archive-org.com » ORG » C » CHARITYANDSECURITY.ORG

Total: 1481

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".
  • DOJ Asks Supreme Court to Hear Case on Definitions of "Material Support" of Terrorism | Charity & Security Network
    or otherwise direct the operation of that organization Individuals who act entirely independently of the foreign terrorist organization to advance its goals or objectives shall not be considered to be working under the foreign terrorist organization s direction or control 18 U S C 2339B h Congress also added the term service to the list of prohibited support without defining it DOJ s petition argues that it refers to an act done for the benefit of a designated group DOJ petition p 17 In 2004 Congress also added language to the statute that says Nothing in this section shall be construed or applied so as to abridge the exercise of rights guaranteed under the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States 18 U S C 2339B i On Dec 10 2007 the U S Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit found that AEDPA s definitions of training the other specialized knowledge portion of expert advice or assistance and service to be impermissibly vague and unenforceable against HLP The court said the term training remains impermissibly vague because it implicates and potentially chills Plaintiffs protected expressive activities and imposes criminal sanctions of up to fifteen years imprisonment without sufficiently defining the prohibited conduct The court upheld definitions of personnel and the technical or scientific portions of the definition of expert advice or assistance finding they are clearly defined In January 2009 the Ninth Circuit denied DOJ s request for a rehearing setting the stage for its petition to the Supreme Court DOJ s Petition for Writ of Certiorari DOJ argues that the Supreme Court should take the case because the Ninth Circuit rulings declared parts of an Act of Congress unconstitutionally vague under the Fifth Amendment and because the material support prohibitions are a vital part of the Nation s effort to fight international terrorism It also says the definitions of the three contested terms are not overly vague and provide fair notice of what is prohibited p 9 10 To bolster its argument DOJ points out that there have been 120 prosecutions under the material support statutes since 2001 some involving activities involving involve training expert advice and assistance or service It does not say whether any of the 60 convictions in these cases involved these terms DOJ argues for the prohibition on activities that further lawful and nonviolent activities of designated terrorist organizations by citing legislative history of AEDPA In passing the law Congress found that foreign organizations that engage in terrorist activity are so tainted by their criminal conduct that any contribution to such an organization facilitates that conduct 18 U S C 2339B note It also quoted a 1995 House report that said the fungibility of resources means that providing funds goods or services to a terrorist organization will defray the cost to the terrorist organization of running ostensibly legitimate activities which frees an equal sum that can then be spent on terrorist activities H R Rep No 383 104th Cong 1st Sess 81

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/news/DOJ_Asks_Supreme_Court_Definitions_%22Material%20Support%22_Terrorism (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive


  • 2007 Executive Order on Iraq Expands Problems for Charities | Charity & Security Network
    operating in Iraq since assets can be seized without any finding of a link to terrorism All that is required is that Treasury in consultation with the Departments of State and Defense finds that any individual or group committed or to pose a significant risk of committing an act or acts of violence that have the purpose or effect of A threatening the peace or stability of Iraq or the Government of Iraq or B undermining efforts to promote economic reconstruction and political reform in Iraq or to provide humanitarian assistance to the Iraqi people No clear standards are outlined to define what criteria will be used to determine when an entity poses a significant risk or what constitutes a threat to the peace or security of the Iraqi government Ken Mayer a University of Wisconsin expert on executive orders told the blog TPMMuckraker com that a threat to the stability of Iraq could be anything Think of the possibilities it could be charities that send a small amount of money to groups linked to the insurgency or it could be the government of Iran that has assets in the U S The E O also allows assets to be frozen without notice Bruce Fein a Justice Department official in the Reagan administration told TPMMuckraker I ve never seen anything so broad that it expands beyond terrorism beyond seeking to use violence or the threat of violence to cower or intimidate a population This covers stabilization in Iraq And it goes beyond even attempting violence to cover those who pose a significant risk of violence Suppose Congress passed a law saying you ve committed a crime if there s significant risk that you might commit a crime The E O prohibits charitable donations to any group listed under its authority

