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  • Somalia Sanctions Extended, Leaves Humanitarian Restrictions in Place | Charity & Security Network
    The notice said continuation is necessary despite U S in January 2013 recognition of Somalia s new government It attached an April 8 Federal Register notice which specifically referred to al Shabaab as a security threat in Somalia Neither document made any change to the EO s broad cancellation of the humanitarian exemption in the sanctions law See 50 USC 1702 b 2 The exemption allows for donations of food clothing and medicine intended to relieve human suffering In the case of Somalia the extent of the humanitarian need following the 2011 famine and the threat created by potential shortfall of rain this year raise a question about the whether the complete cancellation of the humanitarian exemption should be continued or at least limited Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis Background Legislation Studies Reports Experts Blog About Us Staff Contact Search form Search Stay Up To Date Subscribe Publications The Latest News C SN Joins More Than 50 Orgs in Raising Concerns About UN s Work on

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/Somalia_Sanctions_Extended (2016-02-16)
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  • New ODI Report on Protecting Civilians | Charity & Security Network
    Overseas Development Institute ODI considers the risks and challenges involved and explains why increased interaction is essential to protect the most vulnerable Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis Background Legislation Studies Reports Experts Blog About Us Staff

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/node/864 (2016-02-16)
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  • Somalia Crisis Easing, but 2 Million People Remain Food Insecure | Charity & Security Network
    very very fragile and it s not just in conflict areas where things are getting worse says Roger Middleton a Somalia policy adviser for Oxfam Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis Background Legislation Studies Reports Experts Blog

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/node/858 (2016-02-16)
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  • Africa Crises Fact Sheet | Charity & Security Network
    4 2012 and Crises in Africa Showcase Complexity of Humanitarian Access in Conflict Zones The Charity Security Network May 16 2012 In Niger six million people are facing imminent starvation 70 percent of the population lives on less than a dollar per day and one in four children dies before age five Millions Affected by Africa Crises Belfast Telegraph May 23 2012 And Food Crisis in the Sahel Canadian Foodgrains Bank May 2 2012 Nearly 16 000 Chadians have been displaced by joint military efforts between Chad and the Central African Republic CAR to oust Front Popularie pour la Redressement FPR rebels Sebastien Munie head of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs OCHA in the CAR warned that insecurity was a concern for aid groups noting that If the military operation was on the whole a success it did not completely eradicate insecurity in the region Central African Republic Chad Military Offensive Creating Humanitarian Problem s IRIN February 28 2012 Somalia and the Horn of Africa Includes Eritrea Djibouti and Ethiopia One child dies every six minutes in Somalia according to estimates by Gerald Martone Director of Humanitarian Affairs for the International Rescue Committee Gerald Martone IRC Briefing from the Field Conference call coordinated by the International Rescue Committee June 27 2012 1 4 million Somalis who have been displaced by conflict and food insecurity are at severe risk of entering a new hunger crisis according to Save the Children Andrew Warner emergency media manager for Save the Children warned that there is a perception that the crisis ended but we anticipate that people affected previously will be impacted again New Food Crisis Beckons in Somalia Al Jazeera July 5 2012 Over 13 million people in the Horn have been affected by a perfect storm of drought

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/node/837 (2016-02-16)
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  • IN-DEPTH: UK Somalia Conference Weak on Humanitarian Focus, NGOs Host Own Meetings | Charity & Security Network
    people and their capacity to control that territory does not lie solely in coercion The Qatari minister Dr Khalid bin Mohammed al Attiyah said The exclusion of any party at this stage will disrupt these efforts and render any talk about security and stability unrealistic and inconsistent with the realities on the ground in Somalia But Clinton adamantly opposed any engagement with al Shabaab Negotiating with al Shabaab would be the wrong path she said in short speech She also called for other countries to join the U S in cutting the group s financial lifelines recommending they apply sanctions such as travel bans and asset freezes on people inside and outside of Somalia There is widespread skepticism among experts that military efforts will stabilize Somalia Most military centric plans hinge on the success of supporting a weak government with little legitimacy or control and exclude key regional actors Tsegaye D Baffa Senior Researcher at The Institute for Security Studies says Interest in increasing military action appears to have been informed by a thinking that increasing the military pressure on Al Shabaab will lead to an improvement in peace and security in the country and further decrease the space available to them However whereas this might hold true in theory the more than two decades of conflict in Somalia does not support that assumption Instead the Somali case shows that military intervention in Somalia is hugely unpopular and can act as a catalyst to whip up Somali nationalism to unite Somali groups that had hitherto been sworn enemies Military action not only disrupts opportunities for developing a peace process but also increases the dangers to an already conflict weary Somali population Mary Robinson the former President of Ireland said in an op ed in The Guardian In recent months an expanding international military intervention has intensified fighting in Somalia with ordinary Somalis caught up in the cross fire once again Military action is worsening the humanitarian situation endangering lives and denying vulnerable Somalis access to desperately needed life saving assistance Humanitarian Aid In a document released at the end of the conference s official humanitarian side event sponsored by the UN and the United Arab Emirates participants agreed to deepen ongoing UN efforts to provide timely and sustained humanitarian assistance that support the recovery and development of Somalia The statement also called on parties involved in the conflict to protect civilians and ensure that military action does not hamper humanitarian access It said We emphasized the importance of preserving the distinction between humanitarian objectives and political and security objectives and that blurring the lines between those objectives jeopardizes the delivery of vital assistance to the Somali people In this regard we called on all parties in Somalia to ensure that humanitarian actors are given full safe and unhindered access to those in need and that they can access aid in safety Ahead of the conference humanitarian groups held a forum attended by 100 delegates from 78 leading Somali international and

