)
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  • Charity & Security Network
    Access Deadly Combination Disaster Conflict and the U S Material Support Law ODI Humanitarian Action Harmed by Anti Terror Laws Oxfam Military Policy in Somalia Has Failed Humanitarian Space Under Fire in Somalia DARA Save the Children Oxfam Inaction and Delayed Response to Famine Cost Thousands of Lives Humanitarian Forum 10 Ways the International Community Can Address Somalia s Crisis Security Measures that Restrict Humanitarian Access Hurt Vulnerable Civilians Oxfam Report Finds that Lack of Access Leaves Civilians Vulnerable Report Lack of Access Leaves Civilians Vulnerable Report More Aid Reduces Terrorism Threat in Horn of Africa Report Freind Not Foe Documents Negative Impacts of Counterterrorism Measures Calls on Civil Society to Defend Positive Role Read more about Humanitarian Access Overview Humanitarian Overview Looks Ahead to 2016 Date December 23 2015 Armed conflicts have been the greatest driver of prolonged humanitarian need according to the Global Humanitarian Overview 2016 a publication of the Partnerships and Resource Mobilization Branch PRMB of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs OCHA Read more about Humanitarian Overview Looks Ahead to 2016 UN HLR Highlights Impact of Sanctions on Humanitarian Work Date December 14 2015 A new High Level Review Compendium Report shows a changing attitude towards the effect of UN sanctions on counter terrorism and humanitarian action The report indicates a need to redefine and reinforce UN sanctions as well as a greater concern for the protection of humanitarian work Read more about UN HLR Highlights Impact of Sanctions on Humanitarian Work Paper IHL and IHRL Work Together to Protect Rights of Civilians Date July 24 2012 International human rights law IHRL recognized by treaties such as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and international humanitarian law IHL which applies to armed conflict situations share the responsibility of protecting the economic social and cultural rights of people caught in an armed conflict says a June 2012 paper published in the Electronic Journal of International Studies REEI After World War II IHRL and IHL were initially treated as two distinct bodies of law applicable in different situations Read more about Paper IHL and IHRL Work Together to Protect Rights of Civilians Paper International Humanitarian Law Primary Means of Protecting Civilians Date December 11 2012 A September 2012 paper in the Asia Pacific Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law explores the distinction and relationship between the protection of civilians in armed conflict under international humanitarian law and by the use of force under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations It demonstrates that while the Security Council has increasingly authorized the use of force to protect civilians in armed conflict international humanitarian law remains the principal means of protecting civilians in armed conflict Read more about Paper International Humanitarian Law Primary Means of Protecting Civilians ODI Negotiating Humanitarian Access Date July 9 2012 Even in hostile operating environments humanitarian actors engage with armed non state actors ANSAs to negotiate access to civilians in order to alleviate suffering and improve the protection says a

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/issue/Humanitarian%20Access?type=All (2016-02-16)
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  • Groups Urge U.S. to Push for Peaceful Resolution of Israel/Palestine Conflict | Charity & Security Network
    an atrocities prevention lens that emphasizes the equal protection of civilians on all sides focuses on building long term peace and stability and avoids actions that are likely to lead to further civilian deaths The letter specifically calls for 1 prioritizing a ceasefire agreement 2 supporting an investigation into international humanitarian law abuses on both sides and 3 supporting the end of the blockade of Gaza According to the letter The protection of civilians and respect for international humanitarian law must be applied universally When the U S fails to advocate for the protection of civilians or support accountability for possible violations of humanitarian law as it did in voting against the United Nations Human Rights Council resolution calling for an investigation of violations of international law on all sides of the conflict it undermines these core principles Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis Background Legislation Studies Reports Experts Blog About Us Staff Contact Search form Search Stay Up To Date Subscribe Publications The Latest News C

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/node/1250 (2016-02-16)
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