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/background/2007_Executive_Order_Iraq (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Peacebuilding Overview
    Peacebuilding 15 Exempt Peacebuilding Activities from Material Support Law Faith leaders to Sec Clinton 16 UN Guidance for Effective Mediation Praised by Peacebuilders 17 Coalition Says Include Peacebuilding in the Development Discussion 18 UN Calls for More Mediation Inclusion to Resolve Armed Conflicts 19 The Rebel the Queen and Track II Diplomacy 20 Benefits of Track II Diplomacy Recognized by UN General Assembly 21 2010 2011 Secretary Clinton Asked to Exempt Conflict Resolution and Other Peacebuilding Activities from the Material Support Ba 22 n U S Should Heed UN Call for Mediation Strategy in Armed Conflicts 23 Why Talking Peace is Essential and Why it is Threatened 24 by Bill Richardson Melanie Greenberg and Derek Brown Supreme Court s Humanitarian Law Project Ruiling Fails the Common Sense Test 25 Supreme Court Upholds Ban to Peaceful Conflict Resolution Support to Terrorists 26 Nonprofit and Legal Experts Respond to Humanitarian Law Project Ruilin 27 g Supreme Court to Hear Oral Argument for HLP Case 28 Reports Handbook Explores Different Approaches to Peacebuilding 29 Study Finds Terrorist Listing Inhibits Peace Programs 30 ACCORD Handbook Explores Different Approaches to Peacebuilding 31 Book Integrate Peacebuilding Throughout Society 32 USIP Track II Diplomacy Laying the Groundwork for Peace 33 USIP Laying the Groundwork for Disarmament Demobilization 34 Berghof Terrorist Lists Impede Peace Process 35 Berghof EU Counterterrism Measures Impede Peacebuilding 36 3P Building Better Relationships for Peacebuilding Between Government and Civil Society 37 USIP Mediating Peace With Proscribed Armed Groups 38 Berghof Challenges Facing Peacebuilders Engaging with Listed Groups 39 Fourth Freedom Forum Calls for Greater Civil Society Role in Security Policy 40 Source URL http www charityandsecurity org Peacebuilding Overview 20 Links 1 http www charityandsecurity org Peacebuilding Overview 20 2 http www charityandsecurity org litigation HLP 3 http www charityandsecurity org http 3A 252Fwww charityandsecurity org Solutions to Barriers to Peacebuilding 4 http www charityandsecurity org Peacebuilding in Practice 5 http globalpublicsquare blogs cnn com 2013 06 27 time to let peace builders do their job 6 http www charityandsecurity org sites default files State 20Department 20Goals 20Supported 20by 20Peacebuilding 0 pdf 7 http www charityandsecurity org sites default files Peacebuilding 20Petition 202013 pdf 8 http www charityandsecurity org sites default files peacebuilding 20Fact 20Sheet 20WITH 20LOGO pdf 9 http www charityandsecurity org sites default files Impacts 20of 20the 20Material 20Support 20Prohibition 20on 20Peacebuilding pdf 10 http www charityandsecurity org sites default files Ltr 20to 20Clinton 20w 20cover pdf 11 http www charityandsecurity org sites default files 2012 20sign 20on 20Clinton pdf 12 http www un org wcm webdav site undpa shared undpa pdf UN 20Guidance 20for 20Effective 20Mediation pdf 13 http www charityandsecurity org studies USIP Peacebuilding Toolkit 14 http www charityandsecurity org news Gov Officials Foreign Policy Experts Kerry Peacebuilding Petition 15 http www charityandsecurity org news Bill Dept Peacebuidling 16 http www charityandsecurity org news Exempt Peacebuilding Activities Material Support Law 17 http www charityandsecurity org news UN Guidance Effective Mediation Praised Peacebuilders 18 http www charityandsecurity org news Coalition Include

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/556 (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Send by email | Charity & Security Network
    Home page Issues Humanitarian Access Material Support Financial Action Task Force FATF Financial Access Peacebuilding Countering Violent Extremism Click Here For More Issues Solutions Principles to Guide Solutions Models to Draw On Proposed Solutions News The latest headlines Resources Litigation Analysis Background Legislation Studies Reports Experts Blog About Us Staff Contact Search form Search Stay Up To Date Subscribe Publications The Latest News C SN Joins More Than 50 Orgs