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/Somalia_conference_weak_on_humanitarian_issues (2016-02-16)
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  • News Index for Somali Famine: October 2011 to January 2012 | Charity & Security Network
    kind NGO assistance faced problems with delays in delivery high costs taxation Works where food available in local markets more urban areas Reduces influence of NGOs Overseas Development Institute ODI has published Good Practice Review for Cash Transfers in Emerencies 12 8 11 SOMALIA Aid Ban Insecurity Could Lead to More Deaths IRIN Al Shabaab ban on 16 aid agencies could lead to escalation of the humanitarian crisis if not reversed Insecurity making things worse for victims of drought and displacement explosions killed 40 in previous two weeks A civil society source said Al Shabaab is basically using the suffering of the people as a weapon Kenyan military incursion into southern Somalia to neutralize Al Shabaab has hampered humanitarian access 12 8 11 Humanitarian community in Somalia Calls for Increased Funding UN Recent OCHA nutrition survey in southern Somalia shows small improvements in malnutrition rates as well as a fall in mortality But four million remain in need to food access 250 000 face starvation Flooding in southern Somalia with rainy season a problem Humanitarian agencies will launch a consolidated appeal for 1 5 billion on Dec 13 12 9 11 Reprieve for US Somalis on Money Transfer Issue AP Sunrise Community Bank in Minnesota announced it was discontinuing services transferring money to Somalia via hawalas informal money system due to concerns about risking sanctions under U S anti terrorist financing laws After meeting with the Somali American community in Minneapolis and getting support from Rep Keith Ellison D MN and Sen Al Franken D MN the bank said it would continue the services through the end of 2011 creating some time to work out an alternative Bank CEO David Reiling said The humanitarian need is enormous So that s got to be first and foremost in our minds Hawalas are needed because Somalia has no banking system hawalas have little paperwork and a wide reach Somalis in the U S send an estimated 100 million to Somalia each year many families are dependent on the income Reiling said they are looking for a solution such as a waiver or other relief to take the pressure off banks Rep Ellison has contacted federal banking regulators and Treasury officials and told AP that he is looking for a solution that would give banks some legal protection from enforcement action as long as they do not knowingly provide financial aid to terrorists 12 20 11 Treasury Denies NGOs General License Request for Aid to Somalia CSN The Department of Treasury has rejected a request from InterAction an association of over 200 nongovernmental organizations NGOs that provide aid and development services around the world to issue a General License that would authorize U S NGOs that receive no funding from the United States Agency for International Development USAID to provide famine relief on the same terms as NGOs that do receive such funds Treasury s letter says it will give priority consideration to applications by individual NGOs that apply for specific licenses to

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/background/Somalia_Famine_News_Index (2016-02-16)
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  • House Members Push for More NGO Access to Somalia | Charity & Security Network
    them then to worry about the license or whether their agency is going to be held liable if some of the food falls into the hands of al Shabaab to me really is putting a coffin for the horse I mean it s bad if al Shabaab did get control of some of the food as we have heard However I think that there was too much holding back or not enough you know clarification to agencies who were willing to put themselves out there in harm s way We heard about the legal consequences of it Some of the food they had fell into the hands of some of the bad people You know it seems to me that the overall goal should have been saving the children saving the women saving the people it need However it seems like Mr Smith asked was it with Treasury Fooling around with a license could be issued or not issued And could you explain is that issue clear and and the NGOs and PVOs work without worrying about if indeed something fell into hands of of of some of of less than desirable groups that they re going to be held accountable SMITH And prosecute PAYNE And prosecute absolutely I mean inaudible for that meeting it was unclear because that was several weeks ago And I think that many lives would have been saved if they didn t fool around about a license and some food falling into the hands of the wrong people Children are dying while we were trying to debate in court what was legal what was not Should we allow inaudible Voice of America as well as a program about three to four weeks ago where in P R that any food fall in the hands of the chairman and made it clear myself that it s unfortunate if someone falls and we hope it did However the basic goal is to try to save lives And so I just wonder if that has just been clarified JANDHYALA Mr Payne I agree with you Our commitment is about saving lives After recently coming from my recent visit it can t be anything other than our commitment to save lives We re running on we re approaching this on two tracks as I mentioned earlier One is everybody who that receives U S funding is covered by the license The other is those who are not being funded by U S government that s what that s the ongoing discussion at the moment So we re encouraging as many people as possible to work with us to see how we can take advantage and efficiently maximize in working with this in that regard The ongoing discussion about the second track about non U S government funding those discussions are being had at the moment PAYNE Sure You know we were just chatting You know people need to be assured with with a legal document at hand People agencies

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/node/649 (2016-02-16)
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  • New Research: Humanitarian Action Harmed by Anti-Terror Laws | Charity & Security Network
    groups to provide impartial assistance to victims and independent engagement with armed actors in order to do so Over the past decade however governments around the world have implemented counterterrorism measures CTMs that challenge these principles and burden NGOs with administrative red tape causing delays in aid delivery and increased risks to aid workers While combating violent extremism is important objective an October 2011 report from the UK based Overseas Development Institute ODI finds rigid enforcement of CTMs force humanitarian groups to scale down their efforts in global hot spots leaving millions of people without basic necessities Read more Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis Background Legislation Studies Reports Experts Blog About Us Staff Contact Search form Search Stay Up To Date Subscribe Publications The Latest News C SN Joins More Than 50 Orgs in Raising Concerns About UN s Work on Preventing Violent Extremism February 8 2016 New Budget Language Intended to Rein In Partner Vetting System January 21 2016 Over 100 Nonprofits Ask FATF to

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/node/665 (2016-02-16)
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