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/printmail/556 (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Peacebuilding in Practice
    powerful outcomes in Columbia In his interview with Melanie Greenberg the current President and CEO of the Alliance for Peacebuilding Chic shares his first hand experience of seeing how the Columbian government has used DDR to help individuals to leave rebel movements lay down arms and become reintroduced into society Additional Resources UN Website on DDR 5 Exhaust The Limits The Life and Times of a Global Peacebuilder By Chic Dambach 6 Alliance for Peacebuilding 7 Interview on DDR in Columbia with Chic Dambach Moderated by Melanie Greenberg 8 Approx 14 minutes Interview with Chic Dambach Moderated by Melanie Greenberg 9 Approx 15 minutes Peacebuilding Expert Chic Dambach Melanie Greenberg President and CEO of the Alliance for Peacebuilding interviews Chic Dambach a career peacebuilder and former President of the Alliance for Peacebuilding Chic discusses how he got started in peacebuilding from his days in the Peace Corps to his instrumental role in bringing peace during the Ethiopia and Eritrea border war Chic also talks about the creation of the term peacebuilding and the importance of groups working together toward a common goal of peace Additional Resources Chic s Website 10 Exhaust The Limits The Life and Times of a Global Peacebuilder By Chic Dambach 6 Alliance for Peacebuilding 7 Interfaith Peacebuilding This interview conducted by Rick Love Executive Director of Peace Catalyst International highlights the value of religion and peacemaking Interviewees Adam Estle Executive Director of Evangelicals for Middle East Understanding and his long time friend Usama Shami discuss the unusual circumstances that brought their respective church and mosque together in Phoenix AZ and how they believe that understanding between religions is vital to peace around the world Adam and Usama go on to argue that the interpersonal relationships that are fostered by peacebuilding are vital in bringing peace to

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/1041 (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Former Government Officials, Foreign Policy Experts, Call on Secretary Kerry to Remove Barriers to Peacebuilding
    v Humanitarian Law Project 4 a divided U S Supreme Court upheld a federal statute that prohibits many forms of speech based engagement with listed terrorist organizations Even training programs in conflict mediation aimed at getting terrorists to lay down arms could result in criminal prosecution This means that the kinds of peace processes that led to the Oslo and the Good Friday Accords are unavailable to today s peacebuilders Pursuing peaceful resolutions to violent conflict should be encouraged not criminalized said Kay Guinane Director of the Charity Security Network This does not have to be the case When Congress passed the law barring material support to terrorists it also gave the Secretary of State authority to waive some prohibitions in the law to permit specific types of non tangible technical assistance and services such as peacebuilding activities carried out by civil society groups Melanie Greenberg President and CEO of the Alliance for Peacebuilding said Secretary Kerry can open the door for professional peacebuilders to help to end armed conflicts and suffering around the world This work is needed now more than ever as we move to end wars and take a more comprehensive approach to addressing the scourge of

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/1042 (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Bill Calls for Creating Department of Peacebuilding
    to prevent violent conflict and create sustainable peace Co sponsors of HR 808 The Department of Peacebuilding Act of 2013 include Reps Robert Andrews D NJ Yvette Clarke D NY John Conyers Jr D MI Janice Hahn D CA James McGover D MA Chellie Pingree D ME and Jared Polis D CO The bill is similar to the legislation introduced by the former Rep Dennis Kucinich in 2011 Working across

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/967 (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive

  • UN Guidance for Effective Mediation Praised by Peacebuilders
    strengthening the role of conflict mediation 4 in ending violent disputes An effective mediation process responds to the specificity of the conflict It takes into account the causes and dynamics of the conflict the positions interests and coherence of the parties the needs of the broader society as well as the regional and international environments the Guidance says Among the key mediation fundamentals it mentions are Impartiality if a mediation process is perceived to be biased this can undermine meaningful progress to resolve the conflict Inclusivity An inclusive process is more likely to identify and address the root causes of conflict and ensure that the needs of the affected sectors of the population are addressed Inclusivity also increases the legitimacy and national ownership of the peace agreement improving the chances of successful implementation International law and Normative Frameworks Mediators conduct their work within the framework constituted by the rules of international law Consistency with international law and norms contributes to reinforcing the legitimacy of a process and the durability of a peace agreement Conciliation Resources CR a London based organization working to improve peacebuilding policy welcomed the Guidance s willingness to utilize forward thinking and innovative approaches to mediation In a short report 3 released alongside the Guidance CR calls for reevaluating the limitations placed on mediators by the United States and the UN by prohibiting talking to formally listed terrorist groups The act of putting an armed group on a list of designated terrorist organizations CR warns can have the unintended consequence of inhibiting engagement in mediation and peace processes It goes on to say The UN system has started to acknowledge this evidenced for example by the recent splitting of the Taliban and Al Qaeda lists in an attempt to create more space for dialogue in Afghanistan However

    Original URL path: http://www.charityandsecurity.org/print/890 (2016-02-16)
    Open archived version from archive



  •